Step-by-step instructions on how to mow grass with a disc mower and save fuel
The lawnmower should be started mainly on the ground. Some mowers are able to start the tool, holding it in their hands, but it is difficult and dangerous. After starting the tool, you can start using it. To begin with, you should wear protective clothing and an off-duty belt. Depending on the model of the machine the straps can be either with snap hooks or ties. If a carabiner or latch is used, then after starting the engine, the tool should be secured and you should get to work. If tie rods are used, the belt must be worn with the tool in operation.
Initially the belt should be balanced. This means that no matter how much weight is on the tool, there should be minimal strain on the mower’s hands. The mower only moves the tool with the hands, and if not balanced, you will quickly become tired. The whole weight should rest on the shoulders of the employee.
When the tool is ready for use, the instructions for mowing grass with a chain saw are as follows:
- Move left and right slowly and keep the grass trimmer at the same distance from the ground
- The mower’s movements should be unhurried (half a step at a time). Specialists call the mower’s movements duck steps
- The biggest challenge for the beginners is to keep the revolutions stable. The mowing speed should be variable, depending on the density of the vegetation. If the grass is young, it does not need to operate at full throttle to cut it at all
- The mower must feel the work of the tool. If the grass mower can’t cut the grass, the engine speed needs to be increased. It is not recommended to use the tool constantly at full rpm
- Experts have worked out such an optimal mode of grass mowing with gasoline trimmers. in one direction you need to increase revolutions above average (almost at full throttle), and when you move the grass mower back, the gas is dropped, while making a step forward. This method is more suitable in cases when it is necessary to accurately place the grass in swaths
Often there are disputes among mowers with gasoline mowers about how to mow with a trimmer correctly, whether it’s necessary to throttle down or better to work in a constant mode. Let’s understand these issues in detail.
- There is an opinion that it is better to mow with a chainsaw in one speed mode. This opinion is wrong. Working with the same power not only increases fuel consumption but also affects the wear of parts. Relieving the throttle on reverse is useful because it cools the engine and also lubricates the cylinder head. Relieving the throttle causes the throttle to close, allowing fuel to pass through the idle speed channel and thereby lubricate components
- Gas release allows you to not only mow the grass, but also lay it neatly in swaths. Mowing in one direction enables you to mow in one direction while driving in the opposite direction produces a swath
- The blade is only moving in one direction, so it makes no sense to keep the tool at a constant RPM when it is moving in the opposite direction
- Gas release causes the cutting wheel to start rotating the crankshaft by inertia, and coasting motion is always beneficial
If you mow with a chainsaw in one rpm mode (this is what beginners usually do), it will result in increased fuel consumption and engine overheating. By way of comparison, it is possible to illustrate the operation of a petrol lawnmower. The chain saw operator gives maximum rpm only when necessary, but when he finishes cutting the tree, the chain saw runs at idle speed to cool down.
This is interesting!lawnmowers have air cooling, which is realized by natural air blowing, so the work at constant speed increases the risk of overheating. The higher the RPM is, the faster the motor overheats.
Occupational safety instructions for working with a gasoline lawnmower
1.1. Only people aged 18 and over, with at least electrical safety group II, trained in electrical safety and safe working practices, are allowed to use the lawnmower independently.
1.2. When working with the lawnmower wear safety goggles or face shield in addition to the personal protective equipment issued by your trade. 1.3. Due to the increased concentration of carbon monoxide, impact of vibration on human body, work duration must not exceed 2/3 of the shift duration. 1.4. To avoid the possibility of fire, do not smoke while refueling the machine or near a container of fuel or lubricants.
Lawn Mowers for Kids | Yard Work with Blippi
HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS BEFORE BEGINNING WORK.
2.4. Before starting work, the lawnmower must be subjected to an external inspection: 2.4.1. Check that the blade is securely mounted and properly sharpened. 2.4.2. Check that the safety guard is securely mounted and in good condition. 2.4.3. Engine power system must be inspected. The petrol tank neck must be closed with a plug, the tank must be securely fastened to the body of the lawnmower, the valve handle must be securely locked in two positions with clear markings “Open. Closed”. The connection points of the tap with the petrol tank and the branch pipe as well as the gland of the tap handle must not let fuel in. The throttle control knob shall move smoothly without catching or appreciable backlash. Carburetor intake tube must be equipped with an air filter. Do not operate the engine without the air filter provided by the manufacturer. The muffler intake pipe and muffler itself must be free of cracks, broken metal and piercing corrosion. The exhaust must be routed so that the exhaust stream does not blow around the operator’s hands or contaminate his breathing zone when the engine is running. 2.4.4. Inspect ignition system. The engine oil pressure gauge should be clean and replace with a soft cloth or damp cloth. The high voltage wire must be firmly clamped at one end inside the magneto bushing and the other end fitted with a special anti-jamming ferrule. Test drive the lawnmower according to the manufacturer’s instructions. 2.5. Before starting work, fill the tank with fuel mix while the engine is switched off. 2.6. It is forbidden to operate the machine if it is out of adjustment.
