Hand saws evolved as needed. Some are considered general-purpose tools, such as the traditional hand saw, while others were designed for a specific purpose, such as the Jeb saw.
No tool kit would be complete without at least one of these, while individual craftsmen can purchase just the right tools for their individual needs, such as for framing or finishing.
The bevel saw is a relatively short saw with a narrow blade that is reinforced along the top edge. Bevel saws are usually used for cutting at an angle and in areas where an accurate straight cut is required at all times. Bevel saws may also be called crosscut or backsaw, depending on the design of the saw, the intended use, and the region.
Another type of crosscut saw, the beam saw, is used more often outdoors than at home. It uses a relatively long blade with numerous cross teeth designed to remove material while pushing and pulling. Bow saws are used for trimming trees, sawing logs, and various rough cuts.
With its thin, narrow blade, the coping saw is ideal for trim work, rounding, and any other type of cutting that requires high precision and complex sawing operations. Crosscut saws can be used to cut a variety of materials, and can be found in the tool kits of various craftsmen, from carpenters and plumbers to toy and furniture makers.
Designed for rough wood, the cross-cutting saw has a relatively thick blade with large beveled teeth. Crosscut saws are traditionally made as two-handed saws (called felling saws). They have a handle on each end of the blade and are designed to be used by two people to cut (perpendicularly) through a tree trunk.
The less common one-handed crosscut saw is great for rough trimming boards or branches and is a great saw for quick pruning jobs on the job site or in the woods.
A jigsaw, much like a coping saw, has a long, thin blade used for making compound cuts. The jigsaw has a longer, larger frame that allows you to cut farther from the outside edges, but the blade cannot rotate, resulting in more tedious and difficult conditions when making a difficult cut.
Ideal for cutting pipes and rigid hoses. A hacksaw is one of the most common types of saws. While lightweight and versatile, hacksaws are capable of cutting wood, metal, plastic, and other materials using a variety of cutting blades with tooth counts ranging from 18 to 32 per inch (7 to 13 per centimeter).
Equipped with a single handle and a protruding, durable, thin cutting blade, these saws are more precise than shoe saws and can reach places that other saws cannot reach, which is their main advantage. These saws come in three types (dozuka, riba and kataba) and can be used to cut hard and soft wood with high precision.
The jab saw (alligator) is also known in English-speaking countries as keyhole The (keyhole) is a round handle with a single blade protruding from the top of the handle. The jab saw is used for rough cutting circles or patterns. It can be indispensable for drywall, especially when the cutting area is remote or hard to reach and the shape of the wall does not permit the use of a power tool.
Pruning saws most often have a 13-15″ (33-38 cm) curved blade that protrudes from a single “pistol grip”. Wide blade has coarse teeth that can cut in both directions for faster removal of material. Trim saws are most commonly found in homeowners’ kits, and are also widely used by gardeners and landscapers.
Plywood panel saw (wood hacksaw)
Often referred to simply as a “hand saw,” the cut-off saw is a must-have item in the tool kit. It has relatively few teeth per inch and each tooth is a pointed spike designed to remove wood. Everyone who works with wood has one or more cut-off saws of varying lengths in their kit.
Another highly specialized saw, also sometimes called a fender saw, has a short, double-edged blade that has about 13 teeth per inch. This saw is used for working with plywood, usually already anchored. Its short blade precludes its use in most other cutting tasks.
Wall panel saw
Similar in appearance to a jab saw, the wall saw tends to have a shorter, wider blade and fewer teeth per inch, and is often executed as a split-edge. It is designed to pierce through panels or drywall and is sometimes used to create starter holes for power tools.
Residents of private homes have the most popular chain saws. They are used for sawing firewood, trimming branches in the garden, construction, and dismantling wooden buildings. By means of electric chainsaws joiners cut wood in small quantities, provided that the chain is resharpened at an angle of 10-15° instead of the standard 30°.
