One of the causes of chipped jigsaws is the jigsaw blade. It does not press the edge of the kerf, so it allows it to break during the reciprocal movement of the file. This can be solved with a simple plastic blade.
A sheet of plastic is used to cut a pad on the sole. It is necessary to make a kerf for a file. It is simply clamped to the board and sawn with it. The sawed-on pad is glued to the sole with double-sided adhesive tape.
The jigsaw then cuts even cleaner than with masking tape.
A hand held jigsaw is a multipurpose tool according to the list of materials that can be cut with it. It is used for sawing wood, sheet metal Particle board, chipboard, OSB, plywood, plastic, metal, slate, ceramic tile, etc.д. A special saw blade is selected for each material.
In terms of sawing speed, meter and depth of cut, the electric jigsaw loses to some other tools. an angle grinder with cutting discs, circular saws with circular discs. In other respects it is irreplaceable.
Only a jigsaw can make a straight cut, not a semi-circle cut on the face of a workpiece, which is important when cutting studs and so on.д.
Only the jigsaw can cut complex curves, circles, ovals and ornaments.
How to saw chipboard without splitting
By the abbreviation Laminated chipboard should be understood laminated chipboard, which consists of waste natural wood mixed with a polymer adhesive composition, and is laminated in the form of a monolithic film consisting of several layers of paper impregnated with resin. The lamination process is carried out under production conditions at a pressure of 28 MPa and a high temperature of up to 220°C. This treatment results in a very durable, glossy finish that can come in a variety of color shades and is highly resistant to mechanical damage and moisture.
Rules for cutting
Laminated chipboard is made from waste lumber from hardwood and softwood, with the board has a lightweight and used for the manufacture of furniture structures. Most home furniture makers prefer laminated chipboard as a raw material for furniture. This material is relatively inexpensive, and retailers always have a wide variety of colors and textures to choose from. The difficulty in working with laminated chipboard is that it is very difficult to cut off a piece of wood sheet to the right size, because the fragile laminated layer creates cracks and chips in the place of sawing. Knowing some of the techniques used in the job helps you cope with this task.
To cut laminated chipboard you need a saw with fine teeth.
And the shallower and more frequent they are on the tool blade, the cleaner and smoother the finished cut of the laminated material will be.
To accurately and efficiently perform sawing work, you need to act in a certain sequence.
- On a sheet of laminated chipboard, it is necessary to outline a sawing groove, where a paper adhesive strip is tightly glued. The band saw would prevent the teeth of the saw from chipping the laminate during the sawing process.
- Using an awl or the blade of a knife, a groove with a recess is created along the miter saw. That way we cut through a thin layer of lamination beforehand, making it easier for ourselves while sawing. Moving along this groove, the blade of the sawing tool will make movements on a tangential plane, while cutting deep layers of particleboard material.
- When sawing it is recommended to hold the saw blade at an acute angle to the working plane of the board.
- If the work of sawing will be carried out with an electric tool, the feed speed of the cutting blade should be minimal, so that the saw can not vibrate and bend.
- After sawing is done, the cut of the workpiece must be trimmed first with a file, and then with the use of sandpaper. The cut should be performed from the center to the edge of the workpiece.
To protect the place of the cut on the workpiece from further appearance of chips or cracks, it is closed by applying adhesive tape of melamine, or fix the end edges, which may have a T-shaped or C-shaped appearance.
After such a decorative masking not only improves the appearance of the board, but also increases the service life of the material.
Materials and tools
In the conditions of the woodworking plant for sawing the sheet Laminated chipboard is used special equipment, which is called a format-cutting machine. Some private furniture workshops buy such a machine, but it is hardly advisable to install it at home because of the high cost. Such equipment can be replaced by home power tools. a circular saw or a hacksaw can be used for sawing chipboard. The sawing process will take a lot of time and effort, but it is well worth it from the economic point of view.
In order to make an even cut without damaging the laminate surface you must use a jig saw with the smallest possible teeth. It is advisable to use an electric jigsaw for sawing small areas Laminated chipboard. Jerking and unnecessary pressure should be avoided during the work. The feed speed of the cutting blade of the tool should be selected to be as low as possible.
This device is quite capable of making an even and high-quality cut without chipping the laminated surface.
