What kind of gasoline to put in a vibratory plate

Rating of gasoline vibratory plates

We’ve put together a list of gasoline vibratory plates for you to choose from that meet your needs for reliability and compaction performance.

Vibratory plates are used in professional construction, as well as in small-scale construction and landscaping work, on home sites. There is a large variety of sealing techniques, specialized for different types, volumes of work and terrain conditions.

gasoline, vibratory, plate

Customers often come to us with the questions about what equipment is better to choose for certain purposes. Therefore, we have selected the most frequent requests have developed a rating of the best gasoline compactors. We can recommend selected vibratory plates by quality and reliability of operation. The choice of models is based on popularity, customer feedback and the professional judgment of our compaction equipment specialists.

The most common and often used stove models are gasoline-powered, because they are powerful enough for most work tasks and at the same time mobile, that is, do not depend on electrical wires. That’s why we selected gasoline-powered models for the rating.

Engine type

To power the vibratory exciter (vibrator), you need an engine. Depending on the type of fuel used, there are the following types of engines:

  • Gasoline is the best option in terms of value for money and quality. Although gasoline is more expensive than diesel, the vibratory plate is cheaper from the start. It is characterized by high efficiency, productivity and low noise level. Such a mechanism will work in almost all conditions, and it will be possible to fill the gasoline, even with a low octane number;
  • the diesel version seems to be more attractive, because the fuel is cheaper than petrol. Yes, there will be savings in operation, but you will have to spend more money at the beginning. the diesel vibratory plate is much more expensive than the gasoline one, that’s why it has not become widespread. However, if the device is bought for very active operation, the benefit will probably be, however, you will have to put up with the increased noise of the device. Use in sub-zero temperatures is also undesirable;
  • the electric motor is the cheapest, but you can use such a vibratory plate within reach of electricity, which is limited by the length of the cord. If there is no electricity, the work will not be. Yes, these units have the lowest noise level, but their power is also the lowest in their class. But an electric vibratory plate can be used indoors, unlike their gasoline and diesel counterparts that produce exhaust emissions during operation.
gasoline, vibratory, plate

Performance of gasoline vibratory plates

The main parameters that characterize the optimal performance of the machine are:

machine weight

The compaction depth of bulk material is directly related to the machine weight. The greater the weight of the vibratory machine, the deeper the tamped layer and the higher the performance of the device. This figure reduces the number of passes to achieve the design compaction values.

For laying paving stones or tiles, the weight of the machine, on the contrary, can have a negative impact and lead to pavement defects.

Vibration force

In fact, this parameter indicates the magnitude of the compressive force (kN) exerted by the sole plate. For effective work with large volumes of bulk solids, a high value of pressure force is welcome. However, for in-house work or when installing tile sidewalks, this value is limited to one tonne of absolute weight (1000 kN).

Vibratory plate footprint

The total area of the slab shoe determines the force that is exerted on the surface to be treated. Vibrations propagate throughout the plane, and the larger it is, the lower the force per unit area. The optimal ratio of these parameters, the main task of the manufacturer.

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The device engine

For demanding compaction applications, a reliable and dependable engine with no exceptional maintenance requirements is most desirable. The gasoline engine meets these requirements well enough.

Most gasoline vibratory plates are powered by a Honda four-stroke engine without a gearbox. As the oil splashing in engine crankcase is made by crankshaft, the cross inclination of machine more than 10º during work is not recommended. For the rest, technical maintenance of the ICE is no problem.

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Third: Start the engine.

When starting the engine for the first time or during a cold start there is an increased load on the piston system. High RPMs would harm the engine. Therefore it is necessary to start the engine on 1/3 throttle position. Run in at medium rpm.

Air-cooled engines do not like to idle. Run the engine and warm it up for 1-2 minutes. and run them in. Try to keep the engine load between 50 and 75 percent during the running-in period and break it every 20 to 25 minutes. After the break, when the engine has cooled down (15-20 min.).), you may restart again. In this mode, the engine should work for the first 4-5 hours, after which you must necessarily change the oil. The running-in is complete.

Vibratory plates and types

Vibratory plates are designed differently depending on the type. But in general, the main elements are the same, and if you consider the fact that the most common gasoline (or diesel) models, it will be correct to tell exactly about their device. There are five main elements:

The plate, which is the main working element. It directly presses on the ground and transmits vibrations. There is often a direct correlation between the cost of the vibratory plate as a whole and the thickness and weight of the plate, although other characteristics also influence this.

