How to make a shovel for a single-axle tractor

Shovel for power tiller

Residents of many post-Soviet countries know firsthand how harsh the winters can be. huge amounts of snow in some regions seriously interfere with peoples’ lives and movements. Fortunately, to solve this problem you can build a snow thrower for power tiller. This simple by design device will allow you to get rid of piled and freshly fallen snow, saving time and effort of its owner.

Many owners of agricultural equipment purchase a moldboard on a single-axle tractor in specialized stores, spending a considerable amount of money on the equipment. Nevertheless, this kind of attachment has a very simple design that allows you to assemble it with your own hands, almost out of improvised means. You do not need to have at your disposal specialized equipment or expensive materials. snow plow attachment to your power tiller will be sufficiently budgetary, but at the same time, the most effective.

The first thing to do before making equipment. is to understand its design features. Any snow thrower for a power tiller consists of a fairly robust implement, attachment unit, a mechanism for setting the direction in which snow masses are thrown, as well as a power unit that holds the shovel on the chassis of the used power tiller.

When creating a snowplow for power tiller is best guided by any of the store models. It is not necessary at all for a homemade snow blower to have those additional options that are included in the design of the factory unit. For a start it is enough that the manufactured shovel for power tiller successfully copes with its direct task. snow removal. Even then, in the process of operation, the homemade tool can be equipped with useful additional functions.

Both factory and homemade shovels can have 3 positions:

Immediately before work, the used homemade mounted snow shovel for power tiller should be turned to the left or right, observing the angle of inclination of 30 ⁰. After that, the device is fixed in a suitable position by means of steel cotter pins.

The size of a homemade shovel plays a big role when using it. The most productive, and therefore the most effective on small and medium-sized plots will be the snow removal attachment, a width of 1 m and a height of 30-40 cm. But, in order for a device with these dimensions not to break under the weight of wet snow, the thickness of metal should be at least 5 mm. Subject to the creation of the nozzle with smaller dimensions, the material, respectively, can be thinner.

A purchased or homemade snow shovel

A snow shovel, designed to be attached to a single-axle tractor, is a hinged iron blade in the form of a bucket or arc-shovel, and consists of three elements:

The principle of operation of such a snowplow consists in its attachment to a tractor. mechanical or automated, in the case described in the article. to a single-axle tractor.

The factory set of the snowplow includes such elements:

  • Bucket (shovel, blade) attached to the base of the electric motor;
  • Handle for height adjustment, often telescopic shape;
  • Electric motor located underneath the housing, with attachments for nozzles.

The attachments used in factory models of snow throwers can be made in the form of corded rubber plates as well as metal knives. Such attachments, attached to the bottom wide edge of the blade, quality snow removal and ground leveling. They can be made and strengthened on a homemade snow thrower by your own efforts.

Conveniently ! Such snow removal equipment on wheels as a power tiller blade is especially preferable for use by the elderly and people with poor physical health.

The design allows for variations in the angle of the blade:

Changing the angle of rotation provides for fixation of the shovel in this position with an L-shaped attachment, which increases the convenience of clearing snow.

How to make it with your own hands?

To make a shovel blade yourself, the first thing to do is to prepare the following set of tools:

Among other things, it is worth preparing a steel barrel that has a volume of 200 liters, as well as strips made of rubber and steel. The scheme of making a shovel on the machine is as follows:

  • the barrel should be cut into three parts. these will be the parts for the future equipment;
  • two parts should be welded according to the contour, as a result, the master will be able to obtain a product that has a thickness of 3 mm;
  • to strengthen the lower part of the oval, it is worth installing a knife;
  • The blade is made from a strip of steel that is 5mm thick and has a length equal to the blade’s grip;
  • it is necessary to drill holes in the blade, which will have a diameter of 5 millimeters, and the distance between the holes should be 10 cm; their main purpose is to place a rubber band with a safety function;
  • the width of the structure is influenced by the power, as well as the size of the mini-tractor; the blade, when assembled, should not be more than 0.4 meters on either side;
  • To strengthen the structure, it is necessary to use specially designed longitudinal stops, the ideal option would be steel tubes that are characterized by a cross section of 40 by 40; these elements must be welded below the border, on which the blade is located;
  • rubber cover should be fastened at the bottom of the moldboard, preventing the process of friction of the device and the surface.
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Peculiarities of attachment of moldboards to the machines are as follows:

