Painting tools and auxiliary devices for painting works

Basic tools

Of course, with the development of high technology, there are more and more the most unusual tools for painting works. But do not immediately rush to buy everything with the idea that the more you buy, the faster and more efficient will be your repairs.

painting, tools, devices, works

This is not at all true, here it is necessary to know how to work and handle the tool properly. The best way to get acquainted with all painting tools is to start with the classics, which have been in use for many years.

Tools for painting works

Painting tool is a set of different devices that are needed to apply paint materials.

Types of painting tools

brushes (hand brushes, wand brushes, flat brushes, mackerel brushes).

trowels (rubber, flexible, facade, steel, chrome).

Roller.

This tool is a reliable, easy-to-use assistant to the painter. Rollers are differentiated by size and design of the nozzle, fur material, length of pile and application.

rollers with core diameter less than 40 mm (30 mm, 15 mm) are used for lacquering works, as well as for painting surfaces in hard-to-reach places.

There is a wide choice of rollers from different materials. both natural (mink, velour) and artificial (polyamide, polyacrylic, polyester, fabric-based or knitted, foam rubber) materials:

with fur nozzle for work with oil paint, enamel and varnish;

with chalky nozzle provide the most uniform application of paint;

with velour help to achieve a very smooth surface;

with polyamide nozzle designed for the application of all types of paints on a water-dispersion basis and bases containing solvents;

with a polyacrylic nozzle is used for applying water-based or solvent limited paints;

polyester nozzles for dispersion paints, paints for walls and ceilings.

with a foam nozzle only paint surfaces with water-based adhesives;

Special rollers are also used. For example, corner and panel rollers made of polyamide. The first are used for rolling internal corners. With the help of the latter is very convenient to apply the panels, because this does not need to cut stencils or make a special ruler.

Shear roller. due to its clever design is indispensable for painting various pipes, balcony and staircase railings and other objects. Rollers with three movable, ring-shaped nozzles made of polyamide are also suitable for coating pipes. If, however, air bubbles appear when coating viscous materials, the special rollers are helpful.

Today there is a wide choice of tools for applying various materials with a decorative effect. These include embossed rubber rollers in 18 designs for treating plasters and thick paints, moltoprene sponge rollers with different pore sizes, and natural sponges for achieving a variety of effects.

Brushes

Today there are certain brush quality requirements: it must take and hold paint, and during carrying it from the container to the surface to be treated it is desirable that the paint does not drip from the brush.

If the brush is good, it applies the paint evenly to the surface to be treated; and the tool distributes the paint over the entire surface cleanly, without additional tweaks.

Brushes are available with plastic or metal sleeves and cord cord ties, with wooden or plastic handles. Natural (pig bristle; horse, badger, squirrel hair), synthetic or mixed fibers are used as a working material.

All brushes have different purposes:

round brushes are used for painting windows, doors, flat and profiled surfaces;

flat brushes are used for painting, glazing large areas of wood (doors, furniture, etc.).д.);

special brushes are used in hard-to-reach places for painting radiators, pipes, metal wire constructions, etc. The distinctive feature of these brushes is the long handle and angled clamp with bristles.

whitewash brushes (mackerel) are used in work on large surfaces (ceilings, walls, floors) to apply primers, lime and dispersion paints, impregnating agents. They are rather large in size, but very productive.

fly brush is a bundle of bristles up to 180 mm long, stretched on a stick up to 2 m long and tied with twine. It is designed for painting large surfaces;

Handlebar is a small round brush with a short handle used for painting and priming small areas and narrow places;

flute is a spatula brush up to 100 mm wide, it is used for treatment of freshly painted surface, more precisely. for destruction of marks from flute brush or hand. Besides, flutes are convenient as independent tools for painting any kinds of paintwork materials.

