How to use a tile cutter: all about the principles of cutting
Repair in a private house or apartment is not complete without tiling the walls or floor with ceramic tiles or tile. To perform the work yourself, without attracting professional repairers, as the services of firms are priced quite high. To properly use a tile cutter, you need knowledge about the proper laying of tiles.
Design features and preparations for use
Manual tool for cutting tiles is similar to the electric tool and consists of the following parts:
- The bed. a powerful base, on which the other components of the mechanism are attached;
- a carriage with a built-in roller for cutting the tile surface;
- The guides that are necessary for the movement of the carriage;
- The stop, which should be pressed so that the cut tile cracks in half.
Before you start cutting tiles with a tile cutter, you need to properly prepare the tool for work:
- Make sure there is no damage, special attention should be paid to the roller of the manual tile cutter. If it is bent, there are jagged edges or it ceases to move freely, you need to replace it with a new one.
- Clean the tool, not forgetting the guides and the surface of the bed.
- Inspect the bolts and nuts, tighten them more firmly so they don’t hang out.
- If the carriage doesn’t ride well, you need to oil the tool guides.
If everything is okay, you can start cutting tiles.
The technology of cutting with a handheld tile cutter
Since the most common way to process porcelain granite at home is a manual tile cutter, it is worth considering in more detail how to cut porcelain tiles with this tool.
Use a marker to mark the cutting lines on the porcelain tile before you begin to make the straight cut. Next, you need to put the element on the base of the device, while aligning the level of the cutting wheel and the cutting trimmer line. If you plan to make several cuts with the same size, the limiting frame should be secured with a bolt in one position. The tile must be held with one hand, while the other hand holds the handle of the tile trimmer.
Then it is necessary to lift the handle so that the wheel touches the surface of the upper part of the element, and then pull the handle towards yourself and cut the porcelain tile. Do not make more than one pass with the thumb wheel, but apply as little pressure as necessary to mark the cutting line. As a rule, if this line is used to make a whole series of through cuts, the result is of poor quality.
To divide porcelain tile by the designated cut, special “wings” should be installed at the base of the handle at the level of the bottom. It is desirable to glue the edges of the “wings” with special tape, which will save the tile from unnecessary prints and traces. Some experts fix the element in a suitable position, then press the handle with the fingers and lightly beat on it with the palm.
Testing the Cheapest Tile Cutter on AMAZON
If the measured part does not break off, then hit even harder
It happens that the tile does not break even after a few strokes, but how to cut porcelain tiles with a tile cutter does not matter, because this element is no longer suitable for use as a decorative coating. It remains to start working with the new tile
If the cut edge is visible when the tile is fixed in place, you can smooth out the uneven corners with an emery or sanding tool there. Masters usually have several types of sanding stone processing different tile surfaces. In cases where one cut edge is covered by another tile, for example, on the outside corner, it is not necessary to grind the problem side.
Advantages of handheld tile cutter
In comparison with an electric tile cutter. a manual tile cutter wins in the following:
- Low cost. It should also be noted the cheapness of the cutting element: a diamond disc is much more expensive than a roller.
- Compact and light weight. not difficult to transport.
- Simplicity of design.
- Independence from electricity.
- No noise and dust.
- No operating costs: you have to pay for electricity when using the electric version.
- Ability to work in any humidity and temperature.
- Productivity. For large amounts of work, it is better to use an electric tile cutter.
- The quality of the cut. After the manual tile cutter the edge, if it will not be hidden by a baseboard, you have to grind.
- Difficult to perform the operation. A beginner will have to spend some, albeit small, time learning to move the roller with the same force and uniform speed.
- Can only cut tiles in a straight line. An ordinary electric tile cutter also has this limitation, but there are special models for curved (shaped) cutting. The cutting element is a ring rotated by a motor.
- It is impossible to cut a groove in the tile.
- The cutting width cannot be less than 1 cm.
In addition, the handheld tile cutter has difficulty cutting hard tiles.
Circular and curved cuts
There is often a question about how to cut ceramic tiles, if you do not want to reduce its length/width/divide it diagonally or at an angle, but to make a circular hole.
A core drill, or diamond drill bit, is best suited for these applications. This question is discussed in more detail here. It is worth noting that the presence on the tile cutter or separately ballerina does not cancel a more rational option of drilling, but for the sake of one hole buy expensive drills for tiles and porcelain tiles, of course, is not worth it. And to work with a ballerina, and for drilling, it is desirable to nail the future center of the hole. Successfully removes the problem of vibration work with tiles, laid on a 3 5 mm layer of water in exactly the same shape as its size.