  • Welding elements of the longitudinal type into A-shaped parts;
  • fixing the bracket in close proximity to the central lintels;
  • you can use 2PTs-4 cylinder as a hydraulic option.

To connect each of the parts of the equipment into a single whole, it is necessary to perform the following activities:

  • the linkage is connected in the lower part through the front, the bearings are connected in 2 bushings of the through type; do not forget to put the hydraulic cylinder;
  • the upper element of the blade can be connected using a hydraulic unit;
  • the controls are led out through the cab and fastened with the remote control or lever.

And there is also a possible method that will help to make a moldboard, which has no mechanism for lifting. Such a design is much easier than the previous one, provided that the frame of the equipment will be fixed in the same position, and the linkage on the structure will be able to rotate to the right and left side. To fix the hinge, it is worth carrying out such actions as:

  • weld to the shovel a disk of iron, which has a diameter of 0.15 meters;
  • Drill 3 holes on the disc, which contribute to the convenience and comfort;
  • insert an L-shaped pin into the recesses, it will help to hold the equipment;
  • It is worth attaching a handle of elongated type to the bucket;
  • each of the bolts of the linkage must be tightened and secured;
  • paint the finished equipment.

With the help of a ready-made blade, you can not only clean the snow. In summer, this unit can be used as an alternative to the bulldozer, which is able to flatten the soil. The blade is a reliable and durable attachment, the use of which simplifies work on the territory.

See the following video about how to mount the mouldboard on a mini-tractor.

People who live in rural areas and own quite large plots of land and homestead plots, it is necessary to buy a mini-tractor, which greatly facilitates a variety of works on the economy. Mini-tractors are also bought with a variety of necessary attachments.

One such device is a shovel or dozer blade for a mini-tractor. Such equipment can be used to move loose bulk cargo, remove snow, and much more. Snowplow mounted on power unit consists of three main parts. shovel, device for setting the angle of rotation of attached equipment, and node for grader fixation on the frame of a mini-tractor.

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If you have on hand an angle grinder, a welder, a drill and some consumables, then the moldboard can also be made with your own hands.

  • A 200 liter drum (may be taken from an oil drum);
  • A square tube with a size of 40×40;
  • Bracket for mounting;
  • Half-circle for creating the turning angles.

The manufacturing process

The main working part. the blade itself. To make it, you can take an ordinary steel barrel, then cut it into three parts. Next, take two of them and weld them together along the rim. The result is a mouldboard with a thickness of 3 mm, which is usually enough to withstand the stresses of everyday life.

To ensure a better capture of the snow at the bottom a knife is installed. It allows you to cut the lower layers of snow. To make it, a steel plate with a thickness of 5 mm is taken. Since it is the one that carries the main load, it must be reinforced. Drill a hole 10 cm away from the barrel to install the rubber fuse. This is a special spacer between the blade and the bucket itself, thanks to which there is no metal to metal friction.

make, shovel, single-axle, tractor

Approximately in the middle of the moldboard should be welded square tube size 40 × 40. And a semicircle is welded to the tube, which is needed to turn the blade. Then holes are drilled in the semicircle and the tube, which will be necessary to create the angle of rotation and fix the blade in the right position.

The next part is the holder. To make it, you should weld an L-shaped structure and connect it to the pipe from the moldboard. It will serve to attach the bracket.

This bracket connects the single axle tractor and the shovel blade. Its height can be adjusted with bolts and coupling.

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This is just a general recommendation, do not be afraid to experiment with the size and improvement of the design.

