Homemade cultivator from grass trimmer and bicycle, manual cultivator for row spacing
The difference in these two nodes only in their design and names, the essence of the work they perform is the same. to loosen the ground.
Important! Toothed models are lighter, so they are better for light soils than disc ones.
Works such a nozzle from the engine with a special rod (sold separately). There are slits on the boom, there can be from 7 to 9. That is, you need to know exactly what attachment to buy, because from one model it may not work with another.
When the cutters and discs are fixed with slits, the cutting bodies will move freely, you can loosen the soil to a width of 20-25 centimeters.
Please note! Long beds are more convenient to work than short ones. In the first case you have to make fewer turns.
Choosing a mowing head, it is necessary to take into account the power of the grass trimmer. If the power of the device is not more than 1500 watts, you will be able to handle only the already loosened ground. For example, you can only plow potatoes.
The design disadvantages include the fact that it is impossible to dig deep into the soil. It is only possible to cultivate the top layer, but only if it has been ploughed recently. On hard terrain such a cultivator attachment will simply “jump”, it will not loosen the soil. And there is no way to press it firmly on the ground either, the boom will bend and twist, causing the grass trimmer to break.
But still sometimes it makes sense to buy such an attachment. Given its sometimes not a small price, many craftsmen decide to make a cultivator for brushcutter itself.
Homemade attachments for power tillers
What to do if you already have a single-axle tractor, and it is not possible to install a factory attachment? There is only one way out. to construct the necessary functional unit by yourself without relying on the manufacturer’s ingenuity and generosity of the market players.
The list of attachments for power tillers is very diverse. It includes:
- potato harvesters, hoppers and potato planters;
- seeders; sweeping brushes and snow blowers;
- water pumps;
- spraying pumps, etc.д.
Obviously, such a rich arsenal of attachments does not fit in any one set. One can only imagine how much it will cost in addition to the motor block to buy all the necessary equipment for the economy. Do not forget that in the market a truly universal motor blocks can be counted on the fingers. That is, equipment that fits into one model can rarely be connected to another. Fortunately, manufacturers still provide for the possibility of modifying the produced power tillers, mainly due to additional attachments. These can include:
- additional half axles (hubs);
- weights (weights);
- transport carts and trailers;
- Coulter arms (thrust arm);
- couplings etc.
Any of these components can be made by you or adapted from other models. But first make sure they are compatible. Motor power, size and weight, method of connection, operating loads, etc.д These things must be taken into account when designing the machine. otherwise you risk wasting your time and money.
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Classification of devices is based on the mechanisms used. Separate the cultivators with the following equipment.
- Electric. Mostly used for large areas. The device can only work if there is a power source. The design has a low weight and compact size, in addition, such devices do not pollute the atmosphere with harmful substances.
- Battery. This type of equipment is used to work on small areas. The advantages of battery-powered cultivators include high mobility and small size.
- Gasoline. Another type of equipment, which is considered one of the most common among dacha owners. Has a high performance, good mobility, convenient to use. But such devices must be properly serviced, not to mention the pollution of the atmosphere with harmful substances.
- Mechanical. It is no secret that manual cultivators are very easy to use, they do not take much time and effort, and are notable for their low cost. There are several types of manual cultivator designs, ranging from the simple “Tornado” cultivator, which is an ordinary fork with bent fingers on the bottom, and ending with a flat.
The advantages of manual cultivators can also include the fact that it is easy to make them yourself. You do not need special skills, it is enough to follow the recommendations. To make this or that design you need a correct drawing of the product, a little free time, patience and, of course, some tools and materials.
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Advantages and disadvantages of different cultivators
The electric cultivator
- The area to be treated is limited by the length of the electric cord.
- Little working depth.
- Low power.
- It is not possible to treat large areas of land, mainly flowerbeds and greenhouses.
- During work, the hanging cable will interfere.
- No attachments.
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- Difficult to maintain.
- Designed for small plots of land.
- Requires refueling.
- Weighs more than an electric tool.
- No lower back strain.
- Easy to use.
- Much more effective than a traditional shovel.
- Reasonable price compared to electric or gasoline cultivators.
- Requires no additional maintenance (lubrication, spare parts replacement).
- When cultivating the soil, the roots of weeds do not spread over the entire plot.
- Loosens up the soil without turning it over.
- Low productivity.
- Able to work on small areas on the ground, for example, in the greenhouse.
- Not suitable for tilling unplowed land.
The whole process of manufacturing units for a motor-block with their own hands can be conditionally divided into several stages. To begin with, it is necessary to determine what equipment is needed and what functions it will perform. For example, if we are talking about a trailer, then depending on the type of work performed, the design can change. Homemade cart for a power tiller can have the ability to unload loads on its own. This is very handy when it comes to transporting bulk fertilizers, soil, harvested vegetables. In such cases, it is much easier to lift the body and unload everything than to unload it manually.
The next step is to calculate and make a drawing. At this stage, it is important that the single-axle tractor and the resulting equipment can work “in tandem”. This applies to power, size, method of attachment and many other factors.
After preparing a blueprint, when the necessary materials and tools are known, you can begin preparing them. The work will be done faster if everything is prepared in advance. In this case, it will not be necessary to quit work and go to the store for the missing parts.
And only when all the stages of preparation are passed, you can begin the actual production. Construction can take a lot of time and effort. But the result is worth it.
