The oil level in the gearbox housing is monitored with various oil indicators. The most widespread are rod oil gauges, as they are convenient for inspection; their design is simple and sufficiently reliable. Lantern oil gauges are convenient for bodies that are high enough above the floor.
The most common oil for manual transmission: 75W-90 is considered universal and suitable for most cars. According to the API viscosity grade, oils are marked with the letters GL and the number standing after the letters in the range from 1 to 5.
When buying in bulk or retail quantities of the right lubricant, it is also important to know the technical parameters, determined by the physical and mechanical properties. In this case sets the characteristics of the oil gost documentation, which defines:
index and viscosity grade of each lubricant;
the flash point, which should not be too low;
the degree of loading (for Euro Lubricant oils it is not less than 10);
Given these parameters, you can buy the necessary oils in Kiev on the site “EuroLubricants”, for the delivery of which we need a minimum amount of data from you.
A worm gear is a mechanism for transmitting rotation between shafts by means of a screw (worm) and a mating worm wheel. The use of worm gears. an inexpensive way to ensure high speed single-stage reducers. These gearboxes withstand numerous starts and stops, varying loads, and are used in many types of food processing equipment.
Typically, in mixers or packaging machines worm gears are placed deep inside the processing equipment, and in the drives of conveyors are mounted on top, on the weight. This arrangement makes them difficult to access for maintenance. As a result, worm gearboxes are maintained in a poor condition, leading to damage and premature wear of drive components.
To minimize the very need for maintenance and associated costs, designers have developed disposable gearboxes that are filled with standard polyalphaolefin (PAO) oil. These gearboxes are capable of operating for up to 2,000 hours. When operated continuously, they require replacement every 12 weeks.
An alternative to replacing gearboxes is to use synthetic gear oil with food grade approval. It provides excellent long term lubrication at high and low temperatures, has low volatility and is compatible with equipment designed for mineral oils.
How to start, assemble, configure, run-in the TARPAN TMZ-MK-03 cultivator, cultivator maintenance
The main drive part of the worm gear is known to be made of bronze. that is why, in order to avoid corrosion, the anti-seize additives in the formulation of a standard oil contain minimal amounts and the separating properties are only ensured by a high viscosity oil film. Oil Molykote
L-1146FM contains a phosphorus-based anti-wear additive that does not corrode bronze worm gear drives and meets the requirements of food grade lubricants. Unlike materials produced by traditional distillation processes, this synthetic oil is made by combining smaller molecular “building blocks” according to defined performance parameters, with the aim of minimizing the amount of impurities.
Synthetic food grade oil with food grade lubricant formulation Molykote
L-1146FM helps to reduce friction in gearbox parts and as a result extends the relubrication period.
L-1146FM has proven effective in food processing plants: the service life of disposable gearboxes has been more than quadrupled, t.е. instead of 2,000 hours, it has a life expectancy of 9,000.
According to the regulations of the Food and Drug Administration (USA) oil with a food tolerance Molykote
L-1146FM is approved for use where there is the possibility of inadvertent direct contact with food. It also meets USDA requirements and can be used in meat processing plants and poultry processing plants.
Different gearbox designs are required because of the different operating requirements and applications. Gearboxes used in industry sometimes have to withstand loads and high temperatures of up to 200°C, e.g. in hot stamping shops or rolling mills.
Lubrication of the gearbox should be carried out at certain intervals, as well as after repair of individual parts of the mechanism. In the process of operation of the gearbox it is often necessary to replace the gears or restore the housing, as well as to clean the surface from corrosion.
MAPSOL LLC offers two improved products, specially created for maintenance of gearboxes with all types of gear couplings, with open or half-closed housing, operating under both normal and extreme conditions. plastic grease Mapsol-R and gear oil Mapsol-Transoil.
Advantages of Mapsol products:
- Decrease of friction and wear
- Extends time between maintenance of the mechanism
- Prevention of seizure
- High load capacity
- Good viscosity and EP properties
- Wide temperature range
Engine ZiD has a simple design, so if necessary, perform repairs can almost any person familiar with the technique. To reduce the possibility of malfunctions in the power unit, it is necessary to observe the frequency and completeness of maintenance. In addition, every 300 hours of operation is necessary to perform a partial disassembly of the engine ZiD. The piston, valves, valve housing, cylinder head, and piston linings should be re-tightened, and the clearances adjusted.
What and how much to fill
It is best to fill the gearboxes with transmission oil recommended by the manufacturer. The information is specified in the technical documentation and it is very important to focus on the correspondence of the API class.
Almost all modern automobile manufacturers require oils no lower than GL-4 and GL-5, which contain extreme pressure and other additives, and are designed to work in the most severe conditions, to be used in their transmissions, gears, and transmissions.