Fillet brushes. round brushes of small diameter (from 6 to 18 mm). It is rather a tool for finishing painted surfaces: pulling out fillets, finishing stencil patterns, applying paint where other brushes can’t go.

trowel. is the only type of brushes, which allows use of synthetic bristles. They are intended for treatment of freshly painted surfaces with glue and oil paints to create rough matt texture (“shagreen”).

Spatula

It is desirable to have several spatulas. with wide (180-200 mm) and narrow (45-100 mm) blades, made of metal, wood and rubber.

Steel, chrome-plated spatula with plastic handle, with wooden handle. Used for applying mortar to surface.

Facade trowel: steel with plastic handle, steel with plastic handle, stainless steel with plastic handle. Convenient to work on large surfaces. Serves for uniform distribution of the adhesive solution.

Rubber trowel, flexible. Indispensable for puttying convex surfaces. Does not leave marks on the surfaces.

Sprayers

Larger surfaces can be painted even faster with pneumatic sprayers. It is very convenient for painting ceilings.

The simplest device, which is used in everyday life, is a hand sprayer, suitable for applying lime and glue paints.

Recently, there are paint sprayers suitable for almost all types of paint materials. For home works, the most suitable atomizer, working from a vacuum cleaner. The special attachment supplied with a vacuum cleaner is also used. Hose from it is extended with a vacuum cleaner pipes. You can move around freely by attaching the vacuum cleaner to the strap that you put on your shoulder.

Painting work with a paint sprayer, paint sprayer is characterized by high quality and uniformity of the resulting coating. The speed advantage is especially noticeable when painting large, homogeneous, exposed surfaces. But it also has advantages when painting hard-to-reach places.

A disadvantage of the sprayers is that it is necessary to cover all the adjoining areas with paper or film and to control the level of the paint substance in the can of the sprayer at all times. if there is not enough paint in the can or the sprayer is tilted too much, the can begins to “spit”, trapping air in the nozzle and spitting out uncontrolled amounts of paint.

Stripping trowel.

Used to remove various dirt and rust from metal surfaces. Has a hard, ground blade.

Trowel is designed to seal gaps and irregularities, as well as to eliminate other defects found on the surface intended for painting. Trowel is a thin metal, wooden or rubber plate (substrate) with a handle of wood or plastic. Smoothing of the treated surface is performed by the reverse side of the trowel. Trowel itself is attached to the wall with its shortened side at an angle of 10-15 °, after which the movement opposite to that used to apply putty, made smoothing the treated surface.

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What tools are recommended by professional painters?

Trowel is definitely the main tool of a painter, with its help the putty, plaster and decorative plaster, structural paint is applied and leveled on the surface. Most often used trowels, the blade of which is made of metal. It can be high-carbon or hardened steel with a special coating, stainless steel. Coated blades are said to be the least reliable, because of the latter’s tendency to abrasion, which leads to corrosion.

Actually, only unscrupulous manufacturers are guilty of it (using glossy coating instead of anodizing), their products can be defined by the presence of a layer of protective grease on the blade. The blade must be moderately flexible and moderately rigid, without any bends, burrs or sharpening.

The handle is usually made of plastic (sometimes with rubber inlays), some manufacturers use wood, often coated with lacquer. On the end of the handle you can have a metal head for light striking operations or even a PH2 bit for “screwing in” screws. It is very important that the connection between the blade and the handle is secure. this is the most vulnerable place. If there are doubts in this knot, it is better not to take a spatula. Work with an uncomfortable trowel can be very tiring, so it should lie in your hand, much depends on the design of the handle. Some people like flat, angled handles, while others prefer straight, volumetric handles.

As for the shape, many masters “trapezes” and “drops” prefer a rectangular design, such spatulas are more convenient to take the mass from the container, they have more stable corners. Spatula should not be short (the distance from the handle attachment to the edge of the blade), many people like a blade with a shape approaching a square.

Tools for painting work

It is possible to divide painting products according to the method of application, so allocate manual and mechanical. Mechanical, as mentioned earlier, usually choose professionals, in order to carry out high-quality finishing. For the cosmetic transformation of the room is acceptable to be limited to the use of hand tools:

For cosmetic transformation of the room it is acceptable to limit the use of hand tools.