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Cultivator with their own hands for a power tiller. Ploughshare for power tiller with his hands
In recent years many landowners are increasingly using new technical developments that can significantly simplify life and spend much less time on certain tasks. Mothballs, cultivators, mini-tractors and other devices have a tangible impact on the life of an agronomist.
If previously relevant were traditional sapki, which forced to work the heavy earth in a half-bent position for more than one hour, today in their place came innovative ploskresy, designed for use with a power tiller.
Plowshares on a single-axle tractor: advantages and disadvantages of using the device
Plowshares can be called a kind of hybrid of harrow and knife. They are mounted parallel to the ground or at a slight angle. As a result, the device plunges into the soil to a shallow depth and cuts the roots of weeds, thereby turning the soil itself, contributing to a better retention of moisture and useful substances.
In addition to the above positive points, the ploughshares:
- Improves the condition of the soil;
- break up crusts and clods which have formed after heavy rain
- They repel pests;
- Prepare the soil for later planting;
- Carry out inter-row cultivation of crops;
- Saturate the top layer with oxygen.
Naturally, in some cases, owners purchase ploskrezy with a ripper for a power tiller, which not only performs the mentioned tasks, but also removes unnecessary load from the person, is easy to operate, does not need to be lifted and is characterized by excellent productivity. Such devices are often quite affordable, but some craftsmen manage to create ploskrezy-grubbers for the power tiller with their own hands.
Plough cutter for power tiller with your own hands: a simple method of making
If the single-axle tractor has quite an impressive performance, it is advisable to make several plowshares and place them on the device. Thus, you will get an even more productive unit, which will not only save time but also effort.
For excellent passability of the created plane, you need to take care of appropriate wheels. Almost any material will be suitable for them. An iron tube would be an excellent choice as an axle.
Then it is desirable to weld two circles on both sides of the concrete cutting. According to the diameter, you need to attach a few wires (using a welding machine), the diameter of which does not exceed 8 mm.
On the axle on the inside it is necessary to leave space for the placement of the bearing and further installation of a homemade ploughshare. Since the body of a power tiller is not always made of very robust material, the axle is the main component. Once the bearing is attached, a plate must be welded on.
The blades of the ploughshare can be made from separated parts of the mower. Because they are light and compact, they are ideal for use as cutting elements. It is important to make sure that they are securely fastened, otherwise the construction will move from side to side and will not perform its task well.
It is not uncommon to use small wheels to limit the depth of the plunge. An excellent “donor” could be a standard child’s car.
The wheels themselves can be supplemented with iron parts, so that the plastic does not deteriorate during the movement. The immersion depth should be no less than 5 cm.
To increase the weight on the ploser for the cultivator and increase the pressure to enter the soil, you can weld a weighting agent in the form of any part. In the case of the absence of the necessary components, you can use a basket of bricks, but such a solution is not notable for convenience.
For a better understanding of the design features, it is proposed to get acquainted with the drawings. The presented videos can also become a guide, because on these materials, many masters share their experience with users and reveal the secrets of creating really durable and reliable attachments for the tiller.
The tractor cultivator tills the ground without disturbing the fertile layer. The device will also cope with weeds. The attachment for the tractor will prevent soil erosion. It is equally in demand both on large-scale sowing areas, and on small home plots. The main advantage of the mini-tractor is the passive control mode.
Thanks to the simple operation, the equipment is currently in high demand. The choice of mini-devices is complicated by the diversity of machine performance. models are able to perform a variety of functions. Closely related to functionality is the price of the products.
Simple cultivators for the vegetable garden consist of a mechanically controlled motor and parts that work the soil. Cultivation of vegetable garden is possible with electric or gasoline power unit, requiring the operator, the role of which can play any person. The size of the cultivated area varies according to the width of the device from 30 to 80 cm.
In contrast, conventional classic machines with a trailed cultivator, cultivating strips up to 3 m wide, are equipped with active operating systems. They are hydraulically driven. The designs are supplemented with driven cutting elements. Conventional trailed cultivators are powered by the pulling power of the tractor. They are simple constructions, linked to the machine by coupling mechanisms.
In addition to trailed cultivators, attachments are also connected to tractor equipment. A basic chassis that is compiled with a pull is also sufficient for them. The frame is equipped with elements of different shapes. The working mechanisms of the hitch are driven by the power take-off of the tractor. Support wheels to set the working depth.
Different working unit shapes allow for loosening, furrowing, hilling or working with fertilizer. Cultivator needs a hydraulic drive powered by the undercarriage system to transport it to the job site. A tractor with a cultivator is operated by a machine operator, who must have the appropriate knowledge and authorization.
Varieties of cultivators
All manufactured electric power tillers are divided into three types:
Light cultivators are designed for cultivating loose soil in beds or greenhouses. Their weight is limited to 15 kg, so even women can cope with such power tillers, because they are easy to handle and maneuver. However, these cultivators give a relatively small working width and depth, have little functionality and low productivity.
Electro-motor blocks of medium power have weight from 15 to 35 kg and are able to easily cultivate areas up to 30 hectares.
These machines show considerable endurance, they are equipped with wide milling tools that increase the plowing depth.
The most popular, powerful and, at the same time, expensive are considered heavy electric power tillers, designed for plots of 30-50 acres. They can weigh up to 60 kg, which means that only strong and healthy men can cope with such cultivators. Such units are equipped with various attachments and can handle almost any ground.