If you don’t know what oil and how much to put in the gearbox of your car, look it up in the table. We’ve gathered the information on Tolerances for different cars from a variety of available sources.
If there are 2 or 3 axles in the car, the total amount of liquid is indicated.
LSD (Limited Slip Differential). limited slip differential.
|2101||80W90 or 75W90||1,50|
|2105/2106||Lukoil 80W90 GL-5, TAD-17 80W-90||1,30|
|2107||CASTROL Syntrans Transaxle 75W-90 API GL-4, Lukoil 80W90 GL-5||1,50|
|2121||Lukoil TM-5 (75W-90, 80W-90, 85W-90), TNK Trans Gipoid (80W-90)||2,50|
|66||TSP-14gip, TAP-15B, TAD-17i, TEP-15||14,10|
|Valdai||TM5-18, TAD-17, Castrol Axle EPX 80W-90||8,00|
|Next||Shell Spirax S5 ATE 75W-90, YOKO 75 W 90, TOTAL TRANS SYN FE 75W90, LIQUI MOLI GL4/GL5 75W90||2,70|
|3110/31105 (Volga)||THK Trans 80W-90, ZIC G-5 80W90, TM-5 85-90 Lukoil||1,70|
|3307/3309||TSp-14gip, SAE 85W-90, 75W-90||8,20|
|130||TAD-17i (TM-5-18), 80W90 GL-5||10,50|
|131||TSp-15K API GL-3||15,00|
|5301 (Bychok)||TSp-14, TAD-17 (TM5-18) 80W90 Gl-5||3,30|
|6520||TSP-15k (TM-3-18), TAD-17 (TM-5-18), ZIC GFT 75W-90, Castrol Syntrax Long Life 75W-90||14,00|
|412||TAD-17 Type TM-5-18 80W-90, 75W90 GL-5,||1,20|
|Patriot||SAE 75W/90 API GL-5, Zic G-F Top 75W-85, Castrol Syntrax Long Life 75W90||2,70|
|A6 C6||SAE 75W90 GL-5 (MOTUL Gear 300 LS)||2,40|
|A4||G 052 145 S 2||1,50|
|x5 f10||BMW 33 11 7 695 240 “SAF-XO 75W-90||1,60|
|x5 e60||Castrol SAF-XO 75w90, Motul 75W90, MOTUL Gear Competition 75W-140||2,60|
|x3 e36 (with interlock)||75W140 (CASTROL SYNTRAX LIMITED SLIP GL-5)||2,00|
|x3 e36 (without interlock)||75W90 GL-5||2,00|
|x3 e90||Syntrax 75w90||1,00|
|x5 e70||Castrol SYNTRAX LONG LIFE 75W-90||2,00|
|x5 e53||Castrol Syntrax Longlife (SAF-XO) 75W-90, SYNTRAX 75W90||2,00|
|x5 e34 (interlocked)||75W140 (CASTROL SYNTRAX LIMITED SLIP GL-5)||1,70|
|x5 e34 (no lock)||75W90 GL-5||1,70|
|x5 e39||75W90 GL-5||1,20|
|m5 e39||CASTROL Syntrax Limited Slip 75W-140||1,20|
|Captiva||Castrol SYNTRAX UNIVERSAL 75W90||0,60|
|Explorer 5||Castrol Syntrax Limited Slip 75w140||1,20|
|EcoSport||Comma SX1L 75W90 Gl5||1,00|
|Maverick||80W90, 75W140 (Liqui Moly SAE 80W-90)||1,50|
|Kuga 2||SAE 80W-90F||1,20|
|Safe||API GL-5 80W90, 75W90 GL-5||5,00|
|Wingle 5||80W90 Gl5||4,30|
|H3||SAE 75W90 class GL-5||3,80|
|CR-V 1||Honda DPF II||1,00|
|CR-V 3||Honda DPS-F||1,40|
|Stepwagon||DPF II (DPS-F) 082009007||1,20|
|Santa Fe||Shell Spirax AXME 75W90||1,00|
|Santa Fe (friction reducer)||CASTROL SYNTRAX LIMITED SLIP (75W-140)||1,00|
|Tucson||80W90 GL-4/Gl-5 (Shell Spirax S3 AX 80W-90), 75W90 GL-5 (Castrol Syntrax Universal 75W-90)||0,90|
|Galloper||SAE 80W90 API GL5, 75W90 GL-5 (Mobilube Syn LS 75W-90, Castrol SAF-XJ 75W-140)||3,50|
|Grand Starex||GL-5 75W-90||2,20|
|Porter||SAE GL-5 75w90, 75W140||2,80|
|Sorento 2||Castrol Syntrax Universal Plus 75W90, RAVENOL TGO 75W90||1,00|
|Sportage 2||75W90 GL-5 (Mobil Mobilube HD 75W90 GL-5, CASTROL 4008177071768 “Syntrax Longlife 75W-90)||0,80|
|Sportage 3||GL5 75W90 LSD, Liqui Moly SAE 75W-90 GL5||0,65|
|Evoque||Castrol Syntrax Long Life 75w90||2,00|
|Freelander||LR003156, Castrol Syntrax Long Life 75W-140||0,70|
|Freelander 2||Castrol EPX oil||0,70|
|Range rover (front)||CASTROL SYNTRAX LONG LIFE 75W-90||0,80|
|Range rover (rear without lock)||CASTROL SYNTRAX LONG LIFE 75W-90||1,60|
|Range rover (rear with locking)||Castrol SAF-XJ 75W-140||1,80|
|Discovery 3||Castrol SAF-XO||1,70|
|Is 250||Toyota Gear Oil LT 75W-85, Castrol TAF-X 75W90||2,00|
