Varieties of cutters and nozzles
In general, manicure mills can be divided into three categories according to performance:
- home. the devices maintain about 2000 revolutions per minute, the power does not exceed 30 watts;
- Universal for building-up. the capacity is up to 60 W, the device develops up to 35000 revolutions per minute and is used in the processing of acrylic and gel plates;
- Professional. salon type devices support up to 45000 rpm with more than 60 W of power.
For independent use, the first two types of devices are well suited. At a moderate cost, they provide quality nail treatment.
In a wide variety of nail tips for the manicure device, or cutters. According to the material they come in:
- With ceramic spraying and carbide, for processing the cuticle;
- Corundum and diamond, for removing the hardest artificial coatings possible;
- Sand. for cutting rough skin.
In general, when performing manicures use nozzles of the following shapes:
Nozzle “flame” must adjoin to the nail at an angle of 45 °
“Corn” requires work at about 20000 rpm
Hold the nozzle “cone” should be perpendicular to the surface
The smallest spherical cutters can cut the pterygium, a thin extension of the cuticle
For a home manicure cutter, you need to buy the maximum number of attachments so that the tool is truly versatile.
What cutters are needed for a manicure?
In this article, we’ll break down how to choose how to manicure, what they are, what they are used for and how to work with them.
A machine manicure. A modern and popular way to treat nails. Not so long ago, only classic and trimmed manicures were performed, which require advance preparation of the nails: steaming and moisturizing the skin. Therefore, this method requires a large amount of time. And with the advent of hardware manicure processing has become fast and safe. Manicure instruments can be simply disinfected and reused. The advantage of manicure processing machine. Low probability of injury to the nails. You need to choose the right nozzles for a professional milling machine.
The main mistake of beginners is the wrong choice of cutters for a manicure. So today we will tell you about the basic rules of the selection of cutters, as well as the advantages, types and kinds of nozzles for the cutter.
There are many different cutters in shape and each of them differs in its abrasiveness, material.
There is a color marking on the cutter bits that denotes the degree of abrasiveness and toughness of the cutter. And to understand which cutter in front of you. easy. Each color characterizes the cutter:
- White. the mill with the lowest hardness.
- Yellow. soft and delicate. Used for working on thin nails.
- Red. The most popular cutter with a fine abrasivity. Suitable for skin and nails.
- Blue. medium-hard. Blue diamond cutters are used for working on skin, and blue carbide and ceramic. Remove material from the nail part.
- Green, pink, orange. Cutters with great abrasivity and are recommended for rough skin and nail plate.
- Black. roughest cutter.
Advice for beginners! It is recommended to choose a cutter with blue markings and rounded edges. Medium hardness will allow you to gain experience and then move on to more professional accessories without damaging your nails.
In the hardware manicure most often used nozzles with red and blue cutters, as well as black and green. In case you need to remove calluses on your hands.
So, to choose a nozzle for the cutter, you need to know what kinds they are, what they are made of and how they are used, let’s begin to understand.
Cutters come in different materials and alloys:
All cutters above are designed for different types of nail work. Therefore, a distinction must be made between the types of cutters.
The main characteristic of the cutters:
Diamond cutters are used when working with the delicate cuticles, thin and brittle nails, and when it is necessary to clean the pterygium. They are suitable for acrylic and natural nails. It is recommended to use the diamond cutter not more than 5-10 times. If you avoid this recommendation, the processing time with this cutter will increase, because the cutter rubs off.
Ceramic milling cutters are used both at home and in the salon. In contrast to the diamond cutter, the ceramic cutter is soft and delicate, allowing you to use it to treat hard nails and cuticles, as well as to remove coarse layers of epidermis or calluses. Also, the ceramic cutter eliminates damage to the skin and nail plate, allowing you to handle the most difficult areas in the nail treatment process. Ceramic tools are not susceptible to oxidation and corrosion. After a long period of treatment the ceramic will not produce heat and discomfort, which is undoubtedly an advantage. This cutter type is recommended for beginners.
Tungsten cutters differ from other cutters in that they do not heat up in operation and have a long service life. Use this mill for rough skin treatment. Tungsten cutters offer excellent quality for a small price.
Corundum burrs are suitable for natural nail plate and skin polishing. They are very popular among professionals and amateurs, as they are easy to work with and their efficiency is really impressive.
Carbide mill is intended for nails correction: filing, adjusting form and length of the nail plate. This cutter is suitable for the treatment of hard materials, such as artificial nails. The service life and efficiency of the carbide cutter is much longer and higher than in other cutters. They are rust-free and easy to disinfect and sterilize.
Silicone polishing cutters are used in the last stage of manicure. Grinding cutters allow you to level the nail plate, cut an additional layer of gel or acrylic during the build-up. Polishing cutters are used for cleaning the skin from unevenness and burrs, as well as for giving acrylic nails a shine.
There are different shapes of cutters:
Needle, flame and ball shaped cutters are used for cleaning hard to reach areas. For example, the joint between the side roll and the nail plate.
