Tools for tire treading with your own hands

How to stud tires at home. Studded tires with your own hands: instructions with photos and video

Studded rubber provides safe driving on icy roads, but during the operation studs fall out. It is not always possible to buy new rubber with the coming of the season. In this regard, drivers have come up with such a method as winter tires doshivaniya own hands. This will help to restore the functionality, saving money.

Oshipovka winter tires with their own hands

During the winter period roads are often formed on the ice. Drivers in the Central Russia encounter such a situation when the weather is unstable. Heavy snowfall may turn suddenly into a thaw. This leads to the fact that the road is in some places the bare asphalt. When you use the rubber in such conditions, studs begin to fly out. During the first season rubber can lose them up to 50%.

Retreading tires

Most often it is the lack of studs that causes the problem, while the rubber is still of good quality. In that case, you can do a studded tire. To do this, you should go to a service station or choose a budget option, to repair the studded rubber, doshipanku on your own hands.

How to seize winter tires by yourself

Before you get to work, you need to decide on the type of studs.

Tires, on which the studded rubber with their own hands, should be only winter. Summer and all-season tire can not be used.

Restoration by yourself

Useful tips

First of all, it is recommended to determine the type of components. There are a few tips for this:

  • Spikes on car tires can be made of plastic, iron and aluminum.
  • The more edges the component has, the better its properties.

When fitting, the more surfaces hold a stud, the more securely it will be located in the tire.

tools, tire, treading, your, hands


There are general recommendations on how to seize winter tires yourself:

  • It is advisable to do the work a month before the wheels are mounted on the car.
  • Do not immediately subject the rubber to extreme tests. The first 500 kilometers after installation should pass running-in.
  • It is best to buy spikes by the set, this will help save.

The number of components that need to be installed on the rubber, depending on the diameter:

In the service centers only a mechanical method is used, but the installation of studs on the winter tires with their own hands can be carried out both with a pneumatic gun, and without it.

Types of

How to mount studs on winter tires yourself

Knowing how to seize the wheels yourself, you can significantly save on the purchase of new rubber. There is a small nuance in the work. Not all types of winter tires have technical holes for studs. If you do not have them, you will have to pre-drill them using an awl with a stopper. The depth of the hole must strictly correspond to the length of the stud. When working to be extremely careful not to pierce the cylinder.

The process of installing studs with your own hands is as follows:

  • The wheel should be put in an upright position.
  • If necessary, old studs are removed. When the hole from the spike is very large, it is best not to insert a new one into it, but make another one.
  • To make the installation go faster, it is advisable to pretreat the rubber with a soapy solution.

The length and depth of the hole when mounting the stud must be observed. The stud is inserted at a 90-degree angle to the surface.

After the work is completed, the rubber is dried and left to lie for at least two months. This is necessary so that the studs settle.

What tools are needed for studding car tires

The following tools are useful for home production of studs. The most common method is to use a blowgun, but you can also do without it.

For the installation process you need to have at hand:

You do not need to buy a power gun. It is not necessary, but it makes installation easier.

Tire studding with an electric screwdriver with your own hands

There are three ways to add extra spikes to winter tires in your garage:

The electric screwdriver is used in the semi-automatic installation case. The hole is prepared beforehand and the spikes are driven in with the electric screwdriver. The speed of work increases than when carrying out manual installation.

When working with an electric screwdriver, it is important to pay attention to the position of the stud and not to turn it too far in order not to damage the cylinder.

The easiest way to do the taping is with a pneumatic gun. This ensures a firm grip. But this method has a disadvantage. the equipment and devices are expensive. This option is most often available in workshops, for re-splicing rubber for personal needs, this option will not bring savings.

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Before inserting into the rubber, the rubber is sprayed with a soapy solution. This is to ensure that the studs can easily fit into the holes. They are screwed in cleanly with an electric screwdriver. Leave the tire to dry in the soapy water for a while after plowing. This way the studs are firmly fixed in the rubber.

