Single axle tractor and motor cultivator in what is the difference

The main differences between the motobloc and motocultivator

What are the main differences between MOTOBLES and MOTOCULATORS?? And how to choose a helper? At the end of the article I will share with you one easy way. How to distinguish a single-axle tractor from a power tiller.

But at the very beginning I would like to tell you about the biggest misconception that buyers have. “if the device has rubber wheels, then it is a single-axle tractor”. It is absolutely not. Many manufacturers (mostly from China) simply install rubber wheels on the tiller to sell the product better and try to sell it at the price of a power tiller. And there are on sale and power tillers, which are standardly sold without rubber wheels, t.к. they are not necessary for all users. How can you tell the difference if not by the wheels?? Let’s explore.

Before we talk about the differences between a power tiller and a power tiller, let’s dwell on the definitions. The definitions are taken from GOST. GOST is valid and fairly recent. We highly recommend that you download it. It will help you a lot in your choice.

single, axle, tractor, motor, cultivator, difference

Single-axle tractor. a single-axle small tractor, which traction power is created by traction of driving wheels with the ground and is designed to drive removable mounted and trailed machines and implements and single-axle trailers. Designed to work in crop production on small plots, plots, terraces, orchards, farms, parks and utilities.

Power tiller is a tillage machine with rotating power tool (tiller) with or without drive of driving wheels, which is controlled by operator walking by. Designed to reduce manual labor costs and mechanize labor-intensive operations and individual processes.

And so from the definitions follows the main difference. a motocultivator is designed only for individual processes, namely. A power tiller. A tillage machine with an energy-powered rotating implement (tiller with or without drive wheels), driven by the operator walking next to it.д.

If you decide to opt for a single-axle tractor, you need to be able to distinguish it from a power tiller. Different purposes imply some technical solutions that visually distinguish a single-axle tractor from a power tiller. There are 3 main differences

Power tiller speed. A crawler must have at least 2 forward speeds, so it can work on milling machines and with attachments. Warning! It is a must, but not a sufficient condition. Because there are many cultivators with 2 or more speeds. It is important that the power tiller’s working speed should not be more than 4 km/h (slow walking speed) in first gear and at full throttle. But ideally, the speed should be less than 3 km/h to effectively mow, remove snow, sweep, etc.д. A single-axle tractor drives slowly and the attachment has time to perform its function. Otherwise it just runs and the hitch has no time to work out. How do you understand this?? See the manual, the technical description. The most important thing is to ask the store to show you how it travels. Otherwise you risk to buy a cultivator on wheels, which will not perform its tasks well.

Possibility to attach implements. The crawler has a power take-off system for the engine. A pulley or shaft that allows you to transfer rotation from the engine to the active attachment. Note! This is a prerequisite, but not a sufficient one. Often a power tiller has a shaft where you can hang an attachment and a pulley to install the belt, but it is impossible to install anything there. Simply because sometimes there is no attachment for the size you have on your power tiller. Even before buying make a list of tasks you need to solve and respectively the equipment you may need. Immediately find this equipment and make sure that it fits and works with the chosen power tiller, and that it can be bought and is available. Ideally one should choose a tractor and implement from the same manufacturer. Well and if it is impossible to install anything on the product you have chosen, then we are again a cultivator.

Gearbox. a single-axle tractor experiences higher loads than a cultivator works with passive mounted implements (plows, dipsticks, etc.).д.) and the gearbox must be able to withstand these loads. Visually, you can tell by the width of the box itself. The axles where the bearings are mounted should be wide apart so that it can easily handle radial loads.

If you understand that you are not going to work with active attachments, but you will have to work with plows, ridgers, potato weeders, then you need to pay attention to this point. Cultivators, which can do this, should also have a reinforced gearbox. Be sure to watch the video about gearboxes on tillers and power tillers on our channel.

Well, now the promised method that will help to understand that in front of you single axle tractor or motocultivator. Ask the store to show you the product’s EAC certificate of quality. The motor-block will have the following number in the Harmonized Commodity Description code. 8701100000, and the cultivator code. 8432291000.

I think that with this information you will be able to decide what to choose. single axle tractor or power tiller. And how to choose a machine that it was comfortable to work with, it performed all the tasks and served for a long time read in our other articles.

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Single axle tractor or cultivator: what’s the difference and which is better??

27.05.2020

What is the difference between a single axle tractor and a cultivator

To spend less effort on taking care of the garden: plowing, tilling, weeding and harvesting, most gardeners choose motorized agricultural equipment to help them. Every year there is more and more demand for it. And if even 15-20 years ago it was pretty rare to see a single-axle tractor or cultivator, but now it’s practically an integral part of any dacha and your own plot. Saving time and energy has become a priority even for owners of yards with 4-5 hectares. You can buy power tillers and cultivators at a reasonable price. The cheapest models will be those with electric motors, while the most expensive and powerful are diesel units. Gasoline-powered tractors steadily occupy a niche of medium and heavy machines. They can be used to perform a variety of agricultural work on the site: plowing before planting and preparing the ground for winter, harrowing, harvesting root crops, planting potatoes, weeding, and so on. Powerful power tillers are used as pumping stations, power generators and even vehicles.