The electric chainsaw superficially resembles a chainsaw, but it is powered by an electric motor. It transfers torque via a gearbox to the drive sprocket that drives the chain along the bar. The cutting edges of the teeth on it overcome the resistance of the wood and cut it. Electric chainsaws are available with a longitudinal (balanced, easier to cut wood with) and transversal motor (higher efficiency).
Saws for wood
Variant #1. narrow
The small narrow band saw is a design that consists of a straight, flat blade and a handle. It is used for fine work: for cuts through, for sawing curved pieces.
This type of the tool is intended for sawing wooden pieces the thickness of which does not exceed 8-10 cm, small branches and small works in a garden
When making narrow models, manufacturers install blades with triangular double-sided teeth, or with parallel sharpening. The disadvantage of the tool is that the blade can deviate from the specified direction when pressing during work.
Variant #2. usual
Standard hand saw can be equipped with any type of teeth and is often equipped with interchangeable blades of different type and performance.
To be able to saw off workpieces at a certain angle with a standard hand saw, you have to buy special jigsaws
But despite the claimed versatility of their use, saws of this type are not desirable in furniture making.
Variant #3. with tip
Both narrow and conventional saws tend to bend as the stiffness of the material being worked increases. In such cases it is effective to use saw blades with a butt, which acts as a kind of a rib.
Handheld hacksaws equipped with a shank are designed to create shallow cuts in wooden surfaces of any thickness
The presence of the file does not allow the saw to make cuts deeper than the width of the blade, because it prevents the cutting blade from penetrating further into the wood.
Variant #4. beam
Saws of on-beam type are more bulky devices, acting as analog of jigsaws.
The main purpose of this type of saw is to make a precise cut when working with surfaces at any angle
Thanks to the solid construction and threaded connections of the handles, beam-type saws can easily overcome knots, making cuts in radii and curved patterns.
Depending on the purpose and design, saws can be:
- slashing. for longitudinal cuts;
- cross. for sawing workpieces across the wood fiber;
- cupped. for cutting holes, rounding and shape sawing;
- dovetails. for cutting of connecting dovetails and simple geometrical figures on the workpiece.
Only with a bow-type hacksaw it is possible to cut the material lengthwise and crosswise, sawing workpieces with complex lines and doing the work alone without an assistant.
What type of saw do I need for which job?
Types and their purpose
Classification of electric wood saws implies division of devices based on their purpose. That’s why there are household and professional tools. The latter variant has a much higher productivity, but with this characteristic also increases the cost of production.
The following types of tools can be distinguished by their level of mobility:
Based on the configuration, electric wood saws come in several types.
These devices are remarkable for creating a perfectly even cut without jagged edges on the inside of the material. The tool is quite in demand for various construction works. Circular saws are capable of cutting solid materials, domestic appliances can cut wood with a diameter of up to 50 mm. According to its constructive device, the tool is a mechanism of two components: the first version is the engine, and the second part is the cutting blade. Professional circular saws can be equipped with a blade speed selection system, a laser pointer, or a dust collector.
There are modifications that can be mounted to the bed. the result will be a mini machine-tool type saw. Circular saws can be geared or gearless. on the basis of this feature it is possible to adjust the angle and depth of cut.
These models are considered useful for use in sawing trees, cutting firewood, performing utility work. Sometimes such devices are used on construction sites. Today there are on sale modifications of chain units for working with wood, which instead of the cutting element in the form of a chain has a strip of high-strength steel alloy.
All characteristics of electric chainsaws directly depend on the cutting element.
A second name for this kind of tool is the pendulum type cutters. These saws are not distinguished by a significant cutting depth. as a rule, this parameter does not exceed 6-7 centimeters. Such power tools are in demand for making a shaped type sawing in situations where a hand jigsaw will not be able to cope. Usually refers to repair and household works in residential areas.
Jigsaws can also be used to prepare wood-based materials (laminate or chipboard).
