Plastering walls: a necessary set of tools for work
Many people, starting to make repairs, are immediately faced with the problem of uneven walls. This is especially true for those who live in older buildings. The most budgetary option for leveling the surface is plastering. If you decide to do it yourself. you should know what tools for plastering walls you may need.
Long gone are the days when a plasterer could do with a trowel, a bucket and a half gritter. New construction materials and technologies appear, and with them new tools. The modern plasterer must have an arsenal of various devices at hand, which can help to achieve an absolutely even wall surface.
The surface, with the cement-sand mortar applied to it, becomes 25-30% stronger! (MISSING) Thanks to plastering it is possible to hide various defects and prepare it for wallpapering or painting. Finishing work is performed in 2 stages. First of all, the surface is prepared for plastering, and then the wall is plastered directly.
What to tighten plaster
Of course, in some cases you can do with an ordinary wide trowel, but it is better to buy a rule. This will greatly simplify the entire process and increase the manufacturability of the work.
No serious plastering job is complete without this simple tool. A ruler is used to distribute the mixture applied to the base over a plane bounded by beacons. Rules differ in length, profile shape, and functionality. Usually available in lengths of 2000, 2500, 3000 mm. Aluminum alloy is used as a material, which makes the tool quite light. This is important when you have to level the walls for a long time. Besides its direct function, the rule allows you to determine the degree of deviation of the finished surface from the ideally smooth plane. It is enough to put the tool to the wall to see if there are gaps between its blade and the base.
The video below is a small master class on plastering. You will learn a lot of interesting things about the tool, including the rules.
According to the shape of the profile there are h-shaped, trapezoidal and rectangular rules. The first option is used to distribute the mortar thrown on the wall. Trapezoidal rule is used for trimming plaster layer after it binds. Tools with rectangular profile can be used in both cases. Most often it is equipped with a bubble level, which increases its functionality.
|Zubr||Master 10721-2.0||two-cavity triangular||2000||500|
Devices for preparing walls and ceilings for plastering
At each stage of surface treatment you need different devices, that’s why it is so important to have plastering tools and know their purpose.
The wall is rarely perfectly flat, and it has to be prepared for painting or finishing plastering by different methods. If it is a “bare” masonry or reinforced concrete blocks, the surface is leveled with starting mixes under the screeds. The old layer in secondary housing has to be renewed, removing paint and knocking down peeling.
The work begins with a thorough cleaning of the surface. removing wallpaper, paint and a layer of old plaster. Can be used:
When carefully inspecting the ceiling and walls, you can often find small cracks and crevices, chips and blown putty. Before applying plaster to the wall, all detected defects must be corrected. Cracks are first expanded, then sealed with gypsum mortar or putty, using a spatula. Then the room is vacuumed, the wall is washed or moistened with a brush or sponge. Prepare the mixture for the next phase of work.
What are they, description
A basic tool for preparatory work:
Trowel. a practical tool in the form of a steel flat blade with a plastic (plastic) handle. They differ in width. Universal tool for applying plaster, which is also convenient for removing old wallpaper and peeling paint, distributing the compound on the surface, removing the excess.
Trowel. a practical tool in the form of a steel flat trowel with a plastic (plastic) handle.
Use reinforcing or painter’s mesh, “cobwebs” in rolls for painting. They reinforce crumbling surfaces and hold the heavy mixture.
In some cases it is necessary to treat walls with waterproofing, antifungal compounds and antiseptics (wood) and corrosion-resistant compounds (metal).
Tools and materials needed for the job
To properly plaster a wall, it will be necessary to get hold of special tools:
- Mesh for plastering. it is necessary in order to reinforce the surface;
- Assembly tape;
- It is desirable to choose guides made of quality metal. only then can they be left in the wall;
- Dowels and self-tapping screws to help attach the guides;
- Plasticine to make a temporary fixation of the beacons;
- String. it determines the level of the plane;
- Rags for the convenience of work;
- Water for stirring dry mixes;
- A film to protect the surface from the mortar;
- A bucket for scooping up water and spreading a mortar;
- Level to check the level and verticality;
- Metal scissors for cutting rails;
- Trowel or a special trowel for removing and smearing mortar;
- Falcon to carry the mortar on the trowel;
- A half gouge for leveling;
- A ruler for leveling the plane;
- A trowel to create smoothness on the plane;
- You can also purchase a hand tool to prepare the compound or you will have to knead by hand;
- And of course, to plaster the surface, you will need to buy the mixture itself. And here it will be on the basis of lime composition or cement.
