tips and tricks
All safety precautions must be taken when carrying out any work in the workshop. First of all, it is necessary to protect the eyes, especially when working with welding, regardless of its type.
In arc welding, it’s not just the intensity of the light from the combustion of the arc that is dangerous, but also the dross that builds up on the frozen weld. over, it can split off spontaneously, during the cooling of the metal, flying to a great height.
Knocking down hot Kalina with a hammer in the “toward you” direction is also a bad idea, because it can get not only into your eyes, but also on the exposed skin areas and behind the collar, in your hair. Therefore, it is necessary to cover them in the first place.
When working with a gas welder, heating with it the metal for processing or cutting it is necessary to use gloves and face shields. the work is carried out at high temperatures. Also, remember that oxygen creates an explosive mixture when it comes into contact with oil. you don’t need a spark to detonate this mixture.
How to make a cultivator
Every dacha owner is well aware of all the difficulties of cultivating vegetable crops. And most of all, it is tiring to work the soil before planting and in the subsequent care of garden plants. To simplify your life, it is enough to make a homemade gasoline or electric cultivator for dacha, which will be used for various agricultural tasks.
Before you start assembling, it is necessary to understand the types, device and principle of operation of garden devices.
Культиватор нависний модернизация
Depending on the type of engine, electric and fuel-powered cultivators are distinguished. The former are environmentally friendly and feature low power consumption. However, they are tied to source of electricity, so they can only be used in greenhouse conditions or in a small vegetable garden that has access to electricity. Making such a machine is simple enough.
models with internal combustion engines are superior to the previous type in terms of power and ability to work without connection to the electricity grid. But servicing the machine becomes more expensive, and during operation harmful exhaust gases are emitted.
According to the method of processing the soil, homemade motocultivators are either self-propelled, equipped with wheels with a drive, or with a rotating working nozzle, which can be used as a means of transportation.
The first version involves two gearboxes. The first helps the mechanism to move at a given speed, and the second performs the rotation of the rotary nozzle for tillage. If there are driving wheels, cultivator is further equipped with knives, planes.
There are also simplified homemade, where the wheels only rest on the surface, making it easier to move.
From a starter
If in the home workshop there is an unnecessary starter from the car, on its basis you can create a primitive version of motokultivator. To do this, you need to shorten its shaft and slightly remake the front cover, making a few holes in it with a diameter of up to 5 mm. This is necessary for the flow of air from the ventilation system. Then the prepared starter is combined into one unit with cutting elements (cutters).
The almost finished machine is then attached to the working platform of the cultivator and checked for proper functioning. Make an electric cultivator with your own hands from a starter can be achieved in a couple of hours and with minimal financial outlay.
From an angle grinder
A variant of self-made mini-cultivator from an angle grinder is not characterized by high performance, but perfectly solves the problem of weeding a small area with light soil. angle grinder in this home-made invention plays the role of an electric drive. The other parts can be taken from an old non-working cultivator.
An angle grinder is fixed to the frame created from improvised means or taken from an old frame, as well as an extension cord on a spool for connection to an electricity source.
After assembling the basic elements, you can test the machine. If done correctly, the cutters will produce up to 300 rpm.
From a washing machine
Folk craftsmen make a cultivator out of an old, unwanted washing machine, which still works, but can no longer be used for the main task of washing. Remove the motor from the old equipment. This will serve as the basis for the future cultivator and give the washing machine a second life.
In addition to the power unit, you will need to find a two-wire wire, gearbox, three-meter metal angle, switches, car springs, the start button and a drum with a piece of tin.
After preparing the necessary elements, you can move on to the installation work. Initially, welding is carried out, and then the preparation of cutting elements. It is important to make sure that each blade does not overlap with any other.
The motor itself is connected to the starter and working winding. The first is needed only for starting the device, and the second is used all the time.
After performing the above actions, you can begin testing the device.
From an old bicycle
No less interesting self-made is a manual cultivator from a bicycle. To make such a device, you need to prepare a metal tube, a frame and a bicycle wheel. You will also need metal blanks, steel strips, a drill, an angle grinder and a cultivator head.
Installation work consists of the following steps:
- The head of the cultivator is attached to the bicycle frame. The bar and handles are made from metal pipe. They are connected by means of bolts.