During the running-in period, part of the component can pop out of the hole. Drivers try to install a new one in this place, but it is not worth it. The hole is already too wide, the spike won’t stay in it anyway.

There are drivers who try to make homemade spikes for car wheels. Specialists recommend buying factory tools. A special alloy is used to make them. If it is of poor quality, the studs will quickly fly away.

To keep studs in the holes they have to be of a standard size. Achieving this at home is next to impossible.

An electric screwdriver as a working tool

Winter tire studding with your own hands without a blowgun

Winter tire studding with your own hands without a blowgun. a time-consuming process. A special screwdriver and a hammer are needed for the work.

making tools for carving tires

To perform the installation correctly, it is recommended to follow the following algorithm of actions:

  • The quality of the work will primarily depend on the level of fixation of the rubber.
  • The holes are prepared, the tire is treated with soapy water.
  • If the spike is inserted incorrectly, e.g. by tilting it, it must be removed carefully. If a protrusion is formed, it is hammered in with an aluminum sheet and a hammer.

Some drivers recommend to run-in the rubber still on dry asphalt. You should not wait for ice and snow.

If the driver has decided to give a second life to his winter tires, it is important to approach the process of work very carefully. Only the right size, a secure fit and good quality studs will ensure an effective result.

How to properly seal a car tire with your own hands?

The use of specialized winter tires is a must. Rubber designed for colder seasons is more flexible. Able to operate at extremely low temperatures, the tire provides better traction on asphalt and difficult surfaces, whether ice or snow.

Summer analog in such conditions is just frozen, the car will slip, skidding, and the risk of accidents increases significantly. In addition to conventional winter tires, popularly called “Velcro”, there are also special studded models on the market.

Spikes literally “gnaw” into the ice, clinging to the rolled snow, which provides precise control and good cross-country ability in the most difficult situations. Unfortunately, when driving on clean asphalt studs are exposed to high mechanical stress, and therefore some of them can simply “fly out”.

Buying a new set of tires is an expensive pleasure, so it is not surprising that many drivers have a question, how to restore the studs on the winter tires by their own efforts? Write about it experts.

How to tell if a tire needs repair?

Let’s say right away that the restoration of tire studs is an operation quite feasible. If the tread is deep enough and the rubber material itself shows few signs of wear, there is no need to buy a new set. Repair will fully restore the original technical indicators of the rubber, as well as save a large sum of money.

Determine that the product needs restoration, you can by the following signs: the surface is clearly visible holes, which left a fallen out of the studs; between the stud and the tread is traced large gap, the metal elements lost its original strength fixation, they can sink into the tire without much effort, loosen, the height of the studs over the rubber surface fell to half a millimeter, they can see traces of mechanical stress, wear and deformation.

What Tires Can Be Repaired?

Spike replacement is relevant and justified under the following conditions: The tire was equipped with studs in the factory conditions, that is, it has all the necessary planting holes, the location of which is strictly thought out and optimized. No more than five years old.

After this period, the material begins to age, its properties change. The tread has a sufficient depth of at least 7 millimeters. The absence of serious mechanical defects and other damages, which can be determined during visual inspection. Spikes: constructional features and choice principles Visually, a spike is a very simple metal element, consisting of a body and a core that protrudes from it for a certain length. The body is formed by sufficiently soft metal, while the core is as hard as possible, which reduces the intensity of mechanical wear. The body is equipped with 2-3 flanges for maximum retention strength.

In order that the repair-policy with your own hands gave the necessary result, when selecting spikes, you should be guided by a few simple principles:

Ideally, a repair kit recommended directly by the manufacturer should be used. Many companies produce such kits, the metal elements are fully consistent with the factory originals, which provides easy installation, as well as full restoration of the original technical parameters of the rubber. Important! If you can not find such a set on sale, you can buy spikes from a third-party brand, but pay attention to their configuration, the material of manufacture and other basic indicators they fully correspond to the originals.

If you operate your vehicle mainly in the city, driving on asphalt, rarely go out on ice and other difficult surfaces, you can opt for simple studs with one flange.