|TGA||syntrax longlife 75w-90||15,00|
|CX-5||Neste Hypoidi S 75w-90 GL-5||0,45|
|CX-7||API GL-4/GL-5 80W90||1,00|
|Titan||75W90 GL-5, 80W90 Gl4/Gl5||3,00|
|Atego||80W-90, 85W/90, 75W-90||6,80|
|w123||SAE 85W90 Gl5, SAE 80W890 GL5||2,00|
|w124||MB 235.0. 85W90, MB 235.7 A 75W-90 (Spirax S6 AXME 75W-90, Fuchs TITAN SINTOPOID FE 75W-85, Mobilube FE 75W-85)||1,10|
|w164 (without lock)||235.7/235.74 a0019893303||2,20|
|w164 (rear with lock)||235.15 a0019895903||1,60|
|w203/210||MERCEDES A “75W-85, Fuchs TITAN SINTOPOID FE 75W-85||1,00|
|w204/w211/w212 (rear.077/277)||236.61 (75W140)||1,20|
|Sprinter||Castrol Syntrans Multivehicle 75W-90, TITAN SINTOFLUID FE SAE 75W||1,80|
|Gelandwagen||75W90 Gl-4/GL-5, 75W85, 75W140||3,00|
|Outlander xl||80W90 Gl-5, 75W90 GL-5 (Motul GEARBOX 80W-90, MOBILUBE 1 SHC 75W-90, Eneos gear 80W90 Gl-5)||0,50|
|Pajero Sport (front)||Castrol syntrax long life 75W-90||0,90|
|Pajero Sport (rear with LSD)||Mobilube SYN LS 75W-90, Mobil 1 Synthetic Gear Lube LS 75W-90||2,60|
|Pajero Sport (rear without LSD)||Castrol syntrax long life 75W-90||2,60|
|L200||GL-5 SAE 80W||3,80|
|Pajero 4||GL-5 SAE 80W||2,75|
|Atlas||SAE 75W90 Gl-4||2,00|
|Pathfinder (front)||Nissan Differential fluid 80w-90||0,80|
|Murano||Nissan GL5 ke907-99932 80w90||0,55|
|NP300||NISSAN KE907-99932 “Differential Oil 80W90||2,60|
|X-Trail t31||Nissan Differential Fluid (KE907-99932), Castrol Syntrax universal plus 75w90 GL-4/GL-5||0,60|
|Juke||NISSAN DIFFERENTIAL FLUID SAE 80W-90||0,40|
|Qashqai||API GL-5 SAE 80W-90||0,55|
|Antara||LM Hypoid-Getriebeoil TDL (GL-4/GL-5) 75W-90, MOBILUBE 1 SHC 75W-90 Gl4/GL5, Motul Gear 300 75W90||0,60|
|Omega B||90W 19 42 387||1,20|
|4007||Total Transmission X4 GL-5 SAE90||0,50|
|Duster||Elf TransElf Type B 80W90||0,25|
|Yeti||CASTROL Syntrax Longlife 75w90||2,00|
|Rexton (front with IOP)||80W90||1,00|
|Rexton (front without IOP)||75W90||1,00|
|Rexton (rear continuous)||80W90 GL-5||1,50|
|Rexton (rear IRS)||75W90||1,50|
|Actyon Sports||80W90 API GL-5||3,30|
|Forester||SAE 75W90 (MOTUL Gear 300 75w90, Castrol Syntrax Universal Plus)||2,00|
|Impreza/Legacy||API GL-5, SAE 75W90 (Gear 300 75W90)||2,00|
|Sx4||Suzuki Gear Oil SAE 80W-90, API GL-5||0,80|
|Grand vitara||SAE 80W-90 API GL-5||1,80|
|Fielder||Hypoid Gear Oil SX API GL-5 SAE85W-90||0,50|
|Highlander||LT 75W-85 GL-5 TOYOTA||0,50|
|Hiace||Toyota API GL-5 SAE80W-90||1,50|
|Rav 4||Toyota Synthetic Gear Oil API GL4/GL5, SAE 75W-90||1,00|
|Town Ace||Toyota Gear Oil SX GL-5 85w90||2,20|
|Prado 80||API 75W90 Gl-5||6,00|
|Prado 100||75W90 GL4/GL5, Motul 75W90 Gear||3,50|
|Prado 120||Toyota Gear Oil 80W-90 Gl-5||4,00|
|Prado 120 (LSD)||Toyota Hypoid Gear Oil LSD 85W-90||4,00|
|Tuareg (front)||VAG G052145S2 75-w90 API GL-5||1,00|
|Tuareg (rear with locking)||VAG G052196A2 75-w85 LS||1,60|
|Tuareg (rear without locking)||VAG G052145S2||1,30|
|Crafter||VAG G 052 145 S2, VAG G 052512A2, Castrol Syntrax Long Life 75W-90||1,80|
|XC60||Volvo 80W API GL-5, 1161620||1,00|
|CX90||80W-90 API GL-5||0,60|
Cultivator oil: Selection and change
One of the most important factors affecting the engine is the oil and its timely replacement. To determine the best oil for a cultivator, it is necessary to fully study the principle of operation of the device itself. Only then is it possible to accurately determine which oil is optimal.
Gearbox oil change intervals
