How to put the blades on the electric jigsaw. Preparing for work

Self-adjustment of the electric planer blades

The tool you have bought needs to be tested before you work. To begin with, you need to study the instructions on how to work the electric planer properly. Then perform the preparation, while checking:

  • ease of rotation of the shaft;
  • the position of the soleplate;
  • the positions of the cutting elements;
  • if the power key can be pressed freely;
  • The presence of various defects: the integrity of the body, cable, etc.д.

Completeness and working condition of the tool should be checked even when buying. To check the integrity of the tool visually, the rotation of the drum can be checked by moving it with the palm of your hand. Functioning of the start key. by pressing it. If no defects are detected, a test run is performed.

Attention! Before you work with an electric planer, it is best to first learn on boards that are not needed. This will help “get accustomed” to get a quality result if there is no experience.

Preparing the tool is the key to quality results Source topex.net.ua

Adjusting the plate

Adjustment of the equipment begins with the adjustment of the front part of the soleplate. What the ruler is needed for. The work is done in the following sequence:

  • set the moving part of the sole with the help of the adjustment knob to the position which provides the smallest planing depth.
  • Place the planer on a flat surface upside down.
  • rotate the drum so that one of the knives is on top of its axis.
  • A ruler is placed on the plate: both parts must be at the same level.

If the pad on the sole is at an angle, the defect is corrected as follows:

  • Remove the adjustment knob and the front piece of the platen;
  • Clean the inside of the tool from dirt;
  • lubricate the parts;
  • set the soleplate and handle in place;
  • determine the location of the plate with a ruler.

Any flat surface can be used instead of the ruler Source ytimg.com

Knife attachment

The correct installation of the blades on the electric planer is also checked with a ruler. For what it is applied to the edge of the soleplate. Then determine if the cutting elements are rubbing against the surface. When they do not touch the ruler, an adjustment is necessary. Loosen the knives with the hexagon, which is included with the tool. After that, the cutting edges must be positioned parallel to the board, so that the edges protrude by about 1mm.

Knowing how to adjust the knives on an electric slicer, you can use this method for single-blade or multi-blade tools. After the adjustment, the edges must be in the desired position.

Please note that the degree of blade protrusion above the board will affect the working depth and the smooth running of the electric planer. When the blades are mounted correctly, they should not clash with the plate when the drum is running.

The fixing of the blades is not difficult to do Source yandex.net

See also: Directory of companies that specialize in finishing materials and related work

Sharpening knives

Before you adjust the knives on the electric slicer, it is necessary, if necessary, to make their sharpening. This can be done thanks to a special block. The process is as follows:

  • At first the abrasive stone is prepared. It is laid in water for 2-3 minutes. This allows the abrasive to absorb it, and, accordingly, in the process of work there will be not so much dust. Then the stone is placed on the sharpening machine.
  • Then the knife is fixed in a special block with nuts. It helps to make the sharpening at the required angle (30 degrees).
  • After the sharpening is done. The most important thing is not to disturb the balance of the blade, otherwise the planer will not work properly.

Sharpening blades of the electric slicer and other devices. For example, special sharpeners are sold in stores, which allow you to sharpen blades from tools of any manufacturer.

It is better to entrust the sharpening of electric planer blades to professionals Source zatochka-ru.ru

Characteristics of electric planer blades

In order to get the right result when working with a planer without unnecessary problems, it is necessary to properly sharpen it.

The use of an electric planer allows you to process the wooden surface with the highest frequency and preservation of certain dimensions. When choosing this tool it is very important to choose the right blades so that the work does not cause complications.

It is known from experience that if the electric slicer blades are straight, the surface finish is not of high quality. The surface looks wavy after planing. Caused by small height differences when making successive passes. In this case the knives are not adjusted to the proper height. This problem disappears if you use a tool with a spiral blade.

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The electric planer is constructed with two blades. They have two cutting surfaces and are easily removable. They are made from tungsten, but knives made from high-strength, hardened steel are more commonly used. The knives are sharpened in a special holder, where the desired sharpening angle is set. This tool enables high quality planing in a limited period.

