самий простой вариант передней балки минитрактора ( front axle for homemade tractor )
How to attach and adjust the plough to a single axle tractor
The plough must be set up after the tractor has been prepared for use with its own implements. The machine sits on a stand. The wheels with rubber tires are removed. Adjustment properly affects performance, ploughing speed and service life. The wheels of the device on rubber tires must be replaced with grousers, which will provide increased passability on loose soil. Adjust plough by attaching it to attachment brackets.
Do not tighten all the screws that fix the tool on the cultivator mounting bracket immediately. They also have an adjusting function. During this important operation, which has a direct effect on plowing quality, the longitudinal axes of the self-made arable implement and the clamp must align. Adjustment of the plough is done only after checking that it is correctly mounted on the power harvester bracket.
There are several varieties of plows, installed on the single–axle tractor “Neva”, and each of them has its own design features. Nowadays, single-hulled, rotary and reversible designs are used to cultivate land on homestead plots.
The single-hulled type of plough is the most popular design, and you can find a large number of drawings of this particular variety on the web. And it is optimally suited for those without the necessary skills.
The reverse design has a curved feather at the top, which allows the plow to immediately turn over the layer while plowing the land. This design feature makes it an excellent option for working on hard terrain, you can see the drawings in the article. Since such a plow has a rather complicated design, only a person with sufficient experience can make it.
PLOUGH FOR POLEXIM WALKING TILLER TEST OF PROTOTYPE PŁUG DO GLEBOGRYZARKI
The rotary plough is considered the most difficult to make. It is more reminiscent of a cultivator, since it provides not one, but several plowshares, fixed on one axis. The axle is twisted in the course of cultivation, which results in the overturning of the soil layer. The advantage of this design is that the soil can be tilled to a depth of 30 cm with little effort. In addition, the rotary plough allows plowing on different trajectories.
In the process of operating a homemade plow, it is necessary to observe appropriate safety measures. Among them, the most important points can be highlighted.
- At the moment of plough movement along the furrow its height adjustment, clearing wheel and ploughshare from the ground and other manipulations connected with the participation of a person are unacceptable;
- All connections must be firmly fastened. backlash is unacceptable;
- It is necessary to carry out timely cleaning of mechanisms and sharpening of cutting elements;
- All work should only be carried out with the plough shifted and the tractor switched off.
To ensure labor safety, it is important to perform work that is consistent with the technical characteristics of a particular agrarian mechanism. Excessive loads can lead to rapid wear, damage to the implement, and personal injury.
For information on how to make a plough on a mini tractor with your own hands, watch the following video.
How to make a plough for a power tiller with your own hands
When buying a single axle tractor we are often unable to buy all the attachments for it. For example, this difference in price is due to the type and quality, different complexity of plows. And it is not always possible to buy what we need. Tools made by our own hands cost much less. So let’s consider here how to make a plow for a motor-block with your own hands. With drawings, with explanations.
The constructional design of the plough
The following types of plows are popular today:
The first type is most common. On the internet you can easily find many diagrams and drawings of a single hull plow. This is the preferred solution for those who have no experience in making such structures themselves.
For its creation it is not required to have any special tools. It will be enough of a standard set, which can be found in any garage or outbuildings.
The reversible plough differs in that it has a curved feather in the upper part of the structure, which allows the earth layer to be turned immediately when it is lifted. This is the best choice if you have to work on hard ground. Because of its complex construction, it can only be made by a specialist.
How John Deere Tractors Are Made
The most laborious is the rotary plough. Its design is similar to the design of the cultivator, as it is equipped with several plowshares, fixed on one axis. During ploughing, the axle is turning, which causes the soil layer to overturn.
The advantage of this type of plough is that it can work the ground to a depth of 0.3 m without applying any significant physical costs. In addition, it makes it possible to carry out plowing work on various trajectories.
Construction and types of plows
To make a plow with their own hands, it is necessary to have information about its structure and purpose of parts. General-purpose arable implements are most often used. It consists of several parts, which can be divided into working and auxiliary:
- The body consists of a leg to which the share and mouldboard are attached;
- the knife is the main cutting part;
- The skimmer is an additional cutting part which cuts the sodded layer of soil;
- the frame the base on which everything is mounted, consisting of longitudinal beams, stiffening beams and spacers;
- Support wheel adjustable in height;
- hitch attachment system to a tractor or other moving vehicle.
How does such a plow work?? The skimmer removes the top layer of soil with the plants growing on it, turns it over, and places it at the bottom of the furrow, which is the result of the body. body with equipment cuts part of the ground from the furrow side, loosens it, turns it at a certain angle (depends on the design), and places it over an inverted layer of turf (laid down by the skimmer). To align the wall of the furrow, a knife is placed in front of the last body of the plow.
General purpose ploughs can provide a plowing depth of 20 cm to 30 cm, the share from 16 cm (they also do not have the knife and skimmer).
According to the number of bodies ploughs can be one body, two bodies and multiple bodies. The body consists of several parts:
- working surface ploughshare and mouldboard;
- field board.
