Making wheels with cleats
The elements, equipped with the grousers, it is best to install on a single-axle tractor, power of at least 6 liters. с. A motor with such an index will not succumb to excessive loads, and overheat.
To work on such wheels, you will need to prepare certain materials:
With everything you need on hand you can get to work. First weld steel plates to the wheels. The edges of the latter must be securely fastened to the rim. Cut the angle into pieces in the shape of teeth and weld them to the rim. At the same time, the distance between the plates and the teeth should be at least 15 cm. In the end, you will need to install rubber tires on the rims and mount the wheels on the axle of the power tiller.
The ground clearance elements not only allow the tiller to move, but also clean the ground of the plot from weeds. Do not forget to clean the elements of movement from time to time from vegetation, otherwise the single-axle tractor will slip in the ground.
What track should a power tiller have when planting potatoes?
When planting potatoes with the help of a snowmobile tractor it is important to follow the standardized dimensions. this will improve the germination of potatoes, facilitate the process of caring for the harvest in the spring and summer.
track width during planting should be 55-65 cm. The furrows should be straight along the entire length of the plot. Distance between the potatoes in a row should be 20-30 cm (depending on the size of the planting material). The depth of potatoes planting. within the limits of 10-15 cm.
How to make a potato planter for your power tiller with your own hands?
Making a homemade potato planter for your power tiller starts with designing a frame. It is made of a channel. The potato hopper is made of plywood, about 1 cm thick. Its size will be small, under the volume of 15-20 kg of potatoes, so as not to overwork the single-axle tractor.
Next we attach a vertical elevator with a mechanism for feeding root crops. The diameter of the feeding mechanism should be about 8-10 cm. Then this elevator is connected to the drive wheel with a chain gear.
To feed the potatoes into the furrow a tube is used, which is attached under the elevator and pressed by the raking discs. Below are detailed drawings, with which you can make your own device for planting potatoes:
After manufacturing, it is advisable to paint the outside of the hopper and trim the rubber inside, so that the potatoes will be less damaged.
A steel or cast-iron tube is attached to the frame. the axle for the future wheels of the planter. The wheels can be made by yourself, or you can pick up ready-made ones from old unwanted equipment. Self-made wheels are more practical, because you can make the most suitable ones yourself.
For self-made ploughs one takes thick steel plates and welds wheels from them in the form of wide cylinders. In order that after passing the plot there will not be an indentation rut, take care of the presence of cultivation ribs on the wheels (as on the grousers) at once. The wheel hubs are welded on and supported.
a holder for raking discs is welded from metal corners. A furrow plough is attached at the front of the frame. This device should be adjustable.
For ease of use, a seat and steps for the operator are welded to the planter. Also, you may need to install an additional counterweight at the front of your power tiller if its weight is not enough to work with the potato planter.
Such a set for planting potatoes is perfect for such models of power tillers as MTZ, Neva, Salyut, etc. д.
Forte power tillers: model overview and operating rules
Power tillers are now a fairly common type of equipment, with the help of which you can perform complex work in a short time and not require much effort. Before buying this kind of machine, you should pay attention to its quality, power and endurance. All these characteristics are combined in the Forte power tillers, which are available on the domestic market in quite a large number. All models have their advantages, depending on which equipment you need to choose for your work.
Forte HSD1G-105G single axle tractor
FORTE HSD1G-105G gasoline engine is known for its reliability, quietness and low fuel consumption. Thanks to the excellent power of 5.6 kW (7 Ls. с.), Forte owners can cultivate up to 70 hectares of land. Its cutters and components are very durable, so the machine can work on even the toughest soils. The fuel tank holds just over 5 liters, which means that you can work with the device without the need for additional gasoline refills for quite a long time. Users also appreciated the gear-type drive, the presence of a drying filter, and the presence of a PTO.
- Engine. H178FB;
- Piston stroke. 62 mm;
- Fuel consumption. 0.7 l/hour;
- Oil tank. 1,1 l;
- Clutch. Disk clutch;
- Weight. 100 kg.
The nice design features include a chrome handle, which will qualitatively perform its task even in conditions of temperature extremes and high humidity. The kit includes the cutters, so they can be used immediately after the purchase of the Forte power tiller and its proper installation. Two forward gears and one reverse gear are a lot of fun. Such moments contribute to the improved maneuverability and passability of the machine.
