What to do if you hit your finger with a hammer

Pain in the wrist after a blow: what to do and how to relieve the pain?

Pain in the wrist and wrist joint after a blow is a common condition among boxers, karate fighters and other contact sports. They are not uncommon in the home, because sometimes “on emotion” a person can hit a fist into a wall or other solid object. A sharp or stabbing pain after impact is a sign of traumatic injury to the tissues of the hand.

First Aid for Traumatic Finger Injuries

Seek medical attention at any time of the day or night if:

  • You believe the injury is serious;
  • The injury looks like a dislocation (the finger is bent or deformed);
  • Bleeding did not stop after direct pressure in the projection of the vessel;
  • the cut is very deep (e.g. bones or tendons are visible);
  • The wound is gaping and may need stitches;
  • Blood under the nail causes severe pain;
  • There is complete or partial tearing of the nail;
  • fails to clean a contaminated wound or remove a foreign body;
  • The cut or abrasion looks infected (redness around the wound, swelling, or pus).

Treatment options for a subnail hematoma

The choice of treatment is made by the podiatrist. Options are discussed with the patient. The deciding factors are:

The defect is corrected by opening the subnail hematoma. Depending on the severity of the lesion, a peoration or removal of the nail plate, partial or complete, may be performed. The procedure is usually performed on the same day.

Peoration is the creation of a small hole in the damaged nail plate. The aim is to remove excess blood from under the nail through peoration, the cavity formed between the nail and the soft tissues is sanitized.

your, finger, hammer

Removal is a surgical procedure that removes part or all of the nail plate. In the process, the affected part of the nail is removed, partially the adjoining skin area, the nail matrix is preserved.

With severe traumatic lesions (after a marathon race, long hike, constant wearing tight shoes) the hematoma may be joined by the problem of an ingrown toenail. In this case, an orthonix treatment is performed using the method of

Osthold (a special metal staple is placed). This allows to achieve a stable positive result.


The face and hands are the main parts of our body that people always pay attention to. In addition, the skin on the palm side of the fingers has many more nerve endings than in most other parts of our body, making the fingers an organ of one of the five basic senses to which humans are capable of touch.

Injuries to the nail phalanx are therefore a particular type of injury that can not only affect the aesthetic appearance of the hand, but can also reduce performance and sometimes even lead to the end of the career. These injuries are among the most common injuries in patients seeking medical care, regardless of gender, age, occupation, education, ethnicity, religion, etc.д.

The skin covering the palmar surface of the nail phalanx is very tough and has a thick epidermis with deep papillary lines. The thick skin under the distal free margin of the nail plate is called hyponychium. The flesh (pulp), consisting of fibrous and fatty tissue, is stabilized by fibrous septa running from the dermis to the periosteum of the distal phalanx. The nail complex or perionychium includes the nail plate, the nail bed, and the paronychium surrounding the skin at the back of the finger. The nail bed is tightly fused to the very thin periosteum in the distal 2/3 of the nail phalanx, and consists of the sterile and the growth matrix. The proximal growth matrix makes up the ventral floor of the nail fold. Its distal edge is defined by a white semicircle at the base of the nail and is called the lunula. The growth matrix provides 90% of the nail plate thickness, the remaining part of the nail plate consists of the sterile matrix distal to the lunula. The dorsal skin above the nail fold is called the nail wall. The distal part of the nail wall that is adjacent to the nail plate is called the eponychium. The upper part of the nail matrix (dorsal roof), provides the luster of the nail plate.

Most nail phalanx injuries are the result of compression (by closing a door, hitting with a hammer or pressing with a heavy object), or from a sharp object or machine (knife, snow blower auger, meat grinder, blender, lawn mower).

Many of these cases are easy to treat and do not require the specialized care of a hand surgeon or microsurgeon. In certain cases, however, the intervention of a specialist in hand microsurgery is absolutely essential to ensure a good functional and aesthetic outcome.

The nature of the injury and characteristics of the wound determine. which method of treatment is optimal for this patient. A fracture of the nail phalanx, skin defect, damage to the nail bed or perinichial tissue must be established. In cases of amputation, it is important to establish the level and angle of injury.

Patients with superficial nail phalanx injuries, such as bruises, abrasions, subnail hematoma, and small skin defects (no exposure of bone or involvement of the nail complex) can be successfully treated conservatively and as outpatients.

Full wound healing usually takes from 3 to 5 weeks and is caused by marginal epithelialization.

With more serious injuries, patients require specialized surgical care.

Open fracture of the nail phalanx in most cases is combined with damage to the nail complex (dislocation of the nail plate and damage to the nail bed). The patient should perform stable fixation of the bone fragments with a metal fixator and restore the integrity of the nail bed using a specialized suture material. The nail plate is used to temporarily cover the repaired nail bed due to its extremely high sensitivity. This reduces the painfulness of dressings and accelerates the healing process.

I hit my finger with a hammer and it got bloody. Hit your finger with a hammer, what to do?

