How to mount a tiller on a single axle tractor. Reviews

Cutters for a power tiller: selection, operation, self-made

Cutter for power tillers. one of the most common types of additional equipment for tillage. It is a set of special blades fixed on the axle. With their help it is possible to quickly and easily get rid of weeds, to make ground cultivation on the plot. To find the right power tiller for your power tiller, here is how to classify your machines.

By location, there are lateral and mounted milling machines. Side-mounted on both sides of a single-axle tractor, working from the drive shafts of the wheels. In fact, in this arrangement, these cutters replace the wheels and drive the machinery.

The second type. a power take-off shaft mill is located at the back of the machine and does not participate in the movement. Motoblocs of the brands Celina, Neva MB-1 and MB-2, and MTZ have exactly such a cutter arrangement.

By the design of blades there are two types of milling cutters. saber (active, standard) and the so-called goosefoot.

Active cutters

The active planer is made up of a set of four powerful blades, positioned 90° to each other. There can be two or more such kits on one axle. The number of additional cutters, as well as the size of their blades depends directly on the power tiller performance. This power tiller has blades in the form of curved strips bent alternately in different directions. Their design and ruggedness make it easy to mow plowed land, but also to work in places with stones and roots.

Goose legs

The second type of cutters is the goosefoot. The product takes its name from the unusual shape of its cutting elements, which resemble the claws of a goose. They are triangle-shaped and located on the edges of the posts. The number of cutting elements and the size of this module also depends on the power of the power tiller. The more tines with blades. the higher the quality of work.

This cutter is able to work heavy virgin and clay soils, but in areas with high vegetation and roots, the product is likely to clog.

Sabre or “active” cutters

The most effective part for surface treatment is considered an active cutter, which can work on any problematic areas thanks to its equipment. Practically no restrictions in operation, but at the same time, many farmers recommend using sabre-shaped blades on soft ground. If desired, it is allowed to use power tillers on stony areas with a lot of roots, as the chance of possible breakage of blades is almost minimal.

Blades on active cutters consist of their 4 parts and are evenly arranged on the design under ninety degrees. As a rule, two to three such units are attached to one side of the device, and sometimes their number can even reach five elements. It all depends on the power of your power tiller and its total weight, the same applies to the width of the attached parts.

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Each blade visually looks like an ordinary curved metal strip, but at a certain power, these tips are very deep into the ground and destroy all unnecessary components. If we talk about how to make saber cutters yourself, we should advise a special spring steel of grade 50KhGFA.

Making an active power tiller

Among farmers and garden lovers, the most popular are saber-shaped devices due to their effective and simple design, which can be easily assembled at home. To make an active tiller, you will need a metal strip of high-strength steel, an angle grinder, additional parts for direct digging of the ground, a small pipe and any welding machine.

It is worth noting that as plowing devices old car springs and other similar products are quite suitable. The main elements of the cutter should be bent in the same direction and cut to the same size. Using a welding machine, you can easily attach the resulting structures to the main pipe. Important! Distribute the cutting parts should be evenly and on different sides of the pipe.

If you need a self-made cutter for specific purposes, and you immediately know in which direction the blades will move, it is recommended to further sharpen them in the desired direction, thereby increasing the power and quality of digging. Having received the assembled mechanism, it is necessary to fix it well on the power tiller and immediately try the tiller in action. If you find some inaccuracies in the work or any other problems, the design can be easily removed and modified according to the needs. Before you start making milling cutters for power tillers with your own hands, we advise you to watch special video instructions, presented at the end of the article.

deep tillage

When developing new plots one has to develop virgin land. Usually it gets overgrown with turf, perennial grasses and weeds. Such areas are difficult to handle with conventional tools. often deep tillage with topsoil revision is practiced. At reverse plowing part of the layer is cut, lifted and turned around its own axis. As a result the soil from the lower layer is on top. Weeds are not allowed to grow for a while. Cultivated plants get a head start.

This kind of work is done in autumn. Rhizomes of nettles, creeping couch grass, dandelion and other weeds freeze in November-December, when the air temperature is lower.15-17 ⁰С (no stable snow cover yet). Later they lose the ability to grow.

In the future, such a technique is resorted to every autumn. After 2-4 years of autumn autumn autumn autumnal ploughing the amount of weeds on the plot is many times reduced.

  • Wrap the soil layer and give the plants an opportunity to use for their nutrition the substances that gradually move to the lower horizons during the season. Such an operation allows you to reduce the salinity of the soil with mineral fertilizers, as well as reduce the amount of fertilizers applied;
  • aeration of lower soil layers promotes aerobic processes of crop residues decomposition. Usually in the lower layers the access of air oxygen is limited. Therefore conditions are created when the decomposition of roots of rod type is prolonged for several years. Anaerobic processes (without air access) occur with slow accumulation of humus;
  • When the layer is turned over, the weed seeds end up in the lower layers of the soil, and they cannot germinate. The roots left on the surface become extinct. As a result, soil contamination is dramatically reduced;
  • Frozen clods of earth in winter crumble more easily in spring. A light, loose surface layer is formed in which cultivated plants can receive more abundant nourishment;
  • the incorporation of organic matter before plowing allows an active decomposition of manure or green manure, if they are sown after the harvest of the main crops.
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Goosefoot

These models appeared on the market relatively recently. They can be used to till any virgin soil, and are also effective in cultivating hard and difficult soils.