Sabre electric tools
Such devices are in demand for sawing wood and wood-containing materials in already assembled structures, as well as in hard-to-reach places on construction sites. The tool is distinguished by a good level of performance and high rotation speed of the cutting mechanism, which acts as a saw with a length of about 10-30 centimeters. Most often such a model for work is purchased by professional builders.
Electric sabre saws
A more advanced analogue of the previous type, which has the same functional features, in light of which the purpose of the tool is to cut structures in hard-to-reach areas. The quality of the work performed by such a tool stands out with good indicators. Such devices are not used for household purposes, because, for example, the unit will not have enough power for sawing firewood.
In many cases, the novice consumer, who has little experience with saws from different manufacturers, prefers to navigate the market by familiar manufacturer names. Since saws are judged solely on their own performance and quality, without any additional features, focusing on brands proven by millions makes sense. professionals can’t go wrong with what they buy such a tool for.
If the consumer understands that good quality is not worth sparing money, then it is worth paying attention first of all to products made in the Western world. for example, by brands like Bosch, Makita, DeWALT. In their case, the cost, which, indeed, turns out to be quite high, is due to good build quality and reliable materials. The major manufacturers with worldwide reputation have been working on their own reputation for decades, so they just can’t afford to ruin it by producing low-quality products.
If for some objective reason the saw breaks down, the same capabilities of large companies allow them to locate an authorized service center somewhere close to the customer.
Similar advantages in terms of proximity to service centers are offered by domestic brands like Zubr and Interskol. over, due to comparatively low exports products of domestic companies are mainly oriented to domestic consumers, that is why service centers are much more common. Because of the proximity of the manufacturer and the relatively low wages in Russian production is usually cheaper, and also can be adapted to our conditions. for example, can better tolerate severe frosts. Herewith it is worth to remember that Russian saws, though they can be quite good, never reach the level of world brands production, and in case of little-known companies it can be a waste of money at all.
As for saws of Chinese manufacture, that have flooded the world market during the last decades, everything is not clear at all. Our consumer is used to the fact that Chinese goods usually do not shine with high quality, but they cost a penny, which makes the buyer nevertheless not to pass by.
At the same time it is impossible not to admit that the Chinese in recent years have learned to produce and good products, the more so that the production of many famous brands is still located in China. The problem is that famous saws, even made in China, cost the same as Western saws, and local brands are often short-lived and do not care much about recognition of their trademark, which makes it difficult to choose an inexpensive, but good saw.
Separately, it should be noted that specific industrial saws can be produced by special companies, whose names to the average man can’t tell anything at all. This is because these companies do not produce anything else, but because of the small size of the market, they may have little competition.
Accordingly, when choosing expensive professional narrow-profile equipment, to focus on promoted names would not be quite right.
Working with a two-handed saw
It’s best to saw logs with two people. As they work, the partners take turns pulling the saw, pushing it slightly forward as they go back, helping the other person to move the tool in his or her direction. The process is not complicated, so the required skill will be developed quickly.
If you’re a beginner when it comes to sawing logs, you might run into the following difficulties:
To avoid complications you need to work in a consistent movement. The pressure force in both directions should be about the same. It’s best to saw with one person slightly higher than the other. This creates an angle that enables the saw to penetrate deeper into the wood.
If you do it right the tool can be used not only for cutting logs into parts, but also for sawing them into boards.
What it is?
In the garden it is periodically necessary to cut unwanted, old and diseased branches. For such work, in addition to secateurs and axes, you should have a garden saw. Such a tool for pruning trees greatly simplifies the care of the garden and saves work time. Saw for cutting branches, unlike an ordinary hacksaw, does not damage trees.
Thanks to the special structure of the teeth, the height of which can be modified from 5 to 7 mm, this gardening tool does not traumatize plants at all. The teeth of the saw have a special sharpening, allowing to saw in two directions, and as a result of having a fairly wide gap between them, sawdust is not clogged in the places of cuts. The saw blade can be of several kinds:
Everyone makes a choice depending on the type of work and their own convenience. All saws differ in parameters, which affects the characteristics of the tool. First of all the quality of work is affected by the size and quantity of teeth on the hacksaw. Such data is defined by the abbreviation TPI and placed on the blade:
- A saw with large teeth (TPI. 3-6) is good for cutting thick limbs or even firewood, the cut is rough, but the cutting speed is high;
- tool with fine teeth (TPI. 7-9) makes a smooth cut, but the performance is somewhat reduced.
