How to make a power tiller

How to increase the passability of a power tiller video | Your Crafts.Ru

Increasing the power of a power tiller. the main ways and their implementation. Improvements of power tillers and additional accessories for more possibilities.

The speed of the motoblock depends on several parameters:

  • the class of the walking tractor
  • engine type
  • availability of attachments
  • gearbox type
  • wheel size
  • terrain on which the single axle tractor works

As a rule, the class of motor block is paired with the type of engine, the light models are equipped with gasoline engines up to 5 liters.с., medium. with gasoline engines of 6-12 liters.с., heavy. by diesel engines with capacity from 12 liters.с. Diesel engines are more powerful, so equipment with these engines will have more speed.

Among the budget models of medium-class motor-blocks, the most common type of gearbox is 2 forward, 1 reverse, more expensive models have 6 forward and 3 reverse gears. The more gears, the higher speed is available.

The size of the wheels is important: the bigger the wheel diameter, the faster the equipment moves.

Attachments like plows, mowers, for example, can contribute to slower speed. A trailed bogie will also reduce speed, but you can only calculate the speed accurately if you factor in the speed and weight of the bogie itself as well as the weight and type of cart. A trailed walking tractor with a tractor-trailer normally does not exceed 10 km/h.

The rougher the terrain, the more the speed will be reduced. It is recommended to use weights for ploughing on virgin land to ensure passability and to help maintain speed. However, it is worth remembering that plowing heavy soils at higher speeds is not recommended, as it reduces the quality of cultivation.

The design of a power tiller and how it works

Regardless of the brand and model, all power tillers consist of five main parts:

  • Engine. Gasoline or diesel engines with automatic speed regulator are usually used. Such a regulator makes the work of the operator a lot easier. The tractor engine has a maximum capacity of 10 liters. с., As a rule, larger engines are not used.
  • Transmission for a power tiller can be: toothed, toothed-worm, belt-tooth-chain, hydro. The latter are gaining popularity because they allow for smoother control of the tractor’s speed and tractive force.
  • Running gear.
  • The hitch system, used to connect a single-axle tractor to additional equipment.
  • Control system. the single-axle tractor is equipped with steering rods to make it easier to steer.

How to make electric power Tiller Machine for Agriculture

The power of the walking tractor unit is connected to the traction force produced by the undercarriage. In general, the principle of operation of power tillers is the same, the only difference is additional equipment.

The motor of this kind of equipment is made in the form of classical internal combustion engine, which has all the necessary nodes for its proper functioning. Take a look at the following

Modern manufacturers install gasoline four-stroke engines on machines of light and medium class. This is relevant, for example, for machines Neva or Zubr.

Heavy-duty machines like the one shown in the following photo are often equipped with diesel engines. It is extremely rare to find a two-stroke version of a gasoline engine. These engines can be mounted on older and some lighter models of gardening equipment, such as Mole machines.

What is a single-axle tractor

single-axle tractor, or motocultivator, is a self-propelled two-wheeled unit, which is equipped with an internal combustion engine. The attachment moves freely forward, while the gardener walks behind him, holding on to the handles with various nodes and controls. Many available models have several gears for forward and reverse movement. To make the operation of such an invention as productive as possible, it is equipped with additional implements, including a plow, which allows the plowing and cultivation of the land.

The average weight of a power block reaches 100 kg, and the engine power often exceeds 8 horsepower. Due to such features, such a tool can be indispensable for plowing the garden territory.

You should pay attention to the fact that all power tillers are equipped with a special drive for attachments, which allows you to transfer part of the engine power to the haymaker suspended. Basically, such a universal mechanism allows you to cope with various agricultural works, including:

  • plowing the land;
  • cultivation;
  • Transportation of crops (in this case, it is necessary to get a small trailer);
  • grass mowing.

With the help of such miniature trucks residents of our regions transport firewood, fertilizers and crops. In winter, it can be used as a tool for snow removal. Even the weakest model has no problem pulling loads of up to 400 kg.

