Weeder for your power tiller with your own hands

What is the ploughshare for??

Not all beginning farmers are aware of the purpose of such a device as a ploughshare with a ripper for a power tiller. In fact, this is quite a popular type of attachment, which allows you to solve a lot of agricultural problems.

The functions of the planter include:

  • Weeding of homesteads and planted beds;
  • arrangement of seedbeds;
  • Plowing and thinning beds;
  • Filling in the holes with soil;
  • leveling the soil layer;
  • deep loosening of the ground.

weeder, your, power, tiller, hands

A few decades ago, many farmers actively used hand-operated pruning tools, but with the advent of a wide range of power tillers on the market, pruning tools for use with agricultural machines began to appear on the market. This attachment saves a lot of time and effort for the farmer.

Models and drawings of mouldboards for a power tiller with their own hands

You can, of course, buy such equipment in specialized stores, but often the owners of small agricultural machinery prefer to make it with their own hands. There is a lot of different information and drawings on this topic on the Internet. This allows not only to make equipment with the necessary parameters, but also to save money significantly.

Drawing with sizes

The drawing is made according to the original Fokin’s dimensions. The more precisely the work is done according to the sample, the better quality tool you will receive.

Drawing with sizes

Important! Fokin’s ploughshare is protected by a patent. Mass production of exact copies for sale is an infringement of copyrights. One-off production for personal use is allowed.

Description and principle of the plough

Ploughshare, weeder, weeder cultivator. all these are names of the same tool. A patent for the manual ploughshare was issued in 1995 by V.В. Fokina. older gardeners remember the disputes that immediately erupted between supporters of deep tillage with the plow and shallow tillage with the plough. The novelty of the tool was in the angles of the blade bend and its double-edged sharpening, which ensured shallow but high-quality tillage. This approach has often proven more effective than plowing, shoveling, or cultivating with tillers. The ploughshare is so called because the cutting elements enter the soil at a slight angle. Structurally consists of a bracket with two scrapers. It is used for the following types of work:

  • Weeding beds and allotments. The blade undercuts the roots of the plants, after which the weeds are killed and the aerial parts decompose and fertilize.
  • Creation of ridges and furrows for sowing, as well as the creation of furrows and furrows.
  • Cultivation of fallow, virgin or heavily sodded soils. Cutters often fail on such compact soils (except for sabre), the plow gets stuck on rhizomes of bushes and weeds. And the power planer successfully cuts through turf and also cuts the roots of grass. After that, you can go over the virgin land again with a plough or cutters for optimum tillage.
  • Tillage of wet and heavy soils. It perfectly breaks up clods and crusts after a hard rain, for example.
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The ploughshare helps to cultivate and loosen the soil

Treatment with a ploughshare repels pests living in the soil (moles, mice), prepares the soil for planting, saturates the top layer of soil with oxygen.

The hand pruner was originally designed for gardeners with poor health and limited abilities. Mounted on a single-axle tractor, they are very effective for tilling virgin land, cultivating the soil, and killing weeds. The working part has a precisely adjusted sharpening angle that provides the right mode of operation.

Ploughshare for power tiller with your own hands. how to make

Various ploughshares for single-axle tractors are now available. They have different shapes and sizes. However, to accelerate the work on the treated area, it is not necessary to buy equipment. it is enough to make their own hands. First of all, for this you will need to familiarize yourself with the schemes. The drawings should promptly suggest how and in what sequence the parts will be attached in the overall design.

To assemble the plane on a single-axle tractor, you will need the following materials and tools:

  • sheet of forged steel, about 5-6 mm thick;
  • A piece of metal sheet, about 2 mm thick;
  • piece of profile pipe, cross-section 4 x 4 cm. The wall thickness of the pipe should be at least 3 mm;
  • angle grinder and power drill;
  • welder.

Having assembled everything necessary for the work and having carefully studied the selected drawings, you can proceed directly to the assembly.

