The end saw on wood: select, set up, make from corner grinders and circular
Widespread use for large volumes of work with boards, bars and other woodpeckers or composite materials based on wood, and end saws are found. They are, installed on a flat, horizontal bed with an electric drive for transverse cutting of long lumber. Despite the presence of a bed, such equipment is not stationary, since it can be installed anywhere, transported or transferred to where it is necessary to perform the cut.
If you still use the standard disk installed on the saw from the moment of purchase, which, as a rule, is suitable only for cutting rude boards at a construction site, it is time to purchase better, suitable for carpentry work. It is better to choose a disk with a negative front angle, which excludes the rise of the blanks during the saw. Look for a disk with a diameter of 250 mm with 60-80 teeth, and a 300-mm disk should have 80-100 teeth. Such discs almost do not leave chips with transverse and oblique saws.
What it is?
A trim with a length is a highly specialized type of technique created for angular cutting. This device is often called a pendulum saw. The main feature of the tool is the presence in the design of the rotary module, with which the work is simplified. Such stationary machines are able to cut a beam, boards and rails very accurately at different angles. From time to time they are also used for processing wood.fiber slab, laminate, artificial slabs and organ. The device found extensive use in the cutting of specialized plastic, decorative stucco, profiled aluminum.
The main advantages of end plates include:
As for the minuses, it is forbidden to put abrasive and diamond circles on such tools.
Devices are available in different modifications that differ in technical indicators. So, compact machines can make a cut of workpieces up to 60 mm wide, medium.sized. from 70 to 80 mm, and profiles. more than 100 mm. Regardless of the species, all end plates are perfectly controlled with set tasks, because they own the highest performance. They are equipped with a depth limiter, which allows you to select the necessary grooves and carry out a cut of a certain thickness.
In addition, the equipment is provided with an additional mechanism, with which the disk has the ability to bend in both directions at the chosen angle to the horizontal plane.
Bosch GCM 8SJL
For large.scale work, it is better to choose this saw. It is attributed to the professional series. On comparison with domestic modifications, it simply cooles with a sharp not only wood breed, and metal, plastic. Manufacturers supplemented it with an abundance of options, which simplifies the workflow. Apart from that, the tool is equipped with a massive engine (1.6 kW). The only negative is that there is no speed adjustment.
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Some tips for safe and high.quality sawing
Cutting with a end saw is quite simple, and as long as you draw clear lines, make accurate settings and follow the safety rules, it is easy to get excellent results. Some types of cuts are more problematic than others, and require special methods.
Pruning of short details: When installing skirting boards and other types of moldings, short parts with sleeves at both ends are often required. To avoid cutting the parts shorter than 8 inches and the danger of fingers, cut the end of the long piece, then adjust the saw angle and make another incision to get the piece you need.
Cutting very short pieces: very thin pieces of wood tend to fly through a gap in the fence and get lost or damage. If you need a piece of wood with a width of less than 1 inch, install a sacrificial board at the fence and bring a tree to it that you cut. Cut both parts, and the short piece you need will safely fall on the table.
Build the crown from the fence in the same orientation in which it will be established.
Cutting of the crown: in order to carefully cut the crown, you must lean it against the fence at the same angle that will fit to the corner of the wall / ceiling when installing. Usually this means that it is necessary to tightly hold the casting in the corner formed by the fence and the table, tilt one end, and then turn the saw angle, advance the casting and cut the other end. Do not forget to support the ends of long pieces to make sure you get accurate cuts.
Metal fence on most end saws is not high enough to withstand wide parts. When you unpack your new saw, a good idea will be updated by a fence, a screwing piece of 4- or 6-inch hard wood to auxiliary fence. Fences on most good saws have pre.drilled holes for this purpose.
The design of the tool
The device has a simple design. The basis is a functional module, which consists of:
This module is attached to a special basis. When home manufacturing this apparatus, it must be taken into account that the electric motor can use two types: either collector or asynchronous. The latter work much quieter, and are also characterized by greater practicality and endurance.
As for the electric motor, it is installed on the right side of the saw circle. Although on the market you can also meet the models on which the engine is installed behind the disk. This option is definitely more convenient, because the review does not overlap, which, by the way, is especially when working with the tilts of the tool.
The gearbox performs the transmission (belt or gear) movements from the motor to the saw circle.
A gear gear easily works without slipping even at maximum speeds, in turn, the belt is more practical, as it significantly reduces vibration and reduces the sound.
It is worth noting that there are also models with direct transmission, which are the most reliable option. However, their torque is much lower.
What is the break for? It is thanks to the lingering mechanism that the end saw has the opportunity to cut even the widest boards.
Since the saw is a rather dangerous cutting object, to prevent unforeseen injuries, any of the manufacturers adds a protective casing to its design.