- Then we take the locknuts. They will be needed to fix the wheel on the frame.
- After completing these steps, the mechanism can be considered ready. Such a cultivator can be connected to a plow and related accessories that will make it more functional.
From a chainsaw
A chainsaw can be used to make a power tiller with your own hands. As a basis, a powerful chainsaw of domestic or foreign production is used. It is desirable to take the model “Druzhba”, t.к. it is cheaper than imported devices and has the required characteristics.
Garden helper on the basis of “Druzhba” accelerates to 2.5 km/h, and the power value is equal to 4 l. с.
The step-by-step assembly guide is as follows:
- The main halyard is equipped with a collar flange. This is necessary for the subsequent connection of the axle gears.
- Next, we take the sprockets (can be from an old UAZ) and a double-row chain. Parts are needed to raise the distance from the axle with the gearbox to the ground. The timing sprockets can increase the distance by 15 cm.
- On the key axle, the housing bearings and the gearbox are installed.
- A steel pipe must be used to secure the cutting elements. It is important to make sure that the direction of the cutters is in line with the movement of the power tiller.
- After completing the assembly work attach a weight to the frame that can hold the center of gravity.
- For convenient operation of the machine, it is equipped with handles.
At the last stage, it is necessary to check the homemade cultivator for performance. Any faults or malfunctions are corrected.
From a grass trimmer
Various attachments are available for the brushcutter to turn it into a potato puller, a device for making furrows or plowing the soil. Homemade cultivators on the basis of the grass trimmer are especially popular for hard-to-get-at places, where it is impossible to work with a large power tiller with a trailer. A hand-held device called a “Hedgehog” is optimal. Having assembled simple parts and elements, “Hedgehogs” can be made yourself. All you need is a U-shaped bracket with holes, a shaft, a handle and spiked wheels.
To properly move the device around the garden, you need to equip it with good wheels. To do this, you can take old pancakes and equip them with metal spikes. The spikes are made from rebar sharpened in the shape of a cone. Finished cutting elements are attached to the axle, then it is inserted into the bracket and fixed on both sides.
To the ends of the bracket, a fastener is welded and inserted into the cutter. It remains to check the unit for malfunctions, eliminate them (if any) and start weeding the rows.
From a drill
Annual work on the vegetable garden gives gardeners a lot of trouble and difficulties. To save time and effort, many craftsmen invent semi-automatic devices that provide efficient processing of soil and garden crops.
To create a compact el. Cultivator with good values KPI (key performance indicators) you can use a construction drill. This option is suitable for weeding potatoes and performing simple agricultural tasks.
How to make a cultivator with their own hands: a few simple options for making
With some skills it is easy enough to make a cultivator with their own hands from ordinary scrap metal or used parts of the equipment. Such a self-made cultivator, of course, will be inferior to the performance indicators, but will greatly facilitate manual labor and many gardening work.
Assembling handheld cultivators
Once you have prepared everything you need for work, you can begin to make a handmade cultivator. This is a unique product that has a number of advantages, such as compactness, availability of materials for its manufacture and efficiency of the finished cultivator.
Homemade cultivator will give the opportunity not only to remove weeds throughout the plot, but also qualitatively loosen the soil. But, as noted earlier, hand cultivators are not designed for large plots, so if your garden or vegetable garden has a large area, then it makes sense to buy a gasoline cultivator. Manual designs are best suited for cottage works. At home, it is possible to make such types of manual cultivators, as rotary, disc, ploughshare and others.
The main tasks of the rotary design are harrowing the soil and further levelling it. Cultivator consists of 2 or 4 special hemispherical discs. Each of these disc pairs is attached to the axle, so that the base of the structure can move. It allows you to increase or decrease the angle of the discs at work.
The base must be made of metal, because it is highly stressed during operation. The base itself can be attached to the handle. If all the parts are made of metal, it will significantly increase the weight of the construction, so many gardeners make handles of wood. During the work the discs of such a cultivator will not cling to the grass, which is very convenient, especially when working on areas covered with weeds.
An excellent cultivator with the simplest design, consisting of only three parts. a submerged element, handle and cutter. In many ways the principle of operation of the cultivator is similar to that of a corkscrew. One presses the machine into the ground, turns it and then the machine can be lifted. During the processing of the plot, the weeds are removed along with the root system. The product can easily be made at home, if you follow the step-by-step instructions below.