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If you regularly travel on ice, out-of-town trails that are rarely cleaned from slush and compacted snow, it is better to install a more powerful and reliable metal elements with multiple flanges.

Mechanical methods

Installation can be done manually or with a special tool. Let’s start the analysis with the second option. The most reliable, fast and effective tool is a pneumatic gun. Yes, it is not cheap, so it is not the most rational decision to buy it for the sake of one procedure.

To use the gun is quite simple, it is enough to stick to the following algorithm of actions: pump the wheel; install the spike in a specially equipped slot on the gun; working part of the tool pressed tightly to the seating hole; the trigger is pressed, under great pressure the element literally “flies” into the slot and locked.

An alternative option. an electric screwdriver (drill with the ability to work at low speeds), which has a special attachment, it can be purchased in car dealers.

Manual technique

You can also use the simplest tools to install repair studs for winter tires. In the process you need the following: a pair of pliers, a hammer, a screwdriver with a diameter corresponding to the hole for the stud, warm soapy water.

The first thing to do is to wash the tire thoroughly to remove dirt. Next, the entire tread surface is moistened with water so that the cleats can slide more easily into the holes. Just before installing the metal element, the socket is enlarged slightly with a screwdriver and the stud is also washed with a soapy solution.

Important! Do not use oil as a lubricant, as it is a reactive substance that can cause destruction of the rubber material. To get the stud at the right depth, it is driven into the socket with a hammer or a pair of pliers.

If the diameter of the seating hole is too large and worn to ensure a secure fit, an easy and rapid repair can be carried out using a specialised glue. For example, there is a good adhesive Loctite 480.

See video for the easiest way to stud tires, using a screwdriver:

If you find a mistake, please highlight text and press CtrlEnter.

Winter tires deflecting with your own hands without a blowgun

It’s quite obvious that not every driver can afford a gun for winter tires. You also need to have a compressor, which complicates the task. In a similar situation, you can do without special tools, making a mandrel for studding wheels.

Such a mandrel consists of two elements:

  • metal thick-walled tube, the inner diameter of which is slightly larger than the diameter of the flanges of the repair spike. Tube length by 3-5 cm. larger than the width of a craftsman’s hand.
  • A small piece of steel rod that fits snugly into the tube. The length must be the same as the length of the tube.

Then place the drift against the hole perpendicular to the tread and hit the end of the dowel rod which is sticking out from the top with a hammer (one blow). This allows the stud to be driven into the hole in the rubber.

By the way, if the repair stud does not stick in the hole, you should not try to fix it with glue, etc.д. If necessary, a thick awl can be used to prick a hole near the hole and then drive a spike into it.

What you need to know before studding

Repairing studs on winter tires has a few nuances that are worth knowing before you start. This is a good way to extend the life of your tires, and keep them safe on slippery road surfaces.

Listed below are the main points you need to know before studding your tires:

  • It is better to install and change tires well in advance of the cold weather so that the studs fall into place before the ice;
  • After installation of winter tires, you should not speed up much. the first 500 km should not exceed the speed of 90 km / h;
  • the size of studs must be adapted to the radius of the wheel.

The tools you need for studding

In order to do stud seeding without a blowgun, you need a minimum set of tools, as shown in the table below.

Screwdriver Name Note
A container with soapy water For wetting the tread
Pultivator A manual screwdriver or electric screwdriver. As a last resort, use a cloth, sponge or brush
Hammer Required if it is necessary to drive the studs
Pliers or needle-nose pliers For enlarging the stud insertion holes
Screwdriver For fixing the studs in the seating position
Pliers or pliers Required to remove old studs or new ones in case of improper installation, such as misalignment

An electric screwdriver can be used to speed up the studding process without a blowgun. This method is called semi-automatic. an electric screwdriver allows you to screw in the studs to the same required depth in a short time.

Many drivers have a question: “How to seize the rubber yourself??”. First of all you need to prepare the tools and materials. Most of the work is done with an electric drill. You will also need a special nozzle in the form of a drill bit with a suitable diameter to make holes in the tire.

