Is it possible to cut porcelain tiles with a tile cutter

Sometimes there are cases where you need to cut a narrow strip of tile 0.5-2 cm, and a regular tile cutter won’t cut it because its feet are too wide.

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In such cases it is necessary to draw the notch line with a pencil and make a notch with an angle grinder with a diamond disc. But if you try to cut it all at once, the narrow strip will break off in parts. Therefore, you need to smoothly and without pressure to pass the angle grinder on the marking to get a cut depth of about 2 mm. Go with the disc along the line, not straight along it, then the width of the already narrow line will not decrease.

Using the same method, you will cut a narrow strip by sliding it several times along the same seam. The second and subsequent times to drive the angle grinder will be faster, but try to press it to the opposite side, then there will be no chips.

It’s better to do this work by weight, so the vibration will go to your hands. When you already see that the strip is about to fall, it is advisable to put something soft so that it does not break.

How to dry cut porcelain tiles with a manual tile cutter

Cutting tiles with an angle grinder with a special diamond tile disc

When working with an angle grinder you must wear glasses.

How to choose the right tile disc

Metal discs are used for cutting with a diamond coating on its edges. But they come in all kinds: for concrete, brick, stone. Tile discs do not have any holes, the soldering on them is uniform and smooth. Concrete discs have slots in their tips and will create chips when vibrating. If you cut a ceramic tile with it, these chips can fly in your face.

Making a 45-degree cut

Ceramic skirting pencil is best for protecting the sharp outer corners of tiles

If you’re using a professional electric tile cutter, the slanted platform there makes it easy to make a 45 degree angle on the bevel of the tile, but not everyone has such a tool. Independently such an angle is easy to make with the same angle grinder “by eye”. The disc is held along the mowing line of the cut, and it should be slightly inclined inward.

angle grinder

Angle grinder is a tool that will rescue in the absence of any other cutting tool. Further on the advantages and disadvantages of angle grinder.

angle grinder can perform trimming of any shape and size, grind angle at 45 degrees. For work a special diamond disk on a tile: smooth and without holes.

  • Availability. angle grinder is available in almost every home, you just need to buy a diamond wheel.
  • Shape-cutting capability. The mobility of the tool enables you to cut almost any shape, if you were skillful enough.
  • A certain skill to work with the angle grinder has many, it provides a quick mastering of the trimming process.
  • Noise and dust. Work with an angle grinder is accompanied by audio and a lot of dust.
  • The angle grinder is a dangerous tool. Careless and injurious cutting can cause serious injuries.
  • Poor quality cut. Depending on the quality of the angle grinder, the degree of chipping and microcracks in the tiles is different, but there are always flaws. Finishing the cut by grinding partially solves the problem, but it is better to use an angle grinder to work with tiles that are not, from an aesthetic point of view, of great importance, the place of the cut should be hidden.
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How to Cut Porcelain Tiles With a Tile Cutter

Safety Techniques for Angle Grinder: http://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=fvqotukmgEo Mark the cutting line, cut a couple of millimeters from it, the diamond wheel eats some of the ceramic. Set the wheel according to the direction of travel of the mechanism, there is an arrow on the cutting element. Try to move the machine back and forth as little as possible while working, this will reduce the number of chips. This advice does not work when cutting thin pieces of porcelain tile, here the desire to cut in one pass will end up breaking the board.

Choose your diamond wheel responsibly, buy quality consumables. Otherwise there is a risk of destroying the element, which at high speeds leads to injury. Give preference to wheels without ventilation (gaps), ceramics do not like them. Video about choosing a diamond wheel for cutting porcelain tile: http://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=5Bn8ab9DkRI A blunt diamond can be made to work with a brick. Go over it 2-3 times with a cutter, this will rid the wheel of accumulated dirt. How to make a narrow trim: http://www.YouTube.com/watch?v=uCTfHEy2j7g

Home Repair

For those who will be cutting porcelain tile at home by themselves it is worth saying that it is not that hard. You need to know some of the features of this work, to which we will pay attention below, and not be afraid to take on a new job for yourself.

To cut porcelain tile without chipping, use a carbide file or glass cutter to mark off cut lines. It is necessary to run this tool several times on the future mowing line of the cut. You will notice that the upper layer of the porcelain tile has already chipped along this cutting line, but the width of this chipping is very small.