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How to assemble a power tiller

Power pack. Electric motor or combustion engine. The electric drive can be taken from an old ventilation system or an industrial compressor.

If you use an internal combustion engine (e.g. from a moped) it has to be cooled, so install a fan. The chainsaw motor has an advanced cooling system, so there is no overheating problem.

Reducer. A must for any power tiller or cultivator. High output speed of the motor (electric or gasoline powered) is too high and the torque of compact power packs is insufficient for tillage.

Reducing gear reduces speed and increases force on the working shaft.

Frame and gantry for attachments.

Important! Even if you build a one-axle power tiller, it can always be fitted with wheels and any other attachments. from an arrow to a plough. So the bracket for the suspension of various attachments must be.

Handles for control. In addition to the main function. to keep the mechanism in working position, the handles are used to control the power unit. The design must be sturdy and comfortable.

If you have decided to assemble a cultivator with your own hands. the drawings can be taken from technical literature or developed by yourself. Binding to a ready-made project, you will be forced to look for exactly those components, which the author of the design has provided.

We offer for consideration two designs with a different concept:

Install Trailer Trolley for Kultivator/Hand Tractor/Mini Tiller/Rotobator 9hp Farm walking tractor

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How to make rear speed on a power tiller

Let’s consider how to make a rear speed on a power tiller. The presence of reverser depends on the model and dimensions of the mini-machine. You can work the ground with a power tiller, a lightweight power tiller and a heavy unit. It all depends on your goals and objectives. Usually with models weighing up to 30 kg there is no need for reverse speed, in addition, it complicates the construction of the machine. On a heavy machine, without this function, it will be more difficult to do the work.

Without a reduction gear, the farm equipment won’t move. It comes in:

The task of the bevel gear is to ensure that the transmission collides with the engine, which affects the power of the gearbox. Gear. it is a transmitter between the motor and the wheels. Reduction gears are used to reduce the speed of rotation so that the power is increased.

The reverse mechanism has a clutch located between the gears. They are located on the main shaft. The main task of this system is to provide reverse running of the equipment. To make this mechanism independently, the first thing you need to prepare a housing, for which many use a two-inch fitting angle.

You can use the shaft of the generator from a motorcycle Ural. Gears will fit from a Druzhba chainsaw. You just need to drill a hole of appropriate diameter in the shaft. On the opposite side mount another shaft-pinion with bearings. And already on the output to put a pulley to ensure rotation.

make, power, tiller

You can buy a ready-made gearbox, but when buying it, it is better to give preference to more expensive mechanisms, t. к. they are more reliable and last longer.

Among the failures of gearboxes, users highlight the rapid wear of the gears and the fact that the gears fly out.

If you increase the speed of the cultivator, you must consider that wear will occur much faster. You want to get the job done quicker when you’re digging. To increase or decrease the speed, you can try the throttle grip. If the work is hard, reducing the throttle causes the engine to stall.

The first speed is used when plowing land, when more power is needed from the machine. Faster work reduces the cultivation depth.

The single axle tractor: Finding the powertrain

The simple structure of the motor block allows you to assemble it from scratch, borrowing various parts from donor units.

For example, as a power unit, well-proven:

The first option produces power, which is more akin to a cultivator, but not such a video, how to make a single-axle tractor with your own hands, where a large unit sets the rhythm of no less large wheels.

Therefore, when choosing the power plant for the future power tiller, you must be guided by the area that it will have to cultivate.

The feasibility of homemade

Despite the fact that there is a greater variety of attachments on the market, they may not always be suitable for certain tasks. And the price-quality ratio sometimes leaves much to be desired. Therefore, many gardeners make the necessary attachments for power tillers with their own hands. It is enough to have a drill, an angle grinder and a welding machine on hand, as well as to possess the skills to work with them.