Making a ploughshare for the power tiller should be carried out in the following order:

  • First you will need to cut out the rack. To do it with an angle grinder on a sheet of hardened steel, you need to make cuts strictly according to the drawing. After that, it will be necessary to drill holes on the rack;
  • A thin sheet of metal is used to cut out the legs of the manufactured plane. On a special anvil bending parts are made strictly according to the scheme. For the subsequent assembly of the foot it is necessary to use rivets, and then weld the assembly into a single structure;
  • Profile tube is needed to cut blanks, from which later will be assembled frame ploughshare and fixed tools. The lowering and raising of the frame must be carefully thought out;
  • After that you need to make a hitch, which is necessary for mounting all the elements of the produced plane;
  • Next, you need to work out a scheme for installing the manufactured attachment on a single-axle tractor. All the data is to be transferred to the frame. After that it is necessary to make plates, by means of which the coupling mechanism will be fixed. Then it is necessary to be sure to check the lifting and lowering of the structure;
  • In the finishing stage, the finished ploughshare for the cultivator should be coated with primer, paint and a special corrosion preventive. Manufacturing planes clearly demonstrates the video.
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Self-made plodzer can be successfully used both for light and heavy power tillers. It can be used in pair with power tillers Neva, as well as agricultural machines of other domestic and foreign manufacturers.

Types of power tillers

There are several popular types of ploughshares. Each of them has its own features and differences.

Maznev’s ploughshare “PM-4”

It has the best and most suitable design for tilling and loosening the ground. This model has modified mounts and narrowing of the blades themselves, which can change the distance between the “whiskers” of the blade mount (this can be moved, changing the length from 10 to 20 cm), in order to be able to work different areas of land.

Has a small, round cutter, “heel”, which helps maintain the optimum depth of penetration of blades into the ground and a special arrangement of the angles of the device. This device easily penetrates the ground, destroys all kinds of weeds and saturates the ground with enough air, but it does not cope with the plowing of the ground.

Fokin’s plow cutter

This model has some significant differences from the previous representative:

  • First, it’s a little weaker and can’t handle too hard or old representatives, but it’s still advised to work a little shoveling on difficult areas of land before it’s needed.
  • Secondly, this plough is also not very good at weeding large, tall and thick-skinned weeds, here a hoe will help. And it is also not suitable for ripping, because of the sharp edge (and should be with blunt sides) of this device.


This type is slightly different in size and function. It is characterized by a rounded working surface and a powerful sharp end. Great for hoeing and making seedbeds.

Using a Garden Cultivator


Has two working surfaces (wedge-shaped and straight, this makes it look like a petal). Great for tasks such as weeding beds, trimming weeds, and cutting furrows.


This tool is made of stainless steel (this makes the plowshare rust-resistant, easy and easy to sharpen), there is a large and a small. Good for loosening the soil, weeding, and also hoeing, without disturbing or damaging the top layer of soil.

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Hand tools

On small plots it is more convenient to use homemade tools. It can be a hoe, a mattock or a planer. The most common are hoes and hoes. There is no sense to buy expensive equipment, if you want to cultivate 2 hectares of land. Simple implements differ in shape, which affects the process of removing weeds.

It is better to weed several seedbeds with a hoe. It is lightweight, so it is convenient to use. During the gardening season you can also use a hoe. There are several types. Most gardeners prefer the double-row model.

If a person wants to spend less physical effort in the garden, you can use a hand-held tool. It has a simple design, but effectively removes wild plants. It is very easy to weed the garden with such a device. A person has the ability to change the angle of inclination as he or she sees fit.

Homemade tillers for power tillers

Manufacturers offer different versions of tillers for the tiller. One can use one set of cutters or purchase two different types of devices, changing them depending on the soil conditions.

Some craftsmen prefer to use homemade products, which, if assembled correctly, will be no worse than the factory ones.

The main advantage of making a soil cutter yourself is that it can be adjusted to the specific features of the plot.

Necessary materials

Let’s begin by finding parts for the future self-made power tiller. Every motoblock mechanism is equipped with the following technical components:

The motor is removed from an obsolete or malfunctioning motorcycle. When choosing an engine, two-stroke engines are preferred, but this does not mean that four-stroke engines are not used when building a power tiller. A suitable option is the motor taken from the motorcycle “IZH PLANET”.

Transmission in motor-blocks is used several types:

  • toothed (standard tractor transmission);
  • toothed-worm;
  • belt-tooth-chain;
  • Hydro (a new, expensive technical device that has recently appeared on the market).

The control unit consists of a set of levers that switch speeds, a button that increases or decreases the fuel supply to the engine, a brake.

It is required that the structure is equipped with a system of aggregation, which is an important element of the design, connecting homemade single-axle tractor and created for him with his own hands attached equipment. Therefore, the bracket must be firmly attached to the supporting frame of the structure and equipped with a power distribution device when the load on it increases.

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