This hand tool is used in combination with a metal blade, as it has the finest teeth. Before working, it is necessary to glue a paper adhesive tape onto the sawing area to protect the lamination layer from damage. The hand saw blade should be held at an angle of 30-35°, such position reduces the likelihood of chipping on the material. Moves of the hacksaw blade should be smooth, without pressure on the blade.
After the sawing is done, the edges of the cut will need to be processed with a file and fine-grained emery paper.
This power tool consists of a small work table and a rotating toothed disc. The circular saw makes the cut on the chipboard much faster and better than an electric jigsaw. During the sawing process, the saw blade should be turned on low rpm. Chips in this case may appear on the opposite side from the saw teeth.
To prevent this situation, a paper adhesive tape is glued to the kerf before sawing.
The electric milling machine
This is a hand-held type of power tool that is used for cutting and drilling wood panel. Before starting work in Laminated particle board, a hand jigsaw is used to make a small kerf, 3-4 mm from the contour of the marking. The sawing process uses several cutter blades and its bearing device to regulate the depth of cut. It is not easy to use the cutter, so you need to have a certain skill to work with this tool for sawing the board. The movement of the cutter is quite fast, and it is possible to make an uneven cut.
But with the help of a cutter can get a perfectly smooth cut of the material. the appearance of chips and cracks in the application of this device is very rare.
the use of hand tools is advisable for the production of single pieces of laminated chipboard. For mass production is advisable to purchase format-cutting equipment.
How to cut correctly?
Sawing laminated chipboard without chipping at home is quite possible with your own hands. It is much easier to make a groove in the area of the kerf with a sharp object. Once there, the cutting blade follows a pre-defined path and cuts much more easily. It is much easier to make straight cuts on laminated chipboard than to shape-cut a board.
To perform curved configurations with home devices is extremely difficult, it can only be done using an electric drill. It produces a quality cut and has many additional functions.
The price of the power tiller depends on the manufacturing company, so it is possible to choose a budget model with good technical parameters.
To cut a sheet of laminated chipboard with an electric cutter you need to do the following steps:
- On the surface of an ordinary chipboard mark all the contours of the future workpiece;
- Using an electric jigsaw, the workpiece is sawn out with a 1-2 mm step back from the outlined contour;
- Finished sawed template is corrected with a file or an emery paper;
- on a sheet of laminated chipboard impose the prepared stencil and fasten it with wood clamps so that it was in a stationary position;
- On the contour of the stencil with an electric milling machine, equipped with a bearing mechanism, saw the contours of the workpiece, cutting the edge exactly along the planned mowing line;
- After the sawing work is finished, the cut edges are cleaned and given a decorative edge.
The usage of the power drill enables shaped cuts in Laminated chipboard without splintering or cracking the material.
The blades of the electric cutter must fully capture the entire thickness of the material of the workpiece. this is the only way to get a quality product.
You can learn about the four methods of sawing Laminated chipboard without chipping with an electric jigsaw from the video below.
How to saw laminated chipboard without chipping with a circular saw
It is generally assumed that it is not possible to saw sheet material evenly without professional equipment. However, there are several ways to do it on your own.
Having a non-standard kitchen layout, many of us face the problem of how to properly saw the countertop.
Here’s how to cut a tabletop without jagged edges using household tools.
- The basic rules for cutting plywood or chipboard
- How to cut a countertop without chipping using a hacksaw
- Can you cut with the jigsaw?
- How to saw with a circular saw
- Sawing with a milling machine
- Sawing with a panel saw
- Sawing technique with undercutting
- Do not cut with what
- Sawing worktops without jagged edges
Basic rules for cutting plywood or particle board
The most suitable tools would be circular or band saws.
There are many tools for cutting, and will be used not one, but several at once.
To get a clean cut, you need to follow the rules:
- Saw blades with fine teeth are good for the job;
- first cut across the grain, then lengthwise. This method will save from splitting corners;
- Sawing the material from the front with a hand or band saw;
- on the underside. to saw with a contour or disk tool;
- When working with a circular saw, you need to watch out for high speed and low feed rate;
- the teeth of the circular saw should not penetrate too deeply into the surface;
- To make the board appear less jagged, you need to drive the saw along the scythe line of the cut, with light pressure and little recoil;
- Duct tape attached along the mowing line of the cut will protect the material from chipping.