2.7. Before moving off, check the work area thoroughly, making sure there are no foreign objects in the area, including glass fragments, stones, etc.д., as they can injure as well as damage the gasoline-powered scythe.
HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS AT WORK
3.1. When working on the grass, make sure there are no people or animals within a radius of 15 m of the working area that could affect the safety of the work. 3.2. If grass or branches get caught between blade guard and cutting tool, stop the machine and only then clean. 3.3. When working with a lawn mower is forbidden:.Pull or bend the cable;.Do not allow unauthorized persons to use the lawn mower;.to work in the vicinity of persons or animals;.Do not operate when it is raining;.Leave the mower unattended;
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
4.1. In case of injury, malfunction of the machine, stop the engine immediately. 4.2. In each accident the injured person or eyewitness shall notify the school director, head of housekeeping of the incident. Give first aid to injured person on the spot and take him/her to hospital.
4.3. Re-engage in work only after faults in machine have been corrected and the risk of injury has been eliminated with the director’s knowledge or permission from the farm manager.
LABOR SAFETY REQUIREMENTS AT THE END OF WORK
5.1. Drain residual fuel into a suitable container. 5.2. Clean grass and dirt from the machine and put it in the shop. 5.3. Remove the personal protective equipment and store it in the workshop. 5.4. Report any deficiencies noticed during operation of the machine to the farm manager.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS BEFORE STARTING WORK
2.1. Wear overalls and safety shoes, buttoned up so that they are comfortable and safe to wear. 2.2. Check that the personal protective equipment required for the job (gloves, goggles) is available and in good working order. 2.3. To protect the ear protectors one should use ear plugs or ear muffs. 2.4. Instruct employees in safe working practices and record them in the prescribed manner. 2.5. Check serviceability of safety elements:. chain brake, chain brake handle;. throttle trigger locking lever;. chain catcher;. vibration suppression system;. muffler;. right hand guard;. cutting mechanism;. emergency lock (for grasshopper);. line shield. 2.6. Fill the fuel tank with gasoline and screw the fuel cap on. 2.7. To reduce the risk of injury, always refuel petrol-powered tools 1 cm below the lower edge of the filler neck in the open air with the engine turned off and cooled down. 2.8. Inspect the area where the tool is to be used. Remove any objects that can be caught and thrown by the tool (stones, branches, etc.).п.). 2.9. Check that there are no bystanders or animals within a radius of 6 m of the lawnmower and within a radius of 15 m of the gasoline-powered and electric lawnmower (grass trimmer). 2.10. Adjust cutting height (for lawnmower). Maintain a normal grass height of 4-5 cm. Do not cut more than one-third of the grass at a time.е. Start mowing at a grass height of 7-8 cm. 2.11. Check the integrity and secure connection of the electric power cable of the electric lawn mower. 2.12. Only use the machine for its intended purpose. 2.13. The tool should not be started closer than 3 meters from the fueling spot.
The basics of operating a lawnmower
Essentially, any lawnmower is a motor with a pair of sharp blades attached to the motor shaft. The entire motor shaft with the impeller is covered by a plastic or steel guard and is mounted on a wheeled cart. Despite the relatively large weight of the machine, in theory, any adult without special physical training can mow with a lawn mower. Nevertheless, mowing the grass is not as easy as it may look in the ads.
Proper and safe operation of a lawn mower requires:
- Properly maintain the device, adjust and prepare the lawnmower for operation;
- Know your way around the mowing area. Before starting work, inspect the area and remove stones, large limbs, and any debris that could break the cutting edge, knife, and motor;
- If there are flowerbeds or shrubs on the lawn, consider the route of the lawnmower and the discharge area for the cuttings.