When buying you need to pay special attention to knife protection. Usually each tool is equipped with two types of protection:

The electric planer is equipped with two blades that have two cutting surfaces and are easily removable.

Most of these devices have a special protective plate. It closes the end of the drum with a spring and allows you to process the wooden surface to the required depth and distance.

Adjustment of the electric slicer blades should be done with a special adjustment mechanism. It is located on the front handle of the tool. Turning the handle you adjust the knives to the desired height, the output is adjusted to within 2 mm.

The blades of the electric planer are sharpened in the same way as a mechanical planer. The only difference is the number of blades. The electric planer is equipped with two blades.

Always change knives in pairs. Only one set should be used. This eliminates the appearance of imbalance. This phenomenon can lead to tool breakage and very poor surface quality after planing.

Vyborka quartering with the electric plungeboard planer

Most modern electric planers are fitted with a quartering function. For this purpose, the tool has special stops to control the direction of the planer and the depth of the planing. This is done quite simply according to the points:

  • Use a marker on the workpiece to mark the edges.
  • Turn on the planer and run it through the wood. First with light pressure on the front of the device, and when the sole plate is completely on the material the force should be equalized.
  • The work is performed in several passes. It all depends on the depth of cut you want to make.

How to properly install the blade in the planer

We pay your attention that according to the Federal law N 273-FZ “About education in the Russian Federation” in the organizations which are carrying out educational activity, training and education of students with disabilities is organized both together with other students, and in separate classes or groups.

The setting, or adjustment, consists in setting the degree of penetration of the point beyond the plane of the base plate. Determine the degree of release by looking along the sole of the planer from its front to the side “back of the head”. If the blade of the knife is far out of the block, it will grab too thick chips and tear the wood. This can be done with a Sherchebels designed for rough, coarse planing, while a planer should remove thin, even chips. A blade that is set too low will slide over the material and remove too thin a chip, which greatly increases the time required for processing. It is not possible to carve a smooth surface with a skewed blade.

There are many different kinds of planers now, we will take apart all the appropriate planers.

1.Installing the knife in a wooden planer with a single knife.

Place the knife on the planer blade with the bevel downwards (fig.20)

(Fig.20)

Hold the blade of the planer and wedge it in place (fig.21)

(fig.21)

Then turn the planer upside down and, holding it by its front handle, look along the sole of the planer ,

(fig.22)

then start chamfering the planer blade until it goes over the surface of the planer

(figs.23)

the blade should protrude above the sole by 0.2-0.3 mm. evenly across the entire width of the soleplate if the blade comes out unevenly then it is smoothed out by soft blows with a hammer on the side edges of the blade ,

(Fig.24) after aligning the planer blade, whip the wedge to finally secure the blade in the planer.

Installing a blade in a wooden planer with a double blade.

Assembling the double knife with the chipbreaker

(fig.25)

Then repeat all the steps for installing the single blade (Fig. from 20 to 24).

3.Installing the blade into the metal planer with single blade.

Place the knife on the chamfer of the planer

(fig.26)

Hold the planer blade and fix it with the wedge (fig.27)

(fig.27)

We press the knife with the screw, but not too hard, then we start to whip the planer knife until the blade goes over the surface of the planer at 0.2-0.3 mm (Fig.28)

(Fig.28)

after aligning the blade, fasten it with the screw finally.

4.Setting the blade in a metal planer with a single blade with adjustment screws.

Place the blade on the planer’s flute with the bevel downwards. Hold the planer blade and fix it with the wedge (fig.29)

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(Fig.29)

Then we press the blade with the screw, but not too much, then by twisting the adjusting screws we move the blade by 0.2-0.3 mm from the base of the planer ,

(Fig.30)

After aligning the blade, finally clamp the blade into the planer.

5.Setting the blade in a metal planer with a double blade.

Assemble the double knife with a chipbreaker (fig.25).Place the blade on the planer board with the bevel downwards

Hold the planer blade and fix it with the wedge (fig.31)

(Fig.31)

Then slide out the blade with the regulation screw ,

(fig.32)

level the parallelism of the knife to the planer’s sole with the help of the adjusting rail ,

blades, electric, preparing, work

(Fig.33)

then finally secure the blade with the wedge.

