A single-axle tractor can be safely called a man’s machine, because it requires physical strength to start and operate. However, modern power tillers manufacturers began to adapt more and more for women and for men, who can not perform abrupt movements. For example, motor blocks are now more often equipped with battery-powered engines. If a single-axle tractor is used as a vehicle, a woman can cope with it, both with starting and driving.
The manual starter is present in all engines by default. The engine is started with a cord with a sharp movement of the hand. The battery-powered electric starter requires a slightly longer procedure, but it simplifies the physical starting process.
Manual cable starter requires a few strokes of the hand. Most 4-stroke engines are hand-started
Battery-powered starters are rare on power tillers, but are a good alternative if you have to stop and go frequently
Gasoline power tillers
Compared to diesel power tillers, gasoline models have certain advantages. They:
- It is easier to repair and service;
- easier to start in cold weather;
- have better maneuverability;
- emit less noise;
- Gives a slight jolt to the steering wheel.
Patriot (Patriot) Ural, Brait, Kentavr, LANDER, Caiman brands are in high demand on the Russian market for work at summer cottage plots and vegetable gardens.
Patriot (Patriot) Ural
This model is popular among countrymen due to its light weight and easy maintenance. Also of note is the universal trailing unit, thanks to which it is possible to attach any kind of attachments to the machine (e.g., plow, ridger, potato digger, and more).
The unit is characterized by a reinforced frame that allows to carry and transport it without disassembling. The model also has the advantage of a seamless gearbox that prevents oil loss.
Choosing a brand of units Patriot Ural, you should know that any model will be ideal for processing small plots of land.
The Russian Brait motor blocks can easily compete with European models by quality and technical characteristics. Small size, high maneuverability make them convenient to use in the gardens and summer cottages.
The range of power tillers is quite wide. Models differ in terms of engine power, tire width, weight and type of starter (it can be manual and electric).
Brait power tillers are available for sale both with gasoline and diesel engines. It should be noted that the last variants consume less fuel, but have higher cost.
Hydrostatic VS Gear Drive
The Chinese manufacturer of the Centaur copied the model from the Zirka crawler tractor. The main advantage of this option is an attractive price. One-year warranty to back up the high quality of the unit.
Many farmers choose the Centaur, because it is the perfect choice for their four-stroke.к. Problems with the operation of the motor block are extremely rare, due to the fact that all over the country are service centers where you can repair the unit or buy any spare part.
This single-axle tractor will be ideal for owners of small household plots, and for farmers who own large tracts of land.
Important advantages of LANDER model range are its excellent quality and affordable price.
Motobloks of this brand have gained recognition among dacha owners thanks to:
- enough power to power any attachment;
- possibility of adjusting the handles to the user’s height;
- high cross-country ability due to the rubber wheels;
- easy operation and high maneuverability;
- the presence of gear reducer, through which the technique does not overheat during long hours of work;
- the high quality of the motorblock components, which guarantees its durability.
Japanese brand of motor blocks Caiman features high quality engine and innovative cooling system. Unique bearing protection system does not require additional maintenance. The new transmission developed by the Japanese and the French allows you to adjust the speed of the unit, gently shifting the gearbox.
The whole range of Caiman presupposes the use of all kinds of attachments (plow, mower, mower, digger, snow cleaner, municipal brush), which allows you to use the unit throughout the year.
Caiman models feature special handles that make it easy to turn 180 degrees, and 5 speeds, each of which can be forward and reverse. Thanks to its inverter, the single-axle tractor can automatically reverse direction when the steering wheel is turned.
This indicator affects the power of the selected machine and the width of cultivation of the soil in one pass. If the area of the plot does not exceed 15 acres, it is enough to buy an average single-axle tractor with an engine from 3.5 to 4 liters.с. and up to a working width of 800 mm.
If the area to be tilled is from 15 to 40 hectares, a single-axle tractor with an engine of at least 7 liters is required.с. and a working width of 900 mm.
To work on a large area (from 40 acres to 1 hectare) you will need a machine with power from 9 hp.с. and a working width of up to 1000 mm.
The optimum working depth for tillage in accordance with farming techniques is 20 to 30 cm.
The main differences between a power tiller and a cultivator
There are not many differences, and those that are there can be called technical. By and large, the main difference between the MotoBlock and the cultivator is the performance, how much power it has. Other parameters, such as weight, size, dimensions, etc, are examined on the basis of traction.п.
Cultivator is designed as a narrowly directed device to prepare the soil before planting. As a result, this unit is less productive than a single-axle tractor. over, the latter can “try on” a wide range of attachments, greatly expanding their functionality. It is because of the presence of a larger number of features, users often choose a power tiller.
Another significant difference is the traction principle. With a power tiller, the traction is in the wheels and the whole unit works. And instead of wheels, the tiller has the right tool.
Cultivator can be mechanical, which is very convenient for use on a small vegetable garden of 3-4 acres, where a single–axle tractor will not be able to turn around. A single-axle tractor is always equipped with a power unit, without which its further operation is impossible.
