Tools for roofing work. Electric sheet metal rollers

Roll-up roofing repair

It would seem that all the twists and turns associated with the construction, is behind: the house is built, the roof is covered, but not by what, a convenient mounting and laying of soft roll roof! So popular in our climatic conditions, noiseless, capable of enduring and temperature changes, and endless inches of precipitation.

But in order for your chosen roofing material justified your confidence in him, served him due time (modern manufacturers declare. at least 25 years), look nice, and the house, covered with a soft roof to protect the heads of its residents, be sure to take care of the place where you live.

Roll-up roofing should be inspected, repaired, and cared for to prevent leaks, tears, and shifts. What is needed for this occupation? A clear weather day, a working mood and our simple recommendations below, because the soft roll roof is very convenient for installation and repair.

Installation work

Once the rafters are installed, purlins are fixed and all insulation materials are installed, the installation of a seam roof begins.

The entire process consists of the following steps:

Experts have not accidentally allocated the delivery of roofing material in a separate stage.

Often the cutting of sheet metal is performed at the worksite, and then the finished paintings are transported by truck to your destination. The elements of a seamed roof can be deformed during transportation.

Warped roofing paintings should not be used for a seam roof, otherwise the roof will look untidy.

They can be straightened with a hand tool, but this requires extra effort and time.

It should be noted that roofing sheets are warped when lifted from the ground to the place of attachment.

To eliminate the possibility of accidental deformation, paintings are lifted onto the roof on guides made of boards or planks.

The lifted sheet should be immediately fastened in a certain place. This action is performed using special devices called staples. Clamp. a bracket of a certain shape.

Thus, the roofing painting is fastened to purlins on one side and to the following roofing plate on the other.

The fastening of the clamp to the purlin is carried out not only with screws, but also with zinc-coated nails.

Before you secure the first sheet of the seam roof, on the ridge and the eaves are set supporting laths that serve as limiters.

Years of experience shows that roofing work should not be carried out in rainy weather and strong winds.

In such circumstances sharply increases the likelihood of distortion of roofing paintings, as well as injury to roofers.

tools, roofing, work, electric

When the gable roof is laid all the material, you can begin arrangement of the ridge and installation of other elements.

Ridge mounted with hand tools to both sides of the roof. Most often self-tapping screws are used for a secure fixation.

The joints of roofing sheets with a chimney must be sealed. At the final stage the devices for snow retention are installed.

Practice has clearly proved that such elements are needed necessarily. In this case, the roof is not a potential threat to people and cars on the ground in the winter time.

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Semi-automatic machines for rolling with their own hands

To speed up the process of installation of a seamed roof, you can use semi-automatic tools. they allow you to perform high-quality connection of roofing panels in less time than when using hand tools. Semi-automatic rolling machines are supplied in a set that includes two devices necessary for the alternate installation of the connection. To clamp for a seam roof will be connected, it will be enough to pull the machine.

Semi-automatic machine for tin roofing has many advantages over hand tools:

  • High speed of work;
  • Good quality joint over the entire length of the joint;
  • Ability to handle metal sheets of different thicknesses;
  • Complete safety for the polymer layer on the surface of the panels;
  • Ability to quickly and efficiently mount metal sheets on the roofs of large areas.

What tools are needed

Before you perform tinplate work with your own hands, it is worth selecting a set of materials and tools. Equipment for tinplate work will be needed.

You will need a sheet of thin tin. To make the pipe even, take the material with a smooth structure and clear corners. A sheet with torn edges is not used.

Cutting the material does not require any effort, but getting down to work, it is worth preparing the following tools of the tinsmith:

  • To cut the piece into billets, metal cutting scissors are used.
  • Use a mallet or rubber mallet, which will not dent. The weight of the tool is chosen to be heavy, but the impact force is controlled.
  • Pliers or pliers are used to make the bends.
  • Tinning machines are recommended. Use a workbench that allows you to evenly arrange the sheet and mark.
  • For calibration use a tube with thick walls and an angle that is mounted to the edge of the workbench. A solid angle is chosen because metal is bent on it. Pipe helps in making the longitudinal seam of the mainline.
  • Thin steel rod is used as a marker. It is made by yourself. Sharpen a nail for this.
  • A measuring tool is recommended. Measuring tape and squares are suitable for this.

A round piece is needed to assemble the product. For this purpose, a pipe with a cross section of 90 mm and not too long is recommended.

Manual roller bender

Hand-operated roller bender. used for bending steel directly on site. Using a compact roller sheet bender (bender), you can perform a variety of operations, both on the bending edge and the formation of the bending edge of the valley. If necessary, you can bend the edge of the curved and even radius workpiece. In the company “EuroKrovServis-Profi” you can buy or rent a professional manual plate bender for work with the seam roof of any type.

Name Cost, ₽
Roller bender (Bender) WUKO 0-350 mm. Bending angle 0-110 gr. 45000

Price-list (.xlsx, 176 kb)

Equipment and tools for installation and repair of flat roofs

The development of tools for installation and repair of roofs is directly related to the emergence of new materials and improvement of technologies of roofing work. In this parallel process, entire classes of tools are created to work with certain types of coatings. And the difference in their properties automatically leads to fundamental differences in the equipment designed to work with specific types of roofing. For example, pumps for applying mastics, suspensions and compositions have nothing in common with machines for welding membranes. In this regard, it is useful to break down the overall review of instruments into several parts by type of coating.