Planer is one of the main tools of a woodworker and its good work depends on a correctly sharpened blade and proper adjustment of the planer. Depending on what material must be dealt with depends on the setting of the planer. Proper sharpening and tuning of the planer is the key to half the success in the planing process.

blades, electric, preparing, work

Sharpening the blades of an electric slicer with your own hands

Using a device with blunt blades leads to increased load on the motor, and this is fraught with its premature wear and tear. In addition, the quality of machining deteriorates.

Sharpening power tool knives at home is not that difficult if you are careful.

Necessary materials

  • sharpening stone: coarse-grained. for primary, fine-grained. for final sharpening;
  • two boards of laminate, a wooden bar. if you want to make a sharpener yourself.

Learn: How to choose an eccentric grinder: 5 tips and rules

Tools

  • hacksaw;
  • sharpening machine;
  • knife clamp;
  • ruler;
  • screwdriver;
  • pencil;
  • wood knife;
  • chisel;
  • hammer;
  • fixing screws and studs;
  • power drill;
  • a knife from a planer;
  • two identical bearings.

How to properly perform sharpening with your own hands:

Carefully screw them to the clamp so that the edges lie in the same plane.

Smoothly, exerting slight pressure, guide the knives on the abrasive. It is important to make sure that the blades are sharpened simultaneously. This keeps the original sharpening angle.

Tip: To prevent the dust from the abrasive being chipped flying in the face, it is better to wet the stone in advance.

Install the plates on the electric planer and adjust them.

This method is suitable if you need to sharpen the accessory slightly. For blunt knives that are too blunt, you’ll need a special attachment. But it can also be made with your own hands.

How to make a sharpening fixture

Creating a sharpening cart yourself is not an easy task, but doable.

Making the body Creating blanks for fasteners:
1. Use a pencil to draw an axis on the laminate.
2. Mark a couple of points on it that are slightly larger than the width of the electric planer blade.
3. Use an electric drill to make holes for the studs.
4. Now do the same thing with another piece of laminate. The first one can be used as a template.
Transfer the size to the body of the future fixture:
Place a wooden bar vertically.
Make a through hole at the edge, with a distance slightly wider than the wheel.
Make another hole like this on the other side.
Finishing step:
1. Insert a stud into the drilled hole.
2. Slide the workpiece onto it.
3. Use a screwdriver to screw the nuts onto the studs.
4. Use screws to fix the lower part of the laminate to the joist. It can be drilled and countersinked right on.
5. Now you just have to screw in the screws.
Installing the bearings Creation of the protrusions:
Mark on the joist the lines where the wheels will be mounted.
Use a hacksaw to cut where the bearings are attached.
Remove the excess wood. A chisel and hammer come in handy here.
Fixing the bearings:
1. Draw the axis for the wheel centers.
2. Shape the protrusions into a cylindrical shape using a knife.
3. Slide the bearings into the prepared slots.
Tip: For a better fixation, the surface where the wheels are attached can be smeared with glue.
Make the final part Attach the second laminate plank.
Insert an electric planer knife between the top and bottom board and fasten it with nuts.

Figuring it out: Which of the 2 types of planers is better. vertical or horizontal??

How to adjust

The blades of an electric planer must be properly adjusted to ensure quality material processing. This procedure is especially important before starting work with a new tool. The need for knife adjustment is indicated by the following criteria:

  • appearance of extraneous noises when operating the planer;
  • Tool vibration has been detected;
  • Poor quality of material processing (presence of wolves, grooves, fibers on the surface);
  • the need to apply force when working.

