Which is better: a single axle tractor or a power tiller?
Today, more and more farmers are thinking about how to increase the efficiency of their own labor. Some are trying to grow higher value crops, others are thinking about full or at least partial automation. One good way to automate work on the land is to buy quality farming equipment.
It is rather expensive to buy a separate tractor for a small piece of land. And it doesn’t make much sense: the equipment is expensive and unlikely to pay for itself. Its maintenance costs will be much higher than the income from the land. But to buy a single axle tractor or motocultivator is a perfect solution for a small farm. This kind of equipment allows you to automate most manual tasks, but avoid buying bulky and expensive equipment.
However, many owners ask fair questions: what is better for the plot. a single-axle tractor or a cultivator? What is the difference between a cultivator and a power tiller? What kind of equipment is better for certain tasks? Today we will try to answer these and other popular questions.
What is better a cultivator or a single axle tractor
To answer this question, it is important to understand how to choose and use a cultivator or a single-axle tractor correctly. To do this, it is worth well to study your own plot and assess for what tasks you want to buy a motocultivator or a mini-tractor.
Square footage. The bigger it is, the more productive machine you will need. In this case, it is better to give preference to mini-tractors (especially if it is a work on a farm or on a collective farm). For small dacha plots a motor cultivator will be enough. Soil quality. Clay and dense soils, turf and abandoned areas are best handled with a power tiller. It will require less effort from you, as the grouser wheels and the active tiller will cope well with even the densest soil. For an already cultivated area and soft airy soils, it is worth choosing a cultivator. Frequency of use. The more often you use your machine, the faster it will pay for itself. Therefore, when focusing on recoupment correctly choose a cultivator or single-axle tractor. the difference seems obvious. Storage space. If you don’t have a hangar, storage room or garage, is it worth buying a single-axle tractor that has nowhere to put? In this case, a massive mini tractor will simply rot away during autumn and winter outside, while a cultivator will suffice and a small corner in the barn or hallway. Availability of spare parts or additional elements. To keep the equipment in good working order, it needs to be looked after in time. And if spare parts are not available or their choice is limited, your single-axle tractor or cultivator simply will not work. The physical abilities of the operator. Some machines are not only difficult to control, but also heavy. Try to choose a motocultivator or single axle tractor, taking into account your physical abilities, so you can just lift and move it yourself. Source
single axle tractor and cultivator: what’s the difference and which is better?
Gardening equipment is a reliable assistant in the cultivation and processing of the land, but it must be chosen correctly. And this article will be useful for those who want to understand the difference between a single-axle tractor and a cultivator.
Let’s look at both of these devices, compare their and characteristics, as well as the areas of application and principle of operation.
The main differences between power tillers and cultivators
Choosing the Right Tiller For Your Compact Tractor
What is better to buy for dacha. a single axle tractor or cultivator? It all depends on your budget and the tasks that the garden equipment will have to perform. If you need an assistant in the field, the motor cultivator will perfectly cope with the task. Designed only for digging and loosening, it completely replaces the hard physical work and saves time on agricultural work at least 2-3 times. It works only under its own weight, so it is not always able to qualitatively and deeply dig or loosen the soil.
A single-axle tractor, capable of absolutely the same tasks on the site, will help to automate a dozen other works. Often called a mini-tractor, in its design it has a PTO. This is a special loop for connecting additional attachments. It turns a single-axle tractor into a universal helper. Such machine is already able to work as a pump, woodchopper, lawnmower and even snowblower.
Is it possible only by appearance to understand the differences between a power tiller and a garden cultivator? Of course, the devices look completely different. Cultivator is more compact and lightweight, weighing up to 70 kg on average, does not have full-fledged wheels, as it plunges into the soil as much as possible and at the expense of torque makes plowing or loosening. Motor cultivators are available with either a gasoline engine or electric motor. No additional attachments for this type of equipment.