The shape of the teeth also affects the purpose of the hacksaw:
- Triangular teeth with oblique angles, sharpened on both sides and looking like hooks, are used when a longitudinal sawing is needed, because, sliding smoothly along the fibers, they leave a smooth and even cut;
- triangular ones with equal sides are used in crosscutting;
- the combined variant has an alternation of two types of teeth, the oblong curved ones saw forward, while the triangular ones increase the channel and extend the sawdust.
When you buy garden tools, you always want them to last a long time, so you should choose from quality materials. Garden saws are made of regular or hardened steel. The latter variant can not be sharpened. when such a tool is worn out, it can only be thrown away. Standard steel teeth can easily be sharpened yourself. A stainless steel garden saw is the smart choice for the money.
The parameters of the blade are also important when choosing a tool, especially its length. It depends on the tooth pitch and the size of the saw itself. Small saws have a blade up to 35 cm long, with many small teeth. The universal versions have medium-sized teeth and a blade length up to 55 cm. Wide blades have larger teeth and a blade base up to 60 cm. The shape of the blade is the difference between the different versions of this garden tool. A triangular shape with one narrowed side has a classic variant of the saw, which is good for sawing any kind of wood. The circular blade is used for cutting branches. It weighs little and moves smoothly.
The handle of the saw creates comfort during sawing, so it must be well held in the hand and not slip. Handles are made of different types of plastic with grooves or rubber pads for greater comfort.
The table below shows the top 20 best electric saws:
Electric saws differ in motor power, bar length and availability of additional options. Household saws have a power rating of 1 to 2 kW and weigh 4 to 5 kg. Continuous work with such a tool is possible for 10-15 minutes.
- Engine power and bar length;
- the weight of the unit and its safety system;
- load duration;
- anti-vibration system;
- chain reliability.
For longer work, models with a 2 to 2.5 kW output are the right choice. Longer guide bar (more than 40 cm) may be needed. For example, to work with large trees, small electric saws are not suitable.
The saw should have a protection against accidental pressing and an automatic brake system. The work must stop instantly when the starter key is released. Chain lubrication is compulsory when using the tool. Protective shroud and tools must be included.
The structure of the archer saw and its varieties
There are many kinds of “beams,” but each has the same device and consists of the following elements:
- The beam jumper, which is available in several lengths: 35 cm, 53 cm and 76 cm. Depends on the length depends on the shape of the frame, which comes in the following types: in the form of a cupped trapezoid for long tools, in the form of a rounded triangle for short instruments;
- The saw blade, which is designed for cutting various materials, the shapes of the blades and teeth differ from each other;
- The handle of the device, which is made more qualitative, because it is from it depends on the convenience, as well as the ability to make maneuvering movements of the tool;
- device for tensioning the saw blade. It is the middle, the stand, the bowstring, which hold the saw. But these components should not add weight to it, otherwise the device will be difficult to use.
When selecting a tool, it is important to familiarize yourself in detail with the design of the archer saw. You also need to decide on the size of the blade and understand if it’s comfortable to hold the unit in your hand, if you can make maneuverable, quick movements with it. All of these will help you choose a device quickly and without problems.
All archer saws are divided into the following types:
- The folding one is designed to be carried with you. The unit may be required, for example, in a hike, and it is good when it is available at hand;
- two-handed is designed to work together if a lot of effort is required.
- The wooden one is designed for dressing wooden products, structures. If not used as intended, the device can quickly fail;
- the metal tool is made of quality hardened steel, so that the device would not blunt and would serve for a long period of time without breaking.
Of course, there are other types of “rays” that handle other materials. You can find out the specific model at the store where you are going to buy the device.