Health and Safety at School and Preschool
General health and safety requirements
1.1. These instructions on labor protection at work with a lawnmower are developed on the basis of the Order of the Ministry of Labor of Russia dated October 29, 2021, 72n “On approval of the basic requirements to the order of development and content of the rules and instructions on labor protection”, in force since March 1, 2022; Order of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of October 29, 2020, 58n “On approval of the Rules on labor protection in the housing and communal services”, taking into account Order of the Ministry of Labor of Russia dated November 27, 2020, 35n “On approval of the Rules on labor protection at work with tools. 1.2. This manual establishes health and safety requirements before, during, and after work with a gasoline lawnmower or electric lawnmower, defines safe methods and techniques for working with this equipment, and establishes health and safety requirements in possible emergency situations. These instructions have been developed to ensure occupational safety and to protect the life and health of the employee when working with a lawn mower. 1.3. Persons over 18 years of age who have passed the prescribed preliminary (periodic or extraordinary medical examination), introductory briefing, initial briefing at the workplace before starting independent work and training under the supervision of an experienced worker at jobs with hazardous working conditions, repeated briefings at least once every six months, as well as unscheduled and targeted in cases stipulated by the Procedure of training on labor protection and testing knowledge of safety requirements are allowed for independent work with a lawnmower. 1.4. The employee must be trained on labor protection and tested knowledge of labor protection requirements, training in methods and techniques of first aid to victims, fire and electrical safety rules, testing knowledge of rules within the scope of job duties with assignment of I qualification group of electrical safety. when using a gasoline lawnmower, have at least II qualification group of electrical safety. when using an electric lawnmower (electric lawnmower). 1.5.
Factors are recognized as harmful, if it is confirmed by the results of the OSH. 1.6.
- moving machinery and equipment;
- increased gas and/or dust pollution in the air of the working area;
- cutting part of the lawnmower;
- dust, flying grass, earth and small stones;
- high noise and vibration level;
- flammable liquids when using a gasoline lawnmower;
- high voltage in the electrical circuit, which can short-circuit through the human body (when using an electric lawnmower);
- meteorological conditions of the working environment (high temperatures in summer can lead to sunstroke with loss of control of one’s actions);
- increased air movement;
- physical overload.
- know the design, the principle of safe operation of the lawn mower;
- know the basic types and principles of malfunctions of this equipment and how to eliminate them;
- to comply with the requirements of technical documentation of the mower manufacturer;
- have a clear understanding of the hazards associated with working with a lawnmower;
- know the procedure of filling the lawn mower with fuel;
- know the safety requirements for the connection of an electric lawnmower;
- To perform only the work related to the job duties and assigned by the direct supervisor, under conditions of safe performance of the work;
- Comply with work safety, fire and electrical safety requirements;
- Observe the requirements of industrial hygiene, personal hygiene rules;
- know the rules of using personal protective equipment;
- know the procedure in case of fire;
- be able to use primary fire extinguishing means;
- know the location of the first aid kit and be able to provide first aid;
- know the procedure of actions in case of fire; follow the rules of internal labor schedule, work and rest time.
- a suit for protection against general industrial pollution and mechanical influences;
- Polymer-coated gloves;
- face shield or goggles;
- earplugs or noise-canceling headphones. to protect the hearing organs;
- use filtering means of personal respiratory protection;
- rubber boots with safety sock and non-slip soles.
1.9. Maintenance, repair, inspection, testing and technical inspection of the mower must be performed in accordance with the requirements of technical documentation of the manufacturer. 1.10. When a petrol lawnmower is issued to an employee, the employee designated by the employer as responsible for the condition of the tool driven by an internal combustion engine shall check that it is in good working order, and at least once every 6 months the mower shall be inspected and checked for condition. 1.11. Electric lawnmowers (including extension cables) shall be subject to periodic checks at least once every 6 months by an employee with electrical safety group III or higher appointed by the employer to be responsible for the good condition of the electric tool. 1.12. The results of inspections, repairs, checks, tests and technical examinations of the lawnmower carried out at intervals set by the manufacturer shall be entered by the employee responsible for its operational condition in a special log. 1.13. In case of injury, notify the direct supervisor by any available means as soon as possible. If the mower malfunctions and cannot be repaired on your own, inform your supervisor and do not use the mower until all detected faults have been corrected and permission has been received. 1.14. It is forbidden to work with the mower while being in a state of alcohol intoxication or in a state caused by the use of drugs, psychotropic, toxic or other intoxicating substances, as well as to drink alcoholic beverages, to consume drugs, psychotropic, toxic or other intoxicating substances at work or during working hours. 1.15. An employee who violates or fails to comply with the requirements of this instruction on labor safety when working with a lawn mower is considered as a violator of production discipline and may be subject to disciplinary action and undergo an unscheduled inspection of knowledge of labor safety requirements, and depending on the consequences. and to criminal liability; if a violation has resulted in material damage. for material responsibility in accordance with the established procedure.
