Sharpening a homemade cutter
The soil tillers, made by your own hands, need to be sharpened. An angle grinder with diamond wheel diameter of 125 mm is required. The sharpening machine is difficult to use because of the size and bending direction of the blades. Small knives can be sharpened with fine sandpaper.
Adam Savage’s Guide to Flush Cutters and Nippers!
Rules for sharpening knives on homemade equipment:
- Knives can only be sharpened at a 45° angle. The side of the burrow is determined beforehand;
- It is not necessary to remove a lot of metal; 1 or 2 sharpenings per season will suffice. The sharpening frequency may change, depending on the intensity of use and the type of ground to be worked.
If the cultivator is often used on wet ground, the condition of the blades must be checked. Corrosion can be prevented by the use of a special rust preventative. Avoid hitting stones and other hard objects with the cutter. This prolongs the life of the equipment and reduces the need for frequent knife sharpening. The rotary hoe should be cleaned of dirt, plants and other contaminants after use. Use a rag or brush, various cleaners are not suitable. If the cutters will be stored for a long time, the knives are lubricated with solidol, and for the ends of the shaft use graphite grease.
Homemade power tillers can be installed on cultivators Mole, Kentavr and many others.
“Goose-feet for power tillers
A single-axle tractor is a valuable helper in those places where manual labor in the field or vegetable garden is too time-consuming and requires a lot of physical effort. Today you can find a small unit in almost every yard or farm, it is so useful “thing”. And in fact, the range of tasks that a single-axle tractor effortlessly performs is quite wide, all kinds of cultivation of land, processing of beds and even harvesting. And the availability of additional hook-up attachments only strengthens the capabilities of the miniature tractor. One of the most effective purchases can be the goose-feet for a power tiller.
What the goose-feet of a power tiller are needed for?
One of the main functions of a walking tractor in the field or vegetable garden is the quality tilling of the ground for further planting or sowing. To carry it out, the main working element of a power tiller is used. This is the name of the axle, on which the knives of different configurations are put. When rotating around the axis, these blades cut the soil, thus plowing it. Due to this, the cutters are also called soil cutters. When working on the plot, not only the soil is cut, but also the plants growing in it. In this way, the cutters perform plowing of the soil, as well as fighting weeds.
There are several kinds of tillers. The most common are saber-shaped, with a speaking shape of blades. Usually it is a collapsible construction. The attachment on a single-axle tractor “goosefoot“, on the contrary, is not disassembled into parts, and has a cast, configuration. They are made from carbon steel. The main feature of goose-feet. The triangular shape of the blade ends ensures sufficient crumbling and mixing of the soil. Such solid configuration is necessitated by the need for strength when working on hard, virgin soil. That can be considered as such areas where the ground with large clods.
Features of plowing “goose feet” with a power tiller
Basically, the described nozzle is used for plowing the plot for potatoes, when it is necessary to remove large clods of soil or to carry out the prevention of Colorado beetle development. By the way, gardeners note the fact that weeds are perfectly winded on the “goose feet”, but chopping them does not happen. In this regard, talking about whether it is necessary to sharpen the “goose feet” on a single axle tractor, you can recommend this procedure. The thing is that the manufacturers do not sharpen the edges of blades of this nozzle. After sharpening, you will notice that not large weeds are easier to chop, and the work on hard ground is much easier.
How to choose a goosefoot cutter?
When choosing this important component of a power tiller, first of all, it is important to pay attention to the size of the “goose feet” for the power tiller. This is more about matching the axle diameter of the planting shaft to the model of your machine. They are available in sizes 30 mm and 25 mm. over, the 25 mm diameter power tillers have three rows of three blades. These products are suitable for power tillers such as “Texas”, “Neva”, “Caiman”, “Mole” and others. The “goose-feet” models with axis diameter of 30 mm are chosen for power tillers of “Cascade”, “Salut”, “Caiman Vario”, “Master Yard” and others. On such a product there are not three, but four rows of knives. And the width of the cultivated surface is increased.
Another criterion worth paying attention to when selecting gooseneck cutters for a power tiller is the outer diameter, which, accordingly, depends on the depth of plowing. The larger this diameter, the deeper the blades can plunge into the soil. Meanwhile, the quality of “goose feet” must be at a level, otherwise metal breakage is unavoidable.