A smooth cut can be achieved in the workshop at home. But it is better to entrust work with large-sized sheet materials to professionals with specialized equipment.
How to cut a tabletop without chipping using a hacksaw
An ordinary hacksaw is a good way to cut a tabletop. However, when working, please note that there must be a margin of at least 100 mm. The tool should have a fine-toothed design. It is better if it is a hacksaw for metal.
You can cut a tabletop with a metal saw.
Attention! Teeth should be hardened and set at ½ the material thickness.
For the work you will need paper tape, a file for the rough cut and sandpaper for the finish.
Make several measurements so that the cut is straight.
How to properly cut a tabletop with a hacksaw:
- Use a sharp tool to mark the sawing line;
- Glue the paper adhesive tape along the marking to protect the upper decorative layer;
- Movement of the hacksaw should be directed at an acute angle to the surface of the sheet (not more than 30 degrees);
- cut smoothly, with moderate pressure.
If chips appear, they must be filed, moving from the edges to the center. The remaining small defects should be sanded with fine sandpaper.
Can you cut with an electric jigsaw?
The tool is suitable for making small cuts. You will need a tool for working with metal, with fine teeth. The cut is made on the front side: that way there will be fewer chips on it, and on the wrong side there will be small irregularities.
When working with a jigsaw, the cut is made from the back side due to the direction of the teeth on the saw.
Do not use the tool at its maximum rpm, but at a slightly higher than medium rpm. Move the tool with smooth movements, with light pressure.
Important! The method is not suitable for sawing long materials, as it is difficult to maintain an even line of the cut.
How to saw with a circular saw
The tool can make long cuts, but the work produces more chips (compared to sawing with an electric jigsaw). A fine-toothed saw blade is needed.
Handle with care when working with power tools.
As a rule, the side where the teeth are plunge in, remains clean, and on the opposite side there are chips.
Start cutting from the front edge, to avoid chipping.
It is more convenient to work with the saw fixed on the table. This way the tool is not busy, and a guide rail can be used. It will increase the accuracy of the cut, allowing you to make several parts.
Chips that are formed after the cut can be processed with a file and emery.
Sawing with a router
Great way to get a clean cut. First the material is sawn with a jigsaw with 2-3 mm distance from the mowing line of the marking. Then use a router to line up the timber according to a pre-prepared template. a router with a bearing is suitable for the work.
When sawing simple chipboard there can be no complications, but with laminated chipboard it is much more complicated.
Not only straight but also curved cuts and curved pieces can be made with this method.
Choose a saw blade with the largest number of teeth, to ensure a straight cut.
Of the disadvantages of the method: you need to make an accurate marking, preprofile workpieces and set the template under the milling machine. So it is not convenient to cut several identical workpieces with this machine.
Sawing with a panel cutter
The most suitable tool with which to cut boards and pressed materials of different thicknesses. Your cuts are precise, and you can stamp several parts.
Professional machines are used for industrial purposes.
They are small in size and weight (up to 20 kg), easy to install. If necessary, the machine can be removed and moved to another place. The tool is suitable for a longitudinal cut to a depth of 8 cm. It is also possible to saw a tabletop in the home workshop with a circular saw unit with an extended working table.
Household appliances are often used for home sawing.
They are more convenient than utility saws because they allow you to make cuts not only longitudinally, but also laterally. The maximum cutting depth is 9 cm. Precise marking and safety precautions must be taken when working.
The method of sawing with undercutting
This method also uses a circular saw, but a plunge saw is better suited. A double ruler is needed: it is fixed to the workpiece with clamps. Working principle is the same as that of a format slicer: two cuts are made by one mowing line.
This is what the guide rail is for. It is set along the mowing line of the marking, slightly overcut the laminate without disturbing its texture. Then the material is sawn along the marked track.
By the way! No splintering due to the notch in the laminate during the second deep cut.
You can cut a countertop into one or more pieces with this method. Minimal chips are possible, but they can be easily removed by simple sanding or by hiding with a decorative cover.
Round cuts can also be masked.
The disadvantage: only a straight cut can be made with this method.
What is not suitable for sawing?