Occupational safety requirements before starting work
2.1. Before starting work, all PPE must be checked for integrity, fitness for use and application. Button up clothing including sleeve cuffs, remove sharp and sharp objects from s. Do not fasten clothing with pins and needles. 2.2. Make sure that a first aid kit is available and complete. 2.3.
- Make sure there are no open manholes, wells, pits;
- remove all foreign objects and anything that could interfere with the safe operation of the mower and create additional hazards.
2.4. Visually inspect the mower for damage and structural integrity. 2.5. Check that the blade and mower guard are securely fastened if so specified in the design or operation manual. 2.6. Inspect the condition of the guard, engine supply and ignition systems. 2.7. Make sure the air filter is clean. 2.8. For a lawnmower with a two-stroke engine, mix gasoline and oil in the proportion according to the manufacturer’s tool manual, in a clean container designed for fuel storage, and in the following sequence:
- half the quantity of petrol required is poured in;
- the required amount of oil is added;
- mix (shake) the resulting mixture;
- add the remaining amount of gasoline;
- mix (shake) the fuel mixture before filling the fuel tank;
- mix petrol and oil in a place where spark formation and ignition are avoided and where there is good ventilation.
2.9. Gasoline and oil are filled separately for four-stroke mowers. 2.10. To fill the gasoline lawnmower in the open air with fuel using a funnel and observing fire safety rules. Follow the maximum fill level marking on the fuel filler cap. It is forbidden to use an open flame or smoke. Tighten the lid securely after refueling is complete. 2.11. The filler neck of the lawnmower must be closed with a plug, the tank must be secured to the body of the lawnmower, the valve handle must be locked in two positions with clearly legible inscriptions “Open. Closed”. 2.12. The fuel pressure regulator should not let fuel out of the petrol tank or the tank nozzle. The throttle control knob must move smoothly without jamming or noticeable play. 2.13. Do not start the engine until spilt fuel has dried out on mower parts. 2.14. The muffler intake pipe and the muffler itself must be free of cracks, metal tears and piercing corrosion. 2.15. To power the electric lawnmowers along the lawn to be mowed, install electrical plugs. The plug must have a grounding contact which allows for the ground connection to be made before the mower is switched on and for the ground connection to be disconnected when the machine is switched off. The number and positions of plugs must be determined on the basis that the cable length between the lawnmower and the plug must not exceed 150 m. A cable drum must be provided. 2.16. The cable connecting the electric lawnmower to the plug must not have any mechanical damage to the outer sheath. Current carrying parts must be kept out of reach of accidental contact. 2.17. Adjust the cutting height of the grass. 2.18. Wear personal protective equipment: face shield or goggles, noise-canceling headphones, if there is a strong formation of dust and smoke. personal protective equipment for the respiratory system filtering. 2.19.
2.20. Do not allow the machine to traverse footpaths, paths, people’s paths, or other obstructions. 2.21. Test run the mower according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Run the engine briefly at idle speed. Test drive the machine to ensure it is operating correctly. 2.22. You may only start work after you have made all the preparations and rectified all the faults and defects.
Occupational safety requirements during work with lawnmower
3.1. To avoid additional risks and personal injury, do not operate the mower if there are stones, wires, glass in the grass. 3.2. Do not mow during rain, thick fog (visibility less than 50 m), strong wind (more than 6 points), or in the hours of darkness. 3.3. 3 Always wear personal protective equipment. 3.4. Always follow the regulations and specifications of the mower manufacturer. 3. Use the machine only for its intended purpose. 3.5.
- On the lawn mowing area there are no bystanders, animals or other objects that can affect the safe operation of the mower;
- 4 Do not allow the tool to mow freely in any environment (roots, stones, pits);
- only use fuel and oil that are recommended in the manufacturer’s technical documents.