Some models have so many attachments that they can easily replace the lawnmower, and even the snowblower. In general, modern motor-equipment, capable of performing a large number of different works is multitasking.

In the store customers literally have their eyes scattered by the abundance of models, which are presented by domestic and foreign manufacturers. And here it is very important to decide: for what you want to buy a cultivator or a single axle tractor, what amount of work must be done on the plot, what is the area of cultivated land.

If you take too powerful unit for a suburban area of 5-6 acres, you can not use 50% of its capacity, and to manage them will be inconvenient.

Single axle tractor or cultivator: deciding on the choice

Any plot of land intended for growing fruit, vegetables and cereals needs treatment and care. The modern market offers a variety of equipment that greatly simplifies the preparation of the soil, making it possible to clean it from weeds, loosen the soil, form beds, collect crops and perform a number of other agricultural works. Choosing a single-axle tractor or cultivator should be based on the size of the plot, budget, tasks and other factors.

The single-axle tractor and cultivator are designed to make farmers’ work easier.But for many beginners it is not always clear what is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a cultivator for country houses, and what a good single-axle tractor is.

This is their main similarity. They are used to till the ground before planting crops (by plowing), to dig the soil, and to loosen it. In the process of tillage weeds are removed and surface fertilizers are dug in.

But there are significant differences in the use of these units, which puts the dacha owner before the choice: what is better for dacha, single axle tractor or cultivator?

The gearbox of a power tiller. Types, differences, pros and cons, which one to choose

In this article we will consider the main unit of the power tiller and cultivator. gearbox. Let’s consider the types of reducers, which is the best to choose, how they differ, pros and cons.

The worm gearbox

This reducer is the most affordable among other transmissions

Has a very high efficiency, which is achieved by transferring momentum directly from the worm to the shaft pinion and there are no belt drives.

Conclusion: motor blocks and cultivators with this type of gearbox are suitable for small areas and only for previously cultivated soil. It is desirable to work with a worm reducer only on milling machines, without the use of various attachments.

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Chain gearbox

Conclusion: this type of gear is suitable for cultivators with a small diameter of the cutter, and therefore for cultivators up to 40 kg and a capacity of 3-4 liters.с. The small diameter compensates for the excessive power and the machine travels at a comfortable speed. The use of attachments is limited. You can only work with a small rocker arm and only use small diameter metal wheels to keep line speed low.

This gear motor cultivator in the Mobil K range. Mobil K MKM-MINI power tiller

Gearbox two-speed gearbox (1 forward speed, for power tillers)

Proper tiller speed. In the design of this gearbox is used 2 chains and a number of gears that allows you to select the optimal rotation of the output shaft in the range from 80 to 120 revolutions.min. At these speeds the most effective soil processing is achieved.

Can use attachments. Due to the low speed, it is possible to work with a plow, dipter, potato trowel, skimmers, etc.

Longer life and high reliability

Conclusion: this type of gearbox is the right choice for users who want to not only till the ground with a cultivator, but also work with additional attachments. For those who like to work with plows, ridgers, threshers, potato weeders, etc.д. Also, gearboxes with this gearbox are ideal for those who appreciate lightweight and comfortable operation. Comfortable operation on plots up to 30 acres.

Gear-box gearbox (2 and more speeds, for power tillers)

Correct rotation speed of tillers. Several gears

Can use attachments for ground cultivation, but also for municipal work: mower, broom, snowplow, etc.д.

Long service life and high reliability

Soft shifting and low noise

Conclusion: this type of gearbox is the right choice for those who want to get the most out of their power tiller or tractor. With this gearbox you can easily and comfortably work areas of up to 50 to 60 acres. The reliability and service life of such gearboxes allow to work with different types of attachments. It is IMPORTANT to check the minimum speed of a crawler with this gearbox. Here the rule is. The slower the better!

Gearbox

Correct routing speed of the cutters. With several gears

You can use attachments to work the ground, but also for municipal work: mower, broom, snowblower, etc.д.

Long service life and high reliability

Conclusion: In terms of reliability, functionality and service life, these types of gearboxes are comparable to the gear-chain gearboxes. The use of such gearboxes is practical when the PTO shaft is present, for rigid connection of the power tiller with different types of active attachments for municipal works: a brush, a mower, a snowplow, a tiller, etc.д. IMPORTANT. Before you buy, you should check whether there are attachments on the market, which fit to the PTO, which is installed in the gearbox.