Angle grinder or angle grinder. what you should not use to saw the countertop. Some craftsmen advise this method to save time. But it has more disadvantages than advantages.
Use a spirit level for a precise cut.
Firstly, the quality of parts is obtained low: because of the sharp movement of the disk appears a lot of chips. Secondly, if large disks are used, there is a high probability of injury.
Professionals make a better cut with special appliances.
In addition, after the work is left a lot of dust, which is unacceptable in domestic conditions.
How to saw laminated chipboard without chipping.
Before we speak about the absence of chips when sawing Laminated chipboard and deciding what to saw, let’s define what it means to saw without chips? Everyone has his or her own attitude toward the number of chips after sawing. one is plenty for some and a dozen is just fine for others. That’s why let’s look at not just one, but three types of home cutting Laminated chipboard, of which you can choose the most suitable one. For obvious reasons we will not consider the use of expensive equipment designed for sawing laminated chipboard is the destiny of professionals. We are still amateur furniture makers, so we will use the appropriate tool.In the photo three parts, the upper one is sawn with an electric jigsaw, the middle one with a hand circular saw (parquet saw) and the lower one also sawn with a hand circular saw but then processed with a hand router. Naturally it is possible to achieve different results in each case. it all depends on experience and skill. But in general, the capabilities of the equipment in question give roughly these results on chips on Laminated Particle Board.
Chipless chipboard with a jigsaw.
Three things make it possible to obtain more or less a good sawing result.
- Guide. Wise up with a guide for an electric jigsaw is not necessary. The usual building level and two clamps will do.
- Choosing the jigsaw blade for laminate Particle board. The saw cuts the laminate and the particle board itself with its teeth and the finer the tooth, the finer the beading. And the sawing speed is appropriate. The direction of the tooth up or down says only about which side of the workpiece chips will be more, in the first from the top, and the second from the bottom.
- Controlling the cutting speed. If you feed the jigsaw too much the saw blade will bend and move aside and the kerf will not be perpendicular to the plane of the workpiece. After such sawing you can not dream about gluing the edges.
Now let’s consider whether it is necessary to “scratch” the laminated boards. Perhaps it can help, but only under the following conditions. It is not only on these layers that the saw chipped, but also on the outermost layers of the chipboard. The width of the “scratched” mowing line must match the thickness of the saw blade exactly (if you make it narrower it will stab, if you make it wider it will leave a trace on the workpiece). the sawblades should be strictly on top of each other and you have to saw strictly along the sawblade. Think about how realistic it is to perform at home with their own hands, and the answer about “scratching” will be obvious.
Sawing laminated chipboard with a parquet.
The cause of chipping in this case is the effect of the cutting teeth, but not only in the direction of the kerf, but also on the opposite side. (Vibration from the power tool does not allow to conduct a parquet perfectly evenly that is why there is a warp of the disk concerning kerf). In this case, the guide not only allows you to saw chipboard evenly, but also prevents chipping on the opposite side from the sawing direction. When choosing a disk for sawing laminated chipboard, you should pay attention to the number of teeth, the more teeth, the cleaner the kerf.
Chipboard without chipping with a hand-held cutter.
Before processing furniture pieces with a router is necessary to saw them with a reserve of 3-5 millimeters from each side to be processed. In contrast to previous sawing methods, the hand router leaves behind a perfect surface. A chipping after such processing is rare and it turns out to keep the cut perpendicular. So far we have only considered straight-line sawing, but when it comes to sawing various kinds of circles and roundings, there is no alternative to the jigsaw and router. The disadvantages of using the router include the need for skills. We will talk about them in other articles.
In this case we will saw Particle board, it is the most capricious material for sawing, because it has longitudinal and transverse layers, quite delicate and thin veneer. But on the other hand, it has a rigid glue base, which will also interfere.
A Neat Way To Cut Laminate. DIY At Bunnings
Circular saw blade. How to choose it?
When sawing the chipboard, the saw blade should both cut cleanly and be resistant, because the glue by its properties is very close to the glass and quickly blunted the tool itself. That’s why when sawing Particleboard you need to choose good enough discs to saw with them without losing quality for a long time.
Avoiding Tear Out with Veneer or Melamine Board
What is the difficulty in sawing with circular saw blades??