- Hold the tool firmly with both hands;
- 3 Use the machine for its intended purpose; 3 Reach operating speed before you start mowing;
- mow smoothly, without much effort, sharp jerks;
- The mower must run itself; it only needs to be steered;
- stand in a stable position, avoiding causes of staggering or loss of balance;
- be attentive and not distracted by extraneous activities and conversations;
- only perform work which is assigned by the direct supervisor when conditions for its safe performance are created and in the performance of which an employee has been instructed on labor protection
- work only with equipment for which the employee has been trained in safe work methods and techniques;
- use personal protective equipment correctly.
- use lawn mowers equipped with a mechanical motor when mowing less than 2 cm in height;
- use lawn mowers when mowing more than 20 cm in height;
- clean cutting blades of the mower with unprotected hands
- carry out repair, adjustment (except adjustment of carburetor) works with lawnmower engine running;
- to clean and maintain the electric lawnmower without disconnecting it from the mains;
- use leaded petrol to fill up the petrol lawnmower
- When starting the engine, wind the winding cord around your hand (for an engine with a winding cord);
- smoke while the lawnmower is being filled with fuel and while the lawnmower is running;
- to pull or bend the electric cable of the electric lawnmower;
- to use a cell phone, to eat food;
- Work without use of personal protection means for eyesight.
- Do not leave the machine unattended.
3.8. To drive the mower over the curb on the lawn, use locally made decking. 3.9. Mowing must be started in such a way that grass cuttings do not contaminate driveways, paths and other areas. To do this, the first 1-2 passes should be made in such a direction that the cuttings are ejected into the lawn. 3.10. In difficult terrain switch to a lower gear and change direction of travel smoothly by moving the handle left or right. Excessive force during work will wear out the transmission and deform the blade on the ground. 3.11. On hilly terrain, mow along a slope. Be careful on slippery ground. 3.12. When the mower engine is running, there must not be any extraneous noises and banging. The engine must change RPM in accordance with the throttle trigger position and not flash into the carburettor or muffler. 3.13. When operating an electric lawnmower, care must be taken to ensure that the electric cord does not get caught under the blades of the mower. 3.14. If bystanders or animals come within a distance of the place of work less than that allowed by the manufacturer’s technical documents, the lawnmower engine must be shut down immediately. 3.15. Check regularly that there are no fuel leaks. 3.16. When moving the mower from one area to another switch off the cutting unit and put it in the transport position. 3.17. The lawnmower must not be inspected while the engine is running. Stop the engine before inspecting it. 3.18. Use special brushes to clean grass from the mower cutting unit blade. 3.19. The engine must be switched off and allowed to cool for a few minutes before refuelling. When refuelling open the fuel filler cap slowly to allow any excess pressure to escape gradually. Close the lid tightly after filling. 3.20. Do not start the petrol lawnmower indoors. 3.21. Do not operate any machine that has been modified in any way that is not specified in the manufacturer’s literature. 3.22. During work adhere to accepted technology. Do not use methods which speed up operation but do not comply with safety requirements. 3.23. When working with lawn mower follow these instructions of labour safety, do not allow untrained, unauthorized persons to work with lawn mower. 3.24.
- the suit for protection against general industrial pollution must button all the buttons, must completely cover the torso, arms up to the wrist;
- Boots must be used without damage and must fit properly;
- gloves must fit the size of the hands and must not slip off;
- when using protective goggles or face shield, adjust the fit;
- Personal protective equipment for the respiratory system must cover the nose and chin and fit snugly over the face when in use.
- Earplugs or noise-canceling headphones must fit snugly.
3.25. Take safety precautions against tick bites.
Occupational safety requirement in emergency situations
4.1. It is not permissible to commence work using the lawnmower if you are unwell or suddenly ill. 4.2.
- Malfunction of the lawnmower (unusual knocking, excessive vibration, etc.).п.) due to overloading, worn out parts;
- The cable of the electric lawnmower is damaged due to accidental mechanical impact or wear and tear;
- An overload sensation from prolonged exposure to vibration;
- Fire, smoke caused by defective petrol lawnmower, fuel spillage.