The cone-shape of the cutter is convenient for treatment and polishing of the lateral nail bed.
It is with the help of a cylinder shape you can remove gel nail polish and give your nails the desired shape and length. Cylindrical shape differs in thickness and width.
The drum cutter shape is a kind of cylinder and is used for cleaning rough skin, calluses. Makes the nail plate flat, cutting hard nails and growths.
The corn-shaped cutter is designed for nail plate correction, it cuts gel and acrylic and provides the desired nail shape and length.
How to insert a mill correctly?
There are three types of clamping positions: manual, automatic and semi-automatic. It’s worth looking carefully in the manual to see exactly what type of clamp is in the router handle.
- With manual clamping, you need to press the button on the body, return the washer and insert the cutter. Press the button once more and close the clip. Check fastening.
- With a semi-automatic, you twist the handle, open the collet clamp, insert the cutter and close.
- Automatic clamping. easiest and most convenient. It enables fast and easy cutter change. You just insert the cutter into the clamp and it automatically locks it in place.
So, now we know what cutters are needed, how to choose them, what are the differences and what are they for. For a professional nail treatment with the machine, you need to choose the right cutters, which you can find in our online store Beauty Stage. Then the result of a hardware manicure will be unsurpassed.
How to choose cutters for a hardware manicure
Any interchangeable nozzle, whether cylindrical, cone-shaped or fissural, is used for a particular work. Its role is played by both its shape and the material from which the tool is made.
For example, a spherical cutter, depending on the degree of abrasion can be used for the treatment of calluses, as well as for the careful removal of cuticles or delicate grinding of nails. When choosing a suitable tool, you should consider the peculiarities of the nails and skin, as well as your own experience in the technique of manicure apparatus.
Nozzles for novice masters
To choose the right tools, you should take into account the basic steps of manicure, without which it is impossible to accurately nail art. Beginners can be limited to the basic minimum:
- Ceramic cone or “corn” mill with shallow serrations. They are useful for sawing extensions of nails, grinding dense perinogtevnyh folds, as well as help to solve the problem of ingrown nails;
- A fine fissure cutter, which can clean the areas under the lateral rollers;
- Cylinder, which is used for correcting the shape of the free edge;
- a hard carbide cutter in the shape of a ball for safe and painless grinding of rough calluses and corns;
- A universal polisher cutter for gentle and delicate polishing of the nail surface. The tool should be low abrasion and made of corundum or silicone.
Cutters for professionals
With the acquisition of experience, masters of manicure learn the devices, which in the wrong hands can cause damage to fingers and nails.
Diamond burrs in the form of a ball with different diameters and abrasiveness are ideal for removing rough cuticles, the final cleaning of peri-nail rollers, as well as polishing hard corns. Professionals work with such tools with pleasure, but novice masters in the first months of work from them it is better to give up: a spherical cutter is very easy to get a nail hole and traumatize it.
Skilled craftsmen also like to use silicon-carbide and ceramic cutters that are shaped like a corncob with large jagged edges. With insufficient skill it can easily damage the nail, and a cheap machine with low power can cause heat and strong vibration of the tool.
The stiffness of the product
Cutters are commonly classified by abrasiveness, and for quick determination of hardness use colored labels located at the bottom of the nozzle. The darker the color, the more abrasive the tool is.
The black color is for very rough carbide nail cutters, which are used for sawing off the artificial surfaces. Such samples should not come into contact with natural nails and skin, and only experienced professionals should apply them.
Green-colored notches indicate a high degree of abrasion. These tools can be used for removal of gel polish or for the treatment of rough skin areas.
Instruments marked in blue are used the most often. Soft and medium-hard tools for cuticle and lateral roll work.
Tools with red marking refer to rather soft samples, with which you can safely polish both skin and natural nails, if the plates are strong enough and tough enough.
Yellow color indicates the minimum abrasiveness. The removable elements with yellow edging are considered the most comfortable and harmless when sanding the nail surface.
Materials for nozzles
Removable tips for milling machines are made of different materials, which affects their hardness and scope of application.
Diamond specimens with natural or artificial sputtering are some of the most popular. They are precise and capable of performing a variety of tasks, from treating peri-nail rollers to correcting and removing artificial nail coating.
Tungsten-carbide carbide tips have a long service life of up to five years. Their abrasivity is determined by the size and depth of the incisions, but the material remains rather hard with any notched size, so it is usually used for operations with false nails, and in some cases. for removing of hard corns or solving the ingrown nail problem.
Ceramic tools are convenient because they are slowly heated and can be used for various purposes: grinding roughened skin on the feet, treatment of areas around the nails, removal of pterygia and polishing plates.
The main advantage of corundum tools is the absence of sharp edges and protrusions. Thanks to the rather soft structure of the ceramic chips covering the cutter monolith, corundum parts are suitable for manicures on hands with delicate and sensitive skin.
#26 Tools and products used in manicure & pedicure (English)
Silicone polishers are needed for the final sanding of nails. They can give nails an attractive shine, or prepare the surface for a gel polish or acrylic coating.