If we look at the kerf of the workpiece, we see that it is full of scuffs, because it is almost impossible to drive the saw straight in the kerf.
On the saw blade there is a height difference between the body of the saw itself and the sawing part of the tooth. Thanks to this distance the blade has the possibility to direct its position in the kerf. Accordingly, as soon as it changes its geometry, the rear tines start to run over the chipboard and leave marks on the workpiece.
It is important to place the workpiece facedown. Why?
The disc rotates from the bottom upwards and trims the nap of the workpiece upwards into the base. So from below, on the front side, we always have a clean surface. Problems begin to form at the top, where the teeth come out of the workpiece. That’s how you get undercuts, chips, lint.
How to minimize them or avoid them altogether? There are a few uncomplicated tricks, and we will tell you about them now.
To cut the sheet by hand without splintering will help to follow a few simple rules:
- Ensure a stable position of the chipboard. the blade should not vibrate and should not break under its own weight at the end of the cut;
- Use a guide rail, rigidly secured with clamps;
- choose a hacksaw or interchangeable saws with the smallest tooth size;
- carry out sawing with minimal pressure;
- use the most suitable tool.
The purpose of the formatting and cutting equipment
This equipment is designed for longitudinal, cross-cutting and cutting of lumber at a specified angle, format cutting and trimming of panel-type workpieces, elimination and addition of overhangs after facing. And, in addition, to cut the laminated boards into slabs of a certain size.
The formatting equipment involved in furniture production, makes it possible to produce high quality products. On these machines it is possible to set the basic parameters for the elements of furniture, so that they can be worked on subsequently. With the help of nesting machines can be carried out as a single processing of blanks, and batch.
The formatting and cutting machine is able to process such materials as:
- wood of any species;
- Plywood of different thickness;
- USB boards, fiberboard, fiberboard, and particleboard;
- composite sheets with plastic linings or laminated with film-paper material, melamine or veneer.
These machines are needed to precisely cut the material according to given geometric parameters. The main area of application of nesting machines. it’s furniture factories of all sizes and small carpentry workshops.
Sawing laminated chipboard at home
On the basis of practice we can conclude that it is not easy to qualitatively saw laminated chipboard at home often the tool makes jagged cuts in the postforming. Laminated boards lose their appearance with this approach. Consider what is better to cut Laminated chipboard.
The best option is to use a formatting machine for sawing. Only for private use, it is impractical to buy such equipment, the machine costs a lot of money and takes a lot of space. Many companies provide services for sawing Laminated Chipboard, but the services are not cheap.
It is possible to find a cheaper way to use a circular saw. There are special saws for sawing laminated boards. In order to correct defects in the rough cut, a milling machine is used. With some experience with such equipment can be achieved quite good results.
Sawing with hand tools
Make a cut Laminated chipboard and with the help of various improvised tools:
- Electric jigsaw;
- The cut with a planer (it is better to use electric tools);
- Manual router;
- Saws for metal;
- angle grinder.
Sawing with a jigsaw
Sawing laminated chipboard with an electric jigsaw, you must assume that the saw blade of the tool will bend, and the cut will not be straight enough in any case. That is why it is necessary to make a reserve of about 4 mm at the edge of the cut. After sawing, the edge of the side must be flattened. To get a better cut, it is better to set the jigsaw to maximum rpm and reduce the feed.
Before you begin, it is necessary to clearly mark the line, where the sawing will take place. We cut not along the mowing line, but a little away from the desired plate, finish the cut with sandpaper.
Sawing Laminated chipboard with a metal saw
Before you begin work, tape or paper tape along the sawtooth saw blade. This will protect the decorative layer of the Laminated Particle Board from chipping. The saw must have a fine tooth.
Sawing should be done at a sufficiently sharp angle to reduce the risk of chipping. It is operated without excessive pressure. When you have finished cutting, file the cut if necessary.
Woodworking Fact or Fiction: Does Tape on Wood Give Cleaner Cuts? / Less Tear-Outs
Of course, the quality with improvised tools is not the same as when sawing with special equipment, but quite satisfactory. The speed of work is also not at the highest level, but in home conditions it is better not to rush, paying more attention to accuracy.
So, we have considered with what to saw Laminated chipboard without chipping. We will be happy to answer your questions in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев block.