A single-axle tractor is a professional machine with a diesel or gasoline engine for all types of work in the garden. Perfect for working on fields of up to several hectares. The powerful pneumatic wheels and considerable weight up to 300 kg make the mini-tractor indispensable in agriculture. In addition, the machine gives you the option of digging up to 28 cm deep.
On a single-axle tractor, you can always install additional equipment. cutters of different types, dip heads and plows, mowers, accessories for planting and harvesting potatoes, pumps, snow plows, and even brushes for cleaning garden paths and paving tiles. In other words, the difference between a power tiller and a cultivator is versatility. choosing a mini tractor will help you get all kinds of garden equipment in one. Just hook up different attachments.
As mentioned above, if you need equipment that can do more than just dig and loosen, buy a single-axle tractor. Over a dozen different tasks can be performed with just one machine: You only need to connect an extra set of cables and auxiliary cables to the powerpack.equipment to the loop and “swap” the potato planter for a dipper, lawn mower or cart for transporting gardening equipment. Hence, the main functions of a power tiller include:
- plowing. soil preparation for crop planting
- harrowing. leveling and simultaneous loosening before sowing grains;
- furrowing. making furrows on a prepared piece of land;
- cultivation. loosening, removing weeds, and leveling the soil when working in an already planted area or preparing fields or ridges for planting;
- planting and harvesting;
- working as a pump when pumping water;
- grass cutting;
- cleaning the area from old leaves and debris;
- snow removal in winter.
Another significant difference between minitractors is the active tiller. Motor cultivators do not have such, so both their actions and efficiency are somewhat limited. Power tillers, on the other hand, have advantages in the work associated with the active cutter. This is a part of the machinery, which is in no way connected to the work of the wheels and is used to connect the attached equipment.
The difference between the motoblock and the cultivator is not only in the external device of the equipment: there are significant differences in the motors installed on them. This is how cultivators are mostly powered by electric or gasoline engines. They are less powerful, lighter, robust and lightweight. very important for regular gardeners.
Minitractors are equipped with reliable power units, fuel which is suitable for gasoline or diesel. over, diesel motor blocks are more popular among small farms and collective farms, because it turns the multifunctional machine into a full-fledged harvester to work in the field.
Gardening equipment power
Another way to assess the difference between a single-axle tractor and a cultivator and a power tiller. compare powers. It is measured in horsepower or watts, and is in direct relation to the weight and size of the rotary cultivator or mini-tractor. The average power of a cultivator can be about 1-2 liters.с., and for a power tiller this value increases to 7 and more.
What’s the difference between a cultivator and a power tiller in terms of weight? It can be a few kilograms, and differ in times. It all depends on the machine you choose. So mini tractors for professional field work can reach a weight of 200-300 kg and look like a full-fledged machine. And a small motocultivator for dacha can easily fit in the trunk or the back seat of a passenger car at a weight of 12-15 kg.
Everyone who chooses agricultural machinery, wonders what is better. a power tiller or a single-axle tractor. However, it is better to compare it, focusing on the working parameters of machines.
- Own weight. Cultivator works solely under its own weight, while mini-tractors are most often driven with an obligatory additional load.
- Wheel availability. Moto-blocks are wheeled machines, and the wheels are pneumatic with grousers. This makes the power tiller more maneuverable even on soft ground and allows additional tillage. Wheels in power tillers are only transport wheels, because during work on the ground the cutters are mounted on the wheel axle.
- Active Cutter. Available only on power tillers, these add-ons significantly expand the powerpack’s range of functions. Enables the connection of an additional.The equipment and organize its work independently of the rotation of the wheel axles.
- THE GEARBOX. The gearbox of cultivators has only one speed when driving forward, while motoblowers have at least 2 front and one reverse gear.
- Optional equipment. It is sold only for mini-tractors and allows you to turn them from one kind of machinery into several useful and important machines for tillage, harvesting, grass mowing or trash and snow removal.
- Digging depth. That’s how a cultivator differs from a power tiller. Working under its own weight only, it does not allow sufficient burial of the cutters. This mini-tractor allows you to dig and loosen the earth to a depth of 28 cm.