Engine, in this example a gasoline or diesel engine. Provide standalone operation, needed to create vibrations. However, there are also electric models, which are autonomous, but they also have a motor (electric).

gasoline, vibratory, plate

The transmission shaft, which connects the engine and the resonator.

The resonator is the shaft itself, which creates vibrations.

The handle is the control element. Often all the buttons or switches of the operating modes are located on it.

Types of vibratory plates are classified according to different parameters. The main is the mass and the way in which they are set in motion. By mass, they are divided as follows:

Very light: weight up to 75 kilograms. Generally speaking, this is a domestic class (if this word is appropriate for such expensive equipment). Able to work with soil up to 15 cm in thickness.

Lightweight: weight up to 90 kilograms. Able to compact layers up to 25 centimeters deep. This class is considered universal; besides, such mass allows to work even with asphalt, though in limited amounts.

Medium: up to 140 kg. They can ram the soil with layer thickness up to 30 centimeters, they are most often used for ramming of road bases, preparatory work before pouring the foundation. Because of their weight, they are not recommended for domestic use (e.g. tile laying).

Heavy: weight over 140 kilograms. These are industrial vibratory plates used in construction and road construction.

According to the method of movement they are divided into the following categories:

With internal combustion engine (gasoline or diesel). The most common models are exactly gasoline-powered, it is a very light and lightweight class. Diesel-powered machines are already more expensive and most often used for industrial and heavy machinery.

Electric. This is the cheapest, but also the cheapest option. They work from the mains, they are light, the power is not very high, they are suitable for the simplest works. But they have a plus: unlike gasoline they practically do not need care, as in the case of the internal combustion engine, which has certain requirements for operation.

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Self-propelled. They can be reversible (also called “direct drive”) and nonreversible. The first option allows the vibratory plate to travel forwards only, while the second option allows it to travel backwards. In fact, most often you can see such vibratory plates on sale, which are the most convenient to use. The second option is better, but also much more expensive.

gasoline, vibratory, plate

VS SPLITSTONE line of vibratory plates

Vibratory plate VS-104 Vibratory plate VS-134 Vibratory plate VS-244 VS-245 E8 Vibratory Plate VS-245 E10-2 vibratory plate VS-246 E12 vibratory plate
Compaction modes
Crushed stone Impermissible Unacceptable Allowable Acceptable Allowed Allowable
Soils (mixed soil, loams) Acceptable Allowed Tolerable Acceptable Recommended Recommended
Sand Acceptable Acceptable Allowed Acceptable Acceptable Allowable
Paving slabs, pavers (with damping mat) Acceptable Acceptable Recommended Recommended Recommended Impermissible
Asphalt, asphalt concrete Tolerable Acceptable Recommended Recommended Allowed Acceptable
Technical characteristics
Width of working area of the plate, m 0.29 0.29 0.41 0.41 0.50 0.43
Dimensions (HxHW), mm 995x320x835 1040x320x1000 1055x450x975 1170x450x955 1270x450x1030 1340x500x900
Operating weight, kg (without water / with water) 55 70 /80 89 /99 111 /121 128 /138 141 /151
Compaction depth of loose materials in 4 passes up to 95%, mm 100 100 200 210 200 250
Forced centrifugal force, kN 11 11 13.5 18.4 21.3 23.1
Vibration frequency, Hz 100 100 93 93 93 80
Speed of movement on loose materials, m/min 20-25 20 20-25 20-25 20-25 20-25
Engine Honda, model GX 160 GX 160 GX 160 GX 160 GX 160 GX 160
Engine power, kW.с) 3.6 (4.8) 3.6 (4.8) 3.6 (4.8) 3.6 (4.8) 3.6 (4.8) 3.6 (4.8)
Gas tank capacity, l 3 3 3 3 3 3
Fuel consumption, l/h 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Performance, kv.m/hour 100 100 140 140 170 150
Capacity, cbm.m/hour 10 10 25 28 36 40
Vibratory plate VS-245 E10 Vibratory plate VS-246 E20 Vibratory plate VS-309
Modes of compaction
Crushed stone Acceptable Allowed Recommended
Soils (mixed soil, loams) Allowable Recommended Recommended
Sand Allowable Recommended Recommended
Paving slabs, paving stones (with damping mat) Recommended Acceptable Impermissible
Asphalt, asphalt concrete Allowable Inadmissible Impermissible
Technical specifications
The width of the working area of the plate, m 0.41 0.43 0.50
Overall dimensions (L x W x H), mm 980x450x1010 1020x450x1040 1340х500х900
Operating weight, kg (without water / with water) 128 /138 159 /169 300
Compaction depth of bulk materials in 4 passes up to 97%, mm 220 300 400
Forced centrifugal force, kN 21.3 26.6 40
Vibration frequency, Hz 93 80 72
Speed of loose material, m/min 20-25 20-25 20-25
Honda engine, model GX 160 GX 200 GX 270
Engine power, kW (l).с) 3.6 (4.8) 4.1 (5.5) 6 (8)
Gas tank capacity, l 3 3 5.3
Fuel consumption, l/h 1.4 1.4 2.5
Performance, sq m.m/hour 140 160 180
Production capacity, cube.m/hour 32 50 72

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Our vibratory plates are now equipped with a new folding handle with increased resistance to vibrations!