Gas bottle dozer blade. how to make it yourself?

One of the most common options. is to make the moldboard from a 200-liter barrel, or from a gas cylinder. Such a snow removal nozzle will successfully cope with clearing the lawn from frozen snow masses, and save your time and effort. As in the first case, you will need a detailed diagram, which will detail all the dimensions and location of the main elements of the snowblower.

Next, to make a screw or rotary snowplow will need to prepare the same materials and tools as in the first case. You can not buy steel sheets and stiffeners. instead of them a cylinder or barrel will be used.

Snowplow for power tiller is made as follows:

  • Cut an empty barrel or cylinder into 3 parts. as a result, you should be left with 3 curved segments, of which you need to make a shovel;
  • Weld two of the received three segments to each other along the contour. As a result, you will get a product with a thickness of 3 mm. this is quite enough for quality snow removal;
  • To strengthen the bottom of the blade install a strong steel blade. In the blade drill 3 holes with a pitch of 10 and a diameter of 6 mm. When installing the blade on the bucket, put a rubber gasket between the elements;
  • In the middle part of the installed tube, weld a semicircle in which beforehand make 3 holes. they will be used to securely fix the swivel corners of the bucket;
  • Use another piece of pipe to make an L-shaped holder. Insert one end of the part into one of the holes in the semicircle and mount the other end to the frame of the power tiller. The result of the work done you can see in the photo.

A ready-made snow shovel helps you remove large amounts of freshly fallen and frozen snow. Due to the large width of the bucket, you can clear a large swath, saving you time and effort. For better cleaning of the yard area on the manufactured moldboard can be installed sweeping brush. It must be bolted directly behind the bucket. If you want to use this element, then in the manufacture of the moldboard to the sides of his parts to be welded to 2 pipes, a length of at least 1 m. A third tube is welded perpendicularly to the tubes, and the brush itself is welded to it.

Features of making a snowplow

Let’s consider another variant of making a shovel, which is not too different from the previous one. For the moldboard itself you need 3 millimeter steel sheet, and for the racks, providing additional rigidity, you need to take thicker steel. You need to make holes in the stands to attach the shovel to the rods. It is very important to ensure vertical placement of self-made equipment in relation to the front of the power unit.

Homemade plow

For power tillers among the attachments there are plows: horse plow for plowing, reverse plow for loosening, ditching and others. Recently, Zykov plow has become increasingly popular, the drawings, the dimensions of which can only be found on specialized resources.

make, shovel, single-axle, tractor

Its main distinguishing feature from the mass produced are the carefully calculated angles of the moldboard for intensive mixing of the ground. If you compare it to conventional models, you can see that the skimmer on the Zykov model is located in front at a greater distance, so the lifting angle is on an arc.

The plow is mounted vertically on the tiller. There is an adjustable outreach. It’s bolted in place. Blueprints for a mini-tractor with your own hands are different from those designed for a power tiller.

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Gas bottle plow. how to make it with your own hands?

One of the most common options is to make the blade from a 200 liter barrel, or from a gas cylinder. Such a snow-cleaning nozzle will successfully cope with the clearing of snow masses frozen in the yard, and will save your time and effort. As in the first case, you will need a detailed diagram, which will describe in detail all the dimensions and location of the main elements of the snowplow.

make, shovel, single-axle, tractor

Next, to make an auger or rotary snow blower will need to prepare the same materials and tools as in the first case. You do not need to buy steel plates and stiffeners. a cylinder or barrel will be used instead.