Process of potatoes planting with a Moto-block
Tips for correct planting with power tillers “Pro”, VIKING, Crosser, Patriot, Caiman:
- The width between the rows when planting potatoes with a power tiller should be from 55 to 65 centimeters.
- Make the furrows straight, this will make it easier to take care of the root crop.
- You can fertilize the soil before planting.
- Spacing between the tubers 25-30 cm.
Planting depth of potatoes under single axle tractor 10-12 cm.
When planting potatoes with a power tiller the distance between the rows should be equal. Keep an eye on the track width, it must be uniform. When cutting furrows try to make them flat. If necessary. pull ropes to follow them.
Let’s look at the main ways of planting: with a hoe, the attached element. potato planter, planting under the plough, planting in the ridge.
How to plant with a weeder, at what distance and depth
To plant with the tool tip use the wheels with the trailing elements on the cultivator. A good choice is a motor cultivator Tarpan. A furrow is made. Potatoes should be planted manually. After planting, replace the tyre shoes with standard rubber wheels.
The wheel repositioning is necessary in order not to traumatize the seed. Leave the track width the same. 55-65 centimeters, and again walk through the furrows. A single-axle tractor covers the row with earth and tampers the seed.
Planting with a planter. a less expensive way. In the set of the unit must be only metal and rubber wheels, and the mower itself. The inconvenience lies in the manual planting of potatoes. The tractor-mounted planter is used for large areas.
This method is regarded as the least time-consuming. The machine includes:
- The transporter is a kind of conveyor that feeds the seed.
- Borozdel, for making a furrow.
- Spreader for feeding the potatoes at regular intervals.
- A disc coulter that plows and covers furrows.
How to plant with a potato planter
Thanks to planting potatoes with a power tiller, you can save up to three times as much time as with a planter. The process is fully mechanized. Potatoes are planted and dug in at the same time. The potato planter has its disadvantages.
Firstly, the seed should be selected more carefully. The tubers should be of equal size. The young shoots. not very long. Otherwise the seed will be traumatized during planting. Second, this method of planting is more expensive.
Together with a planter for a power tiller, you can use a special device for simultaneous application of fertilizer into the hole, along with the seed.
Planting with the plough
On a single axle tractor, you must install the trailing wheels and plough. The soil is prepared by loosening, with the help of a milling machine. The planting plough is driven into the ground to the depth of the bayonet of the spade.
It’s more effective to plant with two people. The first manages the power tiller, while the second man places the potatoes in the furrow. The work is done quickly. At the first pass of the row the seed is placed. And during the return pass, the seeded furrow is backfilled with soil from the newly ploughed.
Planting in ridges
Planting potatoes in ridges with a power tiller is practiced in places where ground waters are very close to the surface. To do it with a power tiller you have to form ridges with a height of 15-20 cm. Tubers are planted in a ridge. This variant is good only for well-watered soils.
Power tillage, hoeing, potato planting, root crop harvesting, weeding with a power tiller
Grass mowing Versatility is a trademark of power tillers. They can be used for many of the various tasks country house and countryside owners have to deal with. Numerous power tiller implements provide different kinds of functions. Ploughing, ridging, planting and harvesting potatoes and other root crops, weeding, mowing grass are just the main kinds of work that these multifunctional, indispensable in a private subsidiary farm machines have to do.
Plowing with a power tiller
No matter what they say about the benefits of no-till plowing, the main tillage operation is still plowing with a conventional mouldboard plow. It is with it most often begins tillage before planting a variety of crops.
The first thing to do before plowing with a power tiller is to mount on it the necessary equipment: metal wheels with grousers, a hitch and a plough. Metal wheels serve to provide traction of the power tiller with soil, without them it will not develop traction power needed for pulling a plow. The optimal size for plowing wheels are diameters of 50-60 cm, rim width of 18-20 cm. Smaller diameter will not provide the necessary clearance under the motoblock gearbox and the soil, and with narrower wheels the single-axle tractor will walk in the furrow. It is desirable that the rim of the mathallic wheel is not solid, because in this case the earth will get between the grousers and the single axle tractor will start to slip.