As for the device of increased power, for the greatest safety, they are usually equipped with a smooth launch. This part is characterized by blocking the power mechanism when replacing the circle and a complete stop when the circle is stopped.
The difference between the end saw and the circular
The main difference between a home.made end machine is its relative cheapness.
It can be constructed from existing wolf chopping stoves or OSP.
Apart from that, thick plywood will also be adjusted, and in certain cases, textolite.
In addition, home.made endings have subsequent distinguishing features:
- The machine is built, usually, for the existing certain need for cutting details of a certain dimension. From time to time, these dimensions cannot be processed on the machines available on sale;
- The bed of a home.made machine is made of wood plates or even from scraps of thick and wide boards. Naturally, you can design the bed from iron records and even from a composite, for example, a frame-from an iron profile, and specifically the table itself is already from a wood-based stove. But this will be more expensive and difficult in any case, since you will have to deal with a more expensive metal, and secondly, it is necessary to work with metal welding, and then carry out work with a wood-piece stove.
A home.made end machine will obviously be the least technologically advanced than purchased industrial production. But often no one needs an impeccable result. And here the design of a home.made ending is just such an option.
For example, if you are going to sheathe the house with lining outside, then it would be completely reasonable to produce ends in the criteria, when both the material and the tool will be very deprived of free move. In this case, the result will be even more cautious.
Read manufacturing stars for chain transmission
A distinctive feature of a home.made end tool is its relative simplicity, and as it should, you can actually achieve a complete absence of the advantage of the movements of the cutting tool. And all this without additional costs.
The base part of such a saw is a bed. A table is attached to the bed, which should own a rotary mechanism, equipped with a ruler. Specifically such a mechanism allows the process of cutting at a certain angle, adjusting it for certain personal needs of each user. In this case, this angle can be changed by moving the desktop specifically in relation to the bed.
With a length
This device is considered more universal, because the saw can be shifted not only around the axis, and I drank it in a straight spitting fishing line.
When using a combined type saw, the cut angle can be changed in 2 directions. The device in its own composition, like the previous option, contains an additional hinge. In order to change the angle of cut, it must be adjusted and removed to the side, which is facing the place where the drive is mounted.
The main advantages of this model are the highest power (1600 W) and a diamond circle. She can handle both at an angle and under the slope. The only aspect. it is not suitable for cutting the blanks of huge dimensions.
This economical model is one of the most high.quality and favorite. It has a good completion and an inflated level of safety. The saw provides for independent tuning of the width of the cutting. Also, the device can be made combined and inclined cutting at an angle up to 45. The power of the motor is small. 1 kW. The equipment was created for cutting blanks up to 3.63 cm wide and up to 10.7 cm deep.
The shortcomings of the device include the lack of backlight and laser pointer (they need to be obtained additionally). Apart from the design, there is no ability to set the number of revolutions.
Hyundai M 2500-255s
This equipment is comfortable in use, when starting it does not twitch. The circle is large, its diameter is 5.5 cm. The head can bend at different angles. The only minus of the device is that the smooth start is triggered with a small delay.
How to make a end saw at home
This device is not used every day, but its absence causes a lot of trouble when repairing the premises and the construction of wooden structures. The device is used in various fields of human activity. Many try to purchase such a saw for household needs. However, the cost of equipment does not always satisfy the buyer. With your own hands. this is the way out of the situation. To create it, you can use manually angular grinder, electric drill or chainsaw.
Advantages and minuses
The presence of a device helps to solve a few issues:
- The edges of the details become smooth without burrs;
- allows you to connect adjacent structures at an angle;
- There is no gap between them when connecting the parts.
The main advantages of working with home.made ending:
- Firstly, saving on the purchase of building material;
- Secondly-the technical characteristics of the tool created can be selected yourself: engine power, size of the detachment circle, cut depth.
- The duration of operation depends on the type of material that is used when creating equipment;
- Homemade is not equipped with security systems;
- home devices do not have a special graduation.
For reference! How to make a trim from corner grinders you can look at the YouTube channel.
Varieties of end saw
These simple devices allow you to perform even incisions at a straight and arbitrary angle. Before you make a trim with your own hands from a manual circular saw or corner grinder, you need to familiarize yourself with the types of structures.
Small size of the machine where the cutting disk is fixed on the pendulum. The blade moves back and forth, and the processed canvas can rise up and down and rotate. Thus, it is possible to adjust the cut angle.
The design of the equipment includes an additional table for sawing the material. There is an opportunity to change the angle of sawing in the process of work. Used simultaneously in the form of a end saw and circular.
For reference! Combined devices at home are rare, basically these are carpentry workshops.