  • The continuous design, which ensures a high degree of accuracy;
  • the equipment is good against weeds
  • ease of operation, the ability to replace parts at home.

These models, unlike sabre milling cutters, are made of carbon steel, which is a bit dull.

Is it necessary to sharpen tillers on a single axle tractor?

There is no definite answer to this question. It all depends on the individual characteristics of your power tool, the soil and the conditions in which it is used. For example, sharpening is not necessary when working on heavy soils with a power tiller with reinforced cutters. You will not get much out of this procedure but you will waste a lot of time and effort.

For smaller tillage with a lighter tiller and smaller tools sharpening is a good way to improve the quality of work. But there are disadvantages, too. Firstly, sharpening is enough only for a few hours; then the procedure has to be repeated, and this process is long and labor-intensive. Secondly, sharpened knives contribute to the crushing of the roots of weeds, which in turn can only accelerate their reproduction.

If you do decide to sharpen the cutter, remove it from the power tiller, clean it from the ground. Sharpen each cutting element very carefully with emery paper so as not to damage them.

How to make cutters for a power tiller with your own hands?

Soil tillers do not have a complicated design. Before making the device yourself, it is necessary to pay attention to store analogues to assess the design features and make an effective inventory.

Drawings are needed with exact dimensions, parts specified, alternation and connection options. Prepare the necessary materials. If shaped parts are available, they should be pre-ordered from a craftsman. The teeth should be arranged in the same way as in the store products.

All work must be carried out as correctly as possible to increase the performance of the canopies. Incorrectly assembled design will pull the motocultivator to one side.

Sabre-shaped cutters are among the safest. Blades, transversely arranged, plunge into the ground in turn, without jerking.

It is necessary to prepare the following materials and tools:

  • The blades are adjusted to size and bent at a certain angle in one direction;
  • Blades are welded to the tube from different sides;
  • It is better to pre-sharpen the blades behind the movement;
  • The ready-made device is installed on the hitch.

Experts say that the optimum diameter of cutters up to 50 centimeters. In this case, the equipment will plunge to a depth of 26 centimeters with a coverage width of one meter. These parameters are sufficient for quality ploughing.

To prolong the life of homemade cutters, it is worth following the rules of operation of the equipment:

  • When starting the motor, the blades must be positioned over the ground;
  • The engine is switched from idle speed and the blades are gradually lowered to start plowing;
  • Sharpening should be carried out as often as possible for better processing of the soil.
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How to make cutters for a motocultivator with their own hands?

Soil tillers do not have a complicated design. Before making the device yourself, you need to pay attention to store analogues to assess the design features and make an effective inventory.

Drawings with exact dimensions, specified parts, sequence and connection options are needed. Prepare the required materials. If there are shaped parts, they should be pre-ordered from a master. The tines should be arranged on the same principle as on store-bought products.

All work must be carried out as correctly as possible to improve the performance of the canopies. Incorrectly assembled construction will pull the motocultivator to one side.

Sabre-shaped cutters are among the safest. Blades, crosswise, plunge into the ground one by one, without jerking.

It is necessary to prepare such materials and tools:

The process of creating an active cutter:

  • The blades are sized and bent at a certain angle in the same direction;
  • The blades are welded to the tube from different sides;
  • It is better to pre-sharpen the blades behind the movement;
  • The finished device is installed on the coupling.

Experts say that the optimal diameter of the cutters is up to 50 centimeters. In this case, the equipment will plunge to a depth of 26 centimeters with a width of one meter. Such parameters are sufficient for quality plowing.

To prolong the life of homemade cutters, it is worth following the rules of operation of the equipment:

  • When starting the motor, the blades must be positioned over the ground;
  • The engine is switched from idle speed and the blades are gradually lowered to start ploughing;
  • Sharpening should be done as often as possible for better tillage.

Mounting the cutters on a single-axle tractor

To mount the cutters on a single-axle tractor, you should use special wooden trestle, which should be about 50 cm high. The machine should be supported on the coulter and tilted at an angle of 45 degrees. Then the wheels are removed from it and the cutters are put on. On the outer ends, special ploughshares are mounted on both sides, which make the unit run more smoothly and steadily.

All tillers are self-sharpening tools. Sharpening is not necessary for them, as it can only spoil the design. Only in some cases, if you use the tiller for a very long time and see that it began to poorly work the ground, you can sharpen the blades.

Soil tiller. important element of every machine. Homemade properly assembled cutters can be used on any modern power tillers, in particular on the Neva MB 1 and MB 2, MTZ and others. Such designs will aid in tilling the land and make farming tasks easier.

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