Table. Making a “Tornado” cultivator.
|Cut out 4 blanks from a steel bar, which should be about 30 cm long. Bend each workpiece with a vise.|
|Sharpen each piece on one side. This is to ensure that the structure fits well into the ground. All wires should be equally straight and sharp.|
|Weld the blanks to the metal pipe. A normal or profiled pipe may be suitable. Be sure all parts are welded at the same angle. This will increase the efficiency of the construction.|
|Grind or file the welded area to remove any rough spots. This will give the structure a more attractive appearance.|
|Weld a handle to the profiled tube. You can use the same diameter. If you like, wrap some masking tape around the handle, especially in the places where you will hold on to it with your hands. It is also desirable to treat the welding seams.|
|Try it out, and if any of the parts are not welded on well enough, they will fall off while you are testing the cultivator. If the product has been tested, paint it and use it safely for its intended purpose.|
For your information! If you need a larger design, you can use larger parts. The manufacturing technology will not change and the reliability of the cultivator will not suffer.
Another option for making a hand cultivator, the main part of which is steel discs. The standard design has 5 discs to which the special tines should be attached. Due to these teeth the soil is loosened. You can make such discs yourself or buy them in specialized stores. Two of the discs must have a smooth surface, while the other discs must have teeth attached to them. Alternatively, instead of tines bent nails can be used.
You put the finished discs one by one on the axle and then put the bearings. The finished construction is attached to a handle made of wood. When cultivating the soil, the discs start to rotate and the tines dig into the ground one by one. The disc cultivator is able to cut weeds and loosen the soil. From time to time it needs to be cleaned from stuck plants.
The Plough Cutter
Another type of cultivator that you can make yourself. The ploughshare is a fairly effective piece of equipment, and you need an old bicycle and one wheel to make it. Next you need to follow the instructions below.
Prepare two small semi-circles made of hardened metal. These must be strong because they carry the brunt of the load.
Cultivator type: tornado, with his hands культиватор типа : торнадо. своими руками
Bend two one-meter sections of 15mm tubing for the handles. Then cut off the excess length from the bicycle frame.
Weld the handles to the bicycle frame, as well as a thrust bar that will take the load from the handles during tillage.
Connect the two plates with each other by welding, grind the resulting blade and weld it to the bicycle frame. It should be mounted on the seat so you have the ability to adjust the blade in height.
Paint the assembled construction, thus protecting it from corrosion. If you want, you can wrap duct tape around the handles of the plow. At this point, the process of making a hand cultivator can be considered complete.
- Begin by making a metal frame for your future cultivator, using metal corners. The frame should have a cubic shape.
- Attach the motor from the chainsaw to the finished frame, and more specifically to the top of it.
- Make handles for your design. It is desirable to use metal pipes for this. This design will be more convenient to use.
- Prepare two sprockets, one of which should be the drive and the other should be the driven one and be mounted on the intermediate shaft.
Pay attention! The chainsaw cultivator has many advantages over other designs, such as its high output and efficiency, minimal effort, etc. д. But such a cultivator has disadvantages, the main of which is the need for regular refueling. That’s why you should always have petrol ready on the farm.
For the basis, you need to prepare a powerful fork, made of steel strip. In front of the tool is a working axis with nozzles. They must be made from pieces of pipe, on which steel rods with pointed tips are welded. Actually, this is where the name comes from.
Loosening the soil is done by gently shaking and piercing it, but the weeds remain in place, especially the roots. The main advantage of this subspecies is the easy running of the tool. Almost no effort is required between row passes.
Just like the star model, the hedgehog design can additionally be fitted with a ploughshare for the last stage of cultivation, with which all the weeds are removed. You can use a shovel stick or a bicycle handlebar for the handlebar. Such a rudder can be used in front and behind.
For the first option, it is necessary to drive the very nozzle “hedgehogs” into the ground with their own weight. This process is quite labor-intensive. For the second case, the working part needs to be weighted. Nevertheless, it is much easier to work with it, despite the extra weight. In this kind of work, you can listen to the advice of parents. They are familiar with such tools personally. In the past, manual designs were often used, since there were no mechanized means at all.
