Tools for plastering work. Gun

Plastering walls: a necessary set of tools for the job

Many people, starting to make repairs, immediately face the problem of uneven walls. This is especially true for those who live in buildings of old construction. The most budgetary option for leveling the surface is plastering. If you decide to do it yourself. you should know what tools for plastering walls you may need.

Long gone are the days when a plasterer could do with a trowel, a bucket, and a half gritter. New construction materials and technologies appear, and so do the new tools. The modern craftsman must have at hand an arsenal of different devices to help achieve an absolutely even wall surface.

The surface, with cement-sand mortar applied to it, becomes 25-30% stronger! (MISSING)Thanks to plastering, you can hide various defects and prepare it for wallpapering or painting. Finishing work is carried out in 2 stages. First the surface is prepared for mortar application, and then the wall is plastered directly.

What tools are required for machine plastering

In the case of machine application, hoppers with nozzles are used, through which plastering mortars are fed. The machine is equipped with containers for the mixture. Each model has design features, which determine the performance of the installation. On average, with its help for an hour to handle up to 60 square meters.

Today the market offers a large range of machines for machine plastering. They are used for processing vertical and horizontal surfaces. Plastering ceiling plastering machines have a short barrel. Machines have interchangeable nozzle nozzles, which allows you to work with mortars of different consistency.

For processing large areas use large-sized units, which have a spacious hopper. Modern models are able to prepare a quality mortar on their own in large quantities. This allows considerably speeding up the performance of works.

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Machines for plastering walls and ceilings

Each stage of surface treatment requires its own devices, so it is so important to have plastering tools and know their purpose.

The wall is rarely perfectly flat, and it has to be prepared for painting or finishing plastering by different methods. If it is “bare” masonry or reinforced concrete blocks, the surface is smoothed with starter mortars under the screeds. The old layer in secondary housing has to be refinished, removing paint and knocking down peeling.

The work begins with thorough cleaning of the surface. removing wallpaper, paint and a layer of old plaster. Can be used:

What they are, description

The basic tool for the preparatory work:

    Spatula. a practical tool in the form of a flat steel spatula with a plastic (plastic) handle. They differ in width. Universal tool for applying plaster, which is also convenient to remove old wallpaper and paint peeling, distribute the composition on the surface, remove the excess.

Trowel. a practical tool in the form of a flat steel spatula with a plastic (plastic) handle.

Use reinforcing or painting netting, “cobwebs” in rolls for painting. They strengthen crumbling surfaces and hold heavy mixture.

In some cases, requires treatment of walls with waterproofing, antifungal and antiseptic (wood) and corrosion-resistant compositions (metal).

Hand plastering tools for applying plaster

Having prepared the room, move on to the main stage of work. Some of the tools for plastering will be useful from the previous list, some you will have to add.

There are 2 known methods of pretreatment:

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The main tool for leveling walls with plaster:

  • Universal building level and plumb line (to check the quality);
  • Aluminum rule (a wide bar with a sharpened angle for a wide grasp of a wide area of the processed wall);
  • Plastering trowel;
  • Trowel (a flat plastering tool with a pointed spout and a wooden handle);
  • A trowel (to pick up the dry mixture);
  • Trowel (smooth “sole” with parallel handle);
  • Scrubber (to grout the surface) and gauze;
  • Falcon (flat with a vertical handle, convenient for working on the ceiling);
  • Corner leveller;
  • Beacon profiles (needed for leveling surfaces with large curvature, which is what plastering walls is for).

For plastering, use the plasterer’s tool and mortars listed above:

You will need a primer for pre-impregnation, which increases the adhesion or “bonding” of smooth walls.

Primer increases adhesion or “bonding” of smooth walls.

Types and purpose

Specialized tools for plaster works and methods of solution application play an important role in quality performance of works.

Spreading of plaster mix can be done with a trowel, smoothing board or trowel. All of them are smooth, the way of attachment of the handle and the way of work differs.