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Before proceeding to the review, we emphasize that the word “roofing” refers to the upper element of the coating, which protects the building from the penetration of atmospheric precipitation, and we consider tools for mastic and roll roofing, according to the terminology SNIP II-26-76. In 1978 the toolkit was divided accordingly., When adopted SNIP II-26-76, the designers had a very modest selection of roofing materials, but even then clearly delineated the two major classes of soft roofs. mastic and roll roof. Accordingly divided and tooling for each type of. Later within each class formed separate directions, in particular there was a division into equipment for working with hot and cold mastics, and in the roll class appeared tools for welding polymer membranes. Nevertheless, the general classification has been preserved, and new tools are modifications of old designs or are created to work with materials that are new in their class.

TOOLS FOR INSTALLING AND REPAIRING MASTIC ROOFS

Genselio asphalt paver on horse-drawn traction, made in 1854. Original

General disadvantage of hot mastic asphalt melting equipment

From a practical point of view, working with hot mastic, despite all the advantages, has a significant drawback. The main. bitumens BN-IV, BN-V, BN-SH (you can mix them) or bituminous mastic roofing types MBK-G-75, MBK-G-65, MBK-G-55, first necessary to heat up to a working temperature of 160-180oS, delivered to the roof, and then distribute the hot and viscous liquid on the roof surface, not allowing her to cool. And the heating must be done very carefully, overheating of bitumen leads to brittleness of the cooled product and its low quality in general. To perform such an operation different equipment is used, the choice depends mainly on the scope of work and conditions at the site. Small areas (up to 1,000 m2) In the past, primitive boilers for heating bitumen with a variety of solid and liquid fuels dominated the small areas. Bituminous boilers of series BK (08. 2,0), which are simply heated container with a hatch for loading and a crane for draining bitumen, can be considered as typical representatives of this type. Of course, such equipment was produced in sufficient quantities by domestic industry, moreover, large construction companies are able to manufacture it themselves. Similar equipment is used today on remote sites, providing independence from electricity supply. In urban areas bitumen tanks with electric boilers are increasingly becoming more common. For the repair or construction of roofs in small areas are used simple options without bitumen pumps. Industry of Russia and the CIS offers them in a wide range, the differences lie in the volume of boilers, power, availability of the simplest automatic switch-on and temperature control. Not only are they compact and safe, but they also reliably ensure the quality of the heated bitumen by accurately tracking the temperature. An example would be electric bitumen cookers BWE (0,5-1,0), a series of devices BE with a boiler capacity from 130 to 960 liters and the temperature control circuit, ARVM (apparatus for heating viscous materials) with a volume of 200 or 100 liters and also with automatic temperature control. Another interesting trend in the development of compact boilers have become self-contained devices for the application of hot bitumen type “Zeus” (Belarus). The tank (30 l) with manual stirrer and two heated taps is mounted on a small two-wheeled chassis. Bitumen is heated by a gas burner supplied from a standard household gas bottle, drain valves can be opened by handles on the cart handle. everything is smart and neatly done. The consumer receives a miniature asphalt installation, allowing the preparation and distribution of hot mastic asphalt directly on the roof of the small structure.

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Large roof areas (over 1,000 m2) Large-scale construction requires large volumes of mastic to be prepared and productive ways to distribute the formulations over the surface. To solve the first problem, two technological schemes have been developed, differing both by the general approach to the problem and by the equipment used. The first method, hot mastics are prepared on site. The central element in this arrangement is a mobile plant with a liquid or gaseous fuel boiler, a gear or screw-type bitumen pump, and control and monitoring facilities.

MEASURING TOOLS

Used to measure small size parts.

Used to measure large parts.

Designed for determining the size of small parts.

They are made of steel wire. Their roughing-head has a hardened, cone-sharpened tip. They are used to make markings on metal surfaces. When working, the tool is held with a slight tilt in the direction of the handle movement at the ruler’s edge.

Universal rismus with a stop and rismus with a marking shed or outline, are designed to make parallel marks. Before drawing lines with an outline or a thickness gauge, check the straightness of the edge along which the tool is to move.

Metal square is used for marking right angles, making various measurements, etc. д. Angles with sharp angles (30°, 45°, 60°) are used in addition to square angles. To draw parallel lines with a square, cut a sheet edge evenly, hold the square against it and draw parallel lines at appropriate distances.

A square is a round steel rod with one end sharpened at an angle of 60°. This tool is designed for making marks. For this purpose it is set in an upright position and the upper end is struck with a hammer. There is also an automatic punching tool. Compared with a manual one, it has the advantage that the marks are the same size.

In roofing works, a slatted circular is used, with the help of which various marks are applied to the working surface. A tracing knife is used to determine the thickness and diameter of parts, transferring dimensions to the metal surface from a measuring ruler. A caliper is used to determine the outside, and inside dimensions of parts. The scribing compasses are used for drawing and transferring of small dimensions on a metal surface from a ruler. When working with a compass, a mark is placed at the required point, or, in other words, a crossing is made. Then, using a ruler, extend the legs of the compass to the desired width, securing them with a clamp. After that, one of the legs is placed on the mark and the other is used to draw the curves.

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