A snow blade for a power tiller is made as follows:

  • Cut an empty barrel or cylinder into 3 parts. you should end up with 3 curvilinear segments from which to make a shovel;
  • Weld two of the obtained three segments to each other along the contour. As a result, you will get a product with a thickness of 3 mm. this is quite enough for quality snow removal;
  • To reinforce the bottom of the blade, install a sturdy steel blade. In the blade make a drill 3 holes with a pitch of 10 and a diameter of 6 mm. When placing the blade on the bucket, put a rubber gasket between the elements;
  • In the middle part of the installed pipe, weld a semicircle, in which you will make 3 holes in advance. they will be used to securely fix the rotary corners of the bucket;
  • From another piece of pipe make an L-shaped holder. Insert one end of the part into one of the holes in the half-circle, and attach the other end to the power tiller frame. You can see the result of the work done in the photo.
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The ready-made snow shovel helps you remove large amounts of fresh and frozen snow. Thanks to the large width of the bucket, you will be able to clear a large swath, saving you time and effort. For better cleaning of the yard area, a sweeping brush can be installed on the made moldboard. It must be bolted directly behind the bucket. If you want to use this element, then in the manufacture of the blade you need to weld two pipes to the sides of his parts, a length of at least 1 m. A third tube is welded perpendicularly to the tubes, and the brush itself is welded to it.

Snow shovel on a single axle tractor with their own hands

All the materials are there, you can start work.The size of the shovel is 1000×450 mm. I cut a profile tube of the following dimensions: 1000 mm. = 2 pcs.450 mm. = 2 pcs.370 mm. = 1 piece.I cut all the pipes, except for the one that 370 mm., at a 45 degree angle. Welded. Strip the welds on one side, where it will be welded sheet iron 1.5 mm.

I cut out a 6 mm sheet of iron. Two plates 200×100 mm. (because the sheet used holes have already been drilled they do not need).

I weld these plates to the profile tube frame in the middle, as shown on the photo.

I cut off four 4×40 mm strips. approximately 400 mm each. Weld them to the plates on one side and to the profile tube on the other side. They serve to strengthen the structure.

Now I cut off four angles 40×40 mm. 20 mm long. They will serve as a stopper of the shovel rotation (originally I didn’t want to fix the shovel with anything, it was not convenient). I make a marking, weld 6 mm to the plates.Drill a 10 mm hole. for attaching to the bracket.Weld the sheet iron 1.5 mm.

Moving on to the manufacture of the bracket. I decided to make it from 50×50 mm angle. Having welded together so that you get a profile pipe. I decided to refuse to use a profile pipe in this node, because of the unusual size and in my opinion it will be a weak structure. In my case, the width of the bracket 47 mm., length 500 mm. One shelf on each corner I cut 47 mm. Welded between each other.

I drill holes of 10 mm. for the attachment to the power tiller, and for the attachment of the shovel. At the place where you attach the shovel to the bracket you need to grind the welding seam, so it won’t interfere with the rotation of the shovel.

Similarly, weld another two corners, they do not need to cut the shelf. Drilling the 10mm holes. To fix the shovel at the bottom, just like I did before.

Weld all parts of the bracket. It is not straight as we would like it to be, but it doesn’t affect driving qualities.

Now you can paint the whole structure.After assembling drilled two more holes to fix the shovel at the right angle.

For shovel fixation at an angle I use a 10 mm round bar., 70 mm long., with a washer welded to the top.

This is what it looks like assembled. The angle is not great, but as experience shows it is quite enough.

Tighten bolt nuts until shovel can turn freely. Secure or use self-locking nuts (that have plastic inside).

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On the bottom of shovel I fix a conveyor belt. Belt overhang 50 mm. Below the shovel. Fix it with bolts with 8mm slats. Bolt spacing 100 mm.

Conclusion. The shovel is not bad at all. Used for the first winter. It does its job by 5. With the shovel turned to the side, one pass is sufficient. The shovel is raised and lowered by tilting the power tiller forward and backward. When lowered, the shovel is perpendicular to the surface. Although the surface of the shovel is flat (rather than curved like the factory ones) snow is not poured over the top. Snow can be moved both forward and backward. Instead of 1.5 mm. I think you can use roofing iron 0.5 mm., Thus, to reduce the price of the construction even more. I put chains on wheels on single-axle tractor, without chains I was slipping.

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