Despite the differences, both the cultivator and the single-axle tractor have a number of similar functions. The first device is more mobile and bulky, but the single-axle tractor is more versatile and productive, so it is in good demand among domestic consumers.
Which single-axle tractor is better geared or belt-driven
There are currently two main types of power tillers:
With a disk clutch (they are also called power tillers with a PTO, disk transmission, a gear reducer, etc.).
With belt clutch (also called power tillers with V-belt transmission).
In this article we will consider the real advantages and disadvantages of both types.
The main design difference is the way of torque transfer from the engine.
Types of 4WD Front Axle in Tractor | Planatary Gear Vs Bevel Gear | Which is best. Machinery GYAN
With belt-driven power tillers, the engine shaft rotates the pulley, which is put on it. The pulley in turn drives one or more belts. Thereby the torque is transmitted to the gearbox and attachments.
Motoblocs with a disc clutch usually use engines with splines (rather than a shaft with a key). Such engines transfer torque directly from the engine to the single-axle tractor. A special PTO shaft is used to rotate the linkage:
Tractor Pulling Test. Gear Drive VS Hydro-static
How to easily identify the type of tractor?
The main visible difference is the engine location.
Belt-driven power tillers have the engine on the side. A keyed shaft extends to one side, on which a pulley is dressed:
The power tillers with a disk clutch have the engine located with the front side forward:
Advantages and disadvantages of belt-driven tillers
- The main advantage of belt-driven blocks is their price. This design is much cheaper to produce than power tillers with disc coupling.
- attachments. Because belt-driven blocks cost less, they are more common. And that means that they have much more overheads than disc clutch motorcycles.
- It’s easier to find an engine. In the vast majority of cases for power tillers with a disk clutch are engines with the type of mounting under the slots. These engines are rare and hard to find in Russia. But for belt motoblocs normal keyed engines are used, which are available in every store.
- Belts are consumables. They will tear from time to time and there is nothing you can do about it.
- Belt transmission of torque is not suitable for powerful engines belts will just constantly tear. That’s why belt-driven motor blocks usually go up to 7 hp.
- Belt-mounted motor blocks are considered to be less survivable, although this is a controversial statement.
Advantages and disadvantages of power tillers with a disc clutch
And here we have a completely opposite situation with respect to belt-driven motor blocks.
Choosing the engine for your cultivator
Unlike with power tillers, which can be used in conjunction with an active attachment. Power tillers are only used for cultivating the ground. They usually do not have wheels.
The engine on the motocultivator Krot
Mole cultivator Krot was produced in USSR, but nowadays neither Krot cultivator nor its engines are produced. But it is not a problem.
For the Mole, you will need one:
- What power to take a new engine? You will be fine with an engine up to 8 hp with 19.05 or 20 mm shaft. But we would advise to choose 6.5hp, more power. do not need.
- The old pulley is no good? No, it was for a different shaft diameter.
- Why is the pulley a double pulley?? There are Mole models with rear speed, so special pulleys for the Mole are always made for 2 streams.
- I want a 3 or 4hp engine. Engines for 3 or 4 hp exist in nature, but are non-standard. And therefore will cost more than the widespread 6.5 horsepower engine. You’re better off with a 6.5 hp.
- It is better to buy 4-6 belts at a time. They are cheap, but not sold in every store.
- There are plenty of instructions on youtube for converting a Mole to a new motor. For example, here and here.
Which one is better?
When choosing a model, not only the listed parameters are important. It is important to pay attention to the type of grip and fuel type.
With belts or a gearbox
Clutches are available in single or multi-disc designs. There are models with belt drive. Varieties with discs are more reliable and stable, so they are installed on heavy, powerful machines. Depending on the task that the single-axle tractor will perform, models with a belt or gearbox are chosen.
It’s the gearbox that determines the longevity of the equipment. Cheaper models have a non-disassembled part. If it fails, it will have to be replaced with a new one. Dismountable versions, made of cast iron, can be repaired, so they are more profitable.
Gear and pinion reducers are considered the best. The worm elements get hot quickly. When working with difficult soil, you will have to stop every half an hour, otherwise the equipment will fail.
Diesel or gasoline
Modern power tillers run on two types of fuel, so you have to decide which is more suitable: petrol or diesel.
Gasoline models have high power and productivity. The units are less noisy and lighter compared to a diesel. Emits fewer exhaust fumes during operation. Repair of the equipment is not too expensive. Today, gasoline-powered machinery is the most popular.
Diesel units are more powerful, have a high passability, suitable for processing large territories. Fuel is economical, costs less. The disadvantages are the high price of the devices, noisiness, heavy weight.
Motoblocs. universal equipment, which is suitable for almost any excavation work. With them, the work of farmers and dacha owners will become much easier and more efficient. When choosing the right model, you need to consider the technical characteristics of the products and the tasks to be solved with the equipment.