The wheels should be as heavy as possible. Practice shows that high-quality plowing with a power tiller weighing less than 70 kg is impossible, the machine simply slows down. The heavier the single axle tractor, the deeper and more efficient it plows, and the easier it is to work with. Attach additional weights to the wheels or to the front of the tractor unit. The wheel spacing (track width) should be approx. 60 cm. This corresponds to an optimum plough working width of 19-21 cm. After the wheels are installed, the hitch must be installed. There are many hitch designs, both specialized, suitable only for certain models of power tillers, and universal. It does not matter what design the hitch is, the main thing is that it allows the plow to be set and adjusted in depth, track width, and angle of attack.
Setting the ploughing depth. It is better to do this adjustment with a helper. To set the depth of plowing, you need to put the single-axle tractor on a level place, running the wheels on supports (wooden planks, bricks) 13-15 cm in height. The single axle tractor itself must be in an upright position (the ridge must be level). Plow for power tiller should be placed on the ground so that it touches the base with the whole edge of the ploughshare, and then connect it to the hitch. When ploughing, the plough leg must always be in an upright position. Even when the right wheel of the Moto-Block goes on the bottom of the furrow. In order to meet such a condition, there are arc-shaped adjustment grooves in the plough hitch for tilting the plough body to the right or to the left. Therefore after first two or three passes, when single axle tractor will lean to the right and right wheel will go on the bottom of furrow, it is necessary to loosen nuts of groove, turn plough body counter-clockwise (if look at single axle tractor from behind) and set plough stand vertically. Don’t forget to tighten the nuts.
Adjusting the slope of the plough leg Set the plough to the track width. When setting the plough to the track width the right edge of the ploughshare should be the guide. This should be in line with the left (inside) edge of the right wheel. This allows the soil to be completely undercut and easily tilled, so there is less traction required for plowing.
Adjusting the plough to the track width Setting the angle of attack. The plow should rest on the base with both heel and toe. If it only touches the heel, it will be pushed out of the ground, if the toe is too deep. Adjustments may have to be made when working, tilting the plough forward or tilting it backward. Verticality of the plow leg is usually an indication of initial correct positioning.
Few tips. The straightness of the first furrow is very important. When ploughing, the plough pulls the single-axle tractor to the right because of the asymmetry of the load on it. It is not easy to make a straight first furrow for a person who is not used to working with a power tiller. It is desirable to have a landmark in the form of a stretched cord or a straight line drawn on the ground. To make the task easier it is possible to make the first furrow shallower than the next 10-12 cm. During further ploughing the single-axle tractor will be guided by its right wheel walking along the furrow. If ridge length permits, it is better to plow with a depth guide wheel. It may be placed either on the left side of the plough (the wheel rolls over an uncultivated area) or on the right side (it rolls over a furrow).
A ridger with a support wheel It would be easier and more comfortable to work with a power tiller if you turn its handlebar to the left side to walk on an unploughed area.
Tillage with turned tiller arms Till along the long side of the field. less turning. When working with plough it is important to change direction every year, this will prevent gradual movement of soil due to ploughing and dragging to the end of the furrow. Piling ridges (when two ridges face each other) and ploughed furrows should be avoided. Some experienced ploughmen advise to place camber furrows in the middle of plots, so that the resulting ditch facilitates water drainage after snow melting. This will allow the ground to dry faster. For quality plowing a single-axle tractor should have at least 2-3 front speeds, so it will be easier to pick up the speed, which also depends on the diameter of the wheels. If the speed is too fast it will be difficult to plow, if it is too slow the plow will not kick back the soil with the force necessary to turn over. It is not advisable to plough with an automatic clutch (in which the gear is engaged at higher engine speeds). Such a clutch will not last long. You can’t dig potatoes or pull a trailer with this tiller either. Soil that normally can be tilled can be pierced to the depth of the bayonet with a metal rod with a diameter of 10-15 mm. Sometimes the soil is so hard that when the plough is fully penetrated the machine slows down. How to work with the tiller in this case? It is necessary to plow the first time with a shallow plow, and then repeat the plowing at full depth. If your soil is so hard that it is not pierced by a rod, it means you are out of luck: you got a murdered plot. Road or construction machines killed it, unskillful application of plough-less tillage technology or something else. Not even every tractor can plow such an area. That’s why you should cultivate hard soil only in wet, not dry condition, and in stages. Try also working it in several passes, gradually going deeper. Or avoid using a power tiller and hire a tractor for the initial plowing.
