How do you know if your cornea is scratched?
The cause of damage to the delicate cornea can be dust or a foreign body, impact, prolonged wear of contact lenses or the presence of chips on them, intense friction when you get a grain of salt. Sometimes the first signs of a scratch on the cornea are not immediately apparent, so it can be difficult to determine the source of the trouble. But characteristic symptoms strongly suggest the presence of trauma:
- Pain that worsens when you try to open your eye;
- Strong lacrimation, redness;
- Feeling of a foreign body in the eye;
- photophobia, lack of clarity of visual perception;
- frequent headache.
If possible, you should immediately consult a doctor, but first try to alleviate your condition.
Cornea clouding: how to correct the situation?
In cases of corneal clouding after an eye injury, it is necessary to consult an ophthalmologist. As an effective and safe remedy against “blurred vision”, honey drops have proven themselves well. This method of treatment can not be called exclusively folk, many experts advise the remedy in the case of a similar problem.
The dilution pattern is as follows. In the first week, dilute half a teaspoon of honey with 3 tablespoons of water. In the second and subsequent weeks (up to and including the 5th week) increase the amount of honey by half a spoonful (the amount of water remains the same. In the sixth week and beyond, dilute the components in a 1:1 ratio.
This method of treatment is contraindicated in patients suffering from viral eye diseases, especially those provoked by the herpes virus. Otherwise, the ailment will worsen.
How to remove the earwax from the eye?
In many cases, it is quite easy to remove the eye lump at home. The main thing is to be very careful and attentive not to damage the eye. If you are unable to remove the speck after repeated attempts, you should see an ophthalmologist for professional help as soon as possible.
A foreign object in the eye is always accompanied by discomfort and even painful sensations. That is why it is so important to remove the speck quickly in order to avoid unpleasant feelings and not to worsen the situation any more.
Signs of the ingress of the earworm in the eye
Before trying to remove a foreign object from your eye, you need to make sure that it really got into it, because there are situations when the sensation of a foreign object in the eye indicates a completely different disease.
Thus, the signs of getting a speck in the eye are:
- A scratching sensation when blinking
- swelling of the eye;
- Redness, itching, and burning sensation in the eye;
- Difficulties in opening the eye;
- Reduced visual acuity, a feeling of haze and turbidity in the eye;
- Excessive tearing.
All of the above signs indicate that the body is trying to get rid of a foreign body that has entered the eye.
Ways to remove the sediment from your eye
It is not difficult to remove a foreign particle from your eye. The most important thing is not to rub the eye, because the particles can easily get buried even deeper, and then your own attempts will not be successful. over, it is important to keep in mind that in most cases, only small foreign objects (e.g. cilia or tiny flies) can be removed from the eye without serious consequences. As for, for example, wooden sawdust, then you need to be extremely careful, because it can traumatize the cornea.
Calm down before attempting to remove the eye worm, because discomfort in the eye is often caused by nerves or panic. Then you need to wash your hands and prepare a mirror for the examination of the eye. Now you may try to look at the seed drill: if you can’t see it, try gently pulling your eyelids away to see if the seed drill is under the eyelids. If you notice a pinprick, it is important to understand where it is: on the surface of your eye or deep inside your eye. If it changes its position while blinking unhindered, then the eye is not damaged and can be removed by yourself. If you feel a very strong and sharp pain, but instead of a harmless eyelash somehow got into the eye, for example, a metal chip, then it is better to immediately contact the doctor.
- The easiest way to remove the earwax from the eye is to blink vigorously. Often, after that the catfish “comes out” of the eye on its own.
- The second way to correctly remove the speck from the eye is to artificially induce a tear. The best way to do this is with the help of eye drops (if you do not have them, you can use plain clean water or decoction of chamomile).
- If the foreign object is located under the lower eyelid, you will need to prepare clean water, a gauze napkin or cotton swab to remove it. With one hand pull your eyelids apart as much as possible, and with the other hand use a cotton swab soaked in water to gently pick up the maggot. If the earworm is at the top, then follow the same way (the only thing is that you will probably need to call someone to help you, because in this case it will be difficult and inconvenient to twist the eyelid and take out the earworm at the same time). Never use forceps to remove a foreign object from your eye, and do not try to catch it with your fingernails. this way you risk seriously damaging your eye.
- An equally easy way that can help to remove the eye discharges is to try to flush it with water or try to pull the upper eyelid over the lower one, which can cause the discharges to move downward and you can easily remove them.