A nail contusion is a very unpleasant problem that everyone faces at least once in their life. As trivial as it may seem, it is quite easy to get it, you can pinch it with a door or drop something heavy on it.

Some people simply hit their finger with a heavy thing, such as a hammer, and do not pay much attention to it, but it is necessary to take measures immediately, since the bruised nail can then hurt for a long time and even turn blue. You need to know what happens when there is a bruise. The bumping usually results in a large amount of blood accumulating under the nail plate, which is called a hematoma. Usually this blood stays under the nail and has nowhere to go, which is why the nail turns blue and detaches. If the bruise is not treated in time, it can happen that the circulation of the blood is disturbed and the nail can fall off.

Compared to the tube, the pain signal. Just an empty cartridge. However, the more cartridges shot per minute at a particular point, the greater the damage. Thus, the pain receptor is only signaled by its unloading that there is a risk to the body and whether it is stronger or weaker. The neuroelectric signal itself remains unchanged, information without hidden meaning. But how does it happen that we feel pain in a certain place in a certain way? On the one hand, it is related to the pain receptors and associated conductive nerve fibers.

When you have a bruised toenail, you need to know what signs will help you figure out what treatment is needed. The first and very important thing that is definitely not possible to miss is the throbbing pain with the feeling that the finger is literally spreading in different directions. The next step is the blueing of the nail plate, then, if no action is taken, it begins to turn black. Usually it is the accumulated blood that causes the nail to change color. In addition, swelling of the nail can be seen as a sign of nail contusion, as well as detachment of the nail plate.

They’re not all the same either. This pain is sometimes also called pain receptors with C-fibers much slower. They continue quite dull, often deeper pain. Nevertheless, to keep the trumpet mail as an example, this is just a quick and slow transfer of a more reasonable cartridge. For a successful treatment.

How to respond to an electric shock? And what should I do if saw fingers land instead of wood? It is possible that the bones under the nail may be depleted by the needle. The damaged finger is cooled first. If it is not noticeably disturbed, you should wait one or two hours, advises Prof. Florian Gebhard, president of the German Society for Trauma Surgery in Berlin. If the pain doesn’t subside or even increase, the doctor better investigates the injury. “It could mean a broken toe.”. Even bruising under the nail can be extremely painful.

It happens so that if a woman bruised a nail on her hand, the pain after that is very strong, because it is in the nail bed is a lot of nerve endings. If the toenail is bruised, there may be a fracture of the phalanx or a bump that is quite difficult to deal with. If a fracture is suspected, it is imperative that you see a doctor and have an x-ray taken.

They often have to be depleted by the needle. Forget the fuse and then the wrong handle when installing a ceiling lamp: electric shock affects the body. When the current comes to the arm, it usually flows down the body to the leg and there. the heart also flows. “This can lead to dangerous rhythm disturbances. says Bruck. but it doesn’t have to.”. It depends on which phase of the heart rhythm beats the currents. For dizziness, dullness, or when a person goes black, you need to let the doctor check.

In case of extreme discomfort or impotence: go to the emergency physician. When cutting a cardboard box with a cutter knife on one slide, blood oozes out of the deep cut. Right on the hands and feet, such an incision can be critical, surgeon-hero Gebhard knows. There are many nerves and tendons in these areas of the body in a tight space. It is easy to get this damage.

It is worth considering what first aid can be given to a bruised nail, so that the nail does not turn blue. Often, if you hurt your finger, it may have a ring on it, that is just the need to remove it immediately, as most likely the finger just swelled up and remove it already unlikely to succeed, and it will just sink into the skin. After that it is important to put the bruised finger into a container of cold water or just under a stream of ice water. It should be done immediately, holding the finger under the stream for about 3 minutes, after 10 minutes the procedure should usually be repeated. For the first hour after the bruise, you should do this procedure every 10-15 minutes. This will help pain the bruised finger and keep the hematoma from spreading. The next step in first aid should be to treat the nail plate with hydrogen peroxide or iodine, which have good disinfectant properties. The finger can then be treated with riciniol, this will help with pain and reduce hematoma overgrowth. In addition, a pressure dressing should be made on the finger and covered with a plaster.

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Therefore: even if the bleeding is stopped, the areas around the wound should be observed. If the finger tingles or feels like it is asleep, this is a warning sign. “Then a nerve can be injured.”. Especially with cuts to the extremities, you have to go to the hospital too often, Gebhard emphasizes. Less critical are superficial wounds in areas with more fatty tissue and fewer nerves and tendons than on the thigh.

Now quick action is important: stump hemorrhage is stopped with a pressure dressing. The fingers are dried in a plastic bag. This bag comes in another plastic bag filled with cold water and a little ice, explains Gebhard. Under no circumstances should a finger be in direct contact with ice. “The cells can freeze, the finger is dead.”. emphasizes the expert. The bricks are stacked, one stone follows the other, soon it is done.