Cultivating with a power tiller Cultivating with a power tiller is easier than plowing. Tow bar requires less traction than plow. and runs flatter. Preparing your power tiller for plowing is similar to preparing for plowing. A single-axle tractor is fitted with metal wheels, a hitch, and a tiller, which can be regular or disc. Two parameters control the plunging depth and angle of attack when installing a conventional planter. There’s no need to put a single-axle tractor on the plow because the depth of the plow is shallower than that of the plow. the single axle tractor is simply parked on level ground, the perch is lowered to the ground and attached to the coupling. You can lower it slightly into the ground so it’s lower than the wheels’ contact surface. The tine arm should be vertical to provide just about the right angle of attack. This may have to be altered in the course of work, if the scarifier gets too deep in the field or comes out of the ground. The first is to tilt the bar back slightly by raising the tip, or to lean forward by increasing the depth.
How to hill the potatoes with a disc tip on a single axle tractor How to hill the potatoes with a power tiller? Very simple. The disk share is easy and comfortable to use.
Working with a power tiller and disc coulter The main thing is to set the two basic settings correctly. Distance between the bottom points of the discs (it should be equal to the width of the row spacing 35-70 cm depending on the crop) and the angle of rotation relative to the horizontal axis (attack angle). Apart from the fact that the latter must ensure good potato capping, it is also necessary to maintain its equality for the right and left discs, otherwise the arrow will be pulled to the side.
The distance between the lower points of the hinged discs
The angle of attack There is also the angle of the discs in relation to the vertical axis, but this is usually constant and does not need adjusting. Important feature. It is advisable that the wheels on the walking tractor have a diameter of about 70 cm and a width of 10-14 cm. This is to avoid damaging the plants. So, before you plan your power tiller with a disc coulter, you need to make sure you have the right wheels. The hitch for the disc coupler has a special feature. It does not have a ridge, but is replaced by an arrow which allows the adjustment of all the necessary settings.
Planting potatoes with a power tiller
There are two ways of planting potatoes with a MotoBlock. with a usual rocker with adjustable distance between wings or with a hinged potato planter. In the first case, operations are performed in the following sequence.
Adjustable wing spacing planter Set metal wheels and planter on a single axle tractor. The track width should be 60-65cm and the distance between the wingtips should be as small as possible. furrows are furrowed all over the field with the same distance between centers as the track width t.е. 60-65 cm. Try to make the first furrow straight. then all the others will be straight too. Potatoes are placed in the furrows.
Potatoes in the furrows made by the potato planter Metal wheels are replaced by rubber wheels, maintaining the same track width. the wing distance is set as wide as possible and the furrows are filled in by the sharecropper. Rubber wheels roll over the furrows with potatoes without seriously damaging them. This or roughly this kind of planting is used on most private farms. Planting potatoes with a power tiller is advisable if a relatively large area is planted. Otherwise there is no point in buying expensive implements. Before planting the machine the terrain must be prepared, the soil must be loosened or ridged before planting.
Potato planter for power tiller The potato planter for power tiller has a furrow former, a conveyor mechanism for putting potatoes in the furrow and a disc tip for backfilling the furrow. This way, furrowing, stowing and backfilling are done in one pass.
Potato planter disc planter As with the use of the planter, metal wheels are put on the single-axle tractor before the planting operation. The machine is placed on level ground and the potato planter is hitched to it. The potato planter must be attached to your power tiller and adjusted in accordance with the manual of the device. The settings normally include the following: the furrow breaker’s depth, and the depth, width and angle of the arrowhead discs that form the ridge. In general, the adjustment principle is as follows: to form a higher ridge, the discs are brought closer together and increase the penetration and angle of attack, to reduce the ridge, the discs are spread apart and decrease the penetration and angle of attack.
Root crop harvesting
Potatoes, beets, carrots and other root crops are dug with the digger a tool that is a hybrid of weeding tines with a grid. When using it, the lifted earth slips between the metal bars, leaving the rootcrops on the surface.