Types of brushes

Brushes differ in shape, length and material of bristles, geometric dimensions (length of handle, width of the brush). Depending on the purpose of the brush, their names are also different:

Radiator brush

A tool designed for painting on pipes and radiators in places where it is difficult to reach with a flat brush. The design feature is the long handle, as well as the working part, curved at different angles. Width of the brush is chosen so as to perform the work as quickly as possible, with access to all hard-to-reach areas of the painted surface.

The bristles of such brushes have a small amount of synthetic compound added to them, not more than 30%, and are fixed to the handle with a metal clamp or with glue. Allows working with alkyd, acrylic and nitro enamels without special “shedding” of brush. After the work the bristles are washed with white spirit, water or acetone, depending on the enamel composition.

Roller compactor

Designed for large surfaces, such as walls, ceilings, floors. Primer, impregnation or water-based paint is applied with it. Also used for whitewashing work. Very good for applying wallpaper glue.

The peculiarity of a mackerel is that it is possible to use a dry brush after coating without smoothing the liquid compositions, as it gives a very even application.

Its bristles absorb thick and viscous compounds well. Paint tool manufacturers produce bristles for makrovitsa from natural (pig and horse hair) and synthetic materials.

Bristle

Similar to a mallet, the difference is that it has a large internal space, which serves as a kind of reservoir for the material. Allows you to quickly and efficiently perform the same types of work as a mackerel. The bristles on the broom are both natural and artificial.

Round brush

Usually on a long handle with a cylinder shaped attachment that holds the bristles. Choose this painting tool when painting windows, skirting boards, platbands, paneled doors and objects that have any fancy shape.

A large round brush is convenient for whitewashing walls and ceilings. Bristles for it are made of natural, artificial and mixed type.

Flat brush

Designed to produce a smooth finish, used for finishing coats. Suitable for painting all surfaces, although a narrower brush is needed for hard-to-reach areas.

After the painting work, it is recommended to wash brushes carefully. Depending on the material being worked with, the brushes should be washed:

  • They can be washed with water after working with acrylic, water-dispersed compounds;
  • with kerosene or white spirit after oil, alkyd lacquers and enamels;
  • acetone or 646 thinner. after nitrolacquers and enamels.

If a brush is not washed, it cannot be used repeatedly, it is easier to throw it away.

Paint tool

In the Internet-shop skladom.Ru presents a wide range of painting tools (with the possibility of delivery or pickup), as well as with sending to the regions. Here you can find all the necessary tools for painting, whitewashing, puttying, varnishing and other construction works. Because each product in our catalog of painting tools has a picture and a description, where you will find comprehensive information about the features, uses and technical characteristics of the tool, the choice is pleasant and easy.

Professional painter’s tools and their uses

What else does a painter need to do painting work? Well, of course, rollers!

The most productive is a tool such as a fur or foam paint roller, which is put on a special handle with a rod and an axis. The length of the rollers varies from 100 to 250 mm and the diameter is 40-70 mm. Using this tool allows you to paint a large area in one go. Roller is also used for priming surfaces.

Fur roller. Such a roller should not be used for painting surfaces with lime compositions, because the fur can be spoiled and it will significantly impair the quality of staining. Before you start painting, the roller should be prepared by immersing it in water for a while.

The foam roller. The roller is made of foam rubber with a drilled hole in it. A hollow tube is placed in the hole, which, in turn, is put on the machine shaft and secured with a nut and washer.

There are special varieties of rollers used for painting staircases, balcony posts and other structures. Such a tool has two machines, and in shape it resembles scissors with rollers instead of blades.

To use these hand tools for painting work, you will need a special container or bucket with a squeegee, which serves to remove the excess paint. A roller should be dipped into the paint, then rolled over the squeegee, and only after removing the surplus paint, you can start painting the surface.

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After finishing work, the roller should be thoroughly washed with soap and water.

