Types of potato riders for power tillers: how to make and set them up with your own hands?
OKA single axle tractor. an indispensable thing for agricultural work. They can be used to make furrows for planting potatoes and dip the plants. The effectiveness of the work will fully depend on the mounted device. An excellent analogue of the purchased tools will be a disc perch with their own hands.
Making a disk mower with your own hands
Types of hillocks
Hillers are used to facilitate work during the planting and processing of crops. Using the device, you can quickly cope with planting and mowing vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, beets and turnips.
Four types of models of equipment are popular:
They are equipped to automate all the steps of planting: making furrows and filling them with earth. Its application allows to planting material in even rows, which in the future will simplify the activities associated with the care, as well as save time and effort.
Common models are lister planters, which are easy to make yourself. Other devices are difficult to assemble and are used for installation on expensive power tillers, which are not used for cultivation of homesteads and small plots of land.
Depending on their design, lister devices are divided into adjustable and non-adjustable.
Non-adjustable models are a solid design, consisting of two mirrored plates that diverge at a certain angle and have a common stiffener. Adjustable are usually two-row designs, in the settings of which you can change the depth and width of cultivation, due to the special arrangement of the components.
A rotary tiller (also known as an active planter) is installed in place of the tillers on a power tiller. With its help it is possible to carry out all planting and weeding work, as well as harvesting and cultivation of the soil in an automated mode due to the additional device. rotor.
Disk unit has the same angle of inclination of the discs, which provides its balance. Externally, it looks like a frame placed on wheels with suspended discs. When the machine is in operation, the discs grab the earth and place it where the plants grow. Adjusting the tines allows you to change the distance between the discs and therefore between the rows. It is convenient to use the device for chopping and loosening the soil.
how it works
Depending on how they work, power tillers are either double-row (or double-row) or single-row.
Two-row device allows you to work a row at the same time on both sides, and it is possible to adjust the angle of treatment and width of the furrow due to the specific location of the adjustable plates.
Single-row riders usually belong to the category of non-adjustable. They consist of a single plate, and their characteristics do not include multifunctionality, because this type can perform only one operation per unit of time.
How to plow with a power tiller correctly
The process is easy to understand. First do a first test pass at low speed. At the same time, the device is tilted to the left. After the technique is tilted to the right and a second pass is made. Check the result. depth and quality of ploughing. If necessary, adjustments are made.
When working, the right hook should not go beyond the furrow line; it would be better to move it in the middle. When properly adjusted, the technique works smoothly, without jumps and sudden movements.
Ploughing with a power tiller and plough
One of the most common tips from experienced gardeners is to pull the cord along the furrow. This uncomplicated operation will help to orient and make the furrow line even. How to plow with a power tiller with a plough: the wheel of the power tiller on the next rows goes along the previous one, that’s why the line of the first one is so important. It is plowed along the long side of the plot.
The main work is done only after a trial furrow and correcting all faults. If you increase the speed a little bit, it allows you to plow more evenly, without any big lumps.
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Plowing with tillers
They are usually used for small areas, they do not come with heavy models. Adjust strictly horizontally, it makes the ploughing more even. Plowing a vegetable plot with a tiller is good for removing weeds and loosening the soil. The most commonly used are the saber or houndstooth models. The only disadvantage is its brittleness and frequent repairs.
To plow land with a snowplow with an adapter
An adapter is a powerful trailer for your implement. its capabilities are compared with the tractor. In this case, the arable module is attached directly to the adapter. It increases tillage speed up to 10 km/h and enhances productivity and safety. Only the maneuverability is reduced. A wide range of attachments and add-ons can be attached.This is interesting: how to plant potatoes with a power tiller.
How to mount equipment on a single axle tractor
When installing the tool with your own hands to the tiller, you need to orient it correctly so that it is parallel to the mowing line of the beds in the garden with the optimal angle of attack and width of the furrow. Then the furrow will be deep and symmetrical, and the ridges will be similar in shape. That’s why the machine has to be adjusted. Before work, it is installed in the coupling of the power tiller, secured with pins or bolts.
It is convenient to use hollow shafts with cotter pins for fast mounting of attachments.
The angle of attack of the disk eradicator can be adjusted by tilting the frame on the scarifier. This has an indirect influence on the working depth. The latter is adjusted by moving the sole in the vertical plane by means of mounting holes drilled in the stand. By repositioning the brackets, the width of the furrow width can be adjusted. If the sliding mouldboards are fitted, they are used to adjust the furrow and ridge height.
Tilling the potatoes
How to hill the potatoes with a disc
The operating mechanism of the manual planter is quite primitive. Two vegetable gardeners must grip the device from both sides (front and back). One man pushes the handle on the front linkage and drives the planter, while the other presses the discs into the ground by pushing on the handle of the back linkage.
The disc goes through the soil, leaving a noticeable plume behind. With this device, plants that are in close proximity to each other can be tilled. But it is also possible to adjust the distance between the discs, just install a few extra parts.
If you are reading this article you know that potatoes need to be dipped. But why??
- When loosening the soil, the roots get more air, so they can grow much faster
- Again, when air gets to the roots, potato tubers form quickly
- If you dip the potatoes, you can increase the yield by 20-30%
There are also some rules to follow:
- Loosening should be done in good time
- To loosen when it is cloudy. The best option is after rain, watering or morning dew
- Potatoes shouldn’t be mulched during the heat of the day because the plant will burn up
Hoes, hoes, mattocks, and rakes are usually used, but they are power-hungry and time-consuming. These tools pale in comparison to dip heads.