Gaining in versatility and functionality, a single-axle tractor is still more money-consuming. It is more complex, so it requires full-fledged technical maintenance. Repair and component replacement are also expensive. It is also worth taking into account that it is obligatory to buy an attachment for a power tiller and a cultivator is ready to work right after its purchase. In terms of gasoline consumption, the situation is similar: a single-axle tractor is less economical in terms of the amount per unit of cultivated area. Of course, all its disadvantages are compensated by high productivity and ability to work large territories. But for a modest plot a single-axle tractor can be too expensive compared to a simple and unpretentious cultivator.
If we talk about specific numbers, it is usually relevant when the area of the territory is more than 30 acres. For smaller areas will be enough and a gasoline cultivator, and work in the greenhouse, greenhouse or a small garden is best done with an electric cultivator.
When choosing a model it is worth paying attention to the reverser and the emergency brake lever. This will simplify the process of controlling the machine. If you have to work on a hilly area, you need to clarify the possibility of working on a slope, because this option is not supported by all models.
When choosing a power tiller it is of course necessary to look at the engine type in addition to its power. For large areas the diesel model is preferable. As for the equipment, the most important element is a miller, the wider it is, the larger the area can be processed at once. Often the power tillers are also equipped with additional conveniences, such as headlights and electric start system.
PTO is a free-shaft pulley on the engine shaft. PTO is available on mid- and heavy-duty tractors, but is sometimes found on lighter models. Any active attachments are connected to the power tiller via PTO: mower, snow blower, brush, water pump and other attachments. Cultivators do not have PTO, all the engine energy is used to work the tool, the rotation of which helps to move the unit.
The tillage capabilities of power tillers and heavy cultivators are similar and are significantly expanded by attachments, which are divided into active and passive.
Passive implements: several types of plows, duckbill, potato weeder; they operate without connection to engine, but require installation of special design wheels for better cross-country ability. Cultivators have no PTO, all of the power of the engine goes to work of the tool, whose rotation helps to move the machine forward.
Cultivator tillers are considered the most common attachments, for cultivating different types of soil. Regular plow, and V-shaped plow, reversible plow, and rotary plow, are used to work difficult soils. The harrow can be disc or tine, finger and rotary. breaks up large clods of soil.
Potato harvester for harvesting potatoes. Equipment for planting crops: potato planter, seeder, dominator with seeder. Stoneburiers are used to cultivate stony areas, clearing the soil of stones. Mower for cutting grass, tedders for drying hay. With a rotary brush, you can quickly sweep parking lots. Screw-rotor snow blower is designed for snow removal and copes with icy drifts.
Cargo trailers are needed for transporting goods. With the help of a riding module and an adapter trailer, a single-axle tractor turns into a mini tractor and is perfect for traveling.
Weights allow to make the light equipment more stable and passable, help to drive the equipment deeper into the ground. Also a single-axle tractor can be converted to a woodchopper, brush chipper, motor pump, all-terrain vehicle and snowmobile.
For cultivators, there is a standard set of equipment: a coulter, tiller, plow or active tiller, mower, hoe, seeder, brush, potato trowel, trailers, snow cleaning awnings.
When choosing a power tiller and a cultivator it is worth to learn about the attachment options that can carry the model you like. Therefore, before buying, you should always have information about equipment sets to expand the capabilities of the equipment.
In this case, the choice of such means of small-scale mechanization is now vast enough that everyone can choose a “mechanical tiller” according to their abilities and needs. But first of all you need to know the difference between a single-axle tractor and a cultivator. Or there is no difference between them? Let’s say at once. there are differences, and quite significant ones. And if you do not take them into account and make a wrong choice, you can either overpay for unused potential of the equipment, or underpay for productivity. To help you decide on the choice, we have carried out a comparative comprehensive analysis of both types of equipment and identified their strengths and weaknesses, as well as considered for what works better one or the other option.