So, it is possible to remove the speck from your eye on your own. but be very careful not to injure your eye even more. If you feel any discomfort twenty-four hours after the removal of the debris (your eye still hurts more than it already does), see a doctor immediately.
Prevent foreign objects from getting into your eye
Always be careful and protect your eyes to avoid the trouble of accidentally putting a foreign object in your eye. In particular:
- Wear safety glasses when doing any construction or welding work;
- Never touch your eyes with unwashed hands;
- Wear sunglasses if there is a strong wind or a large accumulation of insects in the street.
If you follow these simple rules, you will keep your eyes from being blinded by foreign objects which may cause serious consequences for your eyesight.
What to do if a chip, chip, chip, eyelash, scale, or other foreign body has entered the eye?
Blinking of the eye can be harmful.
If the eye reflexively squeezes. this action can lead to deeper penetration of the foreign body into the conjunctiva, the mucosa of the eyelid and its fixation.
Rust formation around the metal foreign body.
- Determining the location of the chip. In order to determine where the chip is located. blink several times. by the feeling you will be able to determine whether it is under the upper or under the lower eyelid.
- Examination of the lower eyelid. In case blinking doesn’t allow you to determine where the chips are, they should be identified visually. To do this, pull the lower eyelid down in front of a mirror and look closely at the mucosa of the eyelid.
- Examine the upper eyelid. If you do not identify a foreign object in the lower eyelid, you must twist the upper eyelid. This requires the following sequence of actions:
- Stand in front of a mirror in a well-lit room.
- Tilt your head as far back as possible (as if you were looking at the ceiling).
- With your eyes pointing downwards as much as possible (as if you were trying to look under your feet).
- Gently use one hand to gently grip your eyelashes with your fingers.
- With the other hand, press the hygienic cotton swab parallel to the edge of the eyelid into the middle.
- Holding the eyelid with a sanitary wand, pull the lashes upwards with the other hand to evert the eyelid.
- After everted eyelid, look at mucosa in a mirror.
- Help from a neighbor. It is better to have another person do the eyelid turning over and examining the mucosa. it is difficult to do without skill.
- Removing the foreign body. After examining the eyelid and visually identifying a foreign body, you can remove it with a hygienic cotton swab (or a piece of folded triangular tissue).
- If you cannot remove the eye by yourself. in this case you should contact the nearest clinic or hospital which has an ophthalmologist. If pain in the eye does not allow you to get to an ophthalmologist by yourself, you should call an ambulance.
- The foreign body is removed, but the sensation of its presence remains in the eye. This may be caused by micro-scratches that appeared due to the foreign body rubbing against the cornea while blinking or by careless removal of the foreign body. Start any antibiotic eye drops (tobrex, gentagut, moxicin, etc.) and.д.) 1 drop 4 times a day for 4-7 days. In this case it is desirable to apply for personal consultation to an ophthalmologist.
- rubbing the eye
- force yourself to blink more often
- Squeeze the eye tightly at will
- Drops (dexamethasone, albucid, and other drops)
- Try to rinse out your eye with tap water
- To drip honey, aloe juice, and other folk methods
Eye Injury with Contact Lenses
Patients who use contact lenses can easily injure the mucosa or cornea. The reason: if you put the lens on incorrectly or didn’t notice that its edges are torn or have defects. And then, the lens gradually rubs on the cornea and conjunctiva when you wear it. As a consequence, erosion forms in this area, which if left untreated can turn into keratitis. And keratitis. This is already a serious inflammation of the cornea that requires long-term treatment, a temporary refusal to wear contact lenses, and possibly hospitalization.
What you can’t do if there is a foreign object in your eye
The most valuable thing you have is your health and the health of your eyes in particular. Being able to see is a gift to be appreciated. With eye disease, partial blindness life loses its colors and you can get a lot of complications. This is why it is important to protect your eyes from damage and foreign objects. All precautions should be taken even when you’re extracting the tiniest speck.
Sometimes you can injure your eye or get an infection if you don’t follow good hygiene practices and if you don’t behave properly. And then the simple extraction of the speck will be an epic experience.
- Rinse your eyes with plain tap water
- trying to get it out with your finger
- Touching your eye with dirty hands
- rubbing your eyes (simply rubbing your eyes with your hand can scratch your cornea)
- panic and make sudden movements
If you are very worried and your hands are shaking, it is best not to touch your eyes to avoid irreparable harm. Also, refrain from driving if you feel something is wrong with your eyes.