Manual tools and aids for painting works

When carrying out manual painting works, as a rule, various tools and devices are used.

When the work is finished, the tools are cleaned of mortar and paint, wiped dry with a rag and put in a box.

To increase brush life it is necessary to take proper care of them: after working with water-based compositions brushes are washed in clean water, wiped and dried; after working with oil-based compositions brushes are washed in solvent. If oil paints are not used for a long time, they may be temporarily kept in water. At the same time it is recommended to hang the brushes in the vessel and not to lower them to the bottom.

The following tools and appliances, used for painting works, are listed below.

Use a shavings block to clean the plaster from sand and mortar splashes.

Wooden trowel is designed for grouting plaster.

Trowels can be of different types and purposes. To clean the surface of plaster from large spatters of mortar, cut cracks, puttying compounds and the second layer of putty use steel trowels with wooden or metal handles.

To apply the putty and the first layer of putty use different trowels.

For smoothing and smoothing out a layer of putty, applied by brush or mechanized method, a putty knife with a rubber tip is used. To apply putty on profile planes a bent putty knife is used.

Applying putty on large areas is carried out by putty knife with a changeable set of blades of birch, textolite, rubber.

Profiled putty knife is used for puttying on platbands and baseboards.

Ceiling trowel is designed for spreading putty.

The rubber half-trowel is designed for smoothing and smoothing the filler layer applied by a mechanized method.

Fixtures for clamping sandpaper and for sanding surfaces are used when finishing walls.

Horny brush is designed for surface wetting with water, for application of aqueous compositions, steel brush. for cleaning of metal surfaces from rust and splashing of mortar.

Steel toothbrushes are used to clean radiators and narrow holes in metal structures.

Steel scrapers are used for cleaning surfaces from old fillings.

Chisels are used to remove old oil films.

Fixture for surface marking used to mark off the joint line at the boundary of two wall sections painted in different colors (near the ceiling). Steel smoothing tool used to apply a layer of sandless filler.

To apply aqueous primers and painting compositions on large areas a brush-pad of KM type is used.

Brush, hand-held type KM with a diameter of 60, 65 mm is used to apply primers and paints over large areas, for small areas the hand-held brush is designed. Shaped brushes are used when painting radiators.

The roller is used for water-based and oil-based coatings.

A tray for paint rollers is intended for placing paint when working with a roller.

For painting fences and grids a mating Babak design roller is used, for painting radiators. a foam roller, for painting structures in the corners. a corner roller with a diameter of 60 mm,

The power roller is used for painting floors.

Pneumatic paint rollers are of two types: with internal paint supply and with external supply. The first roller is used for the application of non-aqueous, pressurized coating compounds, the second one. for water-based compounds.

Spraying mug is used for mastic application to the surfaces in case of “velvet” finish, etc.

A flange brush is used for flanging (roughening and smoothing with a dry brush) of freshly painted surfaces with oil paints.

Brush-cutting tool serves for impact treatment (trimming) of freshly applied paint layer to create rough texture. A rubber facing tool is used for the same purposes.

Fillet brushes are used for drawing fillets, alfrey painting and other small operations in the production of alfrey works.

Flat brush of KP type is used for cutting surfaces in valuable species of wood and stone, for painting in hard-to-reach places.

Brush-brush of KRA type is used for pattern formation when repairing painted surfaces under high-grade wood species.

Scalpel steel is used for cutting out designs in stencils.

Metal punching tool is used for punching of circular elements of the pattern and control points in stencils. The wooden ruler is used for surface marking and drawing the fillets.

There are two types of devices for pulling panels: for narrow and wide panels.

Double trowel is used for rolling a pattern on painted walls.

Spraying machine is used for spraying finish.

The embossed roller is used in figure finishing of surfaces.

Rubber sponge ruler is used when finishing of the painted wall surface with a blunt edge.

Half-roller rubber roller is used for trimming underwood.

Steel and rubber combs are also used for under-timbering.