In order to avoid the formation of a blue nail, it is necessary to raise the arm or leg, depending on where the bruise is, to some elevation. This will prevent a new portion of blood from flowing in. If the pain is very severe, it will be important to take a painkiller, like nase, paracetamol, pentalgin. If all these actions are done, it will be easy to prevent the hematoma from increasing, as well as the blueing of the nail plate.

But the next stone doesn’t really rise and fall to a level of more than one meter on the arm. The site swells up immediately. This means: pause, ice, squeeze and, if necessary, lift. If the swelling is superficial and easily seen, it is usually harmless. The situation is different when there are deeper tumors that enter the muscle. Bruising can lead to compartment syndrome, Bruck explained. Then the muscle is less circulatory, in the worst case paralysis. In the chest and abdomen, the tumor can do more damage because of the surrounding organs.

Who still has pain after two days, should see a doctor, cardiologist advises. The curtain lies almost. The handyman leans to the side to fix the last screw. He loses his balance and falls down the stairs. Damage in the ladder fall is different, Gebhard explains. Some are somewhere in the ice head. Others rely on, the wrist breaks under the weight of the body. The worst case can happen if you hit your back without brakes. If there is severe pain, a rescue vehicle should be called immediately, Gebhard emphasizes. “Spinal injuries are not felt.”.

What to do if a nail on the hand or foot is bruised, if first aid was not given in time? It is definitely necessary to go to a trauma center, otherwise the nail may adhere to the bed. After an experienced professional treats the bruised nail, he will use a special needle to pierce a couple of holes to get the excess blood out. You can usually feel relief right away afterwards. You should not try to do this at home, because you can get an infection, which then will be even more difficult to treat.

In general: after the fall does not rise immediately, restless. Instead, briefly dial in and listen to his body. Ideally, you can call someone who is conscientiously watching from the outside, Gebhard advises. He can give first aid if necessary.

Sometimes you feel pain. Pain warns us when danger threatens. Pain. is something good, it protects your body by taking care of the problem. Sometimes he reacts with too little pain. Every year babies are born without pain. You think it would be nice not to feel pain? Unfortunately, such children at a very young age, because they do not know any dangers.

Treatment of a nail contusion can often consist of giving the foot or hand, on which there is a nail, complete rest. If the bruise is on the foot, you need to wear shoes that will not put pressure on the toe, in addition, socks and tights should be worn with caution. It is better if the nail will be fixed with a plaster. For the first 2-3 days after the bruise, it will be good if the person is relieved of household chores and gets complete rest. After the bruise passes 3 days need to start using tools that contribute to the resorption of hematoma. For this purpose, it is good to use heparin ointment, as well as arnica. These remedies should be applied several times a day. Excellent help in treating a bruised toe is a compress with dimexide, it must be done for at least 5 days. For the compress, take a ratio of 1: 3 of dimethoxy and novocaine, then soak the gauze in the solution and apply to the nail plate, then press and cover with clingfilm, and then fix the bandage. The compress is held for 30 minutes.

On the other hand, our pain system can also overreact and give too much pain. Then light touches and movements often become pain. But how does this exaggerated pain occur? It happens when the nerves that carry the pain are overly sensitive and activated too quickly. This nerve sensitivity is even measurable, so it’s not just imagination. It even makes sense that the body can sensitize its nerves. For example, after an injury to protect the affected area.

After a few weeks, the injured area no longer needs protection, and this protective sensitivity should disappear. Sometimes, however, something can go wrong, and the hypersensitivity and therefore the pain remain for a long period of time or spread even to larger areas of the body.

Good for bruised nail plates helps badyaga, which is available in powdered form. Dilute it with water to the consistency of very thick sour cream, then apply to the nail like any other ointment.

If the condition of the nail is more severe, that is, it has begun to fester, then the best way out is to see a surgeon, as it is very painful, currents and pus leaks from the finger. After all, such a condition. It’s no joke, you could lose a fingernail.

Let’s compare the pain to the fire alarm. Fire Alarm. It’s a good thing because it alerts you when a fire breaks out. But what if the fire alarm is hypersensitive and already alarming when the candle burns? Similarly, our hypersensitive pain system can report pain even at the smallest touch. If a fire alarm goes off, you will probably call the fire department.

You will be prompted to restore your alarm system. In case of constant pain, it also makes sense to repair and desensitize your alarm system. What no one wants to hear: pain is also related to our brain! For a long time in medicine, it has been assumed that pain is either a physical or psychological cause. A person always has physical pain. And accordingly, it has also been treated, sometimes unsuccessfully. If no physical cause was found, it was always said: It is mental, you just imagine it.

If first aid to the nail was given in time, you can avoid all the possible complications that can arise. The main thing is to avoid getting germs under the nail with disinfectants.