Digger for power tiller The potato digger for power tiller is set in much the same way as the dipper, with the difference that more attention is paid to the depth of the tool. The digger should rest on the dense soil layer underneath the layer in which the tubers are located. You may not be able to do it right the first time, and you will have to adjust the depth as you work. If the potato digger is too high, you’ll find cut or shredded tubers in the dug potatoes. Also some tubers will stay in the ground. If the position is too low, the potato digger will grab excess soil and increase the load on the single axle tractor. If properly set up, it is easy to dig potatoes with the tiller. The single axle tractor pulls the potato puller easily and all potatoes are extracted onto the surface of the furrow.
Digging potatoes with a power tool As in some other cases, it’s more comfortable to work with a power tool if its handles are turned to the side. It allows you to follow the machine without stepping on tubers.
It’s easier to dig potatoes with a tiller with rotating handles To avoid damaging the rolled potatoes with the tiller’s wheels, dig over one row. For example, start with the even rows, and then, having picked the potatoes from them, start digging the odd rows. In addition to preventing damage to the potatoes, this kind of digging will ensure that both wheels of the power tiller have the same grip on the ground. When digging without skips, one wheel will run on the untouched soil and the other on the soil loosened with the wheel from the previous pass.
Weeding with a power tiller
Power tillage can be done with a power take-off shaft-driven tine or tiller in the row spacing. The power tillers are the most common: they are easy to fit and provide a gentle method for the soil. Loosening is carried out to a depth of 4 cm; if the soil is trampled or swampy, the depth can be increased to 5-7 cm.
Tines for weeding with power tiller The tines are fixed in holders across the width of the row with a slight overlap. One tine in each row (one in front of the tine and one behind it) is needed to prevent the tool from being clogged by cuttings. The tines are not only reversible (lancet) but also one-sided. In this case they are fixed with the blades pointing to the middle of the row.
One-sided tine arrangement for weeding One-sided tine can also be attached so that one row can be cultivated from both sides.
Position of one sided tines for weeding Potato weeding with a power tiller is no different from weeding other crops like beets, cabbage, carrots. To get rid of weeds it is better not to cut them after they have taken root and grown over, but when they are just starting to get established.
Hitching tools for power tillers include segment and rotary grass cutters. The opinion of power tillers users is unanimous that the rotary grass hoe is superior to the segmental weeder in almost every respect; it can only satisfactorily handle sparse, evenly growing grass and grain crops.
Single axle tractor with segment mower A rotary mower for your power tiller should be fitted and operated in accordance with its instructions. The instructions for operating the machine are straightforward. The correct relationship between the mower’s ground speed and the engine speed is determined by experimentation. It depends on grass thickness, hardness and degree of softness. When working with a new mower after the first half hour of operation stop the tractor and check all fasteners and tighten them if necessary. Before starting work check that the bevel gear and the central gearbox are lubricated. The main sign of a malfunctioning grasshopper is uncut areas. To reduce the risk of injury from blunt blades (need sharpening) or drive belt slipping (need tensioning). Increased vibration occurs if the blades are loose or broken. In this case the blades must be clamped or replaced. The use of a power tiller with a strongly vibrating mower is extremely undesirable because it puts an increased load on all power tiller parts and is bad for the health of the operator.
ШИФЕНГ 240. FORTE-TP240-2WD.ТЯГНЕ РИЄ САДИТЬ КАРТОПЛЮ.
Working with a power tiller
Versatility. A distinctive feature of power tillers. With their help, it is possible to perform many different works, which the owners of dachas and rural houses have to deal with. Numerous power tiller implements provide different types of functions. Tilling, hoeing, planting and harvesting potatoes and other root crops, weeding, mowing grass. These are just the basic applications of this multifunctional, indispensable machine in a private household.
Plowing with a power tiller
The first thing to do before plowing with a power tiller is to install the necessary equipment on it. metal wheels with grousers, a coupling and a plough.
The metal wheels serve to provide traction of the power tiller, without them it cannot develop the traction power necessary for pulling a plow. The optimum wheel size for ploughing is deemed to be: Diameter. 50-60 cm, rim width. 18-20 cm. A smaller diameter will not provide the necessary clearance under the gearbox of the power tiller and the soil, and with narrower wheels the single axle tractor will “walk” in the furrow. It is desirable that the rim of the mataltic wheel is not solid, because in this case the soil will be filled between the shoes and the single-axle tractor will start to slip.