How to make a Venetian?
This variant of decorative finish looks rich and attractive. With the help of Venetian stone create a marble effect or an aged stone. Apply such plaster to the base can be applied using such tools:
- Tanks for mixing mortars.
- The construction mixer.
- Compounds for coloring.
- Thin trowel for mixing and applying mortar.
- A wide trowel for applying the mortar.
- Sanding pads.
Several shades are used to create the Venetian plaster. To begin with determine the colors. Then the base mortar is prepared. Such a layer is applied solidly to the substrate.
After it dries, the second and third mortar of lighter shades, which form the desired pattern. When finished, remove excessive protrusions, sand and wax as necessary.
Tools for plastering: tools, devices for plastering
What tools are necessary for plastering work? Plastering surfaces is a laborious and multi-step process, for many stages of which machines have not yet been invented, but since plastering is the easiest way to protect and decorate walls, many devices and various tools have been invented to facilitate the work.
How to choose the right tool
Tools plasterer strikes the variety, conditionally they can be divided into two unequal groups:
Preparation of the new surface for plastering consists of giving roughness to smooth surfaces of concrete and masonry materials and the application of a special primer to increase adhesion. the adhesion of the base with the plaster composition.
In the first case, a buchard is used. a hammer, on the striking surface of which there are pyramidal-shaped projections. Until recently, the work of the bouchard was not mechanized, but now there are pneumatic bouchards and various kinds of attachments to pneumatic tools, such as the peorator, which greatly facilitates, simplifies and speeds up this hard physical work.
As for the application of primer, then on small areas a large brush is used. mackerel or roller, for priming large areas use mechanized methods of applying solutions with a paint gun or paint station.
Working on old coatings will be required:
- a scraper to remove the old paint layer;
- metal brushes for cleaning dirty places;
- a hammer for knocking down old peeling plaster
- a trowel or plaster master for removing loose plaster.
Plastering the walls
Plastering tools are used depending on the type of plaster composition:
- Basic plastering of walls for finishing work.
- Decorative plaster with a textured surface.
- Decorative Venetian or sgraffito plaster.
All these types of plastering work require their own devices.
The basic plastering can be done manually or mechanically.
Tools for plastering by hand
The main plastering of walls with cement-sand, lime or gypsum mortar, in order to obtain an even surface, is performed manually by screeds. For the work we will need:
- Horizontal and vertical bubble or laser level and plumb line for installing screeds.
- Trowel for applying mortar.
- A ruler for smoothing the surface.
- Falcon for portioning mortar.
- Trowel for correcting irregularities.
- Plasterer’s half-trowel for distributing plaster mixture on the surface.
- A trowel for grouting.
- A smoothing tool for compacting the surface layer of plaster and smoothing the surface.
- Trowels of different sizes and shapes for applying, distributing and troweling the putty on the surface.
- A ruler to control the evenness and align the corners.
For application of improved (multilayer) plaster the same tools are used.
Tools for mechanized plastering
In the mechanized method, the plaster is applied using a plastering station, but the smoothing will have to be done manually, using a float or gritter. Grinding of the surface is performed with a grinder.
Decorative plaster is usually applied over a base plaster layer. Depending on the type of decorative mixture performed different surface preparation. If you intend to apply plaster composition, followed by painting, the base is primed with a colorless composition to improve adhesion.
When working with colored mixtures the primer, tinted by the color of the plaster, is used. Apply the primer with a brush, roller or with a paint gun, depending on the amount of work.