With a length
Designed for a complex sawing angle of high accuracy. It is easy to use them, diagonal cutting is impeccable. A feature of the tool is a rotary module that simplifies the work.
The modern market offers the buyer a large range of products, among which there are quality goods and inexpensive analogues. But, sometimes, the cost of a specialized tool is greatly overestimated. As for the offices, the end saw from a hand circular with your own hands can really be made at home.
How exactly the end of the do.it.yourself end is created in detail below.
- plywood sheet;
- two furniture guides or pipe;
- connecting elements;
- electric drill;
- wood jigsaw;
- sawing disk;
- knife, roulette;
A window or door loop can be used as an stop for a shelf.
For reference! Some craftsmen install the engine from the washing machine. Such machines are used to cut.
Preparation of the base
It is necessary to take a sheet of thick plywood and make it drank in it for the movement of the disk. The base should be massive to hold the shelf with a saw. The size of the base depends on the purpose of the future design.
It is better to perform work according to a pre.drawn up drawing, scheme. A special groove is prepared at the base, according to which the saw disk will move.
Deformed sheets with impaired integrity in the work are not allowed to take.
Determining the height of the shelf for transverse movement
The location of the structure element can be on the right or left side of the table. You should choose the height of the shelf so that the tooth disk does not cut the base.
Designing a shelf
A fragment of thick plywood or wood-bruise, which is installed along the cut under the toothed disk. Fastening is carried out on the corners with self.tapping screws to a certain height. The shelf can be strengthened with a second layer of plywood sheet.
After fixing the shelf, you should start installing a saw. It must be fixed in such a way that it enters into a drink and does not catch anything. To do this, use limiters. The material is the same plywood. Fasten the limiters with glue.
Setting guides for blanks
It is made from a piece of plywood or wood-piece plate with a width of at least 10 centimeters. Its length is more than a table by 15-20 %. The strip is attached with clamps in two places. The guide changes the position at the right angle.
Comparison of homemade and finished products: which is better to choose for home
Factory machines are able to make high.quality longitudinal cuts. Any can be set up.
The main advantages of ending from the circular from the manufacturer:
Homemade saws are not equipped with a caliber scale. In most cases, improvised details are used, which are not reliable. Therefore, the end of the manual circular does not always have high quality.
Repair and adjustment of the end saw Lessons of failure
Electric household or professional end saw, regardless of the model and the manufacturer’s company, should be interrupted and adjusting the end pilling pilling to perform a certain operation. Repair is carried out if faults are detected in work. In order to properly use the product and repair in case of problems, you need to know the device of a particular model that can be gleaned from the operating instructions and passport data, which the manufacturer necessarily applies to the tool.
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The end saw is used for accurate and smooth cutting of blanks made of wood, plastic, soft metal, including profile, composite material at a straight or necessary angle with a certain accuracy in a horizontal and vertical plane. They are also used to make grooves and sample material.
Setting up the end saw
Adjusting the end saw involves the complete setting of the tool for each specific type of work. Indeed, when working with certain blanks, their settings are needed, which depend on both the thickness of the workpieces and on the necessary angle of inclination and the type of materials.
Clamps for corners
Each work requires setting the right angle. Typically, manufacturers of tools from the plant put up a zero angle on the end. Therefore, if you need a right angle or 45 degrees, this will require additional tool settings.
In order to put the desired angle on the end saw, it is necessary to make the following:
- Fix the saw on the surface by adjusting the clamp. This is necessary so that the tool is tightly fixed on the surface, and in the process of its operation there are no backlash, which can adversely affect the result of the saw and obtaining even angles. We recommend an article on the proper installation of the end saw.;
- Using the stops of the end saw, set the desired angle. The desired angle is carried out by adjusting the stopping of the tool and using the transportation that is on the tool;
- It is quite simple to put a right angle, you just need to push the saw disc perpendicular to the surface, first adjusting one emphasis. After that, the second emphasis is exhibited in accordance with the first;
- Setting an angle of 45 degrees is somewhat more difficult. If you are not sure that you did everything right, then the correctness of adjustment is easy to check. To do this, take an unnecessary workpiece and cut four identical details. After that, they need to be folded into the frame. If the joints of the details turned out to be even and do not have gaps, then you made the right setting of the angle of inclination, and you can safely start work.
The depth drank
The next step in the configuration is to adjust the depth of the cut. It depends on the thickness of the blanks with which you are going to work. The thicker the material used, the more the depth of the saw should be. In addition, it is worth considering the selected angle of inclination. For the cut at an angle, an increase in the depth of the cut is required, so that in the process it is sufficient. By the way, the depth of the cut, one of the main parameters when choosing end saws.