It is also possible to mount with a blowgun. It works due to a special compressor, which under air pressure drives the stud into the desired hole.

How to stud the rubber with your own hands

When all the tools, spikes and tires are prepared, it is worth figuring out how to stud the rubber itself.

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The first thing to do is to mark the tire and drill holes for future studs. This point can be skipped if you use wheels with ready-made sockets. The diameter and depth of the holes depends on the size of the studs. This is quite a time-consuming process, since you need to work carefully, clearly observe the markings and make sure that the holes were the same in all parameters. Make sure you have a good grip on the tire before you install the studs. If there are any old studs left in the tire, they must be removed and their cavities cleaned of dirt and dust.

When the preparatory procedures are finished, you can proceed to the mounting. Winter tire studding with your own hands involves the following steps.

  • securing the tire vertically.
  • Check the depth of the holes against the length of the studs.
  • Moistening the rubber with a soapy solution. The tire must be kept damp during the entire process.
  • Inserting the studs into the holes at right angles.
  • Checking that the studs are securely in place and that the shrinkage depth is uniform with a caliper.

If you notice any irregularities during the inspection, you must remove the stud and reinstall it.

There are many videos on the internet on how to stud rubber at home. Inexperienced car owners should read the following instructions before starting work.

With a blowgun

Seal the rubber with your own hands, using a pneumatic gun, is much easier. Prepare the tire in the same way as in the previous case.

After that, you need to do the following steps.

  • Clamp the bar in an upright position.
  • Insert a stud in the stud gun.
  • Bring the air gun at a right angle to the hole and use the special feet to move the edges slightly apart.
  • Press the trigger, after which the stud enters the desired recess.

Once installed, check the quality of the work and measure the height of the shrinkage and the angle at which the studs are set.

tools, tire, treading, your, hands

When do you have to do manual studding?

The specifications of the rubber depend on the positioning of the studs, their number and size. Despite the high time and laboriousness, in some situations it is more economical to do the manual studding. Most often such work is done when:

  • it is not possible to buy expensive products from a well-known brand;
  • available studded tires are of low quality;
  • You need to make a studded rubber for the individual peculiarities of the operation of the car.

Many manufacturers offer products that are not of very good quality. Studs can fly off while you drive, making the rubber deteriorate.

Studding a tire with a blowgun takes a little time

Tip: You can use new and used tires when you do your own studding. The main thing is that they should be of good quality and without defects.

Drilling the tread

The tire is drilled from the outside, laying it for convenience on a wooden board. When all the holes are made, the studding of bicycle tires with your own hands begins. Studs have to be screwed in from the inside of the tread. Before this take pliers, with which it will be convenient to take self-tapping screws. Then we dip them in glue up to the head, put them in a hole and screw them in with the help of a screwdriver. Many people use a screwdriver, but first it is better to use a regular screwdriver until all actions begin to work automatically. As for glue, any rubber, for sealing the camera, or the usual “Moment” will do just fine.

The screw must be mounted carefully, although it is screwed into the guide hole, it can still come out not where expected. In this case, unscrew it and install it correctly. This is because the angles at which the studs are positioned in relation to the ground determine the grip on the surface. In this way the entire circumference of the tire studding, with their own hands, at home, without any special tools. The central studs should protrude over the rubber by 2 mm, this is the optimal size for quality grip. If any are too large, they need to be shortened with a pair of wire cutters. The side spikes can protrude up to 4 mm because they are not in contact with the surface when driving straight ahead, but only when cornering.

Types of studs for winter tires

If we consider repair spikes, regardless of the type, such a spike has two basic elements. The first is the body, while the second is the insert. The insert is the working part, on which the stud’s overall service life and quality depends.

  • As for the types of studs themselves, they can be divided into the so-called single-flange and multiflange studs. The single flange stud is shaped like a rivet or small nail. This type of studs for the rubber is a classic type, characterized by simplicity and low price. Accordingly, the multiflange stud is more complex, costs more, but has a longer service life.

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