Tools for laying laminate flooring: what you need for quality work 10.08.2014 Posted in: Laminate Tags: tool, laminate, installation
In the last century, a large number of artificial and environmentally friendly components for flooring have appeared on the building materials market. Laminate flooring has been and is in great demand among our compatriots. The basis of such panels is wood-fiber board and several layers on top (protective, background, etc.).).
Such materials are sold in packs, in which from 9-13 units of the product, they can be different colors and wear resistance. Make such a floor in your home is not difficult, you need to know what tools are needed to install laminate and minimal skills to work with them.
In this article we will take a detailed look at what tools we need to prepare.
Important. Before you start the work, it is advisable to bring the package with the panels indoors for a couple of days, so they can be at room temperature. In that case you will avoid the negative results of temperature fluctuations.
As I mentioned above, most of the tools you need for self-laying laminate flooring are used by you in the home. Every homeowner has one.
Running ahead, I say that the main tool will be an electric jigsaw. If you do not have it yet, it is not necessary to buy an expensive and professional jigsaw. But it is worth remembering that cheap analogues can, as well as low power, with prolonged processing quickly bring the tool out of operation.
The “golden mean” here is to choose an appliance with at least 500 watts of power under a well-known brand and in the medium price range. I also advise to stock up on spare saw blades for your particular jigsaw model in advance.
In this table we have tried to tell you briefly what tool is better to choose and what you will need it for.
|Measuring tape (5 m)||It is desirable that its soldered iron tip would stick firmly and not slide on the blade itself.|
|Stationery knife||Opening the package with the material. Cutting the subfloor. In most cases you can do without it. today’s carpet pad is easy enough to break along the tear-off lines.|
|A normal pencil||The “B” grade is ideal for marking out laminate flooring. Even if you don’t mark it correctly, you can easily erase the thin line.|
|Square (25-30cm)||This tool has been at all times the most important for marking anything.|
|Jigsaw or fine toothed saw||Cutting and sawing the material|
|A hammer or mallet||For cutting and precisely joining the pieces of laminate flooring|
Unfortunately, for a comfortable and fast installation of laminate flooring this set of tools will not be enough, let’s also consider what additional tools you will need.
Another necessary tool can be a protractor or an angle measure. It can come in handy if you decide not to go by the rules, but to lay the laminate flooring diagonally. setting it to an angle of 90? You can easily draw lines for cutting strips.
How a hacksaw is used for installing laminate flooring
You’re probably wondering why the fine-toothed hacksaw? It depends on whether there is a gap between the floor and the bottom of the door frame after installing interior doors. If there is no gap, you can’t do without a hacksaw. You can of course try to do it MSHU (angle grinder), but I do not think that without special skills you will get to make an even cut.
Just because it is an auxiliary tool does not mean that it is expensive or hard to obtain. This laminate flooring tool is sold at almost any building and trim store, unless of course you live on an uninhabited island. Approximate Spending this insignificant amount, you yourself will be able to qualitatively and quickly to cover your floors with laminate.
|Strupple bar (metal clamp)||Trimming the last piece of laminate flooring|
|Limiting wedges for laying||Providing a gap between the wall and the outermost board|
|Chock block||Ensures the safety of the edges of the sheets|
|A set of feather drill bits||Necessary for laying lines|
To make it clearer to you, let’s consider in detail what you need for laying laminate with your own hands from the auxiliary tool.
- Metal brace, or clamp. This is a bent plate, the thickness of which should not be less than 5 mm, for efficient work. The ends of the plate are bent in different directions, but clearly at a 90 degree angle. One end must be wider than the other. To prop up the last laminate boards to be installed along the walls. Its use is necessary to evenly distribute the force along the entire length of the Laminate. Since the padding requires a certain force, you can’t do without a hammer. This staple helps keep the edge of the laminate flooring intact.
- Limiting wedges for installing laminate flooring. Needed for laying the boards to the wall, they will help you to set the gap of 8-12 mm. This gap is used to allow for thermal expansion of the laminate tiles in the off-season. I can immediately reassure you, they will not be visible on the finished, covered floor, when the work is finished, all safely covered with skirting boards.
- Underlayment bar. As you probably already guessed, it is used to palletize each board and clearly align the tiles with each other. Using a block is the only way to keep all the joints in one piece. Can be made of both wood and plastic, which would be enough for more than one room, pay attention to its price and quality.
- Feather drill bits. As in the ceramic tile technology, they are used for precise and accurate drilling.In this case are used to make holes in the laminate under the heating risers or for laying other plumbing pipes. Do not forget that the holes should be made at 4-6 mm. wider than the diameter of the pipes passing in the unnecessary place.
Sometimes it may happen that there is no padding bar at hand. Do NOT pound on the laminate locks with a hammer in this case. As a last resort take an unnecessary piece of one of the sheets, connect the locks and neatly whip the sheet. The effect will be similar to that of a bar.