Always touch your eyes with clean washed hands, otherwise the consequences can be very unpleasant. You may get an eye infection and you may be rewarded with conjunctivitis, barley, and keratitis.
A tea bag compress will help to relieve the eye. Along with traditional methods of treatment, it is recommended to use folk remedies. Without drugs they can only help in case of a slight burn of the cornea. Before using any folk medicine recipe should consult with your doctor about the possibility of combining it with pharmacological substances.
- Recipe Grate a couple of raw potatoes on a grater. The resulting mush should be placed in multi-layered gauze. Apply to the eyes for 25-30 minutes. Effect: anti-inflammatory, anesthetic.
- Recipe Dissolve in liquid honey (2 tbsp. л.) in warm boiled water (200 ml). Soak cotton pads in sweetened liquid on closed eyelids. Duration of procedure. half an hour. Effect: calms inflammation, reduces redness, relieves pain.
- Prescription Used tea bags should be placed on the closed eyes. You should keep the compress for 20 minutes and then repeat it 3-5 times a day.
- Recipe Grind in a blender or on a grater a sheet of fresh cabbage. Wrap the mixture into gauze and apply to the eyes. Keep for 20 min. During the day the procedure can be repeated up to 6-8 times. Effect: redness disappears, pain is alleviated, and the cabbage pulp acts as an anti-inflammatory.
- Recipe Stir in aloe juice (1 tbsp. л.) with warm boiled water (3 tbsp. л.), let stand for 1.5-2 hours. Chopped fresh leaves can be used instead of juice. Soak cotton pads in this liquid and put them on the eye for 5 minutes, after which change with a new portion of the infusion. Juice mixed in a ratio of 1:1 with boiled water is used for eye drops in the morning (one drop for each eye). Effect: relieves pain, stops inflammation, tones skin around the eyes.
- Recipe Well cope with the task decoctions of medicinal plants (chamomile, oak bark, calendula, lime, etc.).). Any dried flowers (2-3 tablespoons) need to pour a glass of boiling water and under a covered lid to insist at least 15 = 20 minutes. After straining, you can use the liquid for compresses. Soaking should be done with a bandage or cotton pad. Effectively prepare decoctions from a collection of medicinal plants, taken in equal proportions.
What to do if you get dross in the eye?
Dross is small iron chips that can enter the eye when you work with an angle grinder or welder. A foreign body is very dangerous and can cause serious injury, so you should see a doctor as soon as possible and have it removed. In this article we will consider what to do if a scale penetrated the eye.
Dross usually enters the eye while working with a welder or angle grinder without goggles. However, many patients complain that they followed safety precautions, but a foreign body penetrated the gaps between the protective glass and the skin.
If you get into the eye, the small iron chips instantly stick to the cornea, so you can’t get them out yourself without anesthesia and professional tools. Patient needs to seek professional ophthalmic care as soon as possible. Prolonged presence of scale in the eye may provoke complications such as post-traumatic keratitis, corneal ulceration, and loss of vision.
The scale is removed using an injection needle from a syringe. Beforehand, local anesthesia is injected into the affected eye and the patient is seated behind a slit lamp. After removing the foreign body, the doctor treats the eye with an antibiotic solution and prescribes a course of treatment at home. The healing of the cornea usually takes 1-2 weeks. If the chips were in the central parts of the iris, there may be deterioration of vision and the formation of a superficial translucent opacity.
Dross removal is a short, but very delicate operation that requires a professional approach. It is advisable to see a specialist who is already familiar with the process of removing metal debris.
What to do if you scratched your cornea?
A corneal scratch is one of the most common eye injuries. The cornea is the transparent front surface of the eye. When the cornea is injured, the integrity of the corneal epithelium, the protective outer layer, is damaged. It is a real open wound that can get infected. This is why it is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect a corneal scratch.
How corneal scratches occur?
Damage to the cornea is easy. It is possible to get a scratch from any, even the smallest object, or in the course of quite harmless activities. You can scratch yourself on a bush branch, a piece of paper, or a makeup brush. Your eye can get hurt while playing sports or playing with a pet, or you can scratch it badly.
It could even be a fake injury: just sand, dust, and other small particles in the eye. A grain of sand in the eye, you scratch. here you have a wound on the cornea.