The distinction between these two types is based on differences in their design and functionality. We have listed them in the table below for clarity.
|Weight||70-120 kg||20-60 kg|
|Engine power||From 6 liters.с.||1-9 л.с.|
|Features of the frame||Robust, heavy-duty design||The characteristics of the frame depend on the specific model|
|Engine type||Mainly gasoline or diesel||Gasoline, electric, rarely battery-powered|
|GEARBOX||Full gearbox, the number of speeds depends on the power and individual features||Rather simple gearbox design, changing direction of main shaft rotation|
|Power take-off shaft||Yes (depends on model)||No|
|Cutter||Can be installed, but is not a basic implement||Fitted as standard equipment, in many models it is the only working part|
|Hillers||Double tedders can be used||Can only be installed on heavy duty models|
|Plow||Installation is possible, all soils can be treated||Not compatible|
|Potato diggers||Compatible||Not compatible|
|Active attachments||Can be used if a single-axle tractor is equipped with a universal joint shaft||Not compatible|
|Use as a transport||It is possible and widely practiced||Possible with high-powered machines, but not practical|
Of course, the characteristics we have indicated are not absolute. in other words, if you want, you can find a technique that differs from the parameters we have indicated. However, for the vast majority of market offerings, the information in the table would be fair.
Analyzing the results of the comparison, we can see that there is indeed a difference between power tillers and power tillers, which determines the possibilities of using one or the other machine. For better understanding of such differences and, therefore, a more informed choice, let us consider both types of equipment in more detail.
Popular models of power tillers and cultivators
If we talk about consumer preferences, the models that have proven themselves over the years are in demand. The top selling modifications include the following equipment:
Shtenli 1900 Pro-series single-axle tractor with 18 L.с.
The world manufacturer of motor vehicles Shtenli (Germany) offers a universal model with a set of attachments with a working width of 990 or 1100 mm and a depth of 150 to 300 mm. It is an effective helper for all occasions, will come in handy for spring field work, ditching, cleaning vegetables, clearing paths from snow. 4-stroke engine “eats up to 1,5 l/h, there are 3 increasing and 1 decreasing gears.
The Pro-series model is equipped as standard:
The 7×12-inch rubber wheels with SD tread are resistant to all types of soil. Scale weight 175 kg, dimensions 1,9х1,4х0,9 m.
Shtenli 1030 single axle tractor
German manufacturers have developed a unit of medium power for owners of compact homesteads. The model on 15×60 cm wheels is equipped with an economical internal combustion engine (GX260 modification). Engine specifications:
Tillage width 900-1100 mm, depth 150 or 300 mm. Provides mounting of a plough, plough, harrow, ridger, potato planter and digger, snowplow, cart with a capacity of up to 500 kg. The walking tractor has a long service life, a teenager or a woman with little physical training can easily handle it., height adjustable steering wheel.
The gear drive has two forward speeds, one reverse speed, the motor has a clever exhaust system. Oil level sensor avoids unforeseen refueling interruptions. Uniform idle speed is ensured by an electronic frequency limiter.
Shtenli 900 power tiller
The latest model weighing 92 kg with HM170F four-stroke engine with an output of 8 L.с. Space-saving, overall dimensions: 1.4×0.8x1m. The engine can hold 250 cc of gasoline and consumes no more than 1.2 L/h. Drive type. belt drive, 4×8 inch rubber pneumatic wheel format. The model copes with cultivation, harrowing, it is possible to carry out inter-row cultivation of crops. The rotary cultivator is stable to work and can be used as a tractor if needed. Easy start system, vibration damper are available. Cutterbar is covered with guards to increase working comfort at up to 300 mm plowing depth, working width 900 mm. The frame is universal, it can be equipped with additional attachments for grass mowing and snow removal. 6-liter tank is designed for long-term work. The inverter ensures a quick change of driving direction, handles are adjustable by height.