Motoblocs with this gearbox in the Mobil K range: Mobil K GHEPARD single axle tractor, Mobil K G85 single axle tractor

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Cultivator

Before we understand the difference and what is the difference between a single-axle tractor and a cultivator, let’s analyze the second variant.

Tractor Different use. Cultivator Different use

Cultivator is a lightweight or simplified version of a walking tractor that costs less and consumes less power. Such equipment is small in size, the main working tools in this case are cutters for loosening and plowing the ground. Many models do not provide attachment of additional elements, so this type cannot be attributed to the universal device.

The weight of the cultivator is on average 50 kg, but there are also models that weigh only 20 kg and have an engine power of up to 4 liters.с. Ploughed land can be up to 18 cm in depth. Medium cultivators weighing up to 90 kg and with a capacity of up to 7 l.с. stable, more convenient to work with, but if you want to plow a narrow area, the machinery can not pass there. There are also models for continuous and long-term work weighing more than 90 kg and with a capacity of 8 liters.с. When choosing, you should be guided by the amount of work that is planned to entrust the cultivator.

Popular models

The most common industrial machine is the Profi PR 1040E. It is an extra heavy single-axle tractor weighing about 200 kg. There is a seat for the operator on the body. Here is an engine with 10 horsepower and a displacement of 600 cm³. Such large-sized tools are always difficult to operate, so only professionals buy them, and novice gardeners bypass them.

“The Belarus 09H-01 is very popular with amateurs. Production began at the end of the twentieth century. During this period the manufacturer offers more and more new solutions to the soil, constantly modernizing the device and eliminating the defects of the previous models. Price. 80 000

When you can use the cultivator, and when you can use a single-axle tractor

Cultivator is an ideal machine for country houses and small lots. Some European, American and Japanese models can be used for professional work in landscaping, horticulture, greenhouse farming. They perfectly loosen the soil to a state of almost fine sand or flour, destroy weeds, and the ability to change the width of milling makes them indispensable in horticulture.

In terms of functionality, they are almost as good as lightweight motor blocks. there is only the possibility of transporting a trailer, but few people use lightweight motor blocks as a vehicle.

If you have cultivated the land and then you need to maintain its condition from year to year, making milling, the best choice would be motocultivator weighing 30 40 kg. For greenhouses, you can choose a cultivator model weighing 20 kg.

A single-axle tractor is a versatile tool that allows you to perform not only milling, but also other various operations. So if you only need cultivation, it is not worth spending money on a single-axle tractor.

A single-axle tractor should be purchased only if you have a plot area of about 0.5 hectares, the need to connect active equipment and transport various agricultural, construction and household goods for short distances. Moto-blocks, especially heavy ones, have the functionality of a mini-tractor.

in some cases it is also possible to attach a cart to a power tiller. For this you need to buy pneumatic wheels and a special hitch. However, it makes very little sense, the motocultivator itself does not have that much power, and because of the lack of increased gear speed will be only 2 3 km./ч.

If you plan to work with rear-mounted attachments such as plow, potato tiller, double ogee, then you can’t do without the power tiller. At the same time, the heavier the single-axle tractor, the easier it is to work with the rear attachment, but it is harder to make milling. To work with a plow, look out for power tillers weighing 100-120 kg.

In addition to land cultivation the single-axle tractor allows to hitch a mower for cutting the grass. There are two types of these mowers. bladed and rotary. They can be adapted for both hay cutting and lawn mowing.

During winter, a snow blower can be attached to the snow blower for clearing snow from the driveway around the house.

The latest trend is to equip a single-axle tractor with a front steering axle and turn it into a four-wheeled agricultural machine that has enough power and versatility to service a private farm, park and communal facility or an average size vegetable and greenhouse farm.

When choosing the necessary equipment, first of all, it is recommended to be guided by the volume and type of work for which it is bought. It should also be remembered that the more powerful single axle tractor or cultivator, the more difficult it is to manage. For pensioners and women working on household plots, it is best to buy an average weight motocultivator, and for full use in the commercial economy. a single axle tractor.

Not every cultivator can work with attachments. There are low-power models, with a worm gear, which only loosen the soil. Those devices, to which it is possible to attach attachments, perform separate works: plowing, weeding, harrowing, digging, plowing. They need a tines (metal wheels) to increase the weight of the pressure on the ground.

But the tractor is different in that it is the perfect machine to attach implements. It will do all of the above tasks. And, moreover, models with power take-off shaft (PTO) perfectly cope with so called “active” attachments. With them they are:

  • Shoveling snow (blade or brush);
  • They sow crops (seeder);
  • Watering the grounds (sprinkler);
  • Sweep and wash the street, yard and sidewalk (rotary broom);
  • Mowing the grass (rotary mower);
  • Piercing the lawn to enrich the grass roots with air (aerator shaft);
  • Carry a load that weighs 2-3 times as much as the machine itself (trailer) to the desired location.

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