Limb bruises affect both adults and children to an early degree. Babies get bruises because they are too mobile, and adults often rush or ignore the elementary safety rules. The fingers and toes get bruised most often. Symptoms of a contusion are sharp pain, swelling, and the formation of a hematoma (bruise) at the site of the injury. How to treat;a bruised finger? If there is no doubt that it is a simple bruise and not a sprain or fracture, the first thing to do is to apply a cloth soaked in cold water to the injured finger. You can wrap ice cubes in a towel and apply them to the bruised area. These simple steps can quickly relieve pain and reduce swelling in the sore toe. Sudden sharp pain, limitation of the finger’s mobility or, on the contrary, its uncharacteristic mobility. A reason to go to the emergency room right away. These signs are characteristic of a fracture.

According to tests, you can’t have this pain. According to the latest data, pain has two components. Sensory nerve signal from the body complex analysis and interpretation by the brain. It works like this: if you tap your finger, the sensory nerves send a warning signal to your brain. There it is processed, and a complex analysis determines to your brain how much pain should be caused. Even with obvious serious injuries, the brain decides how much pain. It sounds ridiculous, but it is, and it has been confirmed in various studies.

To the question of how to treat a bad bruised finger, a lot of answers are given by folk medicine. The most effective and fastest-acting remedy is a dough of Badyaga powder and water. It is placed on the bruised area and covered with a damp cloth to prevent it from drying out. If the finger is badly bruised you can use compresses of crushed plantain or wormwood leaves, raw grated potatoes. Dressings are changed 3-4 times a day. The injured finger must be given complete rest.

For every injury and illness, the brain decides if it will cause pain. To be able to optimally treat pain, you need to know the role of the brain. Pain sometimes behaves strangely. A child’s bite can hurt terribly, while a really bad injury shouldn’t hurt that much. This is because the brain is able to distribute chemicals to affect painful conduction. In this way, the brain can suppress pain and alarm signals.

The brain at this point is fixated on survival and doesn’t want to be taken out of the track. Thus, the brain activates its pain-inhibiting system. This system is called “descent inhibition”. This downward inhibition is not only activated when you are attacked by a lion. You can activate this system yourself and thus alleviate discomfort and re-sensitize sensory nerves.

Warts can ruin even the most beautiful and well-groomed hands. How to treat warts on the fingers? In the arsenal of folk medicine there is a huge selection of remedies for their elimination. ;Lubricate the wart with garlic juice several times a day. ;Celandine juice. The formidable enemy of warts. When treating with the juice of this poisonous plant, it is necessary to observe the rules of safety. The juice of the dandelion is also considered an effective remedy against papillomas. ;Warts will come off if you put ice on them several times a day.

However, the brain also has the ability to amplify pain by distributing certain substances that increase nerve conduction, resulting in an increased perception of pain. This system is called down-amplification. Often this system changes the nerves and becomes more sensitive to pain.

Exactly that. Reducing amplification. Guarantees that minor injuries appear extremely painful, and that old, already healed injuries can still be painful. Some people have an overactive pain warning system because of their genetics. There are other factors that increase the activity of this system. For example, the anticipation of pain. In one study, a common hand cream was used for the subjects. However, half of the subjects were told that this cream would be painful. This expectation of pain alone was sufficient to increase the activity of the excitatory nerves.

your, finger, hammer

Very often the tip of the finger, that is, the fingernail, is the hardest hit. often than not, such an injury. The consequence of being hit with a hammer or squeezed with a heavy object. What to Do If Your Finger Boils? How to treat a bruised toenail? On no account should a damaged nail be dipped in hot water. This procedure will only make the abscess worse. It is best to wrap the fingertip with a bandage and dip it in a cup with ice. After that, the nail is treated with iodine to prevent the penetration of infection.

In another experiment, subjects inflated the blood pressure cuff so much that it caused pain. Subjects had to endure the pain as long as possible. Half of the volunteers were told it was a new method of muscle strengthening. The results were as follows: those who thought it was a new method of strengthening the muscles held the cuff on average 50% longer in the hand than the control group. And in this group you can also find that the brain has released analgesic substances.

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Only because of the positive information that the muscles are strengthened will the brain decide that incoming warning signals are not threatening and trigger painkillers. But the opposite can also happen. If the brain perceives the warning messages as a real threat, it can also exacerbate the pain.

Pain in the toes, especially the big one, combined with some stiffness. The sure ghost of arthritis. Lovers of shoes with a narrow nose and a high heel, professional soccer players and dancers are susceptible to this disease. Osteoarthritis must not be neglected, otherwise the entire foot will become deformed, and walking will become a torture. How to treat osteoarthritis in toes? This common ailment is successfully treated with magnetotherapy, special mud compresses. There are special orthopedic inserts that limit the load on the toes. Folk medicine offers the following methods of treatment of arthritis of the toes: 20 grams of roots of elecampane, pour 0.5 cup vodka, apply a small amount of vinegar to the skin. Infuse for 12 days in a bottle of dark glass. The resulting infusion to lubricate painful joints. Pour hot water over fresh birch leaves and knead thoroughly. Drain the water, and the resulting porridge to cover the injured fingers. Pour 100 grams of dandelion flowers with iodine, insist in a dark place for 4 days. Use iodine to make meshes on sore fingers. Soak your feet and wipe them dry beforehand.