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Only in some cases, when you need more precise calculations and turning work, you have to turn to a narrow specialist.

Another good thing about self-made rakes is that you can easily find a necessary part or assembly from an old car at any car breakdown yard, suitable for constructing one.

Mini Bulldozer

You can turn a single-axle tractor into a miniature bulldozer capable of leveling small areas or removing snow and debris by installing a shovel blade on it. Sheet metal at least 3 mm thick is used for this. The bottom part of the shovel should be slightly bent forward with respect to the general plane, fix a strip of dense rubber for snow removal or cover it with tin (for excavation work). To strengthen the entire structure at the rear, you need to weld a few stiffening ribs from a metal angle.

Self-propelled rake

Despite the availability of factory rakes, many farmers prefer to make them themselves, taking into account the peculiarities of their farm: the size of the meadow, topography.

Metal pipes and hardened rods are used as materials for the rake. But as an option, you can use the factory hand forks, welding them to the base. For the convenience of work, it is desirable to install small wheels or paws-skates on the edges, which will take the load off the entire construction.

Designing the unit with their own hands

Despite the fact that the cheapest. are units of Chinese production, the reliability of which is extremely doubtful.

Assembling a homemade power tiller with your own hands is a profitable option. The required costs, with most spare parts, which are usually always available in private households, will be minimal, and the quality is not worse than the factory.

Components needed

Before you start the assembly work, you should decide what the power rating of the homemade motor block will be. The best option. to use as a donor of spare parts motorcycle Izh Planeta 5 or a powerful chainsaw, for example, “Ural”. But you can use any similar engines.

To assemble a homemade power tiller will be needed:

  • drawings;
  • welding machine;
  • A set of tools;
  • steel pipes;
  • car wheels or sheet metal;
  • donor (motorcycle or chainsaw).

In the course of the work will require additional parts to connect the engine and frame. Attachments can use factory equipment or also make their own from improvised means.

Making the frame

Since in each case, the design of the unit may vary depending on the parts and engine used, before starting the assembly, you need to make a plan of work and make the necessary drawings of the structure, based on the factory motoblock operating manual.

make, power, tiller

The general principles and procedure for the manufacture of the support structure is as follows:

  • Metal pipes are connected in the form of two spars with bent upward edges.
  • A motorcycle handlebar is welded to these edges. With its help will be to control the tiller.
  • Transverse steel reinforcements are welded to the side members. They will serve as a support for the transmission and engine.
  • At the rear edge of the construction a metal plate is welded, on which the battery will be attached.

In addition, you can use a ready-made motorcycle frame, slightly modifying it. You need to remove the front fork and all the parts that interfere with the installation of new equipment. At the back of it should be welded bracket for the hitch.

This version usually immediately installs wheels from a car, adding a solid round bar axle to the design.

Creating the power part

Regardless of whether a motorcycle engine is installed on a single-axle tractor, from a scooter or chainsaw, they must all have active air cooling. To make starting easier, you need to change the feeding system by replacing the fuel valve with a petal valve.

The muffler is used motorcycle muffler or make it yourself from a pipe with a diameter of 70 mm. To do this, you need to cut off a small part of it about 25 cm long, fill it with sawdust and shavings. The outlet needs to be narrowed by half.

The muffler must be positioned so as to ensure that the exhaust gases are completely directed away from the person operating the power tiller. For the engine assemble a separate steel structure from pipes with a diameter of 42 mm. Externally, it should resemble a skid with brackets with holes for bolts, by which it is attached to the main frame.

Main units

In addition to the wheels, engine and frame, the multifunctional single-axle tractor must be equipped with additional units, without which it is impossible to perform a number of basic tasks, and its use will be limited to simple transportation of goods.

The travel reducer is an element of the gearbox that makes it possible for the machine to operate at its lowest speed. In the factory models, the travel reducer is installed on the gearbox, respectively, it is necessary to do this on a homemade power tiller. When planting or harvesting potatoes, sowing or plowing the land, maximum power is required from the power unit at the lowest rpm. It is not possible to achieve this effect without this attachment.

