Wood sanding machines with their own hands

Types of woodworking machines

At the present time there are numerous types of sanding machines, which are designed to perform various kinds of work with wood. They differ in their design and are suitable for domestic and industrial use. It is easy to choose both highly specialized models and universal machines that are designed for complex woodworking.

If necessary, you can make a homemade grinding machine for metal or wood, made on the basis of a drill, a motor from a washing machine or using other equipment.

Disc units

The working surface made their own hands grinding machines for metal and wood is made in the form of an island metal disk, which is attached to the abrasive. Thanks to its simple design and versatility of use, this type of equipment has received wide popularity in the market today.

This machine consists of an electric motor, to the axis of which is put a circle with a fixed work surface. On the working axis of the mounted abrasive nozzles and sanding paper, which allows the processing of wooden workpieces. Despite the simplicity of design, such machines are notable for versatility of use, can perform high-quality processing of wood, giving workpieces perfectly flat and smooth surface.

Advantages of flat sanding machines include:

Feature of this type of equipment is the ability to adjust the speed of processing of wooden workpieces without changing the number of revolutions of the working element. When working with such a machine tool it is possible to move the workpiece along the wheel radius, which allows to change the intensity of workpiece processing. On the periphery of the disc, the linear speed will be higher, making woodworking much faster and easier. And here inside the circle, where the linear speed is lower, the finishing grinding with removal of the thinnest layer of wood is performed.

Belt machines

Belt surface grinding machines have two shafts, between which a continuous belt of sandpaper is stretched. Workpieces are machined by exposing the workpiece to abrasive paper, which removes fine chips from the wood, giving it a perfectly smooth surface. Working surface of the plate machines can be vertical and horizontal, and some models allow you to change the direction of the belt. With the help of such equipment it is possible to carry out processing of products of great length, aligning their ends. Simple design allows you to make your own hands a belt sander for domestic use.

Drum models

The main purpose of units of this type is horizontal leveling using a trowel. This type of equipment is used mainly in industrial workshops, which is explained by the complexity of its design and the narrow specialization of drum units. With the help of drum sanding machines are made and processed wood of the same type with the same thickness.

Belt-disc grinder with their own hands: drawings, photos of manufacturing

Homemade belt-disc grinder: detailed drawings and photos of the step-by-step manufacturing of the machine.

Greetings to all! Here is the time to “report” on the “creative” work done, on the manufacture of belt-disc grinder, which is presented in the photo below.

The process began with the study of samples of industrial machines of this type on the Internet and the experience of other home-builders in the construction of belt grinders. Industry offered mostly designs made of metal and plastic, home-made designs were mostly wood (plywood) products, except, of course, an electric motor, bearings and shafts made of metal.

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Decided to make my own machine, wood and metal.

Picked up an electric motor AOL 012/2, 2790 rpm, 120 W, operating voltage 220/380 volt 3-phase (from the drive on a magnetic tape for computers, produced in the late 60’s). Certainly, it would be desirable to have more power, but for the garage “creativity” 120 W was quite enough.

Based on the motor power, I decided to use the grinding tape glued into the ring 100×610 (width 100 mm, ring length 610 mm). Not enough motor power for a longer belt.

The selected electric motor and the grinding belt determined the main dimensions of the future machine. Recalculation of motor speed (at gear ratio from motor to belt drive shaft 1:1) in the linear belt speed gave the result 7.6 m/s, it was approximately in the middle of the belt speed range (from 4.1 to 18 m/s), at which the industrial machines I had studied worked. I was quite satisfied with this result.

As in the manufacture of previous machines, I began by measuring all the overall dimensions of the motor and the choice of options for its mounting. Constructive version of the motor AOL 012/2, according to the method of installation, is made with a connecting flange on the bearing plate with paws (GOST 2479-79). It at once has defined a variant of fixing of the motor on the base of the machine. Based on the results, drawings were developed, according to which the structural elements of the future machine were made.

The following shows the drawings and dimensions of a belt-disc grinding machine:

Basic dimensions of electric motor AOL 012/2.

Taking into account the size of the electric motor, we made a drawing of the base (18 mm plywood).

Based on a number of bearings with an inside diameter of 10 mm, an outside diameter of 30 mm and a height of 9 mm, with covers (bearings series 200, 18200, etc.), we have the following drawings.д.) it was decided to make rolls diameter of 10 mm. At manufacturing of shafts (and other elements) it was not planned to use a lathe. The width of the rollers is selected on the basis of the dimensions of the used grinding belt. The calculated drawing of the driven and driven rollers (rollers) is as follows.

Developed “tilting mechanism” of driven roller shaft to stabilize belt position. See drawing of the “tilt mechanism”.

Developed layout of belt table, method of grinding belt tension, belt replacement mechanism. The bearings of the drive shaft were planned to be fixed in cages made of water pipe and welded to the right and left sides of the belt table base.

Designed and calculated plates of the belt tensioning unit. In the previous drawing these plates are marked with numbers 1, 2, 3 in circles.

Since it was planned to fix the belt table in two positions (horizontal and vertical), developed a node of belt table rotation, combined with the node of belt tension. As a driving belt was planned to use a toothed belt (at purchase was positioned by the seller as a belt drive of some tool), width 10 mm and length (rings) 450 mm, turned out with teeth outward.

Belt grinding machine with my own hands without turning work

Homemade belt sander made without welding and turning work, a detailed description of making a homemade with a photo.

Belt sander, a thing pretty necessary in the home workshop. It requires turning and welding, but not everyone has a welder and lathe in the garage. As an option, you can do with a simpler design where turning work is not required.