Attention to yourself. The key to good health and longevity. And in order to stay healthy, you must know how to properly treat even such a small thing as a bruised finger.

A bruised finger. Symptoms, first aid, further treatment

Bruised. is a closed soft tissue injury caused by blunt force or a fall from a low height. As we use fingers very actively in professional activities, and on vacation, and at home, and hurt them quite often.

Any damage to the body, including bruised finger, causing pain, reducing efficiency, worsen the general condition of the person. The bruise of the thumb is particularly common, this is due to its separate location.

A bruised finger can easily be mistaken for a sprain or fracture. Often there are combined injuries. A bruise with a sprain or a contusion with a fracture. To rule out a fracture, you need to know the signs. A severe, sudden pain, possible change in the shape of the finger, crepitations of bone fragments, and abnormal movement or limitation of the finger.

If a fracture is suspected, a diagnosis and treatment for such a serious situation requires an immediate visit to a trauma department doctor. The doctor will examine the finger, possibly prescribing an x-ray examination. In the case of a fracture, a cast should be applied in the hours following the injury. If you do not suspect either a dislocation or a fracture, examine the bruised finger yourself.

The symptoms of a bruised finger are as follows. Mild swelling, bruising, pain with some movement. A bruised finger may be accompanied by a bruised toenail with severe pain in the area and the formation of a bruise on it. In the most serious case, the nail may fall off. This is very unpleasant, but not terrible, as the nail in 3. 4 months will grow back.

First Aid for a Bruised Finger

The first thing to do if your finger is bruised. is to surround it with cold. An ice bubble or ice cubes wrapped in a cloth will do the trick. You can put the finger under a stream of cold water or even put it in the freezer, bandaging it first.

Cooling will reduce pressure on the nerve endings, narrow the blood vessels and reduce the amount of blood flowing in, thus the cold will reduce the pain and slow down the swelling. Cold is always used for bruises, except in the case of diabetes mellitus.

Next we need to treat the entire bruised area with iodine to prevent the entry of microbes through the cracks, which can cause inflammation. Lubricating the nail plate with iodine will not only prevent infection, but also help to save the nail. If there is damage to the nail, a pressure dressing must be applied to avoid irritation of the nerve endings, which cause pain. It is a good idea to apply iodine netting to the entire surface of the bruise, which will help the hematoma to dissolve. A severe contusion of the finger requires additional medical intervention.

Treatment for a bruised finger

If the patient does not tolerate the pain well, you can offer them to take a tablet of analgin or some painkiller. Other pills and sedatives will be prescribed by the doctor during the examination.

For the first time after the injury you need to rest the injured finger. If the bruise is not complicated by a sprain or fracture, it will heal on its own within 1. 2 weeks.

If the bruise was accompanied by a large hematoma that had to be surgically removed, rehabilitation will last longer. For faster healing you can use painkillers and anti-inflammatory ointments: Diclofenac, Fastum Gel, Voltaren.

There are also folk remedies to reduce pain and speed up resorption of the bruise. is, for example, a potato compress. Potatoes are boiled “in jacket”, kneaded, and gauze with potato pulp is applied to the bruised area. To enhance the effect, you can put a teaspoon of honey or soda in the mush.

Faster treatment method. Put potato peels (clean side) to the bruise, fasten with a bandage or plaster. Such a compress should be worn for at least 3 hours, it is good for relieving pain and stops the development of hematoma.

Vodka compresses and bandages with plantain are also effective. In some cases, the doctor may prescribe physical therapy procedures to facilitate recovery.

If the bruised finger caused the rejection of the nail, you need to treat the damaged area every day. Usually, after a couple of months the nail grows back completely. Cases where the damaged nail is deformed as a result of trauma are quite rare.

It is desirable, of course, to bruise fingers as seldom as possible, but just in case, we have some basic knowledge of diagnosis, first aid and treatment.

Treat a Finger Hit by a Hammer

Symptoms of toe bruises in children

The classic symptoms of bruised fingers and toes in children include:

  • mild to severe pain, depending on severity and individual pain threshold; usually increases with pressure or movement;
  • swelling of tissues;
  • Subcutaneous hematoma (bruise);
  • Restriction of movement (for severe bruises).

The characteristic sign of a contusion is the absence of skin damage, but often there are simultaneous abrasions and small wounds. If the blow hits a child’s nail (more often in the case of a big toe bruise), a hematoma may accumulate under it. It causes the nail plate to peel off and causes the baby severe pain.

Common symptoms of bruises in children

The main sign of such an injury. subcutaneous accumulation of blood and lymph, which is popularly called a bruise, and in the language of medical hematoma. At the moment of the contusion, the child feels sharp, sharp pain, which causes him or her to scream and start crying.

In the area of the injury the skin becomes hot to the touch, swelling, slight swelling is formed. When limbs are injured, there may be some limitation of motor functions.

If a child severely bruised the head, a bump may form in the place of impact. a small dense bulge over the skin, the touching of which is painful for the baby.