To perform structural plaster (relief) requires:
- Falcon for batch application of mortar on the trowel.
- Plastering shovel for placing the mixture on areas where it is not enough.
- Trowel for applying the composition.
- Smoothing and relief trowel.
- Leveller angular for outer and inner corners.
- A roller with different reliefs to obtain a structural pattern.
To perform the decorative plasters of Venetian and sgraffito, you need the same tools, except the roller, but a special grater is used, polished on both sides.
What they look like
Every master picks up the tool under his hand, especially since the choice of devices is enormous. Only with a tool that is easy to work, you can perform an excellent coating, especially for decorative plasters.
|Rule||The rail is 0.5 to 2m long, made of metal or wood||Checking up proper spreading of mortar and surface leveling|
|Trowel||Metal or wood plate with a handle||Pouring mortar on the wall|
|Falcon||An analogue of a trowel of a different size||Mortar batch|
|Half-wheel||Wooden or plastic plate||Smoothing the mixture over the surface|
|Trowel||Wooden or metal plate with a handle||Troweling the levelled surface, creating relief|
|Bucharda||Metal mallet||Giving the roughening|
|Plummet||Rope, weight||Determination of verticality|
|Level||Metal||Determining vertical and horizontal alignment|
|Corner leveller||Metal, a type of trowel||Corner leveling, varieties for exterior and interior corners|
|Trowel||Metal, plastic, rubber||Surface filler, various sizes and varieties|
Necessary tools for surface preparation
No matter what type of finish is used, but the first step is always the preparation of the base. The amount of work during preparation depends on the condition of the walls, the presence and type of old cladding, as well as what material they are made of. Different substrates require different preparation, and therefore different sets of tools.
Walls made of concrete slabs are smooth and have a low adhesion rate, so the plaster will slide. In order to increase the adhesion of the base and the mixture is resorted to such actions:
- Creation of notches with an axe or an axe orator. Here, adhere to safety rules and be sure to protect the eyes with special glasses, because the particles can easily damage the eyeballs.
- Cleaning the wall of dust, concrete particles and other contaminants. use a metal brush, a broad brush, moistened with water.
- Surface treatment with primer of deep penetration for concrete bases.
If the house is made of wood, the plaster will not adhere well. Walls require special preparation. In the past, a stuffed shingle was used. These are thin wooden slats, which were hammered on the wall at an angle of 45 degrees. And the construction of 2 layers in different directions.
Today they use a reinforcing mesh, most often metal. The size of the cells depends on the thickness of the layer of plaster that is planned to be applied. If we talk in general about what is needed for plastering walls made of wood, an approximate set is as follows:
- Brush or sprayer to apply antiseptic impregnation;
- tape measure and metal scissors for cutting the reinforcing mesh;
- Fixing elements (nails);
When you need to plaster new walls made of brick, there is almost nothing to prepare. It is enough to remove the dust and deepen the joints, that is, remove the mortar by about 1 cm. Well, of course, we do not forget about the primer, which will help increase the adhesion of the two components and protect against the development of mold and mildew.
If the surface was previously covered with something, the set of tools will depend on the type of finishing material:
- Old plaster layer could be removed with a hammer or a lever with a special tip. The same way the tiles are knocked down.
- Old wallpaper can be easily removed with a spatula.
- But the paint should be removed mechanically using a brush and metal, a spatula, or sandpaper with coarse grain. If the facing can not be removed in this way, solvents are used.
Plaster removal trowel
The plaster removal trowel is made of metal materials, most often the teeth are made of steel to ensure durability at work. These trowels are used for gypsum plaster and lime plaster. There are planers which can be used on cement plaster. They have different sizes, choose the size based on the surface area.
The plaster removal trowel is made of metal materials, most often the teeth are made of steel to ensure durability at work.
The choice of tools for carrying out should be made carefully. Having studied all the nuances of work and types of the brushcutter, you can choose the most suitable and comfortable option. Beginners should use tools that do not require excessive caution when working. It is better to stop at the one that has good characteristics of strength. A good plastering trowel will help to level the wall properly.