Trowels have several varieties and differ in functionality:

  • Triangular shape with a rounded spout. trowel (mason’s trowel);
  • Trapezoidal (for finishing);
  • Trowel (for distributing the mixture);
  • Toothed (for obtaining parallel grooves);
  • Narrow trow trowel-spreader;
  • Angular (for quality processing of convex corners);
  • Trowel for filling joints (the form provides for a reserve of mortar).

Each type implies a certain way of handling. This is, rather, a professional plastering tool. For a beginner, a trowel, 1 universal (smooth) trowel and a toothed trowel are enough. Need trowel, 2-3 trowels and trowel, smooth the plaster poured on the wall rule.

Spreading of plaster mixture can be done with a trowel, smoothing board or trowel.

Auxiliary accessories and mechanisms

Prepared surface. half the success when decorating walls with decorative plaster. Having understood what tools are needed for plastering walls, it is important to know everything about the mechanical method and technology of applying the mixture.

There are small nuances when plastering wooden walls. the solution holds firmly on thin laths, called “shingles”. They are nailed diagonally to the wood.

When plastering wooden walls. the mortar is firmly held on thin laths, called “shingles”.

To accelerate the work on a large scale, as a rule, mechanized labor is used. With special spray guns and paint guns it is convenient to throw the starting composition. The mechanical method guarantees the quality of application of plaster mixes of different purposes:

  • The first layer. performing a sprinkling of cement mixture.
  • Priming layer.
  • Plastering with preliminary leveling.
  • Decorative, improved or finishing coat for dyeing, depending on the functionality of the room and design objectives.

At the initial stage, the walls are prepared. the old layer of paint of crumbling putty is removed. Next, defects are masked, if possible, a notch should be applied to make the mortar hold better.

Undeniable advantages of mechanical processing of walls:

  • Reducing the time required to perform a large amount of work. What is done by hand in 3 weeks, the mechanized method is done in 3-5 days.
  • Machine plaster “adheres” better and reduces the chance of mistakes, if you work quickly and confidently.
  • Ability to do the job more qualitatively. Any technique speeds up the process and works equally on the entire surface. But the finishing work is done manually.

To check the result, check by lighting the surface in a dark room. If you look from the side, it is easier to identify all the defects. depressions and convexities.

The final layer after drying is grinded with a special plastering tool or grinded manually in two steps:

At present the equipment made by Putzmeister, PFT and Kaleta is the most popular in Russia. Some multifunctional machines do not only throw the mixture or grind, but also prepare the surface for pouring and “warm” floor.

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To perform work at a domestic level, it is better to rent equipment. Compact equipment is more convenient for beginners, but it is important to learn beforehand how to cast plaster on the wall correctly.

Grids, mixers and machines

A high quality mortar is unthinkable without mixing with equipment. Solution for decorative plaster is available in dry form, it is packaged in small bags. For preparation, it is important to comply with the proportion, which is indicated in the instructions of the mixture Knauf or other production.

A construction mixer and a plaster bucket (other container) to prepare a quality mixture. The mixer stirs without dry lumps, with it is easy to prepare a mixture on any basis:

The mixer can be stirred at different speeds. Work quickly with gypsum plaster, kneading a small amount. it sets quickly. Read the recommendations on the packaging, how to apply plaster. not all mixes are suitable for machine spraying.

With the right consistency, a reduction of consumption per square meter is guaranteed.м. Too thick mass is heavier and thicker than it should be, it will slide off the wall without a paint grid or shingles.

The liquid slurry may spread, but without it you cannot make some textured drawings with a roller or trowel. Producers add special additives and hardeners to the mixes, each has its own polymerization period. This is taken into account in the preparation of the mortar quantity and the working time per “square” of the surface. Also, the tools to perform plastering work with this composition should be specified. manual method or mechanical.

Some types of decor are sprayed with a paint gun, others with a cartouche gun. It speeds up the process of decorating any surface:

  • Concrete facade with unplastered walls;
  • Plastered coating;
  • Wooden panels;
  • Plastic panels;
  • Neat brickwork;
  • Aerated concrete.

Gun operation is in semi-automatic mode, where the sprayer directs the injected mixture from the tank with the help of the compressor. This is a very good semi-mechanical device for plastering walls, but for quality spraying it must be at the same distance from the walls or ceiling.