Самодельный культиватор Торнадо (из старых вил) [Tornado] [Cultivator]
By the peculiarities of actuation there are three types of cultivator:
- actuated by physical force (this type of cultivator is the easiest to make with their own hands).
Depending on the function and design there are rotary cultivators, rippers, and even miniature hand cultivators for houseplants.
This unit has the following design: the metal shaft is fitted with star-shaped discs (so it is also called a disc cultivator), which, when rotating the shaft, plunge into the ground. The consequence is loosening the soil and uprooting harmful weeds (i.e., it performs a double function). The range of applications for the rotary cultivator is wide. it can be useful for cultivating lawns or flowerbeds, potato beds or the root zone of young trees.
A classic example of a tedder-cultivator is the “Tornado”. The device is surprisingly simple: the working part in the form of spiral-shaped pointed tines is attached to the long perpendicular handle. The construction is operated by turning the handle, which allows the tines to dig into the ground and retrieve them, loosening it. Even heavy, compacted or overgrown soil can be mowed. Unlike the star cultivator, it is mainly used for small problematic territories. Compared with other constructions of this type, it is the easiest to make a manual soil ripper with your own hands.
Both “Tornado” type cultivator and a hedgehog can be used as a root breaker. The working part of the hedgehog is represented by rotating steel bars. This part is attached to the cutter (with or without attached perpendicular hand tool). Like the Tornado, the hedgehog is used not only for root extraction but also for inter-row loosening, helped by its compact size of the working part.
The domestic market of agricultural equipment offers a lot of structurally different potato harvesters (mostly vibration, working as a hitch on a power tiller). A special niche is occupied by manual potato diggers, used for moderately spacious areas. The work is carried out thanks to two toothed axes, one of which is rigid and serves to support the tubers, while the other, when pressed, ejects the undamaged ones. You can make such a simple construction yourself out of a pitchfork.
For indoor plants
Cultivator for houseplants is a small trident with pointed curved teeth. This implement can easily be made on your own, using a sturdy wire. The handle can be made from decorative materials or decorated to one’s taste.
Our rotary cultivator implements
Cultivator for a motor tractor can be equipped with various attachments.
They are divided into several types:
- Tines. necessary for tilling soil and removing weeds at the same time. There are several types of these attachments. Chisel-like devices are designed for loosening the soil to a depth of 15 cm. Arrow-shaped universal tines are used for full-field or inter-row plowing of the soil to the depth of 14 cm. Devices of this type cope well with the crushing of the ground and cutting weeds. Single-sided flat-cutting tines are designed exclusively for cutting large weeds;
Hand-held root-cutting cultivator
Industrial cultivators for weed control are called “Tornado”. They are a lever, at the end of which there is a mechanism resembling a pitchfork with curved tines. By pushing (not very hard) on the lever the forks are driven into the ground and when the machine is lifted by the handle the weeds are pulled out of the ground with their roots.
We suggest making an analogue of the “Tornado” with your own hands, the more so that it is not difficult to do it at all. There are even two ways of making this type of cultivator.
- Using spring steel.In this case, you need to stock up on a spring steel strip of the following dimensions: length. 0.5 m, thickness. 0.15 cm, width. 2 cm. Tape of this size should be bent in the form of a loop. The steel loop is attached to the handle, as which a normal wooden toolstring is used. If you want, you can also make a lever similar to the bought models. The ends of the steel band must be carefully sharpened, this will make it easier to work with the cultivator.
- With the use of a forkThis type of cultivator looks similar to a pitchfork, and therefore you can use this tool to make “Tornado”. To do this, a commercially available pitchfork is used, and its tines are bent to the required shape. An ordinary hammer will help you deform the fork tines. It is important to work carefully and watch the angle of the bend, so that the teeth do not break off, and the tool is not spoiled.
A piece of plastic tube is used as a lever, which is inserted in the handle of the yoke and firmly fixed there with electrical tape. The lever should protrude on both sides of the fork by about 20-25 centimeters.
What is a cultivator on a mini-tractor
The cultivator enables tilling and hilling as gently as possible without turning over massive areas of soil. Motor cultivator preserves fertile layers of soil, so when using this tool, you can achieve high yields.
Specialized agricultural stores offer a wide range of the most diverse models of these products, among which: