As a rule, under the angle cut tiles and tiles for wall or floor lining. Using the technique you can get an aesthetic framing without buying decorative corners.
- Interior finish kitchen, bathroom, toilet
- Create interiors in offices and retail space;
- Facing the premises of the restaurant destination;
- Finishing of swimming pools, saunas, recreation areas, etc.д.
You can perform the work yourself, or you can order cutting under 45 degrees from a specialized organization. What to choose depends on the amount of work and available budget. For those who are engaged in large construction it’s more reasonable to order cutting in bulk from professionals, instead of wasting time using your own forces. If you need to fit only a couple of elements just read this article.
How to cut a tile under 45 degrees
Whatever tool is chosen, before the main sawing it is advisable to practice on unnecessary tiles.
Angle grinder to cut and file the corner will be more difficult than on the machine, but it is possible. During work, a lot of dust is generated, so you should use personal protective equipment: respirator, goggles and gloves.
The step by step execution of boring (filing) with the help of angle grinder for beginners masters:
- The diamond wheel is placed on the angle grinder.
- The tile is placed on the table face down. The edge on which the beading will be made, a little bit dangles.
- The tile is sawn (cut). the angle grinder moves with the top down, visually control the machine, it must be in relation to the tile at an angle of 45 degrees. From the glazed edge of the tile step back 0,5-1 mm.
- The cut is grinded with an emery board or diamond “turtles.
- If there are small errors, it is better to use a wooden bar with sandpaper and spot fix them.
Dry tile cut at 45 degree. Сухая резка края плитки под 45 градусов.
With sufficient experience, the number of steps can be reduced.
- The tile is placed so that the edge to be cut is oriented vertically.
- Burr (filing) is performed with an angle grinder. from the back side of the tile at 45 degrees.
- When the angle is well marked, the cut edge is machined with an angle grinder again.
- The irregularities are ground with diamond turtles. With a small number of cuts and time, a good result is achieved with the use of emery wheels.
The first step is to take sandpaper 0 and 0. For finer work 0.
Use an electric tile cutter
- The processed tile is placed on a working table.
- The cutting wheel is set at a 45 degree angle.
- Tile cutting is performed by a diamond cutting head similar to a circular saw.
- Only the clay layer is cut, the glazed surface must remain intact.
- The cut is grinded with an angle grinder with diamond turtles or emery wheels.
How is the cutting of tiles performed??
When installing flooring, it is always necessary to adjust the material around the perimeter of the room, in the area of pipes. Tile cutting must be performed with caution, because there is a risk of compromising the integrity of the edges, chipping, which will lead to a deterioration in the appearance of the product. There are different ways to cut ceramic and porcelain tiles. If there is no experience in such work, there may be difficulties, for example, at the first stage, the material often spoils, so you should act, first learning the intricacies of the process of cutting.
How and what to cut a large format tile?
The day comes when the tile to be laid does not fit in your tile cutter.
And there is an endless series of questions:
- What tile cutter to buy, mechanical or electric?
- What length?. What if tomorrow the tile will be 5 cm more than the current one??
- How often do you need a new tool?
- Expensive or cheap. How much does common sense tell you to spend?
- Where’s your guarantee that a new tool will cut through without a problem??
How the decision was made, what were the arguments in favor of one option or another, can be tracked almost in real time.
Tubadzin PIETRASANTA POL tiles to be installed
It’s like in the fairy tale about the stone at the fork of three roads. Depends on where you go. it depends on what you find and how much you lose.
There are two main directions:
- To cut tiles with a roller and then, to break.
- To cut with a cutting disc mounted on various tools and fixtures.
The complexity of the choice lies in the fact that both directions have quite a lot of options.
The first thing that comes to mind is the need for a mechanical tile cutter with a cutting length of 120 cm. Cheap options fall away immediately. Of the available tile cutters firm Battipav.
The first option to cut a tile of large format.
What stops you from buying is the thought that this tool will probably only be used once:
It makes more sense to take the second option. The guide consists of several parts, which allows you to make it the necessary length. The maximum possible 340 cm. This is a guarantee that such a system is suitable for any possible tile format and will always be in demand:
Other brand name tool manufacturers have similar systems. For example SIGMA.
Price of the tool stops. for insignificant amount of work the tool will not pay off. Also, to cut corners and holes, you still need a turbine (angle grinder). How to align two cuts?
And the main question: how will the tiles break?? A preliminary test of cutting with a tile cutter on the small side was unsuccessful. Out of 4 attempts, two were unsuccessful:
How to make a simple Jig to cut 45 degree tile edges. Резка плитки под 45
Unsuccessful attempt to cut porcelain stoneware along the short side
Added to the doubts are the facts and reports of unsuccessful cases of such a method of cutting, even with the Montolite system.
Therefore, the study of the second case, which had many variants of execution, began:
Each option has its advantages. The machine (a good one) allows you to cut almost without chipping the tiles. Quickly and easily (without dust) get the cut at 45 degrees. But there remain some inconveniences in the work and the main problem. the length of the cut tiles, which is impossible to keep up with:
And the main thing that keeps you from stopping at this option is the practicality of such a machine on small volumes:
Electric tile cutter in the apartment with finishing.
The second option lacks some of the disadvantages of the machine, but also has no particular advantages. There is a cost issue for both cases. The most interesting option is the Festool Diamant DSC-AG 125 Plus-FS cut-off system for 500
While searching, I unexpectedly came across a very down-to-earth way to solve the problem of cutting large format tiles:
What’s the payoff? Simple and cheap design. The aluminum wedge is always handy. Clamps are not a problem. The cutting tool can be purchased at a reasonable price:
Makita electric tile cutters.
In terms of price, both options are the same. But the battery option has these characteristics:
That is, the speed is insignificant and the disk from the angle grinder is not suitable.
But you can go for a super economical option. just buy an attachment for angle grinder Mechanic 125 Slider (19568442010). For those who like “expensive toys,” this option is not suitable. Too easy and cheap.
Nozzle for angle grinder,
- The table is made from a pallet (throw it on the floor and cover it with a piece of drywall).
- The guide bar is made of an aluminum wedge with holes at the ends.
- Clamps two self-tapping wood screws, screwed into the holes on the wedge.
The most expensive investment was the DISTAR 1A1R MULTIGRES 1251.4x10x22.23 porcelain tile disc. Hardness 7D. The other two Distar tile cutting discs are not suitable for this application.
A significant disadvantage is the dust. If you want, you can find a similar bit with a vacuum cleaner nozzle. But you need to adapt to the hose that drains the dust. Cutting simply with a nozzle is a new skill, it takes some getting used to, and then there’s the hose.
Features of cutting large-format tiles with an angle grinder.
You start cutting tiles by cutting two ends. Next 3-4 passes over the entire cut, with a gradual deepening or at once passing in a full cut.
If you do not make notches, the tile breaks at the end unpredictably tested:
Cutting tiles from both sides.
This rule is also true for wet-cutting on the machine:
Tile manufacturers (or those who try to speak for them) explain this by the fact that large-format tiles have a lot of internal stress. When cutting in the conventional way, they can splinter.
Similarly, when cutting holes in such tiles, it is advised to first drill round holes in the corners of the future window, and only then, cut:
The point is that it is not necessary to make holes in the corners. You can immediately cut with an angle grinder, but not to the full depth and not in one place. Start with the sides and corners that are in the middle of the tile, gradually deepening in different places:
Cutting a pattern on a large-format tile without pre-drilling.
This may not be something you can do with every tile:
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Can I cut porcelain tiles with an angle grinder?? Types of Ceramic Cutting
In addition to ceramics, which is used in the improvement of bathrooms, there are also porcelain, natural stone tiles. They are more durable and reliable, so they are used for laying in public places, industrial premises, modern interiors of residential buildings.
These types of tiles are also machined with an angle grinder. The general principle of operation remains the same. The only difference is that due to the higher strength it is recommended to use only segmented metal discs with diamond coating: due to better cooling the probability of overheating is less. The wet method will help make the work more efficient and reduce the amount of dust.
The advantage of the angle grinder over the tile cutter is that the latter cuts only in a straight line. The angle grinder performs complex shapes. What kinds of cutting the master will face?
- A straight cut is more convenient and faster to make with a tile cutter. But if you don’t have one, an angle grinder is fine.
- The shaped oval cut is a complex variety. Used for decorative purposes.
- Rectangular hole.
- Holes with a circular shape.
- In a 45° angle.
Straight cuts or straight cuts
The standard, the easiest way, which we advise initially to master the non-professionals.
- Prepare the workpiece: to do this we take a marker, a ruler, mark out the line on which we will make the cut.
- Lay the workpiece on a straight surface, remove unnecessary material that could interfere. Secure the workpiece in the vise for accuracy.
- Start sawing. Do not saw through the ceramic, but make an incision 1-5 mm deep (depending on the thickness of your workpiece). Remember that when entering the material the number of revolutions decreases, later it can be increased. Drive the tool straight and at the same speed, away from yourself. Do not drive the circular saw back and forth along the marked line. Keep to the planned path as far as possible. As the cutting edge comes out, reduce speed again to avoid chipping.
- Break the workpiece into two parts. If necessary, deburr the cut with an appropriate tool.
How to MITER CUT tile like a PRO!!!
Make a curved cut or a curved cutout
The most difficult, demanding to the skill of the worker variety. It is recommended to entrust its performance to a professional, if you do not consider yourself an experienced user. Unlike a straight cut, a shaped cut will not work with a tile cutter: an angle grinder is necessary in this case.
- Marking the workpiece with a marker.
- We fix the workpiece on a flat surface, fix it for maximum reliability.
- Start working with the angle grinder: it is required to make short notches, cutting off excess material.
- When you have finished sawing, there will be unevenness in the cutting points. To finish the shape cut, change the cutting disc with an abrasive disc, work the kerf until you are satisfied with the result.
Cutting rectangular holes in the tile
For this type of sawing you will need a drill with a drill bit (recommended diameter. 5 mm) for tile!
- We mark the contours of the shape we will saw.
- Fasten the workpiece, using a flat surface (this can be a large sturdy table or a special workbench).
- Using the drilling tool, create holes in the corners of the intended rectangle within the outlined contours.
- Using an angle grinder we cut with a mitre saw following the marked contour.
- Remove the inside of the circle.
- If necessary, refine the resulting area with an abrasive.
Cutting circles (circular holes)
Before starting to cut the circle, prepare a drill, a carbide drill bit (3-4 mm is the appropriate diameter), and a compass. Here we go:
- Use a marker to put a point on the workpiece. This will be the center point of the circle.
- Using a compass, draw a circle outline of the size you need.
- Using the drill, create a hole in the spot where the center point is.
- We cut through with the angle grinder from the inside of the contour of our circle.
- Roughen up the rough edges with an abrasive or sandpaper.
Cutting at a 45° angle
This type of cut is considered difficult. To improve the quality of the result, we advise to work with a branded metal wheel, reinforced with a diamond coating.
- Mark the place of the kerf with a ruler marker.
- Position and, if possible, fix the dummy.
- Positioning the slab with the outer side facing downwards.
- Using the angle grinder we cut the back side of the workpiece at an angle.
- Following the marked mowing line, we make the re-cut. This will make it possible to achieve the most accurate and flat result.
- If necessary, we finish the place of the cut.
The above described tools allow you to make a straight and angular cutting of porcelain tiles with good quality of work, but what to do if the project involves an intricate design with lots of curves? Of course, you can, long and hard to saw out the shaped elements with an angle grinder, but the quality of manual work with a fragile material will not allow you to get an ideal surface. Chips are inevitable, and nobody cancelled the shaking of human hands when working at high speeds.
In this case, waterjet cutting on porcelain tiles is used. It is performed on special equipment in specialized workshops.
Cutting a tile on the corner, at 45 degrees.
To decorate the corner, tiled, without the use of a plastic corner, has recently gained popularity. There are several possible reasons for this phenomenon: Because it’s new, and yet rarely meets. How not everyone often serves as the main argument. The absence of unnecessary elements in design has always been and will always be the best solution. This is the law of harmony. there is no need to match the color of the angle to the color of the tile.