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Gearbox is a mechanism that ensures the transfer of engine torque to the individual assemblies that drive the single-axle tractor in motion. It is installed between the machine’s wheels and the engine.

Some attachments send torque directly to the attachment. If a drill, miller, snow blower, or crawler is installed, the gearbox starts to work directly with them. Without proper experience and knowledge do not try to assemble and install this unit yourself: it is better to buy it in a store or remove it from old equipment.

Attachments

a single-axle tractor is a multifunctional machine and in addition to ploughing, it is also used for landscaping, freight forwarding and mowing. With the help of the bracket installed on the back of the frame, you can attach to it: plow, harrow, rake, cutter, digger, bulldozer blade, rollers, brushes and other devices.

Many models, including homemade ones, are equipped only with a steering wheel. A person in this case goes behind the power tiller in the process of carrying out the work. But if necessary, you can make an adapter that makes it possible to control the machine while sitting.

For the adapter you will need:

At the end of a rectangular tube, 1.7 m long, 6 cm wide and 4 cm high, a half-meter tube must be welded on which the wheel struts will be located. The height of these stands from the mount to the center of the axle is 35 cm. The seating can be of any design, but should not exceed the size of 45×45 cm.

Additional attachments

Motor blocks are sold with a minimum number of components. However, a tiller and a standard plough are not enough for all agricultural work. How to improve your power tiller with improvised materials? With the help of tools that are in every home you can expand the capabilities of your power tiller. Equipment that you can make yourself:

  • Installation on a single-axle tractor rake for cleaning garbage, leaves, hay. Such a simple device will speed up autumn field work, allowing you to clear large areas of garbage in minutes. To make a rake you will need: several meters of rebar with a section of 8-12 mm and a strip of sheet metal. Fittings, cut into 10 cm long pieces and welded to the plate in a few rows at intervals of 3-5 cm. To increase maneuverability, the rake can be equipped with roller wheels.
  • Trailer and cart can help you transport bulky objects. The cart can be made from improvised materials. channel bars and old car wheels, metal profiles and boards. The clutch is made as standard on tractors and automobiles.
  • If desired, you can make a potato tiller, dipter and harrow, which in quality will not be inferior to the purchased ones.

Plows for power tillers

Another device for tillage with a power tiller is a plow.

  • The easiest to use. single-hoe, also known as a plow Zykov.
  • Reversible plow for power tiller: rotary or reversible. The upper part with a curved feather that turns the soil over while plowing. Versatile implement that easily ploughs up heavy soils. Handles areas with clayey and swampy soils quickly.
  • The rotary plow for the power tiller has a complex design. Depending on the number of plowshares, there are dual and triple plow models. Active plowshares only dump the soil to one side, while the passive plows compare the ridges and raise them. There are several advantages of using a standard plough: the soil becomes more oxygenated; tire and fuel consumption is reduced; no large clods of earth remain after ploughing.
  • The rotary plow for power tillers gives you unlimited possibilities. During operation, the axle rotates, and with it the ground layers. Easily plows even very hard soil to a depth of about 30 centimeters. A distinction is made between paddle, drum, paddle, and auger plows. The first type is equipped with a rigid pusher, can consist of a spring plate or be combined. Units of the second type are equipped with a disc with blades that rotate during operation. A plow with a disc blade for a power tiller is suitable for work in early spring, it copes well with wet soil.

Any of the above plows can be made by yourself, considering the design features and following the instructions and diagrams. It is also possible to improve an already purchased plow.

A rotary reversible plow for a power tiller copes with the cultivation of plots in the best way, due to the optimization of the plowing process. And is the most popular among agricultural workers.

By extending the capabilities, the single-axle tractor becomes versatile. It can be used for a variety of tasks from field work to snow removal in winter.

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