Should the cutters be sharpened on a single axle tractor??
There is no definite answer to this question. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the power tiller, the soil and the conditions of use. For example, sharpening is not necessary for heavy soil with a power tiller with reinforced cutters. You will not get any visible benefits from this treatment, it just wastes your time and energy.
Sharpening a smaller tiller with a lighter tiller is a good way to improve the quality of work. But there is a disadvantage too. First, sharpening only lasts a few hours, then the procedure must be repeated, which is a long and labor-intensive process. Secondly, sharpened blades help to crush the roots of weeds, which in turn can only speed up their multiplication.
Read also: Types of taps for tapping internal threads
If you do decide to sharpen the tiller, remove it from the power tiller, clean it from the ground. Resharpen each cutting part very carefully with emery paper to avoid damaging them.
Such equipment, such as a tiller, is essential for any power tiller, because it can be used to perform most of the work associated with tillage. Basically, the tiller comes with the machine, but in cases where you need to change the width and depth of processing, you should buy the equipment separately.
Additional cutters allow to increase the functionality of a power tiller and simplify the work with it. Specialists recommend having several pairs of cutters in your arsenal.
Should the cutters be sharpened on a single axle tractor?
There is no definite answer to this question. Opinions of beginners and even experienced gardeners are contradictory. Some claim that sharpening significantly improves and speeds up the process of tilling the soil. Others argue that there is no point, because even the milling machine manufacturers do not require it.
Summarizing the experience of one and the other side, among the arguments in favor of sharpening cutters the following should be highlighted:
- Sharpened cutting surfaces of the equipment facilitate penetration into the ground, speeding up the work process.
- The first advantage is that it reduces the load on the power unit of the power tiller, which extends its service life and reduces fuel consumption.
- With light cultivators and poor-quality knife material, working with blunt burrs is almost impossible. In this case, sharpening is really the only solution.
The arguments of the opponents of sharpening cutters are as follows:
- The sharp cutting surface promotes a strong shredding of weeds, resulting in a multiplication of the vegetative multiplication process. From this point of view, the process of winding weeds on a blunt burr is preferred.
- As a result of the sharpness of the blades, the sense of cultivation is lost, because instead of breaking up the soil, it is simply cut up and remains as a coarse lump.
- The process of sharpening the burrs is quite time-consuming, because in addition to sharpening, the burrs must first be disassembled and then reassembled correctly. In this case, the sharpness of the cutting elements is only maintained for a short time. After that the procedure should be repeated again.
If your unique model of the device involves shaped parts, it is better to order them from a master and not waste extra time on it. All other elements are sold in stores or can be made by hand.
To extend the life of a homemade tiller, you need to keep it on the ground when starting your power tiller, and only slowly lower it after starting work.
So, when answering the question of which cutters are better to assemble, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of a particular site and working conditions. In terms of ease of manufacture, active cutters are considered more attractive, but soil cutters cope better with problematic soils. A self-made device will definitely work better than a factory one
, No engineer knows exactly which area you will be working on. The procedure of making a tiller for power tillers with your own hands requires a certain amount of time and effort, but believe me it is worth it and the result will not be long in coming!
the single-axle tractor is a very useful equipment for situations where manual labor requires a lot of effort and time. Now this device, which has small dimensions, is found everywhere: in farms, vegetable gardens and yard areas.
And it is true that the list of activities that can be performed using a power tiller is very extensive. it can be used for soil cultivation, harvesting and bed planting.
The additional attachments with which the device is equipped, only increases the range of its functionality. One of the most useful extras include the so-called “goose feet”.
To begin with, when sold, power tillers usually come complete with cutters with removable saber-shaped blades, consisting of several connecting sections. This attachment does a pretty good job of working light sandy soils. But on overgrown plots and virgin land factory cutters shows themselves not from the best side. A single-axle tractor goes unevenly and constantly bounces. That’s why it takes a lot of effort to till the ground.
It is mainly the all-welded construction, consisting of a hub and welded triangular blades. This cutter is called “Goosefoot” and its choice directly depends on shape (circle or hexagonal) and mounting dimensions of the gearbox shaft of the power tiller.