The wheels should be as heavy as possible. Practice shows that quality ploughing with a tiller weighing less than 70 kg is impossible. the machine just skids. The heavier the single axle tractor, the deeper and more efficient it plows and the easier it is to work with. Additional weights should be attached to the wheels or to the front part of the walking tractor.
The wheel spacing (track width) should be about 60 cm. This corresponds with an optimum plough working width of 19-21 cm.
After installing the wheels, you need to install the hitch. There are many coupling designs, both specialized, suitable only for certain models of power tillers, and universal. It does not matter what design the hitch is, as long as it sets and adjusts the plow’s depth, track width, and angle of attack.
Setting the ploughing depth. This adjustment is best made with a helper. To set the depth of plowing, you need to put the single-axle tractor on a level place, running the wheels on supports (wooden boards, bricks) 13-15 cm in height. The single axle tractor itself must stand level (ridgeline). the longitudinal part of the hitch. must be horizontal). Place the plow on the ground so that it touches the base with the whole edge of the share and hitch it to the hitch.
When ploughing, plough leg should always be in vertical position. Even when the right wheel of the power harvester goes on the bottom of the furrow. To meet this condition, there are arc-shaped adjustment slots in the plough hitch for tilting the plough body to the right or to the left. Therefore, after the first two or three passes, when the single axle tractor tilts to the right and the right wheel goes to the bottom of the furrow, you must loosen the nuts of the groove, turn the plough body counterclockwise (when looking at the single axle tractor from behind) and set the plough stand vertically. Don’t forget to tighten the nuts.
Set the plow to the width of the track. When setting the plough to the track width the right edge of the ploughshare must be the guide. It should be in line with the left (inside) edge of the right wheel. This will ensure that the soil layer is fully undercut and the soil is easily set back, which will reduce the amount of traction needed for plowing.
Setting the angle of attack. The plow should rest on the base with both heel and toe at the same time. If it only touches the heel, it will be pushed off the ground; if it only touches the toe, it will. it will go too deep. Adjustments may have to be made as you work. tilt the plough forward or tilt it backward. An indicator of initial correct positioning is usually the verticality of the plough leg.
Some useful tips. The straightness of the first furrow is very important. During ploughing the plough is pulling the single axle tractor to the right because of the asymmetry of the loads acting on it. It will not be easy for a person for whom working with a power tiller is not quite usual to make the first straight furrow. It is advantageous to have a string or a straight line drawn on the ground as a guide. To make the task easier the first furrow may be made shallower than the subsequent ones. 10-12 cm. For further ploughing the single axle tractor will be steered with its right wheel following the furrow.
If the length of the ridge allows, it is better to plow with a support wheel that sets the depth of the plow. It can be placed either on the left side of the plow (the wheel rolls over an uncultivated area) or on the right side (rolls over a furrow).
Your tiller would be easier and more comfortable if you turn the handlebar to the left. The tractor has a front furrow that allows you to walk on unploughed ground.
Plow along the long side of the plot. This way there are fewer turns.
Pile ridges (when two ridges face each other) and ridge furrows should be avoided. Some experienced ploughmen advise to place camber furrows in the middle of plots, so the resulting ditch promotes water drainage after snow melt. This will allow the ground to dry faster.
For good plowing a single axle tractor should have at least 2-3 forward speeds, so it will be easier to choose the speed, which also depends on the wheel diameter. If the speed is too fast, it is difficult to plough, but if it is too slow, the plough does not kick back with the force necessary for overturning.
It is not recommended to plow with a tractor with an automatic clutch (in which the gear is engaged when the engine speed increases). Such a clutch won’t last long. You also cannot use this tiller to dig potatoes or pull a trailer.
Soil that is normally amenable to plowing can be pierced to a depth of the bayonet of the shovel with a metal rod with a diameter of 10-15 mm. Sometimes the ground is so hard that the machine skids when the plow is fully plowed. How to work with a power tiller in this case? You need to plow the first time with a shallow plow, and then repeat plowing to full depth. If the soil on your plot is so hard that it is not pierced by the rod, it means that you are out of luck: you got a “killed” plot. Road or construction machines killed it, inept use of plough-less tillage technology or something else. Not even every tractor can plow such an area. That’s why you should only work hard soil when it’s wet, not dry, and in stages. Try also working it in several passes, gradually going deeper with a tiller. Or refuse to use a power tiller, and hire a tractor for the initial plowing.