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Homemade drum sander

Such a drum machine for wood has a specific, very applied purpose. It is not universal and its, rather rare, application in ordinary households does not contribute to the growth of popularity. Relatively high cost, dimensions and complexity in the presetting make such technique poor stepdaughter among the “grinders”, drills and vibrating machines.

Sometimes it makes sense to make a similar desktop, grinding machine with their own hands, taking as a basis a light series of drum equipment Jet. The design of such a homemade, drum machine is not complicated:

  • the bed and the body of the main, cutting part is made of multi-layer plywood or good wood with a thickness of 10 to 20 mm;
  • The motor from an old washing machine, disassembled with your own hands, is also well suited for this purpose; the pulley remains in place;
    The sanding drum of the homemade machine is made from a plastic thick-walled tube of suitable diameter (like the Jet model 10-20 Plus);
    the feed table, made by hand, on the feed side, is mounted on piano hinges;

So will look self-made, made his own hands, wood sander considered in the article type. Although, if we admit honestly, it’s still dangerous to deal with such self-made machines.

Choosing the ribbon

A belt machine is more versatile in terms of functionality: it does everything that disc models do, plus many more. Immediately notice that the options for amateur models of belt grinding machines is a great many.

The fact that the nature of this machine is very plastic, allowing the use of a variety of improvised materials, up to finds in scrap dumps.

The main thing is to know and adhere to three rules:

  • The abrasive side of the belt should be set very precisely, so that it touches only the workpiece, which is being ground.
  • The belt must be tensioned evenly at all times and regardless of the type of work.
  • The speed of the machine tool must vary and should depend on one thing only: the type of workpiece and the nature of grinding.

Calculation of grinding machine power

Before proceeding to the assembly of the machine is required to make sure to calculate its power. In order to properly make such an estimate, the following parameters must be determined:

  • power consumed by the electric motor;
  • Rotation speed of the selected motor;
  • the contact area of the entire surface of the workpiece with the moving abrasive belt;
  • the grinding ratio;
  • friction coefficient of the back side of the used belt with the surface of the drum.

On the basis of these parameters, it is possible to determine the capacity of the future machine.

wood, sanding, machines, their, hands
  • washing machine motor;
  • Plywood, chipboard;
  • corner. 4 pcs.;
  • tapping;
  • bolt;
  • nut;
  • washer;
  • condenser;
  • switch;
  • sandpaper (wheel);
  • the rubber.

The process of making the kit is shown on these

I wired up the motor according to this diagram.

A handle was made to make the machine easy to carry.

Using the compass, marked the center of the pulley motor, drilled 3 holes to install the grinding wheel.

A circle was outlined on a piece of plywood, which was then sawed along the outlined contour with an electric jigsaw.

To fix the motor on the bed, I used corners.

wood, sanding, machines, their, hands

Connection of motor, capacitor and tumbler switch.

On the obtained points of support the shelf is fixed, which provides more convenient processing of workpieces.

Made here are such rubber feet screwed to the base with self-tapping screws.

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It is very easy and convenient to work on this machine. The piece is laid on the shelf, unfolded on the desired side, and grinds. And, very importantly. not a penny was spent on this machine, and as a result it will last a very long time.

As a side note, for those who will make such a machine tool, we suggest to make guides, on the type of sliders or rails. They should be parallel to the grinding disc. This way you can level workpieces in a straight line, which is very important.

To clean the grinding wheel, you can use a metal brush. As an option, make removable disks on Velcro, so you can make a quick replacement of the used grinding wheel.

Basic models of devices

Drum type machines can be purchased ready to use. There are several of the most popular and widespread brands for the production of these devices. It makes sense to introduce their individual models.

JET. The American company specializes in the production of modern machines of various types, including the drum type. In its product line, there are several grinders with a cylindrical shape of the working wheel.

  • JET DDS-225. This machine is one of the most powerful devices of this type in the manufacturer’s lineup. Can be used in home workshops and small factories. Characteristic feature. double sanding drum.
  • JET 10-20 PLUS. Compact device for grinding, which allows to work up to 50 cm of the surface. Perfect for small home workshops.
  • JET 16-23 PLUS. Considered one of the most universal machines of its type. It is used for processing building materials, kitchen appliances and even musical instruments. Most often used in small furniture workshops.

Corvet 57. The machine is made in China, which is characterized by a fairly high quality of construction and extensive functionality. The machine is designed for grinding flat surfaces of wooden workpieces and turning parts to the required dimensions. The price of the machine is quite democratic. 24 ths. rubles.

In addition to these machines, there are good options from German manufacturers. It is worth noting that, depending on the price, German companies also offer appropriate sets of features for their machines. The minimum amount for which you can buy a grinding machine in the basic set. 15-16 thousand. rubles.

Preparing to work

Preparation for work is important, because it is at this stage that the full composition of the required tools, mechanisms, materials, fittings and fasteners is determined. It is at this point you need to make sure you have everything you need, so as not to interrupt or stop the work. Therefore, before we start, we recommend to look through all the material and make sure that everything is in stock.


In the process of work you will need some hand and power tools, check the list:

  • The tool for straight sawing: Circular saw or sawing machine.
  • Electric jigsaw.
  • an electric screwdriver.
  • Additional hand tools: hammer, clamps, angle, screwdriver, marking pencil, etc.

What kind of sander is best for finishing

Materials, Fittings, and Fasteners

To make a grinding machine based on a drill you will need:

Basic structural elements

The main structural elements of a grinding machine are:

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