This cutter type has good guidance and penetrates hard-packed soils with little effort from the operator. The main disadvantage of this design is the single-axle tractor equipped with “Goosefoots”:
Tselina spiral mill
Another popular design that has become quite popular with owners of power tillers. This version of the attachment consists of a sleeve, to which knives with sharp tips are spirally welded.
Experts say that such a tiller is quite good at the depth of plowing and loosening clayey, heavy and even overgrown grassy soil. However, there are serious disadvantages to this design in the form of too slow work and a deep ditch that remains behind the power tiller, as the cutters rake the soil from the middle to the edges. Therefore, after tilling the area you will have to do some additional work to level the ground.
Homemade tillers for a power tiller
Manufacturers offer a variety of tillers for power tillers. You can use one set of cutters or buy two different types of devices, changing them depending on the soil processing conditions. Some craftsmen prefer to use homemade products, which, if properly assembled, will be no worse than the factory ones.
The main advantage of independent creation of a tiller is that it can be adjusted to the specific features of the site.
Classification of cutters
A tiller is a soil blades fixed on the axle, which, rotating around it during the movement of the power tiller, shreds the soil and weeds. The designs of tillers are different, so to choose the best one, it is worth to understand their differences. First of all, tillers are classified according to the type of aggregation:
Side cutters, installed as an undercarriage, essentially replace the wheels and work from their drive shafts. They thus both drive the machine and cultivate the soil at the same time.
The rear-mounted tillers are mounted on the back of the tiller and are powered by the PTO drive shaft, so they perform only the function of cultivation. It is such milling machines are equipped with Neva (MB 1 and MB 2), Celina and some others.
In addition to the type of mounting, there are a selection of cutters with different types of blades:
In this video we will look at cutters for power tillers:
Active sabre knives
The name of the cutters is determined by their appearance. the knives are large and have an elongated curved shape. This milling machine has several sets of four blades, positioned at right angles to one another.
Usually two or more sets of blades are mounted on one axis. This rather powerful equipment design is highly durable and perfectly copes with the cultivation of heavy soils and virgin lands, not afraid of stones, roots.
“Goose feet” on a single-axle tractor is another variant of equipment, the name of which is also determined by the shape of the knives. triangular, goose-foot-like, and located at the ends of the cutting element legs. As in the previous version, the number of blades determines the quality of cultivation and varies depending on the power of the machine.
There are three-row and four-row “goose feet” with different axle diameters. Three-row tillers with 25 mm axle diameter are installed on Texas, Neva, Krot, Caiman power tillers, and four-row tillers fit Salut, Farmer, Favorit brand machines. Equipment on the axis of 30 mm combines with Cascade, Master Yard, some models of power tillers Neva and a number of others.
“Goose feet”. cutters for power tillers, which show high efficiency when processing heavy, clay soils and virgin soil, but can get clogged when working on plots abundant with roots.
What is better to till the ground with goosefoots or a tiller
The basic tillers of most power tillers are saber tillers. Over time, many gardeners read about the convenience of Goosefoot tillers and buy them as replacements. But not everyone is satisfied.
Cutters, it’s the attachment of the power tiller that experiences the most stress at work. There are a lot of rocks, clay seals, rebar, bricks and more in the ground. Cutter blades should grind them at a speed specified by the manufacturer and remain intact.
Any welded elements on metal products are a weak link and simply break off when overstressed. Note the welded tines of the gooseneck milling machines.
For light soils (black earth/not virgin/sandy soils) gooseneck tines are an excellent substitute for sabre-tooth tillers. Each blade is easier to cut and grind the roots of the weeds. The blades of the goose tine are closer together so the soil spills out into smaller clumps and does not need to be re-cultivated.
For working in virgin or heavy soils (clay / loam) you will soon have to weld in the tines. This is not always handy, especially when you do not have a welder at hand. That’s why it is more reliable to work with reciprocating milling cutters. over, they can be retrofitted with additional share kits, available in many stores.
Therefore, before buying goosefoots, remember what type of soil on your property and how often you work with virgin lands.
I hope you will find this article useful.#x1f609; Please like and subscribe to MY CANA L !#x1f44d;#x1f69c; It will be of particular interest to amateur gardeners who want to make their work easier with mechanical helpers.
Interesting attachments ? Learn about other amazing gadgets for your garden helper. Here are links to my articles:
This and much more on my channel!