Spray gun operation is semi-automatic when sprayer directs the spray mixture from the container with a compressor.

tools, plastering, work

the necessary tools for surface preparation

No matter what type of finish is used, the first step is always to prepare the base. The amount of work during preparation depends on the condition of the walls, the presence and type of old coatings, as well as the material they are made of. Different bases require different preparation, and therefore different sets of tools.

Concrete surface

Walls made of concrete slabs are smooth and have a low adhesion rate, so the plaster will slip. In order to increase the adhesion of the base and the mixture resorted to these actions:

  • Creating notches with an axe or a feather duster. Here, adhere to safety rules and be sure to protect the eyes with special glasses, because the particles can easily damage the eyeballs.
  • Cleaning the wall of dust, concrete particles and other contaminants. use a metal brush, a wide brush moistened with water.
  • Treatment of the surface with a primer of deep penetration for concrete bases.

The following are examples of such stucco methods used in the past

If the house is made of wood, here, too, plaster does not lay well. Walls require special preparation. Stucco used to be made with a batten. These are thin wooden slats, which were hammered on the wall at an angle of 45 degrees. With the construction of 2 layers in different directions.

Today, a reinforcing mesh, most often made of metal, is used. The size of the mesh depends on the thickness of the layer of plaster, which is planned to be applied. If we talk in general, what is needed for plastering walls made of wood, the approximate set is as follows:

  • Brush or sprayer for applying antiseptic impregnation;
  • tape measure and metal scissors for cutting reinforcing mesh;
  • Fixing elements (nails);
  • hammer.
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Brick base

When you need to plaster new walls built of brick, there is almost nothing to prepare. It is enough to remove dust and deepen the joints, that is, remove the mortar by about 1 cm. Well, of course, do not forget about the primer, which will help increase the adhesion of the two components and protect against the development of mold and mildew.

If the surface has previously been coated with something, then the set of tools will depend on the type of finishing material:

  • The old plaster layer is removed with a hammer or peorator with a special nozzle. In the same way they knock down the tiles.
  • Old wallpaper is easily removed using a spatula.
  • But the paint should be removed mechanically using a brush and metal, spatula or sandpaper with coarse grain. If it is not possible to remove the lining that way, solvents are used.

What is the best trowel to choose

Today on the market there is a large choice of trowels. In the arsenal of a professional there are several of these tools. This is due to the fact that in each case applies a specific model of trowel. As for plastering, you should pay attention to such factors when choosing a tool:

  • The width of the blade. It is recommended to use models with a blade size of 10 to 15 cm. To perform facade work, the optimal size is 20-45 cm.
  • Length of the blade. Beginning masters believe that the larger the blade, the easier it will be to carry out the work. But this is far from it. Not desirable to use models with too long blade. It will sag in the process of work.
  • Fastening the blade to the handle. The connection must be strong and secure. If it is loose, it negatively affects the quality of work performed and the service life of the tool.

Rule

Plaster and screed are two inseparable tools. Another option of a long jointer to level the surface manually.

Modern rules are lightweight laths, characterized by h-shaped or trapezoidal profile. The materials used are mostly aluminum.

Reach up to 3 meters in length. But then working alone is no longer possible. The help of a partner is required.

You can use the rule to remove excess mortar, as well as to level a plaster-covered wall. the tool is used with or without screeds.

Working edges should be sharp as well as rounded. The second option is suitable for facade work. And for a more even and perfectly smooth finish, it is better to take with a sharp edge.

Trapezoidal are used as stronger versions of the rule, which allows you to work with heavy types of plaster. And h-shaped ones are good only for light plaster mortar.

When buying, pay attention to the rigidity, geometry, and the absence of defects and signs of low-quality materials for manufacturing.

The range is more than impressive. Almost all of the listed hand tools for plastering works are used in finishing walls inside and outside. That’s why it is necessary to stock up on a solid set.

Who worked with plaster? What tools were used?? What difficulties have you faced?? The most convenient and inconvenient tool in your opinion?

I am waiting for answers, as well as stories from personal experience.

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