Hillering with a power tiller
There are two parameters to monitor when setting up a conventional mower. Plunging depth and angle of attack. There is no need to support the single-axle tractor because the plowing depth is shallower than that of the plow. Just park the single-axle tractor on level ground, lower the toolbar to the ground and hitch it to the tractor hitch. You can dig it a little deeper into the ground so that it sinks below the bearing surface of the wheels. The share bar has to be upright, which approximately sets the right angle of attack. It may be necessary to change it as you go along if the scarifier gets too deep or comes out of the ground. Then, in the first case, tilt the mower stand slightly backward, raising the toe, or tilt it forward, increasing the penetration.
How to hoe potatoes with a power tiller fitted with a disc hoe? very simply. The work with the disc coulter is easy and comfortable.
The main thing is to set two basic parameters correctly. distance between the lower points of the discs (it must be the same as the row spacing). 35-70 cm, depending on the crop) and the angle of rotation relative to the horizontal axis (angle of attack). In addition to the fact that the latter must ensure a good coverage of the potatoes in the soil, you must also maintain its equality for the right and left discs, otherwise the mower will be pulled to the side.
There is another parameter. the angle of the discs against the vertical axis, but this is normally constant and does not need adjustment.
Important feature. It is desirable that the wheels of the power tiller have a diameter of about 70 cm and a width of 10-14 cm. This is to avoid damaging the crop. So before you plow with a power tiller, using a disc hoe, you need to take care of having the right wheels.
The disc coupler has a special feature. It does not have a ridge, it is replaced by a lever of the planter, which allows to adjust all the necessary parameters.
Planting potatoes with a power tiller
Packer with adjustable wing spacing
A single-axle tractor is equipped with metal wheels and an arrow. The track width should be 60-65 cm, and the distance between the wings of the planter. minimum.
furrows are made all over the field, with the distance between the centers equal to the track width. т.е. 60-65 cm. Try to make the first furrow even, then all the others will be even. Potatoes are placed in furrows.
Potatoes stacked in furrows made by the hoe
Metal wheels are replaced by rubber ones, maintaining track width. Set the distance between the wings of the planter as much as possible, and fill the furrows with the planter. Rubber wheels roll over the potato furrows without damaging any of the tubers. This or about this planting is used on most private farms.
Potato-planting with a tiller is worthwhile if you plan to plant a relatively large area. Otherwise there is no sense in buying expensive implements. Before planting, the plot should be prepared. The soil must be loosened or the ridges must be pre-cut.
The potato planter for power tiller has a furrow former, a conveyor mechanism for placing potatoes in the furrow, and a disc coulter for backfilling the furrow. Thanks to this all operations. cutting of furrows, laying of potatoes and filling of the furrow are carried out in one pass.
As in the case of the rocker arm, metal wheels are put on the single-axle tractor before the planting operation. the machine is placed on a flat surface, and the potato planter is hooked to it. Attachment of the potato planter to the power tiller and its adjustment must be done in accordance with the instructions of the device. Typically the following settings are adjusted: the furrow former’s working depth, and the depth, width and angle of the working angle of the ridge forming discs. The general principle is as follows: To achieve a higher ridge, the discs are brought closer together and the penetration and angle of attack is increased; to reduce the ridge, the discs are spread apart and the penetration and angle of attack is reduced.
The potato digger for the tiller is set in much the same way as the picker. with the difference that more attention is paid to the plunge depth of the tool. The digger should rest on a dense layer of soil underneath the layer that contains the tubers. You may not be able to do it right the first time, and you will have to adjust the depth as you work. If the spudger is too high, the potatoes will be cut or cracked. Also, some tubers will stay in the ground. If the position is too low, the potato digger will catch the excess soil and increase the load on the single axle tractor. If you have the right settings it is easy to dig with your tiller. The single-axle tractor easily pulls the potato puller and the whole potato is extracted to the surface of the furrow.
As in some other cases, the work of the power tiller will be more comfortable if its handles are turned to the side. This will allow you to follow the machine without stepping on the tubers.