Diverter ruler is used for protection of painted surface during mechanized paint application.

Hinged ruler is used to protect the painted surface of the wall for mechanized painting of doors with architraves.

The safety guard is used for painting baseboards.

Belikova is used for the same purpose when painting with an extended spray gun.

Lesson on MDK03.01 on “Hand tools, appliances for painting works.

We pay your attention that according to the Federal law N 273-ФЗ “About education in the Russian Federation” in the organizations which are carrying out educational activity, training and education of students with physical disability both together with other students, and in separate classes or groups is organized.

Chapter 1 “Preparation for Painting and Dyeing Work”

Theme of the lesson : Hand tools and equipment for painting works.

To teach to differentiate kinds and purposes of tools and devices and rules of their care.

Develop thinking, cognitive activity and independence, attention, memory and comparison skills.

To develop interest towards the profession, responsibility while doing practical work, accuracy.

Teaching material resources:

Presentation of the lesson using a computer and a projector.

Organizational part (2 minutes)

Preparation of the notes, shift accessories.

Getting acquainted with the theme of the lesson, setting the goals and objectives.

Theme of the lesson: “Hand tools and appliances for painting works.

Lesson Objective: To learn the types and uses of tools and appliances for

II. Revitalization of the basic knowledge (3min)

Theoretical knowledge test on the studied topic: “The concept of SNiP its role, principle and application.

To activate the attention of the students on the questions (written form)

Questions to update previously learned knowledge.

Question : Name the normative document that defines the quality of the painting work? ( SNiP)

Question : What is the role of SNiP? ( Norms and rules for carrying out the work)

Question : Meaning of the SNiP? ( defines the type of work)

Question : Read the name of the document “SNiP III-V.21-73”?

(SNiP-type; III – part; C.21- chapter; 73- year;.revised).

III. The study of new material: (25min)

Qualification of tools and appliances for painting works.

It is worth noting that the tools and appliances to perform painting work require very little and are all very simple. However, each of them has its own scope of application.

Are used to perform various types of painting work priming and staining. Brushes are made in various sizes and forms according to State Standard. Brushes are available as fly-types, whitewashing brushes, paint brushes, flechette and facer brushes.

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Hand brushes are used for glue and casein applications For painting large surfaces. Their peculiarity is hollow handle, which can be attached to the extension handle.

To determine the quality of a brush, bend and release its bristles. The hair should return to its original position immediately.

Whitewash brush. Scouring brushes are used for whitewashing.

Scrubbing Brush. A mackerel brush can be used instead of a whitewashing brush. Used for large area spraying of wallpaper with glue. Handle of a brush can be detachable or fastened tightly in the middle of the pad.

Brush. handle. Brush. Handle. Suitable for small surfaces. For a brush to “take up” the maximum amount of paint, an emptiness is left on the inside of the brush. If the handle bristles are attached with a metal frame,

such brush is suitable for any kind of paint, but it is not recommended to use glued-bristle brush to work with lime compounds.

Blade Brush. Used for painting surfaces and removing smears, strokes from pens in oil painting.

Fillet Brush. Fileno brushes can be round and flat. They are used for drawing out fillets or for painting hard-to-reach areas. Used for drawing off thin stripes.

Stencil brush. It has a round shape, it is dense, of short light bristles, evenly trimmed to one length. Such construction is necessary to prevent the paint from running under the edge of the stencil. Stencil brushes got their name depending on main purpose (application of even paint coat through the stencil).

Face brush. With the help of stenciling it is possible to achieve that the surface is rough, so the bristles must be stiff.

Mortar countersinker brush. Used for painting hard-to-reach surfaces like heating radiators.

Expertise. What else does a painter need for a painting job? Well, of course, rollers!

Rollers. used for painting large flat surfaces. Besides being handy, they can also be praised for their relative speed in completing various painting tasks.