Concussion of the brain

Mechanical damage to the head without visible signs of trauma may be accompanied by a concussion or contusion of the child’s brain. In this case, there are some functional changes in the brain, which is accompanied by certain symptoms.

  • headache;
  • Dizziness;
  • Nausea, gagging in some cases;
  • Impairment of coordination;
  • pale skin;
  • loss of visual acuity;
  • Light sensitivity.

With a severe contusion to the back of the head, forehead and other parts of the head, the child may have convulsions, short-term loss of consciousness, speech disorders, shaky gait. Babies with such damage complain of weakness, tinnitus; they have difficulty understanding what is happening, may not respond to questions correctly, behave strangely or inadequately.

For serious injuries that require prompt and proper treatment, the symptoms of a pediatric brain contusion are:

  • heart rhythm disorders, when a child’s heart beats too often, too slow or as if it skips a beat
  • A drop in blood pressure;
  • respiratory failure;
  • Swallowing problems;
  • paralysis;
  • Different sized pupils of the eyes;
  • bleeding or discharge of colorless fluid from the nose, ear canals
  • Dark circles under the eyes, behind the ears
  • an increase in general body temperature;
  • Nystagmus, or involuntary rhythmic oscillations of the eyeballs.

Parents should also be alert to abnormal, uncharacteristic baby sleepiness, loss of appetite, disorders of taste perception.

Important point: dangerous symptoms of concussion of the brain, speaking about the development of life-threatening health and life-threatening consequences for the child, may not appear immediately after the impact, and for several hours or even a day later, so it is necessary even after a minor head injury to closely monitor the condition of children for at least 3 days from date of injury.

What to do if your child has a head contusion and a suspected concussion

The most important thing is not to panic. Seeing the anxiety of adults, children also begin to worry, which can aggravate the situation and prevent the provision of emergency aid.

The algorithm of action for minor head bruises involves:

  • Maximum limitation of the baby’s mobility (take in the arms, soothe, ask to lie down, take a quiet game, a cartoon, a book, a toy, etc.).д.);
  • apply cold to the bruised area for 25-35 minutes immediately after the injury (this may be food from the freezer wrapped in cloth, refrigerants, special cooling bags, compresses with ice water from the tap).

Important point: any head injury is potentially dangerous, and even if the baby has calmed down and fallen asleep, you need to monitor his condition, monitor his breathing and pulse. It is highly advisable to wake the child several times and ask him/her simple questions, such as his/her name, where he/she is, how many two times two is, etc.д. This will help parents assess whether there is severe brain damage and if emergency treatment is needed.

In a situation where there are life-threatening signs (loss of consciousness, seizures, bleeding from the ears, nose, etc.).д.), is necessary:

  • call an ambulance, clearly and briefly informing the dispatcher of the child’s age, address, symptoms, and be ready to remotely follow the instructions of specialists;
  • put the baby in a stable position on its side to prevent the tongue from trapping and vomiting into the airway if there is no consciousness;
  • Monitor for a pulse and breathing if the child is unconscious;
  • do not carry, move, or turn/turn the child without an acute need;
  • Do not give any medication, any drink or food before the arrival of the paramedics;
  • If possible, immobilize the head and neck with improvised means (umbrellas, thick rollers of clothing, plaids, towels, etc.).д.).

Pediatric foot/leg bruise

A soft tissue contusion of the lower leg, foot, or other parts of the lower extremities in a child manifests itself first with severe pain. The injured area may swell, become swollen, and the skin may become red or blue at the site of impact. A child with a badly bruised heel, ankle or ankle will complain that it hurts to step on the foot, it is swollen and does not seem to obey.

What to do if your child’s leg is bruised

The first action is to ensure complete rest of the injured area. It is highly desirable to sit the child down, lie him/her down, hold him/her in your arms, and reassure him/her. During the first 15-20 minutes after the blow it is necessary to put something cold to the place of injury, optimally. a pharmacy cooling bag, but you can also use improvised means (a can of carbonated water from the refrigerator, a frozen piece of meat, a bag of vegetables from the freezer).

After the cold exposure the child should be placed in such a way that the injured limb is in an elevated position. This can be done with a cloth roll, pillow, or other soft object. If the pain is intense, it is rational to give the injured child anesthetics in an age-appropriate dosage.

Important point: children under 16 years of age are categorically not recommended to give drugs “for adults”, in particular analgin, aspirin, nimesulide, diclofenac. Specialists allow for self-administration only with respect to paracetamol and ibuprofen.

A doctor is essential if the child has a suspected hip or thigh contusion, and in situations where the knee, ankle or ankle have been hit hard, since in such cases there is a real risk of ligament damage and/or fracture of the knee and ankle bones. A fixation bandage should also be applied to the injured joint before medical examination to prevent additional structural movement and dislocation.

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If a child has bruised a foot, a big toe, and the injured area is severely swollen, cold exposure must be repeated for 24 hours after injury at intervals of at least 1 time every 2 hours for 10-15 minutes.