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It is very energy and time consuming to manually hoe the tubers
Best of all, the scarifier can be made in-house.
Pros and cons of homemade devices
The list of advantages of homemade devices include:
- Affordability. since anyone can make such a mower with their own hands
- Free of charge. there are no recorded cases of people paying themselves
- Efficiency. as a rule, homemade devices are not inferior to their market counterparts, but it depends on the design
- Improvement of self-esteem. it is better to mow potatoes in a good mood
- Work safety. but this depends on how well designed the planter is
- Quality. again, it depends on how well designed the planter
almost anyone can make a weeder with their own hands
Let’s consider the features of each of them.
Have a fixed width of doing the ground and are used on very light motocultivators with up to 4 horsepower. Capable of cultivating beds 25-30 centimeters wide, equipped with two side wings and a thin stand. The front support protects the implement from overloading and mechanical damage.
This implement can only be used on dry ground, because clogged soil will impede the operation of the moving parts. Available with adjustable width. They are designed for larger engine power outputs. 4 hp and up. Such machines can also be used on wet ground without any fuss.
The principle of operation is the activity of propeller parts. They are used to dig out and remove weeds in the first place and loosen seedbeds afterwards. These modifications are used mainly on front-drive two-speed mulchers. This is due to the fact that at the second speed the power increases to 180 rpm.
Carries out the cutting of two furrows before planting crops, and is also used for ducking and loosening the soil. Includes a frame on which two coulters are fixed. Saves time when cultivating the soil, because it has two working elements. Mounted on the power tiller with a hitch. because of the high resistance of this implement, it is used in conjunction with a tine rotor.
Instead of wheels, this implement is equipped with rotors with screw-type tines. Demonstrates high efficiency in the creation, loosening and hoeing of potatoes. Suitable for use with 3-speed machines (two in front and one in reverse). In first gear the implement enters the seedbed; in second gear it also shovels the soil from between the rows of seedlings.
The most common type. Suitable for operation on light types of soil. Trenching is carried out after the preliminary loosening of the soil by the cultivator.
Hiller for your power tiller with your own hands
Crop tillage is an agronomic measure that improves crop yields, reduces pesticide and irrigation costs. This procedure is effective in small farms, where the soil is depleted, but it is intensively used. Without this treatment it is difficult to get a high yield of some crops, especially potatoes. Hoeing beds with a hoe is troublesome and laborious work. That’s why they use additional implements on mini-tractors or motor blocks.
These auxiliary units are not included in the delivery of agricultural machines. It is possible to extend the machine’s range of accessories by buying additional implements. However, the price of ready-made sets is unreasonably high, or they are made of metal of inappropriate quality. This forces the masters to look for alternative variants. It is better to make an tiller for a power tiller with your own hands.
How to make your own rocker arms
To make this necessary tool in agriculture, it is very important to adhere to certain rules. Also, if possible, use the drawings. So you can be much faster, and most importantly, install all the elements correctly. So you do not have to redo anything as a result. With their own hands, gardeners make mainly disc and lister types.
This is a classic, non-adjustable version of an arrow for the tiller. It is the one used by gardeners more often than others. Having drawings will greatly simplify the manufacturing process.
- Metal sheets (2 mm, 3 mm, 5 mm, 8 mm thick);
- 4 mm wide strip of steel;
- Gas burner;
- Welding machine or fasteners.
- Make the base from a sheet of metal no thinner than 3 mm. This element will carry the resistance of the ground, so its strength should be as strong as possible.
- Bracket to make from a strip of steel 4 mm wide. It is important not to forget to harden this part.
- Next, make a field board. To do this, take a sheet of metal 5 mm thick. The finished part must be hardened by means of a gas burner in several steps.
- The stand should be made of metal sheet with a thickness of 8 mm. This part is made from the thickest sheet, as it will bear the brunt of the load.
- It remains to make the wings from the thinnest (2 mm) steel plate. The wings must match the selected blueprint. Otherwise you won’t be able to attach them to the base properly. The metal should be slightly bent and fixed on the base by welding.
Having taken to make such an okra, special attention should be paid to the molding of the discs themselves. They can be made from circular saws or used torches from the sower.
- The discs must be placed at an angle, keeping the distance between their lower points. It is important that they be arranged symmetrically. Otherwise the single-axle tractor will be pulled sideways.
- All parts, including screw starlets, stanchions and leash, should be fixed with a welding machine or bolts. Connect the discs with controlled adapters.
- Use the beam and fenders to attach the tool to the power tiller.
Another key point is choosing the right angle and depth. To make this choice, all you need to do is bolt moving parts to the bracket.
After reading the video below, you can learn how to make other types of ridgers, including one-row manual:
How to make diy mini power tiller Agricultural Tractor
Single axle tractor tiller with his own hands drawings
Hillering the crops preserves soil fertility, increases cultivation efficiency, and reduces fertilizer and irrigation costs. To gather a rich harvest of some vegetable plants, especially potatoes, without this procedure is impossible. But it is long and tedious to manually hoe. Faster and more economical to use a single-axle tractor with an earplug. You can make such a device yourself. Let’s see what kind of hoes for potatoes to the tiller and how to make them with your own hands.