Quite a common question can be called how often and why to change the oil in the gearbox. Most experts recommend changing according to the service life of the. For automatic transmissions this figure is 30 thousand kilometers, in the case of manual transmissions the figure is 50 thousand kilometers.
Replacement is carried out for the following reasons:
- Over time, due to overheating and other influences, the basic properties of the oil deteriorate. An example is the reduction of lubricating properties and many other points. That is why the device will not last for a long time.
- Natural wear and tear of metal products becomes the reason why there are large quantities of metal chips in the composition. It becomes the cause of severe heating due to the friction that occurs.
- Deterioration of the basic properties of worm gear lubrication becomes the reason for overheating and increased wear of the main elements.
- Over time, the amount of lubricant decreases naturally. Manufacturers do not recommend mixing used oil with new oil, as this will only reduce the main operational characteristics.
The oil change interval in the gearbox, which is set on other mechanisms, is usually specified by the manufacturer in the operating instructions.
In addition, attention is paid to what oil to fill to ensure reliable lubrication of the main elements.
Changing the oil in the gearbox: tips from the experts
Changing the oil in the gearbox requires no skills, experience or special knowledge. All you need to do is choose the right consumable (it comes in different containers) and renew the lubricant in time. Although there are subtleties, and experts advise to remember them.
- Choosing which oil for the gearbox is best, it is worth remembering that a viscous composition is not recommended for the multistage mechanism (it is better to settle on formulations with a moderate level).
- Reversible models have the opposite pattern: they need a viscosity even higher than the chart shows (10-15%).
- When mixing the old and new material when changing the oil in the gearbox, one must realize that deposits (dust, dirt, chips) will reduce the efficiency of the mixture, which can shorten the lifetime of the lubricating composition.
Fill volumes (optimum fill level when changing oil) may vary between models. The standard is to fill the compartment one-third full, but if in doubt, ask our managers about the requirements for changing the oil in the gearbox produced by PTC “Privod”. For easy maintenance of our machines, the lower part of the lubricator box has a drain hole for the used material.
Reconditioning of rare engine oil after it has been used up
Gear oils, like any other oils, have their own service life, at the end of which either the oil is replaced or completely regenerated.
The following regeneration methods are used:
Of course, the best solution is to change the oil completely after it has been used up.
However, given the subsequent disposal of the used oil, it is more economical to regenerate.
The method of sedimentation is the least expensive and most widely used, but the physical and chemical method based on ion exchange with solvents is the most effective.
Gear oil. a lubricant based on petroleum products. It acts as a coolant: it forms a film to facilitate the sliding of bearings, gears and other parts of the gear system.
Toyota RAW4 gearboxes, axles and transfer boxes are filled with original Toyota gear oil with specifications of 75W-90, 80W-90 GL-5. When it comes to viscosity, SAE 70W, 80W, or 85W are suitable for winter use, and SAE 90, 140, or 250 for summertime use.