You make the cut so that the cutting edge of the cutting wheel goes near this line with its side and the entire width of the cut is shifted to the side that you will not need now. If the disk on the angle grinder is good, then additional chips are unlikely to form. you will get an almost perfect cut.

The tile vibrates during the cut, so it needs to be secured. It is best if the substrate under the tile will be from non-hard materials that will dampen this vibration. Styrofoam or Styrofoam board of medium to high density is ideal.

All about tile cutters for porcelain tile

A tile cutter helps in situations, in which sawing tiles would lead to serious complications: chipping on the face of tile fragments, raising a lot of dust with its subsequent deposition on the glossy tile surface. This tool, like all similar ones, is designed for convenience.

What is porcelain stoneware made of?

The composition of porcelain stoneware is unchanged. It is a composite material of quartz, kaolin, quartz sand and feldspar. The mixture is sintered into a very strong monolithic slab with a minimum number of pores and low water absorption. Every year, the technology improves, the hardness of the material becomes harder, the thickness becomes less. It can be difficult for an inexperienced craftsman to choose a tool for the job. Glass cutter, tile cutter, angle grinder? An uneven cut, chips, dust in the eyes. all this can and should be prevented.

“Cersanit porcelain stoneware is a material with water absorption group BIa, resistant to reagents and having wear-resistance class III or higher. Low water absorption (less than 0.5%) increases frost resistance of the material. Practically having no pores, porcelain stoneware does not crack and does not stratify. tests show that Cersanit porcelain stoneware can resist from 100 cycles of freezing and thawing. That’s why the brand’s products are chosen for finishing outdoor spaces. balconies, terraces, basements. The degree of water absorption, in turn, allows them to decorate swimming pools, shower areas, saunas, kitchens and corridors. places where it is usually wet. Elena Podolskaya, Deputy Quality Director of Cersanit, shares her experience.

There are several classes of wear resistance of porcelain tile. The first is low, the fifth is high. For example, porcelain stoneware of the fifth class is used on station platforms. It is almost impossible to scratch, crack, or damage such material. That is why the tool for its cutting should be special.

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When cutting tiles, many people use a handheld tile cutter, because it is one of the most convenient options. It is high quality and inexpensive at the same time.

Manual tile cutter consists of the following components:

  • support (it is also the base);
  • The guiding part of the structure;
  • cutting element, which consists of a roller and a cutting disk;
  • handle.

The optimum variant is as follows:

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  • because of its simple design it is easy to use;
  • the handle, which moves the carriage with the cutting disc, acts as a lever;
  • thanks to the laws of physics, the cutting force is reduced;
  • allows you to make a precise cut.

But this tool also has its disadvantages:

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Safety precautions

When using a tile cutter, it is important to learn the safety rules inherent in any such tool:

  • Before starting work, you should examine the object to see if there are any breaks or other damage;
  • The carriage must run smoothly and without pushing;
  • The tubular guides should not contain pieces of tile, traces of mortar and other debris. After cleaning, they should be lubricated with machine oil;
  • The tile cutting disc itself should be easy to turn around its axis and free of burrs;
  • To avoid injuries, it is desirable to use special glasses and protective gloves.

Carving basics

Before you start carving tiles, you need to recheck the calculations, and draw a stripe on the tile. The incision is made along this line. It is better to draw a fishing line with a marker, so it will not be erased, and you will accurately monitor the direction of movement.

Clamp the tile with a firm grip on the tool. There are designs that have tacking with special layers made of rubber. In other cases, you’ll need to cut off part of the tile (diagonally). The other half should be held by hand. However, there is nothing difficult about it. During the cut, you must measure the pressure exerted by your hand on the handle.

If you apply too much force, the decorative layer can easily deteriorate, and if very little, you will not be able to make a break in the tile. Do not pass the tool over the tile twice.

For training purposes, you can use previously broken material. Having secured it, you have to guide the carriage towards yourself. In this way it is easy to determine the required pressure. The cut should be made in one movement, otherwise you can damage the decorative part of the tile.

After making the cut, the tile should be placed on a smooth surface, the cut line should coincide with the edge of the surface. Hold the tile on one side of the cut with one hand, and apply pressure with the other.

If everything is done correctly, the tile should break evenly along the mowing line. Above it was told how to work properly with a manual tile cutter, below. let’s analyze its electric version.