4.3. If any abnormalities are detected during mowing (unusual banging, excessive vibration, etc.), the.д.), the lawnmower engine must be stopped immediately and the supervisor must be informed. 4.4. If the cable of the electric lawnmower is accidentally damaged, stop work and de-energise the lawnmower by disconnecting the plug. 4.5. If a personal protective equipment malfunction is detected, stop work and replace the personal protective equipment. 4.6. In the case of symptoms of overload from prolonged exposure to vibration, stop working and, if necessary, seek medical attention. 4.7. Upon receiving an injury stop working, call for help, use a first aid kit, inform your supervisor, and contact a medical facility or call 03 (103) for an ambulance. 4.8. In case of injury by another employee, to take measures to prevent exposure of the injured to traumatic factors, to provide first aid, if necessary, to call an ambulance by phone 03 (103) or to take the injured to the nearest medical institution, to inform the direct superior about the incident. Before the investigation begins, preserve the scene of the incident; if this is impossible (there is a threat to the life and health of the surrounding people), record the scene in a protocol, take pictures or use some other method. 4.9. In case of fire in the workplace immediately stop working, announce the fire in your voice, remove workers from the danger zone (if other workers are present), call the fire department at 01 (101, 112), and notify your supervisor. Provided there is no risk to life and limb of people take measures for fire suppression in the initial stages with the use of primary fire extinguishing means.
Safety requirements when work is complete
5.1. Before finishing work switch off the mower’s engine, wait until the cutting section has come to a complete standstill and the heated parts have cooled down. 5.2. De-energise the electric lawnmower by disconnecting the plug. 5.3. Clean grass catcher box (if present). 5.4. Check that the working area is in a non-fire hazardous condition. 5.5. Inspect the machine for integrity and damage. 5.6. Before cleaning your petrol lawnmower, remove the spark plug cable (candle), wipe and clean the machine. 5.7. Store and transport the gasoline lawnmower and fuel in such a way that there is no risk of sparks or open flames coming into contact with fuel leaks or fumes. 5.8. Before storing the lawn mower for a long period of time the fuel tank must be emptied and the machine must be serviced according to the manufacturer’s technical documentation. 5.9. Move the lawnmower to the storage location. 5.10. Remove protective clothing and other personal protective equipment, clean, check for intactness and place in storage. If necessary, return special clothing for washing and repair. 5.11. Wash face and hands with soap and water or an equivalent washing agent, and apply regenerating (repairing) cream to skin. 5.12. Inform your direct supervisor about any deficiencies affecting work safety that were discovered during work with the lawnmower.
Instructions developed by: /_/
Familiarized with the instruction “_”_202. /_/
Safety instructions for grass mowing
1.1. Grass mowing (with hand-held mowers, power mowers (trimmers) and lawn mowers are allowed only to persons over 18 years of age, who have passed a medical examination, training in safe work methods and techniques, introductory and primary workplace briefings on labor protection, probation and testing of knowledge of labor protection requirements.
1.2. An employee shall undergo a repeated knowledge test at least once a year.
1.4. In the course of work an employee may be exposed to the following harmful and dangerous production factors:
1.5. The employee must be provided with protective clothing, footwear and other personal protective equipment in accordance with the Standard norms:
1.6. 9 Employees are prohibited to be and stay on the territory of the organization and at the working place under the condition of alcohol, drug or toxic intoxication.
1.7. Smoking is permitted only in specially allocated and equipped places. It is not allowed to smoke in unauthorized places and use open fire in places where machines are refueled with fuel and oil.
1.8. Mowing the grass under adverse climatic factors of the environment (rain, thunderstorm, fog) is not allowed.
1.9. All noticed defects or lack of equipment, tools and personal protective equipment must be reported by the employee to the direct work manager and until they are eliminated do not start working.
1.10. For violation of labor discipline and failure to comply with labor protection regulations, an employee shall be held disciplinarily liable in accordance with applicable law
HEALTH AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS IN CASE OF EMERGENCY
4.1. At operation of gasoline and electric tools the following emergency situations can occur: increased gas content in the rooms where the tool is being repaired; injury of the worker because of objects flying out from under the cutting tool; electric traumas; tool combustion. 4.2. In case of noticed malfunctions or an emergency situation that endangers people, the person operating the gasoline and power tools must: stop work, turn off the engine, warn the workers of the danger, report the malfunction or the emergency situation to the direct superior.
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS DURING WORK
3.1. When working with the grass trimmer ensure that there are no people or animals within a radius of 15 m from the working area and that there are no objects in the vicinity that may affect the safety of the machine. 3.2. If grass or twigs are caught between blade guard and cutting attachment, stop the machine and only then clean. 3.3. When cutting grass, the grass trimmer head must be held directly above the ground at an angle of. To ensure that the stringline is capable of operating at its own speed, do not press the stringline against the mowed area. 3.4. To reduce the risk of burns, do not touch the bevel gear during and immediately after operation.к. It may get very hot. 3.5. Beware of thrown objects, wear safety glasses. 3.6. Categorically forbidden to work with one hand!