It’s more convenient to dig potatoes with a power tiller with rotating handles
To avoid damaging the rolled potatoes with the wheels of the tiller, dig over one row at a time. For example, start with the even numbered rows, and then, having picked the potatoes from them, start digging the odd-numbered rows. This ensures the potatoes are not damaged. It also makes sure both wheels of the walking tractor have equal grip on the ground. When digging without skipping, one wheel will go over the untouched ground, the other. on the wheel ploughed in during the previous pass.
The tines are fitted in their holders across the width of the row with a slight overlap. One tine in each row (one in the front and one behind it) is needed to prevent tool from being clogged with cuttings. Tines can be not only double-sided (lancet), but also single-sided. In this case, they are fixed in such a way that the blades are directed toward the middle of the inter-row.
One-sided tines can also be mounted so that one row can be weeded on both sides.
Weeding potatoes with a tiller is no different from weeding other crops. beets, cabbage, carrots. In order to deal with weeds more successfully, it is advisable to cut them not when they have already taken root and grown up, but in the very initial stage of growth.
The rotary mower for your power tiller must be installed and operated in accordance with its manual. The device operating instructions are straightforward.
Check the ratio between the tractor’s ground speed and the engine revolution speed. It depends on the density, stiffness and degree of softness of the grass.
When using a new mower after the first half hour of operation stop the single axle tractor and check all fasteners and tighten them if necessary.
Check that the bevel gear and the center gearbox are lubricated before operating.
The main symptom of a faulty brushcutter is that the blades of grass are overhanging. The blades can be blunt (need sharpening) or the drive belt can slip (requires tensioning). Vibrations are caused by damaged or broken blades. In this case the blades must be clamped or replaced. The use of a power tiller with a strongly vibrating mower is highly undesirable, as it puts an increased load on all power tiller parts and is bad for the health of the operator.
Stroke reducer for power tiller. description and how to make
For decades, the single axle tractor has been a faithful helper to the farmer in a variety of agricultural jobs. This is a truly useful unit, which allows you to mechanize labor and many times increase the productivity of work. With the help of a power tiller you can cultivate plots of land, make hay and other fodder for livestock, and even just transport goods. In some cases there is a need to reduce the working speed of this machine to increase the efficiency of some operations.
If you have decided to hoe potatoes with a Neva motocultivator, it is necessary to take care of the correct planting of the material, since the implementation of the procedure with this device is only possible at a distance of 70 centimeters between the rows.
Externally, the device looks like a two-wheeled frame with discs. The unit includes the following parts:
Spacers are needed to measure the distance between the discs. This gives you the optimum distance, depending on the type of crop.
Turnbuckles to regulate the angle of rotation of these discs.
Attention! The angle of rotation must be equal for both discs, otherwise the unit will tilt to one side.
The turning angle can be adjusted by hand
The disc coulter has the following advantages
This implement performs quick, high-quality mowing. with the discs evenly covering the potatoes on both sides.
The only disadvantage of the unit is the high price.
Before mowing potatoes with the Neva power tiller and the two-row plow head, you should perform some preparatory steps. First you need to choose a trailer. To carry out the procedure, experts recommend using not those designed for plowing the soil, but special designs. These tools are mainly made with a large diameter. This is necessary to ensure that the bushes are protected from crushing, because small soilers can not sufficiently protect the bushes from the motocultivator, and the potatoes can be damaged.
After selecting the implement, install it on the machine and adjust the width. Set the machine so that the spudger hits the middle of the row. Next, the working depth is adjusted. To do this, plunge the implement into the ground to the desired depth, and set the axle perpendicular to the ground.
When the setting is complete, proceed to perform the hilling. In one pass, the tool makes trenches on both sides of the row, and also for the next row. That’s why the next approach is made through the row. This feature saves a lot of time when cultivating.
Single row plow
Hoeing potatoes with the Neva power tiller with a single-row ploughshare, the soil tractor with a smaller diameter is used. Using such a device, trenches are obtained between two rows, and if this distance is too large, it is necessary to make more inter-row. If you choose the right one, the ploughing will be done at once between the two furrows, on both sides.
After installation, it is necessary, as in the previous case, to adjust the working depth. The following is simply done by running the power tiller over one row, then moving on to the next.
This device is less efficient compared to the two-row planter, but greatly simplifies the procedure, compared to manual labor.
The main advantage of this attachment is that it saves time, effort and energy. It also costs much less than the previous type.