Above we have considered a common and widespread tool, and professionals believe that high-quality laminate flooring with their own hands will require a more advanced tool.
Most of this tool is recommended by German engineers. Let’s take a closer look at what they are.
- Machine for cutting PVC floorboards
- Corner cutter with automatic corner separation
- Template for marking laminate boards
- Contour for copying laminate curves and shapes
1- The PVC floorboard cutting machine. in simple words a noiseless and dust-free cutting of panels without a hacksaw or a jigsaw. Cut right angles. The special feature is that laminate or similar boards can be cut with the left hand, because there is no need for great force. This results in a special structure of the blade.
Cutting machine for PVC floorboards
2- Corner cutter with automatic angle separation. Makes it possible to measure wall corners quickly and effortlessly and place them on the laminate sheet with ease. Working area of such square begins at 30 degrees.
Angle piece with automatic angle separation
3- A laminate marking template will easily help you instantly mark a line to cut the final row of your substrate. You don’t even have to buy it in a store. If you think a little bit you can find a similar design in your daily life.
Template for marking the laminate flooring
The contour for copying the curves and shapes of laminate boards is useful for quickly marking out the cut line of the row closest to the wall, it can easily be used to represent shapes and then it can be copied onto the laminate board for cutting out, for example, half circles for pipes or fixtures. You can also combine the design of one template with another.
A contour to copy the curves and shapes of a laminate
The above-mentioned tools for laying laminate with your own hands are quite enough to perform all the work. But for fast, high-quality work will be useful additional devices for laying laminate, greatly facilitating the life of the home craftsman.
A laminate staple (metal clamp) is a metal plate about 5 mm thick with the edges bent in opposite directions. A strap wedge is used when the last laminate sheet is installed or when a hammer can not be used to whip up the laminate sheet.
Wedges to limit the laminate flooring are used to ensure a gap width of 8-12 mm between the wall and the laid lamella blade. It is necessary for narrowing or expansion of the blade because of temperature changes. After installation of flooring, the gap is closed with a skirting board.
Feather drill bits are needed to drill holes for communications. Holes are cut 4-7 mm wider than the diameter of the pipe.
Feather drill bits
Knife block for filing
A tapping block that protects the laminate locks from damage during tapping, distributes the impact force evenly over the sheet area and protects it from chipping and damage. According to dimensions choose a bigger bar, weighing about 1,5 kg. It can be made of wood or plastic. If the surface of the board is damaged during use, it must be replaced.
A box cutter is used to cut up liner, cut packaging.
For some jobs you may need:
- Electric or hand drill to drill holes for self-tapping screws for plywood screed and prepare the floor for installation of the coating.
- A fine-toothed hacksaw with a wide blade for filing the door frame when installing laminate flooring there.
- Chisel (angle cutter) is used when it is necessary to cut the cloth at an acute or obtuse angle.
- A peorator may come in handy for installing baseboards.
- An electric screwdriver will ease the laying of plywood sheets on wooden flooring, installation of interior thresholds, screwing skirting boards.
An electric screwdriver can help with many construction jobs
What tools are needed for installing laminate flooring: a detailed overview
To lay the laminate flooring in a room with an area of 15-25 m2 on the finished flooring it takes 3-4 hours. This type of flooring refers to “floating floors”, which are not fixed rigidly to the base from below, but simply lie on it without attachment. You just need to lay the individual laminate boards on a screed or wooden board flooring, connecting them firmly between each other.
For laying laminate from the tools will be required:
Nothing particularly specialized to install the coating in question does not need. No special skills are needed. Without problems and properly handle the specified tool is able to most home masters. It is the installation of interior doors with their own hands can still cause difficulties. With laminate flooring it’s much easier.
Laminate in the interior
In addition to the laminate boards themselves to lay it on the floor, you will also need a polyethylene film for waterproofing. Plus a substrate of cork, polyethylene foam or other similar material will be required. The purpose of this pad is to increase noise isolation and distribute the load from the individual slats of the laminate flooring to the subfloor.
To neglect laying of underlayment is not recommended. It is provided by all step-by-step instructions from laminate manufacturers. If it is not put, then you can immediately forget about the warranty on the coating.
Flooring installation options
For quality and trouble-free installation of flooring, you need not only tools, but also consumables:
- Carpet pad for laminate flooring, which acts as a thermal insulator and eliminates the errors of the screed;
- Scotch tape malar for limiting the jigsaw when sawing the sheets;
- Scotch tape for gluing underlayment;
- waterproofing film;
- levelling compound to correct floor defects;
- Silicone sealant to fill gaps and cracks.
What tools do you need to install laminate with your own hands
It has a lot of advantages, the major ones being the ability to lay it on any surface, to use the material several times and, if necessary, to repair the pavement without fully dismantling it.
The most useful quality of the material is considered its simplicity, providing the possibility of laying with your own hands.