In a situation where in addition to the bruise on the skin there are scratches, abrasions and bruises, it is necessary to treat them with any antiseptic agent. Chlorhexidine, hydrogen peroxide, myrmistine will do, but iodine and greenish can lubricate only the edges of abrasions, and in no case pour such liquids inside the wound.

Hand bruise in a child

The main sign of trauma. a sharp pain, which over time becomes less bright, as if nagging, and resumes only when touched or motor activity. The bruised area is swollen, swollen, hot to the touch, with damage to the skin may be observed abrasions and scratches.

Severe bruising of the fingers, especially the little fingers, will result in stiff joint movement, which may cause the child’s hand to twist slightly, in a forced, bent position. Children cannot work with their injured fingers, hold or lift objects, and complain of weakness in the limb in addition to pain.

What to do if your child has a bruised hand/finger

When thumb, index or other fingers on the hand, elbow, wrist, hand or forearm are bruised, the algorithm for first aid to a child is similar to that for a leg injury. It is important to immobilize the injured area, apply cold, apply a fixation bandage if joints are impaired, etc.д.

Important point: if the soft tissues of the arm are badly bruised, fix the child’s limb in a horizontal position, gently bend the elbow, and use a scarf or other bandage to wrap it around the body.

Thoracic contusion in children

Immediately after impact, the key sign will be dull, rolling pain. If the child has suffered a fairly severe bruise to the sternum, he may have intermittent, uneven breathing with difficulty breathing. Minor injuries most often go unnoticed.

Other symptoms of serious bruising of the chest, clavicles and ribs in a child are:

  • The appearance on the soft tissues of bright red, purple bruises of varying size and localization;
  • edema;
  • Rapid heartbeat;
  • Increased overall body temperature;
  • painful breathing.

Important point: when trauma to the chest area without a doctor can not exclude a rib fracture, so the baby needs a medical examination, especially if there are problems with breathing, and the skin in the area of injury becomes pale, bluish.

What to do if there is a contusion of the thorax

As with other types of such injuries, it is necessary to provide the baby with complete rest, if possible laying him in a horizontal position, to the place of impact put cold, in case of severe pain give a painkiller.

At serious injuries immediately call an ambulance, with suspicion of less severe injuries against the background of a satisfactory condition of the child can be taken to the doctors yourself.

Important point: in case of a sternum contusion, examination by a traumatologist is necessary in any case, even if the child does not complain of severe pain, because internal injuries may be almost asymptomatic in the initial stages of development.

Facial contusion in a child

Children are restless, curious, and eagerness for new things often turns into various facial injuries: bruises of the upper and lower lip, cheeks, nose, eyes, eyebrows, cheekbones in a child are accompanied by severe pain, the formation of marked swelling, the appearance of subcutaneous bruises, sometimes not only in the damaged area, but also under or over the point of impact.

Symptoms of injury depend on the location of the injury. Strokes in the eye area most often result in bruises and swelling of the soft tissue around the eye sockets is not uncommon. Bruises to the lips mean that the baby cannot talk, laugh, or eat properly without pain.

What to do if there are facial bruises

The plan of action for facial injuries is the same as that for head contusions and suspected concussion.

Pediatric coccyx contusion

Active play in childhood is often accompanied by all sorts of falls, and often children land on the “soft spot. Such tricks can turn into a strong bruise of the coccyx in a child, which is fraught with chronic pain in the future, various neurotic disorders.

A key sign of this kind of injury. a sharp pain at the time of impact, which gradually fades and after just a couple of hours may disappear altogether.

Other symptoms of a child’s coccyx contusion are:

  • Pain in the process of defecation;
  • Discomfort in the lower back while standing up, walking, turning the torso;
  • bruises and bruises on the skin of the buttocks;
  • Moderate swelling of soft tissues in the area of injury.

Children with this injury may complain of inability to sit fully in a chair, pain radiating to the crotch and lower extremities when moving.

What to do if your child bruised coccyx

First of all, the baby should be calmed down and placed in a comfortable position on its side. You should apply cold to the impact area (a container of ice water, a bag of frozen food, etc.).д.) for at least 20 minutes. Ibuprofen or paracetamol can be given to relieve pain, calculating the correct dose according to your baby’s weight.

Contusion of the coccyx in a child requires competent treatment, so in such cases, be sure to show the victim to a doctor. Children with this injury can be transported only when lying on their side.

Genital bruises in children

Clear signs of genital trauma in boys and girls are:

  • sharp soreness in the genital area;
  • Swelling, redness of the skin of the external genitalia;
  • Difficult, painful urination;
  • bruising at the site of the injury.

When the penis is bruised in boys, the penis may turn blue and the scrotum may become very swollen, which is accompanied by a decrease in sensitivity and marked discomfort. Girls may complain about a feeling of grating, bleeding from the vagina, involuntary urination and escaping gas.