The design features of our vibratory plates are:

Scope of application of vibratory plates

The main area of vibratory plates application is construction and repair of different complexity levels, paving sidewalks and roads, construction of sports grounds and much more. They are used both for industrial purposes and in private homes. The uniqueness of this machine is its relatively small size and ability to cope in those conditions, where a conventional bulldozer can not fulfill its purpose. Paving footpaths and garden paths in a detached house, for example.

Vibratory plates ram concrete, asphalt, sand, gravel and common earth in a lawn. This machine is indispensable for paving roads and sidewalks. The vibratory plate works even in trenches and narrow pits. As such a configuration of the mechanism allows it to move in reverse, this greatly simplifies the work in a small area, where there is a need for frequent turns or overcoming obstacles.

General characteristics of vibratory plates by weight

The indicator of the plate mass is the most important when choosing a suitable model or when selecting parts for making a vibratory plate with your own hands. This indicator determines 70% of the machine’s productivity and suitability for the job in hand. There are four classes of vibratory plates:

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The lightweight models are best suited for landscaping work, with a maximum soil layer of 15 cm for these models. Also, these models are used for laying paving tiles, laying pads of polyurethane on the sidewalk.

How to choose a vibratory plate?

The state of the roads in our country has always been a sore subject. And modern statistics only confirms it. According to the results of the annual road quality rating, Russia is 136th out of a possible 144. Of course, they are trying to correct the situation. in every region thousands of specialized road repair equipment is used, including not only asphalt-laying rollers, but also vibratory plates for applying “patches” for the so-called patching of the roadbed. Only in 2013, 9,000 km of roads and federal highways were repaired, for which 1.6 times more funds were spent than in 2012. Our plans for 2014 and 2015 are even better.

But not only the major contractors are engaged in repair of road surface. All responsibility for the condition of asphalt in residential areas, in the yards of apartment buildings falls on the management companies that serve these areas. Their scope of activity includes not only repair of roads, but also in general improvement of territories and various landscape and construction works. For these purposes, you need equipment that not only lays the pavement, but is also able to compact the ground, tamp down sand, gravel and lay tiles tightly. This is what vibratory plates are most often used for. This expensive equipment is bought to work every day, so it is very important for it to be of high quality, to perform its tasks perfectly and not to fail. In this article we will tell in detail about vibratory plates, their main characteristics and which of them are the most effective in work.

What is the difference between a vibratory plate and a vibratory rammer?

Some users mistakenly believe that vibratory plates and vibratory rammers are one and the same device. However, when considering the functionality and technical characteristics of these two different types of construction equipment, it should be noted that they differ from each other:

  • The amount of work performed. Vibratory rammers are used when light, uncomplicated compaction work is required. Vibratory plates, depending on their class, can be used for tasks of any complexity. As a rule, such construction machinery is used in those cases where it is impractical or impossible to use large-sized ramming equipment.
  • The human factor. Vibratory rammers need to be held vertically by the operator at all times.
  • Dimensions. Vibratory tampers do not occupy much space, so they do not require clearing the work area beforehand.

It is worth noting that vibratory rammers are used to perform a variety of works in problematic, difficult places. This is due to the fact that they have small dimensions and a small ramming surface.

Accessories for vibratory plates

Belts change once a season. No vibration when the engine is running without the belt. Suitable models are listed in the data sheet.

Vibratory Feeder Basics

Mats are available in rubber and polyurethane (stronger and more durable). They are needed to protect the work surface when compacting paving slabs and cobblestones. The plate must have special mounts for the mat.

Oil protects parts from corrosion and reduces wear. Pour it into the engine and the vibrator before use. Always check the oil level before operating the machine, otherwise the machine will break down in “dry run”. Some models have oil level sensors. The oil grade must correspond to the one recommended in the manual.

Air filters increase service intervals by a factor of 5. Clean filter after each work shift, or more than once during work with sand.

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