A combination of several cuts, straight and circular, will help to make a more complex cut. If the transitions of the curve, on which the cut is made, are sufficiently smoothed, or a broken line for a trimmer is used, it is convenient to use an angle grinder and an angle grinder with an appropriate disk.
Now you know what to cut and drill porcelain tiles, perhaps all the work seemed to you quite uncomplicated. But it is worth beware of mistakes, if you have absolutely no experience, and the tiles are expensive. It is better to insure, to invite a specialist with a good tool. In this case, you do not have to pay for an expensive drill, buy a powerful drill, fear of damage to the finishing material. the cost of the master will not only pay for unnecessary tools, but save your nerves.
How to cut porcelain tiles with a tile cutter
One of the most common tools used for cutting ceramic granite is a manual tile cutter. When working with it it is recommended to adhere to the following sequence of actions:
- On the working surface of the porcelain stoneware, use a marker to mark the trimmer line along which the cut will be made.
- Fasten the material with the stops on a flat and firm surface. The line for the marking trimmer should be located directly under the cutting wheel.
- Press the saw blade against the surface.
- Carefully move the roller with the carriage along the drawn line. The handle of the tile cutter is used for this purpose. All movements must be smooth and even. Otherwise it is possible to cut the glazed surface or damage it. To make one cut, the wheel only needs to go over it once. The trimmer’s cutting line will not be sharp and level, making it difficult to break and lowering the quality of the cut edge.
- Push the handle into the middle position, and then lower it.
- Break the stoneware tile in a sharp and precise movement.
- If the construction of the tile cutter is not equipped with a handle, the working surface should be placed on the edge of a flat plane, and then break off the tile along the cutting line, pressing it with a little force.
If you follow this sequence, the porcelain tile will break exactly along the marked line. To make a 45-degree angle cut, use a rotating base and a special ruler.
Performing porcelain tile cutting with an electric tile cutter requires experience and skill. To do this, it is necessary to:
- Place the equipment on a level and stable surface, such as a table.
- Mark the top part of the ceramic tile with a marker.
- Align the cutting trimmer line with the tool pointer.
- Turn on the machine.
- Start cutting tiles. To do this, it must be gently pushed against the saw blade. When the disc comes into contact with the work surface, the force should be increased several times.
- When you have finished cutting, turn off the engine of the equipment.
When working with the tile cutter, where the motor is located in its upper part, the working surface is installed on the machine bed, resting on special locks. From the frame comes the head with the sawing element. In this case the cutting process begins at the extremity of the marking.
Despite the high strength of ceramic granite, the material can be cut. Several different kinds of tools are used for this. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Working with them requires experience and skills, which you can get in practice.
Where to cut porcelain tile
Oddly enough, but it is the tiny ceramic dust that forms when cutting artificial porcelain granite, turns into a major problem. At home it is most convenient to cut the material directly to the place of its laying.
If you plan to cut a tile with a tile cutter, you can cut a porcelain tile in any suitable place. The amount of chips and dust in this case is formed insignificant, but the performance in home conditions is relatively small.
For figured cutting or slicing thick enough ceramic granite tiles one will have to use an angle grinder or a machine. To work at home you have to either use the yard at home, or sacrifice a bathroom or the bathroom.
How to make a hole in porcelain tiles
During construction and repair there is often a need to make a hole in the tile, for communications or equipment installation. In this case, specialized tools come to the rescue
The device most of all resembles a compass. One leg rests in the center of the future hole, it is clamped in the chuck of the drill. The other can change its reach by sliding it along a horizontal ledge. A carbide cutter is fixed at its end.
When the drill is turned on, the center foot is held in the center of the future hole, and the tool foot rotates and scrapes the tile to a sufficient depth.
Knock out the circle cut with a hammer and sand the edges of the hole.
The diamond-coated bit cuts exceptionally flat holes and requires very little force.
There is only one drawback: it is impossible to make a hole of any arbitrary diameter. The bits can only be made in certain sizes. The tool shank is also fastened in the drill chuck, with the center drill set to the marked point. They must be used at the highest rpm.
And the ballerina, and the diamond bit should work only from the face of the tile. Otherwise chipping is inevitable.
How to cut tiles