Labor safety requirements for lawn mower (grass trimmer) operations
Here are the labour safety requirements for mowing grass with a lawn mower. They will be necessary when drawing up occupational safety instructions for working with a lawn mower. Like any work safety instruction, this instruction should include 5 chapters:
2) Occupational safety requirements before starting work;
3) Health and safety requirements for the job;
4) Labor safety requirements at the end of work;
5) Occupational safety requirements in case of emergency.
General health and safety requirements
Work performed with a lawn mower (grass trimmer) machine (hereinafter referred to as the machine) is classified as hazardous work. Persons aged at least 18 years who have been duly trained and instructed in occupational safety and who have no medical contraindications are allowed to perform such work.
Before admitting to independent work, employees shall additionally undergo training on safe methods and techniques of work with the machine, probation and knowledge test on occupational safety issues in accordance with the established procedure.
workers with medical implants (prostheses) are allowed to work with the machine after prior consultation with the doctor.
Hazardous and/or harmful production factors affecting the worker
While working with the machine, an employee may be exposed to the following harmful and (or) hazardous production factors:
sharp edges, burrs and roughness on the surfaces of work pieces, tools and equipment;
flying particles, fragments of metal and other materials;
increased or decreased temperature of the air in the working area, surfaces of equipment, materials;
dusty, gassy conditions in the workplace;
high or low humidity and air mobility;
increased noise level at the workplace;
insufficient illumination of the working area;
Absence or lack of natural light;
uneven machining surface in the work area;
short-term kickback from contact with solid objects.
Depending on the working conditions in which the machine is used, employees may also be exposed to other harmful and/or hazardous production factors.
Occupational safety and health requirements before starting work
Protection means given to employees
In addition to the personal protective equipment for work stipulated by the standard industry standards for the relevant profession or position, free of charge are issued for protection:
eyes against the effects of dust, particulate matter, etc.п. safety glasses or face shields;
Noise protection for the hearing protection Earmuffs or ear protectors;
Respiratory protection against dust, fumes, vapors and gases respirators or gas masks;
dielectric protection against electric shock;
special protective gloves against cuts and vibrations;
When carrying out work where there is a risk of falling objects, a safety helmet should be worn;
non-slip, steel-toed, sturdy boots.
The machine must be in good working order, factory-fitted, used as intended, and not produce sparks; the cutting teeth of the blade must be properly sharpened with a flat file with a one-sided pattern, the corners are sharpened equally.
The engine should be started on a hard surface, making sure that the cutting parts do not catch any object.
You are refueling when the engine is not running and has cooled down for a few minutes.
When refueling, open the fuel filler cap slowly and close it tightly afterward.
The engine must be started away from the refueling point at a distance of at least 3 m.
The grass trimmer string must be wound tightly and evenly.
The lead chuck guide (supporting flange) must be in the middle of the cutting attachment opening.
An additional guard is always used when using trimmer heads, plastic blades and combination guards, the guard is secured with a screw.
Work should only be carried out with the cutter hitched up to the implement.
Handle fuel only in a well ventilated area.
Use only unleaded 90 octane (RON) gasoline or alkaline gasoline with a recommended oil.
Carry and transport the machine in a safe way.
A special bag or crate is needed to carry the machine to the work site.
Protect its sharp parts when carrying or transporting the machine.
The machine issued and used at work must be accounted for in the organization (structural subdivision of the organization), inspected and tested within the time and scope established by technical normative legal acts.
Before starting to work with the machine, the employee shall put on personal protective equipment appropriate for the work to be performed and check that it is in good working order, without any external damage, that it is checked (tested) in time.
Before carrying out the work it is necessary to check:
the machine is in good working order and ready for safe operation according to the requirements of the instruction manual;
steady operation at idle speed with check the interlock systems and stop, normal operation under load;
proper installation of all covers, shields and handles
spark plug cap and wire for damage to avoid risk of electric shock;
the cutting parts stop when you turn off the gas and that they remain stationary; when you continue to turn, you should check the carburetor’s idle speed adjustment;
a switch to completely stop the engine; after starting, when you put it in the stop position, the engine must stop working;
The cutting guard must be inspected to make sure it is intact and has no cracks; replace the guard if it is crumpled and cracked;
The harness straps and the quick-release system are correctly installed;
presence and tightness of locknut using a socket wrench; the nylon gasket on the locknut must not be so worn that it can be turned by hand.