Notching a tile at 45 degrees on a corner.
How and what to make a 45 degree cut on the end of the tile?
The best option to get a cut on a tile with a cutting machine, where it is possible to turn the cutting wheel at an angle to the cut tile. The machine can be with water supply in the cutting zone or without. This does not affect the quality of the cut. Wet cutting provides more comfortable working conditions less dust. Either way the quality of the bevel is acceptable and large quantities of tiles can be cut quickly.
Sawing tiles at 45 degrees on a machine.
The only difficulty arises when cutting concave tiles. It’s not a marriage of tiles has this shape. The machine can’t replicate the deflection when notching:
Therefore, the cut part should not reach the front edge of the tile where the enamel begins. Chips appear. Especially on porcelain tiles. It is better to finish this area manually. You can do this with a grinding wheel on the turbine. This is faster and easier. But not always better quality. The grinding wheel can choose to be stronger or weaker in certain places.
A more even plane is obtained manually, from the longitudinal movements along the tile with a bar coated with sandpaper. Longitudinal movements comb out protrusions, making the bevel in one plane. Another trick. The bevel on a tile is necessary to do under a sharper angle (less than 45 degrees). Nothing changes visually, and the convenience when tiling is substantial. This method is not suitable for ceramic baseboard, where you can see from above the junction of the ends of the two tiles.
Joining ceramic baseboard at 45 degrees.
It’s better to make a cut on a painted tile face (many tiles have one end of the 4 tiles half or completely covered with enamel). In this case, you can not bring the bevel at 45 degrees to the edge, and leave a strip of one millimeter at the end. The end of a tile on an angle is not chipped and is less vulnerable to impact. This is especially important for dark colored tiles with dark grout. When you sharpen their end, there are light streaks and you can’t hide them with grout. This is often caused by the fact that. that the tile has a slightly convex surface in the middle, and when trimming at an angle, the circle clings to the ends of the tile face enamel.
White streaks appeared when cutting the end of the tile at 45 degrees.
In the case of light grout, the unpainted end of the tile is less noticeable.
The disadvantages of the angle on the tile, sharpened at 45 degrees :
The corner is more vulnerable to knocks. Especially if it is on a passageway. It is enough to hook the slope with an empty metal bucket so that a piece of the drained corner on the tile, flew off. Increases the labor intensity of the work, and thus the price.
To snag such a corner can be anything, even a harmless belt buckle of a trouser belt:
Opinion of craftsmen about tile filing at an angle of 45 degrees.
To prepare a 45 angle on the tile, you can also use an angle grinder. Lots of dust. Wrong quality. But really. The main thing is cheap and always possible.
It’s especially important to mark the right corner when paving decorative stones. Often the corner elements for such products are not provided or are not available. Cutting the stone at a 45-degree angle is the only way out of such a situation.
Angle on the decorative stone at 45 degrees.
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Why trim the edge of the tile at a 45 degree angle?
Why do you need to trim tiles at a 45-degree angle? Such an operation becomes demanded in two cases:
- When it is necessary to join the outside and inside corners of rectangular elements, when it is necessary to make a bevel for an edge, which helps to form a beautiful even angle. This operation allows you to abandon the use of cheap plastic corners.
- When diagonal tile layout is chosen for tiling. In this case, it is necessary to cut the tile itself at an angle of 45 degrees.
Carry out such a task can be carried out with different tools.
What kind of discs are used to cut tiles
For cutting ceramics you need special discs, which can be stone or metal with a diamond coating. Stone disks are seldom used, as they are rather thick and quickly worn out, and during operation the dust is strong. The cost of stone discs is many times less than metal discs, but experts prefer to work with the latter.
It is preferable to work on ceramics with solid discs. When working with such discs, there is a time restriction: they must not cut continuously for more than 1-1.5 minutes. Then allow to cool down while the angle grinder is idling.
Segmented are designed for cutting paving stone, porcelain, natural stone or concrete.
The segments are designed to keep the tool cooler while working.