What to do if you have a bruised genitals

The most important thing in this situation. to ensure complete immobility of the affected baby. Self-help measures in this case there is no, it is necessary as soon as possible to deliver the child to the hospital or, if the condition does not allow, immediately call emergency aid.

An important point: even minor trauma to the genitals (for example, a bruised testicle) can lead to serious consequences in the form of blood stasis, blood circulation disorders in the tissues and, as a consequence, the emergence of inflammatory processes.

Chin injury in children

Symptoms of such an injury are:

  • Pain that occurs immediately after the impact and increases during chewing, talking, attempts to open the mouth wide
  • loss of sensation;
  • Tension of facial muscles;
  • The appearance of hematoma;
  • swelling.

A bruised jaw in a child is often accompanied by other signs such as bleeding from the mucous membranes in the mouth, loose teeth, pain during chewing and occlusion.

What to do if your chin/jaw is bruised

The algorithm of action is the same: you need to calm the patient and sit him down, apply cold to the injured area, give a painkiller appropriate for your age. If there are any lesions on the skin, it is advisable to treat them with an antiseptic agent and cover with a clean cloth or plaster.

If the chin is badly bruised, children should always be examined by a dentist for serious injuries to the teeth and gums. If the impact is not only to the jaw, but also to other parts of the head, the rules of first aid for brain injuries should be followed.

It is desirable in any case to show the baby after such an injury to doctors, because there may be later delayed consequences in the form of inflammatory periosteum diseases, contractures and even cancerous pathologies.

Neck contusion in children

This type of injury in young children is less common, but is no less dangerous than a concussion. Symptoms of a neck contusion in a child may include:

  • pain of varying intensity in the soft tissues, intensifying when turning, tilting, or tilting the head;
  • Restricted mobility of the neck;
  • headache;
  • swelling of soft tissues;
  • Increased skin temperature in the area of the injury;
  • redness of the skin;
  • Hematomas and abrasions.

Children with such an injury may complain of numbness in the neck and shoulders, hand tremors and involuntary head jerking.

What to do if there is a neck contusion

The first step is to ensure complete rest. It is desirable to lay the child on his back, fix his neck and head with improvised means or a special collar, and then call an ambulance. An already lying baby should not be turned, moved or carried unnecessarily, and should be immobilized in the position they are in.

If possible, it is desirable to put cold to the place of impact for 15-20 minutes, repeating the impact every hour until the arrival of paramedics.

Abdominal bruises in children

Closed abdominal soft tissue injuries, even with minor blows, can have unpredictable consequences on internal organs. These are always regarded as a potentially dangerous and life-threatening condition requiring immediate medical attention.

Signs that a baby has just bruised his or her abdomen are:

  • Complaints of pain in any part of the abdomen after an impact/concussion;
  • forced half-bent position of the baby;
  • Bending and placing the hands to the injury site during coughing, sneezing, or sudden movement;
  • Slight swelling and discoloration of the skin on the abdomen.

In such situations, pain and discomfort usually go away quite quickly, but the baby should in any case be seen by a specialist. It is important to remember that dangerous internal bleeding may not appear immediately after the injury, but several hours or even a day later.

Dangerous symptoms of an abdominal contusion with probable damage to internal organs in children (kidneys, spleen, liver, etc.) are.) are:

  • Vomiting, nausea after impact;
  • Acceleration of heartbeat;
  • shortness of breath, cold sweat;
  • pallor, blueness of the skin in the abdominal area;
  • Decreased blood pressure;
  • Pain in the right or left subcostal area, radiating to the shoulders;
  • The appearance of blood in the urine and stool;
  • General increase in body temperature.

In severe trauma, pain after a contusion does not subside, but gets worse, spreading farther and farther, affecting the chest. The abdomen becomes very hard, painful; the child is acutely reactive to any touching of the injured area. In severe cases, there may be a traumatic shock, loss of consciousness.

What to do if the abdomen/internal organs are bruised

The very first action is to call an ambulance or transport the injured person as quickly as possible to the nearest medical facility. Apply cold to the bruised area, and arrange for the cuts and abrasions to be cleaned and covered with a clean cloth. While waiting for the medic, the child should lie on his/her back with bolsters placed under the bent knees so that the legs are slightly apart.

  • Give your baby food and drink;
  • give any medicines;
  • Warming, crushing, rubbing the bruised area, smearing it with any ointment or cream;
  • Bandaging or applying pressure to the abdomen.

If a child is unconscious, have the pulse and breathing monitored until medical help arrives and be prepared to begin resuscitation immediately if the heartbeat stops.

The most common injuries


When they say “bruised toe,” most often they mean bruised big toe. both the one that is most out of line with the rest of the foot and the one that touches the most. And just as rare as a bruise from tripping over an obstacle is a heavy object falling on this toe.

As a consequence, an almost obligatory extensive hematoma affecting the nail as well as the first and second (large) joint. The severity of the injury depends on the height of the fall and the weight of the object. The heavier the object or the greater the height of its fall, the more serious the damage to the finger.

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