Before work is carried out, check that the workplace and access routes are well lit.
check the work area for stones, broken and whole glass, nails, wire, rope, which may affect the safe performance of the work.
It is not allowed when carrying out work
Wear shorts, sandals, barefoot.
Perform work without personal and special protective equipment (headphones, eye, hand, foot protection).
Immediately remove the coiled material. Time must be allowed for the machine to cool down.
Employees shall not proceed to perform work:
in the absence of a first aid kit;
cluttering the workplace, the area and the approaches to it;
Faults in the machine, its accessories, protective equipment, interlocking elements and other violations of health and safety requirements.
The detected violations of occupational safety requirements shall be eliminated before the start of work. If it is impossible to do so, the employee is obliged to report the shortcomings in occupational safety to the operations manager and not to start working until they are eliminated.
Labor safety requirements for the performance of work
While working with the machine, employees shall be obliged to:
only use the machine in good working order, tools and appliances, equipment, work with which he/she has been trained, and use them for their intended purpose;
When working, make sure that there are no people or animals within a radius of 15 m.
When several workers are working at the same area at the same time, the safe distance between them must be at least 15 m or double the length of the tree;
use safe work methods and techniques, comply with work safety requirements;
immediately stop work if there are children, bystanders, animals, helpers within 15 meters of the working area.
Look carefully at the work area to be treated so that there is no sudden kickback;
place the tool at the workplace so that it is impossible for it to roll or fall;
Look around to make sure there are no people, animals or other obstacles in your vicinity;
Ensure cutting equipment is below your waist;
carry the machine over long distances with transport protection.
leave the machine on the railing of fences or on the unfenced edge of the scaffolding site, scaffolding, as well as near open manholes, wells;
Blow off dust and chips with compressed air, with your mouth;
place work pieces on your lap;
long pieces (half axles, shafts, etc.).п.) stand upright, leaning against walls or equipment;
Doing work in a closed, poorly ventilated area;
perform work where it is not possible to call for help;
remove coiled material without stopping the machine first;
bend over the cutting parts shield and look at the equipment without goggles or safety shield on.
Labor safety requirements at the end of the job
Remove headphones immediately after stopping the engine;
clean the machine, materials, tools and appliances from dust and dirt with special tools and put them away in a place designed for storage;
collect used rags in a metal box with a tightly closed lid;
Clean protective clothing and other personal protective equipment and stow it in the designated storage areas;
Inform the supervisor of all faults that appear during work and the measures taken to eliminate them.
After completion of all works, you should wash your hands and face with warm water and soap or similar detergents (no substances not intended for this purpose should be used), if possible, take a shower.
Labor safety requirements in case of emergency
In the event of an emergency situation you should:
immediately disconnect the source that caused the emergency situation;
stop all work not related to elimination of the accident;
take first aid measures (if there are victims);
take measures to prevent the development of the emergency situation and the impact of traumatic factors on other persons;
Ensure that people are removed from the danger zone if there is a danger to their health and life;
notify the supervisor of the accident.
Work can be resumed only after the causes that led to the emergency situation are eliminated.
In case of fire, call the emergency unit, report the incident to the operations manager, take measures to extinguish the fire with available fire extinguishing means. The use of water and foam fire extinguishers to extinguish live electrical equipment is unacceptable. Carbon dioxide and powder fire extinguishers shall be used for this purpose.
In case of an accident at work, it is necessary to:
Quickly take measures to prevent exposure of the victim to traumatic factors, to provide the victim with first aid, to call medical workers to the scene or to take the victim to the health care organization;
report the incident to the work manager;
Ensure before the start of the investigation that the situation at the scene remains intact, and if this is not possible (there is a threat to the lives and health of others, interruption of continuous production) record the situation by drawing up a diagram, protocol, photography or other method.
In all cases of injury or sudden illness, medical personnel must be called to the scene of the accident; if it is not possible to take the injured person to the nearest health care organization.
Work performed outdoors (at height) should be suspended in case of changes in weather conditions posing a threat to the life and health of workers (thunderstorm, violent wind, snowfall, worsening visibility within the front of the work) and move to a safe place.
The labor protection instruction is subject to approval by the head of the labor protection service, or by the specialist charged with these responsibilities. The instruction shall be approved by the head of the organization.
Artur Chumasov, labor safety engineer