Which single axle tractor should I choose?
For a cottage with a small plot of about 15 acres will be useful unit on the gasoline, weighing 60-70 kg, width of plowing 60 cm and a depth of 25 cm. A belt drive is suitable. Power of 3-4 hp.с.
For the firm ground, where the clay layer prevails, it is necessary to have the diesel version with the power of 6 liters.с., disc clutch and two speed gearbox with 2 forward and 1 reverse. Weight of the machine desirable from 80 kg.
It would be convenient to sow large fields with wheat with a 5-6 liter power tiller.с., Gasoline-powered models with a plough width of 110 cm and a depth of 25 cm. It has four forward speeds and a tank volume of 6-8 liters. Weight of the equipment is desirable 70-80 kg.
For commercial universal use (work with soil, transportation of goods) a diesel unit with 8-9 liters capacity is needed.с., weighing from 100 kg, 8-liter tank, disc clutch and four forward gears. Ploughing width is 120 cm and depth up to 35 cm.
Lawn care from A to Z: How to choose the right single axle tractor?
In the 21st century, a single axle tractor has become an indispensable thing for every gardener, as it replaces several tools at the same time, such as a shovel, grass scythe, okuchnik, snowplow, etc. Some models allow you to cultivate (plow) the garden, where the soil is heavily tilled, while others are equipped with cutters for mowing the grass. Powerful diesel units can be equipped with trailers for hauling inventory and crops. And the select PTO models are capable of carrying a wide variety of attachments. We explain what to look for when choosing a suitable power tiller for a particular type of agricultural work.
Engine type of power tiller
. The main advantage of two-stroke gasoline engines is their high power, so power tillers equipped with them are usually able to loosen virgin (tilled soil) well. But unlike four-strokes, this type of engines consumes more fuel (about 30% more than a four-stroke engine of the same power). In addition, you need to prepare a gasoline-oil mixture, which is poured into the fuel tank. If you add oil less than the required proportions (indicated on the packaging), then quickly wear out the piston system, and if you add too much oil, the engine will leak. Because of the above disadvantages, many manufacturers are switching to installing four-stroke or diesel engines, so there are fewer and fewer two-stroke models on the market. It is better to buy two-stroke single axle tractor only if you plan to do only small areas or flowerbeds cultivation. for works in the field it is better to buy four-stroke or diesel model. (gasoline). The most popular type of gasoline engines for power tillers and cultivators. Depending on the model capacity, power tillers with similar engines are used for processing plots of land from 5 to 20 acres. Thanks to the design features, the engines almost never overheat, so it is very convenient to use them in the warm period of the year. Their working principle consists of four steps: Fuel mixture is fed into the cylinder, the piston compresses the mixture, the spark plug ignites it and the burnt waste is ejected through a valve. Here oil and gasoline are poured into separate tanks, sparing the user the trouble of keeping up with the proportions. Noise levels are much lower on four-stroke models than on two-stroke models. Among other things, they have a much lower consumption of gasoline and oil for lubrication (depending on the model). However, in almost all cases, with equal power indicators, four-stroke units will be heavier than two-stroke. If two-stroke models do not exceed thirty kilograms, the four-stroke models can weigh over a centner. And the weight has a direct impact on operator fatigue.
(four-stroke). Diesel models are heavy-duty machines designed for plowing large areas and carrying loads. So, for example, the model Forte MD-101E. 7,400W (10l.с.), is able to additionally take on a load of up to 500 kg. Because of this pulling power, most diesel units can be additionally equipped with attachments, such as a brush cutter, hay picker, etc.п. Practice shows that the piston system of diesel engines is more durable than that of gasoline engines (it depends on the manufacturer). Also diesel engines consume less fuel per unit time. But such an engine is more expensive to repair than a gasoline engine, and the single axle tractor itself is much more expensive. Powerful diesel models are suitable for those who plan to earn on the arable land. sometimes this is the only mechanized way in those places where the tractor simply will not pass (impossible to drive up to the site or it is surrounded by a fixed fence) Electric motors in comparison with gasoline and diesel do not give out exhaust gases, so more environmentally friendly. They are also much quieter. But their range is limited by the length of the cord (can be increased with an extension cord), and the cord itself is too big and gets in the way when you are working. The power of electric units does not exceed 2500 watts, so they will be of interest only to those who regularly work their own small area of no more than 2. 3 acres, and where the soil is not heavily rammed This low-power models for maintenance of small-sized plots. Their main advantage over conventional electrics is the ability to plow land in the absence of an active power source. Otherwise, in terms of power and noise, they are similar to the electric. But because of the battery, the models are heavier. Also, the battery lasts no more than an hour, after which it will have to be charged (charging can take up to 4 hours).
Type of reducer
The gearbox is the structural element responsible for converting the high speed on the input shaft into the working speed of the power tiller on the output shaft. It also transmits torque from the engine to the wheels.