Fur roller. Thanks to the natural fur, rollers evenly apply paint to the surface, and they are much more durable than artificial. These tools are divided according to the length of the nap. The longer the pile, the better the finish on rough or uneven surfaces. These rollers are ideal for applying enamels and oil paints. It is also worth remembering that before working with such a tool, it is desirable to wet it beforehand, in order to reduce the stiffness of the nap.

Foam roller. Used in the process of working with varnishes, primers, glue application on wallpaper. Air bubbles form during the painting process, because of the foam structure that can be burst and create an uneven. surface

Suede roller. Use with emulsions and oil-based paints. It can be used to paint any surface evenly, without frequent dipping in the paint.

Patterned texture rollers such rollers are available in a variety of patterns, for example in the form of holes, patterns, etc. They are ideal for creating a variety of decorative effects, most often used with textured finishes.

Rubber roller. For smoothing wallpaper seams. 40mm cone

Spray guns are available manually or electrically. Hand-held sprayers are considered the easiest to use, but electric sprayers, while slightly more complicated to use, are much more effective. Pump performance is much higher than brushes and rollers. With the help of this device, glue and lime paint can be applied to the surface, and for thick paint materials, special spray guns are used.

Trowels. are used for surface preparation for painting works, for puttying and smoothing on different surfaces. These tools for painting work, we distinguish trowels depending on what material they are made of: metal, rubber or wood.

Metal trowel. They are used for puttying work. puttying. The working part of the tool is a blade, made of resilient steel and must be smooth and carefully polished.

Wooden trowel. Used for puttying wooden surfaces. Spatulas of this type are made of hard wood. birch, beech, maple.

Rubber trowel. They are used for sealing joints and smoothing putty. The rubber putty has no handle, usually the tool is made in the form of a trapezoid with a thickening, with one side.

Corner trowel. one of the varieties of a painting trowel. Smooth exterior and interior corner areas with an angled trowel. Its use gives a clear and even line of angles. A corner is evenly saturated with putty and at the same time both surfaces near the corner are puttied. The blade of an angle trowel should be thicker and stiffer than a regular one. Large angled trowel is easier to use in plastering, small. in puttying.

Spatula for smoothing all types of wallpaper, except liquid wallpaper.

Stainless steel or end smoothing tool is used to apply liquid wallpaper

Paint scraper. for cleaning surfaces

Grinder for fixing the sanding mesh.

Plumb. to check the verticality of the surface

Devices for hand tools.

Before you start painting, prepare your paintbrushes and paint rollers for the job. If the brush, roller new, you need to immerse in water and soak for an hour.

Do not apply too much pressure to the brush when working

Brush and rollers are left in the paint when not in use

After use, dip brushes into various liquids only to the length of the bristles.

IV Reinforcement of the studied material (10min)

Questions for initial consolidation of knowledge.

What is the name of the subject of today’s lesson?

Questions for initial consolidation of knowledge.

What kinds of brushes are used for painting large areas?

Answer: for painting large areas are used Brushes

Questions for initial consolidation of knowledge.

a) to give a rough surface appearance;

b) for painting large surfaces;

a) to give the surface a rough look; b) to remove stripes and streaks left by brushes during oil painting; c) to remove strokes and streaks left by brushes during oil painting.

c) to eliminate strokes and stripes left by brushes when painting in oil.

Questions for primary consolidation of knowledge.

Top 10 Best Painting Handtools | Best Tool for Painter

What brushes are used for stretching out narrow stripes?

Answer: A fillet brush is used to stretch narrow stripes.

Questions for primary consolidation of knowledge.

What is the name of the brush used to apply radiators?

Questions for primary consolidation of knowledge.

Initial consolidation questions.

After working with oil paint, the brush is lowered.

After working with enamel paint, the brush or roller is put down.

When using water-based paints, the brush or roller is released.

Summary of the lesson. (5min)

Today in the lesson we learned hand tools, jigs and tools for surface preparation for painting work.

Worked in class and get grades. Names of students

Assignment for homework (Find any painting tool in GOST and specify its size standard).

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