The likelihood of getting a corneal scratch increases if you suffer from dry eyes. Especially if you regularly wake up with a dry eye. If your eyes suffer from a lack of moisture while you sleep, your cornea may stick to your eyelid. You open your eyes in the morning, and your eyelids tear the corneal epithelium. Just like that, you get a painful abrasion on the spot.
There is this illusion that contact lenses protect the cornea from all kinds of injuries. But in fact, contact lenses can even provoke damage to the delicate layer, especially if you wear them for a long time and do not follow the rules of care and use.
Symptoms of a corneal scratch
The cornea can safely be called the most sensitive part of the body, for this reason even a small wound will cause a lot of pain. You’ll feel like there’s not just a speck in your eye, but a real “log with knots.”.
If the cornea is traumatized, you will experience sudden discomfort, your eyes will turn red and become very sensitive to light. Your eyes start to water very badly, you will have a constant feeling that something has got into your eye. Some people complain of headaches and dull pain in the eye, and vision problems. Nervous tics or nausea may occur.
So if you suspect you’ve injured your cornea and are experiencing some of these symptoms, it’s time to get immediate medical attention.
The threat of a scratch on the cornea?
If you feel something is in your eye, you instinctively start rubbing your eye, but you shouldn’t do this. you will worsen the problem if the foreign body is still in your eye. Bacteria can get into the wound and inflammation can occur, increasing the risk of getting an infectious disease.
Another common tip when you get a speck of debris in your eye is to rinse your eyes with running or bottled water. But this advice is from the number of harmful and dangerous to health. Microorganisms such as Acanthamoeba live in any water, including bottled water. If these amoebas get into the eye, and even with a scratched cornea, you can develop a very serious disease with the threat of vision loss. So it is better to wash your eyes with a sterile physiological eye wash solution or a multi-purpose contact lens solution.
If you have washed your eye, but the symptoms are not gone, then you should run to a doctor, so as not to aggravate the condition.
Mini Home Workshop. Rust and Mill Scale Removal
To diagnose a corneal scratch, your doctor will put special anesthetic drops in your eyes so that you can be diagnosed in the open eye. Another type of eye drops can help the doctor assess the degree of abrasion when examining the eye with a blue light and under a special microscope, which is called a slit lamp.
A swab is taken from the eye to detect the presence of infection.
How to treat a corneal scratch?
Treatment depends on the severity of the injury and the cause. If the scratch is small, then your doctor will prescribe lubricating drops without preservatives. These drops moisten the surface of the eye and guarantee comfort while the eye heals naturally.
For small scratches, it is sometimes recommended to use eye drops with antibiotics so that infection does not spread in the eye during healing. If the corneal wound is shallow, it will heal quickly, taking only a couple to three days.
In some cases, you have to use an antibiotic ointment that you put in your eye for a while, sometimes a steroid to reduce inflammation and something to relieve pain and sensitivity to light. If the scratch is deep, it can heal for a long time, and in addition, a scar can form, which can affect vision.
In special cases bandage contact lenses are used. These lenses are sold only with a prescription and are used together with drops. These lenses provide pain relief and speed up the healing process.
Regular contact lenses in cases of corneal damage will not help, and may even cause an infection, so they should be discarded for some time. Your optometrist will tell you when you can wear your regular contact lenses. A second visit to the ophthalmologist is usually scheduled one day after the initial treatment.
If you begin to treat the scratch immediately, it is possible to avoid serious problems with your eyesight. But if the wound is deep and in the center of the cornea, it might scar and reduce the visual acuity.
It is very dangerous to leave a deep scratch without timely treatment. a corneal ulcer may appear in its place, which may provoke loss of vision. Particularly dangerous scratches due to trauma from organic materials. They cause corneal ulceration.
Always listen to your doctor’s advice and do not skip appointments. It may happen that the healing process does not go according to plan and corneal erosion and other complications may occur.
How to protect the cornea from scratches?
Taking care of your eyes is the most important precaution that will help keep your cornea from damage.
Remember to wear safety glasses or goggles when performing construction or welding work. If small particles or sparks are produced while working, your eyes need extra careful protection. Protective glasses may also be useful when playing sports, working outdoors (mowing grass), using power tools.
It is very important to use contact lenses correctly. You need to know for how long they can be worn, how to care for them, what solutions to use, and how to dispose of them. An ophthalmologist will give you the advice you need on how to use your lenses without harming your health.
When the cornea is abraded due to dry eyes, it is worth getting a consultation from an ophthalmologist. He will tell you how to keep your eyes moist and by what means.