Making holes in porcelain tile and ceramic tile

Holes up to 12 mm in diameter in porcelain tiles are drilled with drills with pobedite tips. The electric drill must be more powerful than 800 W, its chuck must be centered, that is, not to “beat” while rotating. If the surface is too smooth and there is a risk that the drill may begin to slip, then 3-4 strips of paper tape are glued one on one to the area where the drilling will take place.

Holes with diameter of 30, 40, 50, 60 mm on porcelain tiles are made with refractory metal bits, the teeth of which are covered with PBN. Initial drilling with such crowns is always carried out at low rotational speed, and only when the teeth of the crown sink into the porcelain tile by at least 3 mm do they proceed to faster drilling. Minus of pobedite bits. only standard holes can be made.

Bore with a non-standard diameter, for example 55 or 68 mm in porcelain tiles or tiles can be made with a ballerina. Ballerina is a drill bit with a pobedite tip, in the middle of which a horizontal drill bit holder is mounted tripodically. On the remote end of the holder, vertically parallel to the drill bit, there is a round or hexagonal metal bar with a cutter installed on it. For example, it is necessary to make a hole with a diameter of 58 mm (the hole for the sewage pipe from the sink), so 58 divided by 2 and receive a radius of 29 mm. Then, using the ruler, on the balerina set the position of the holder of the cutter so that between the cutter and the center of the drill was a gap of 29 mm.

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Attention!

Drill holes with the ballerina must be done with the utmost care. The tile must lie horizontally flat, and the angle of the central drill in the ballerina in relation to the tile must be 90 °. The slightest misalignment and the ballerina cutter can break the tile.

Holes larger than 100 mm in diameter (for the sewer riser or ventilation duct) in porcelain tiles perform small angle grinder with a diamond disc. Initially, a couple of pieces of paper tape is glued to the porcelain tile. After that, sticking in a scotch compass, draw a right circle. Next, the protective cover is removed from the small angle grinder. Holes over 100 mm are cut by holding the angle grinder absolutely vertically in relation to the tile, carefully making a circular cut.

Attention!

Given that the protective cover will be temporarily removed from the angle grinder, be sure to use protective goggles, long-sleeved clothing and gloves during the work, as chipping will fly a lot.

Overview of tools for cutting porcelain tile

With what to cut a tile from porcelain tiles? Experts advise to choose a tool, based on what goals you pursue. Let’s consider each in detail.

How To Cut Porcelain Tile-using a tile cutter

Glass cutter

This tool is not designed for cutting porcelain stoneware, but if there is no alternative, it can also be used, although only for smaller workloads.

Handheld Tile Cutter

A simple and easy-to-use tool that allows you to cut straight strips from porcelain tile. The tile is fixed with special clamps, and then the lever with a cutting element is made a cut. The tile breaks easily at the point of cut.

Electric tile cutter

Professional tool that allows you to make almost perfect cuts with straight or slightly rounded edges. The electric tile cutter is designed specifically for this purpose, so it has distinct advantages not only over handheld devices, but also over electric.

angle grinder

This is a universal tool, with which you can also cut tiles from porcelain tiles. True, in this case, the angle grinder must be equipped with a special “diamond” disc. The angle grinder is not a bad option for professionals and amateurs alike.

Pliers

The pliers are the easiest tools to cut tiles in general and porcelain tiles in particular. To be precise, the cutters do not cut, but break off small pieces of tile, allowing the result to achieve a groove or a bend of the desired shape.

“Ballerina”

This is the name of a special tool that can be used to make holes of different diameters in porcelain tile.

Circular saw

The best tool for making curved cuts and holes in tiles. Allows to cut tiles of any thickness and hardness.

Comparative table for cutting porcelain stoneware

Tools Advantages Disadvantages Conclusion
Glass cutter Easy to use. Low price.

Cutting porcelain tile without chipping at home

Porcelain tile is one of the hardest materials used for any kind of covering (floors, walls, kitchen countertops, etc.) and can be used for detailed cut at home.д.). In the process of laying porcelain tiles the need to cut porcelain tiles arises. For larger volumes, the recommendation is unequivocal. a professional tool. At home it is possible to make do with one of the methods, or a combination of them (especially if you consider the little tricks):

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