Often, they do not tune the cut depth, but simply choose a sawing disk of a suitable size, which provides the desired depth. See the article on how to choose a disk at the end saw. But for sawing at an angle, you may need to adjust the tool towards its increase, especially if thick blanks are used.
Manual adjustment of the cut depth is carried out by raising the end table on the desktop and adjusting its fasteners to the necessary level of height. In this case, you must first loosen the screws on the mount, and then fix them again.
Adjusting the saw disk
In a conventional end saw, the saw disk should be located exactly at right angles relative to the instrument table. To do this, you can use the square to see if there are deviations in the position of the saw disk. If necessary, it must be adjusted so that the result of the work is even and accurate.
In those tools that have a broach and the function of horizontal movement of the disk, you can adjust the saw disk itself. This is necessary in order to use a tool for longitudinal sawing of various materials.
In order to install the saw disk in a horizontal position, you must make sure that the tool is disconnected from the network and carefully unlock the disk holders, and then turn the saw disk in the desired position and fix it again on the tool. Be sure to make sure that it is reliably fixed so that in the process not to damage it in the process.
Calibration of the end saw
Most often, the end saw has good calibration from the factory. But it happens that the corners are not exhibited quite accurately. It often happens that popular angles of 90 and 45 degrees are exhibited quite accurately, but with a cut at an angle of 30 or 15 degrees, problems may arise. Earlier we already wrote how to set angles at the end.
In this case, you should try to make manual calibration by turning or tilting the tool and twisting the plastic pointer on the transport, until you get the exact result of the saw.
How to make 3D-stretch-“manual” analogue of the end saw
Hello, dear readers and homemade!
Many of you had experience cutting the beam, boards, and other wooden materials. Without special devices, it is almost impossible to cut off the end of the end.
To solve these problems, modern workshops are equipped with a end saw. However, not everyone can afford to acquire such a machine, and it is difficult to use it at home. Of course, there is a classic carpentry, called a worship. Often they are made of wood or plastic. for this reason its service life is not very large.
In this article, Viktor Nikitin, the author. YouTube of the Rotorcore channel, will tell you how he made his own variety of struck, tightly controlling the saw canvas, and the slave plane. Unlike the classic version, in this device the tilt of the canvas can be adjusted in two planes at once, and perform very complex end operations.
This project is quite easy to manufacture. Despite the welding used at the same time, you can do without it.
Materials. necessary for homemade a steel corner 63 × 63 × 5 mm. an elongated nut, washers, a hairpin M8. a cut.off circle, petal cleaning. welding wire.
Instruments. used by the author corner grinder. drilling machine. welding machine, magnetic corners. multifunctional guide for a drill. transport holder with a ratchet mechanism. Tap, semi.automatic core. caliper, square, marker, vice, file. Production process. As the base of the cushed, a segment of a steel corner of 63 × 63 mm, the thickness of the rib 5 mm will serve as the base.
Having made a marking, the author fixes the corner in a vice, and cuts off a blank 200 mm long.
Since this detail will play the role of the guide and stop, it is necessary to remove the rounding in the corner. This is necessary so that both inner planes of the corner fit tightly to the 90-degree corners. Here the same corner grinder comes to the rescue, but with a sharpening disk.
Burrs and small irregularities are removed with a file.
From one wall of the corner, the master forms a platform, a small threshold for the stop. Marking is performed using a square and a caliper. The sizes are indicated in the following photo.
The hole drilling is performed on the drilling machine. Here you need to observe perpendicularity, and instead of the machine you can use an electric screwdriver or drill with a special guide.
The edge of the base, near which the hole is drilled, is rounded. First, the corners are cut off by a cutting disk, and then the petal is aligned.
In the resulting hole, M8 thread is cut.
As an axis will serve as a wrapping of a bolt or hairpin M8. The hairpin is screwed into the hole, and is fixed on the upper side of the elongated nut.
From the side of the sole, the hairpin is taken to the base with welding, and the seam is cleaned. The surface of the sole should be even.
Now you need to make a guide for a hacksaw cloth. From the same corner, or steel strip, the master cuts out two rectangular plates with dimensions of 63 × 100 mm.
Holes are drilled in two corners of both plates. In the holes of the first of them, M4 thread is cut, and in the second plate, hid under the heads of the M4 screws.
Washes are invested between the plates, and both parts are tightened with screws. The thickness of the washers should be slightly larger than the thickness of the canvas used saw.
In the gap resulting between the plates and the canvas of the hacksaw will walk.
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Next, four identical rectangular blanks are cut out of strips of 140 × 25 mm.
Clutching a package from the received parts in a vice, a through hole is drilled in it.
In two details, M8 threads are cut. In the remaining pair, the holes are drilled to a diameter of 8 mm. The corners near the holes are rounded.