Installation of the panels is simple and does not have any specific tricks, inaccessible to an untrained person.
You just need to connect the panels with each other, cutting them to length and width in a certain way.
Naturally, bare hands can not do this, you will need certain tools.
What tools do you need to install laminate flooring, besides the desire, hands and head
In addition to the fact that you will need a set of tools for laminate, you need to buy construction materials.
- film for waterproofing;
- painter’s tape (to restrict the jigsaw);
- ordinary scotch tape of any color for gluing the joints of the substrate, it is used to prevent the material from sliding during the installation of the laminate;
- Underlayment under the floor covering, which will eliminate the small irregularities of the screed and act as a heater;
- silicone sealant capable of filling small defects in the concrete surface, such as cracks and gaps;
- leveling mixture, which is necessary to eliminate pronounced flaws in the base of the floor structure.
If you have the materials for laying the flooring, you can proceed to the selection of tools needed to install the laminate flooring. Some of them are already available at home, others can be sought from acquaintances and relatives, and others need to buy.
Measuring and marking tools
An old folk saying goes, “Measure twice, cut once”. This applies to any kind of construction work, and the laying of a clean floor is far from being an exception. So, before starting the device of laminate or parquet flooring, the master must be sure how many boards he will need, how many whole elements and what needs to be trimmed. For these purposes, an elementary universal tool is used.
This measuring device is sold in every construction store, has a basic structure, and differs only in the quality of the body and the length of the steel tape. For the convenience of measuring, the length of the tape measure should be longer than the longest dimension of the room. In this case, the master can measure the length of the floor in one pass, which eliminates errors.
Professionals often use laser tape measures, which are much more expensive than conventional, but, at the same time, convenient to use, and a built-in calculator allows you to enter into memory the results obtained as a result of the measurement and calculate the area of coverage.
A construction pencil or marker
In order to prepare the laminate for laying, it is necessary to mark it before further trimming. The most convenient tool for this is a construction pencil with a soft lead of oval section or a permanent marker. These simple office supplies solve two problems at once:
- The starting point for positioning the first floor element is according to the mark fixed on the subfloor.
- Trimming the laminate in places where it is necessary.
Tools that will make vinyl laminate flooring easy
It is worth remembering that permanent marker is very difficult to remove from the surface, and it is best to mark the boards from the back side.
A faithful companion of the master of apartment repair, because with the help of this uncomplicated tool you can perform the following manipulations:
- Draw a perpendicular flat line to trim any element.
- Check all the corners in the room and the correctness of the laminate after installing several planks.
It is better to buy a square at a construction store, not a stationery store, because the professional tool has a high degree of accuracy and is made of high quality steel for reliable and long life.
Last tool. Necessary for marking the floor. In many cases it can be replaced by a tape measure, but using a sturdy, high quality metal ruler with a length of 30 to 100 mm is best suited for preparing floor elements for laying, such as when you need to make a longitudinal trim.
In order for the laminate flooring to last a long time, the subfloor underneath it must be perfectly level. Height differences are allowed only to within a couple of millimeters per meter of coverage. If the irregularities on the subfloor are larger, the lamellae will disperse at the joints due to uneven distribution of the load.
The installation of laminate flooring is lowered to the substrate from:
The main condition. the base must be flat and stable under the feet of walking on it. Sagging boards or indentations (bulges) on the concrete surface are not acceptable here. If any such flaws exist in the subfloor, they should be corrected before you start installing laminate flooring.
If the slab or flooring meets the requirements for flatness and resistance to stress, it can be left. Otherwise you will have to dismantle the subfloor and arrange a new one.
To level a rough base, most often wet or semi-dry screed floor of CPS is used. This is the most reliable and durable option. Concrete can take heavy loads and is resistant to moisture. However, it takes up to three weeks for it to set and harden. If it is decided to put the laminate flooring on the concrete screed, the repairs in the house can last more than a month.
The subfloor is also made of GFB, chipboard, fiberboard or plywood. This option excludes wet processes and is faster, as it is not necessary to wait for the cement mortar to harden. However, if a pipe bursts, this kind of subfloor usually has to be partially or completely replaced, along with the laminate. Contact with water is contraindicated for wood and gypsum fiber sheets. But in finished form, such a prefabricated screed weighs much less than a concrete screed.
Virtually all manufacturers forbid installing laminate without an underlayment. This underlay is needed to redistribute the load on the floor, reduce noise and additionally insulate the laminate lamellas from moisture from the bottom side of the substrate.
Polyethylene foam film, 2-3 mm thick, is most often laid as a carpet pad for laminate flooring. It is not afraid of moisture and is cheap. But you can also use analogues made of cork, pine and polystyrene foam. Cork and pine options are natural, environmentally friendly materials, but they deteriorate from contact with water. Styrofoam boards are highly soundproof and thermally insulating, but flammable.