To adjust the blades, it is recommended that you refer to important parameters such as the following:

Adjusting the position of the blades should be done with certain tools:

When adjusting, the sequence of operations should be adhered to. For example:

  • Turn the electric baseboard over, comfortably positioning it on a firm and stable surface.
  • Remove any wood resin residues from the surface of the blades with solvent.
  • Adjust the front of the sole of the tool to a position that is suitable for the minimum planing depth.
  • Place the blade in the gap in the base.
  • Position the ruler on the base plate.
  • If the blade does not reach the ruler, raise the blade to its level by loosening the tightening bolts with an Allen wrench.
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When the blades have reached the correct position, the fasteners must be tightened. Carry out the same procedure with all nozzles. Ensure that the gaps are evenly dimensioned.

To prevent the tool from vibrating during operation, do not unbalance the drum. To do this, it is recommended to turn it by hand, checking its ability to rotate easily.

If there are straight knives on the electric planer, they must protrude over the base not more than 0,5 mm, and the round knives. 1, 0 mm.

Modern models of tools are equipped with special screws, by turning which you can adjust the position of the knives.

When to change blades?

In the process of woodworking, the drum performs rotary movements. While the tool is in reciprocating motion, the cutting edge of the blade shears off material particles as it rotates. The sharpness of the blade gradually reduces.

In processed planks foreign particles (nails, dirt, pieces of frozen mortar, if planks were previously used for formwork or under plaster) can occur, leading to rapid wear.

Knots in the wood also reduce sharpening sharpness. Planing will be perpendicular to the fibers.

Sharpening electric planer blades with your own hands

Using a device with blunt blades leads to increased load on the motor, and this is fraught with its premature wear. In addition, the machining quality is impaired.

Sharpening power tool blades at home is not that difficult if you are careful.

Materials required

  • sharpening stone: coarse-grained. for primary, fine-grained. for final sharpening;
  • two boards of laminate, a wooden bar. if you want to make a sharpening stone yourself.

Learn: How to choose an eccentric grinder: 5 tips and rules

Tools

  • hacksaw;
  • sharpening machine;
  • knife clamp;
  • ruler;
  • screwdriver;
  • pencil;
  • wood knife;
  • chisel;
  • hammer;
  • The fastening screws and studs;
  • An electric drill;
  • a knife from a planer;
  • two identical bearings.

How to properly perform sharpening with your own hands:

Carefully screw them to the clamp so that the edges lie in one plane.

Smoothly, exerting slight pressure, guide the knives over the abrasive. It is important to make sure that the blades are sharpened at the same time. This will preserve the original sharpening angle.

Tip: To keep the abrasive dust from grinding in your face, it is better to wet the stone beforehand.

Check the work: inspect the blades for defects and make sure the cutting part is sharp enough.

Set the plates on the electric planer and adjust them.

This method is suitable if you want to sharpen the accessory lightly. For knives that are too blunt you need a special tool. But it can also be made with your own hands.

How to make a sharpening fixture

Making a sharpening cart yourself is not an easy task, but it is doable.

Creating the body Creating the blanks for the fasteners:
1. Use a pencil to mark the axis on the laminate.
2. Mark a couple of points on it that are slightly larger than the width of the electric planer blade.
3. Use an electric drill to make holes for the studs.
4. Now do the same thing with another piece of laminate. The first one can be used as a template.
Transfer the size to the body of the future fixture:
Place a wooden block vertically.
Make a through hole at the edge, with a distance slightly wider than the wheel.
Make another hole like this on the other side.
The final step:
1. Insert a pin into the drilled hole.
2. Put the workpiece on it.
3. Use a screwdriver to screw the nuts onto the studs.
4. Using screws, attach the lower part of the laminate flooring to the joist. You can drill and countersink this right on it.
5. The screws remain to be tightened.
Installing the bearings Creating protrusions:
On the bar, mark out the lines where the wheels will be installed.
Use a hacksaw to cut it where the bearings are attached.
Trim off the excess wood. A chisel and hammer comes in handy.
Secure the bearings:
1. Insert the axle for the wheel centers.
2. Shape the protrusions into a cylindrical shape with a knife.
3. Insert the bearings in the grooves that have been prepared.
Tip: For a better hold, you can coat the surface where the wheels are attached with glue.
Finishing Attach the second laminate plank.
Insert the electric planer blade between the upper and lower board and fasten it with the nuts.

Let’s see: Vertical or horizontal. which one is better??

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