BELARUS 09H-02 single-axle tractor with a Weima engine
The model of the Minsk tractor plant (made by Smargonskiy AZ) is chosen by owners of large plots, farmers and municipal services. The single-axle tractor with a gasoline engine covers dozens of kilometers:
I’m BUILDING CULTIVATOR for tractor
Format of rubber pneumatic wheels with weights. 6×12 inches, SD tread. There is a PTO shaft, providing attachment of various attachments:
The weight of the mechanism is 170 kg, the dimensions are 1,8×0,8×1 m, the main advantages: a large agricultural clearance within 30 cm, the capacity of the trailer to 650 kg, increased traction power.
BELARUS 09H single axle tractor
Another reliable model from Minsk Transport Plant with the Honda 177F engine, rated at 9 hp. с. An improved modification of Belarus-05 model is produced by Smargonsky AZ This is a reliable assistant for farmers, gardeners and vegetable growers, who cultivate large crops. The machine is equipped with a power take-off shaft, designed to work with attachments designed to:
- to level the surface of the ground;
- plowing, harrowing, soil cultivation;
- When planting seeds, use the machine;
- making furrows for planting potatoes and seedlings of other vegetable crops;
- The new HM170F four-stroke engine weighs 92 kg with an output of 8 L;
- removal of weeds in the row spacing during the vegetation period;
- root crop harvesting;
- grass harvesting.
The equipment is purchased by small construction organizations engaged in the construction of low-rise houses and buildings, housing and communal sector companies for snow removal, lawn trimming, park areas.
Special equipment operates in a wide temperature range from.20°C to 400°C.25 to 60°C, 6×12-inch pneumatic wheels, 6 gears (4 front, 2 rear), pinion drive type.
Cultivator and single axle tractor: what is the difference?
Both the single-axle tractor and the cultivator are budget-priced machines based on gasoline engines, which help to perform many operations on the ground, harvesting and plant care. At the same time, the cultivated area can range from ten acres to three hectares. As a rule, such devices are characterized by high reliability, easy operation, versatility and economical fuel consumption.
Comparing a cultivator or a single-axle tractor, it is quite difficult to make a choice in favor of one or the other solution. The reason for this is the difference in their functionality. Each such unit has its own purpose and important features. But if you compare identical operations, the single-axle tractor copes with them more confidently than the cultivator. To avoid difficulties in choosing the right model, we have collected the rating of power tillers 2018 in terms of reliability and quality. On the other hand, such a device is more expensive and heavier. In addition, it consumes more fuel. In essence, a single-axle tractor is a motorized unit used to prepare the ground for planting. Its functionality allows the use of attachments. But without such accessories the usefulness of this device is equal to zero.
The power tillers are made on the basis of diesel and gasoline engines. In this case, the first option. medium and heavy devices with a mass of about 300 kg and a power of 8. 12 hp.с. The second. light and medium, with a weight ranging from 50 to 150 kg, and the power is about 6. 8 liters.с.An important difference between a cultivator and a power tiller is the presence of a PTO shaft and pneumatic tires on the latter. Thanks to this solution, you can connect additional equipment to the tiller. woodchopper, mower, cutter, pump. The tires are used not only in the working position, but also in the transport position.
The difference in functional characteristics
Single axle tractor can be used not only for tillage, but also for plant care, harvesting and gathering. It is also possible to outfit a single axle tractor with a trailer and turn it into a mini-tractor. Using power tillers, it is only possible to fluff up and mix the soil with fertilizers. It would seem that such a difference makes it possible to make an unambiguous choice in favor of a power tiller. But it seems so only at first sight. Specialized devices are more effective than multi-purpose ones. And if that’s what you need, check out our rating of the most reliable and popular cultivators.
To summarize. A single axle tractor is a universal agricultural unit, which has long been an indispensable assistant to farmers and owners of homesteads and dacha plots. A modern single-axle tractor with appropriate attachments is capable of performing a full range of farming operations. The use of power tillers dramatically increases the labor productivity of farmers, while turning a hard and monotonous work into a joyful and enjoyable experience.
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