The ploughshare and mouldboard is the working surface that is responsible for the quality and type of plowing. The soil layer is cut by the ploughshare, along which it rises to the mouldboard. It crumbles and turns the soil. The degree of ploughing depends on the shape of the mouldboard. A field board is attached to the bottom of the body. Its purpose is to keep the plough from shifting to the side of the furrow already ploughed.
If you are going to make a plow with your own hands, you need to choose a design taking into account the type of soil you are going to work. Plough bodies come in:
- Shafts. For plowing with full or partial turnover. Such plows contribute to soil formation (grown plants are cut, laid at the bottom of the furrow, where they decompose), enrich the soil with oxygen (due to loosening).
- For cultivated lands, it crumbles the soil well, turns it in a moderate degree;
- half-screw mouldboard hulls are used for tilling of virgin land, plowing of heavily sodded soil, they wrap the soil well and moderately crumble it (models with extended feather wrap the whole layer);
- Screw ones are good for cultivation of virgin lands, the layer is completely encircled;
Planning to make a plough with their own hands, the construction of the plough body is chosen based on the type of soil and the goals. sometimes the choice depends on the type of plantation being cultivated. For example, under root crops, heavy loosening is required, which none of the above plough bodies gives. Then a special combination plow is used. It has a shorter mouldboard and ploughshare, as well as a rotor. When ploughing, the rotor additionally crushes the soil from the ploughshare.
The plow blade is one of the working parts of the plow (part of the body). Its job is to cut a layer of soil from the wall, crumble it and turn it over (wrap). So, in many ways, the quality of the mouldboard affects how well the soil will be prepared. Keep this in mind when making your own plough.
Shape and drawing of a 3mm thick steel blade
Blades are made of carbon steel or special three-layer steel. It has a complex cambered shape, which affects the degree of soil crumbling and its turnover. In the mouldboard there is a difference between a breast and a wing (nose).
The moldboard chest cuts the soil layer from the furrow wall, crushes it, starts to wrap the cut layer. The wing of the blade finishes the turnover. As you see, the chest area does most of the work, so it wears out twice as quickly on average. That is why the mouldboard is made of two parts. In this case, in case of heavy wear, the mouldboard breast may be replaced. Another nuance: at the factory, in order to reduce friction of the layer on the surface, it is polished.
There are four basic shapes of the moldboard, each of which gives certain characteristics of plowing:
- Cultural mouldboard. Crumbles the stratum well and wraps it quite completely. Used for plowing large areas of developed land.
- Cylindrical. Crumbles the soil well, but does not wrap well. As a result, crop residues in this case are evenly mixed with the soil. this moldboard is used on light soils.
- Semi-rotary and helical. they wrap the whole layer (plant remains are placed with roots upwards), but are very bad at crumbling. After ploughing with such a mouldboard, the field has pronounced waves. Before sowing, it needs to be additionally levelled (harrows, burrs, etc.).д.).
when choosing materials, note that mouldboard and share must be almost the same thickness: allowable step thickness is 1 mm. Also the gap between ploughshare and mouldboard can be very small, no more than 0,5 mm.
To make a plough with your own hands it is necessary to determine the form of a ploughshare. The share blade is the part that undercuts the soil layer, along which also the cut layer of soil rises and falls onto the mouldboard. High-strength hardened steel is used to make it.
- to the bottom of the furrow at an angle of 22-30°;
- The angle of the ploughshare to the furrow plane depends on the type of blade:
- For the 40° coulter blade;
- Cylindrical 45°;
- helical and half helical 35°.
This arrangement gives the least resistance during advancement, while the blade cuts roots well, breaks clods of earth, which slip on its surface.
Plowshares come in a variety of shapes (pictured above). Making a plow with their own hands, they are chosen depending on the type of soil and the complexity of manufacturing:
- Trapezoidal. the easiest to make, its advantage is that it makes an even furrow bottom. The disadvantage is that it wears quickly and is difficult to plough. That is why trapezoidal shares are most often used on older cultivated soils. To compensate fast wear and tear, on the back side make some reserve. At the next pulling back, part of the stock goes.
- Toothed and with a retractable chisel. These share types are used on heavy soils (clay, loamy clay) and wherever there is a lot of stones.
- Chisel type. Characterized by a sharp, pulled forward spike. This projection is pushed out to the side of the field by 5 mm and down by 10 mm. This bend helps to ensure better and faster plough penetration and smoother ploughing. To compensate for wear and tear also make a store length reserve. Chisel plows are used on heavy soils.
of all these types, the most common are chisel-shaped plowshares. They are more stable to work with and have no problems when plowing: the plough is easily lowered to the desired depth.
Blade dimensions made of 50-60 mm thick wall pipe (a gas cylinder will do)
As they wear out, ploughshares retract. sharpen cutting edge. This is done regularly, because with a blunt blade (more than 3 mm wide) the resistance of the plough increases by 50%. That’s why it’s advantageous to inspect and maintain equipment in time.
How to choose the correct plough for a Neva motobloc
Plow for the Neva motoblock. it is a device required for plowing hard soil. It is made of high-strength steel, since increased loads are expected on this equipment. Before considering how to install and adjust this attachment on a Neva single–axle tractor, consider how to choose equipment for your machine. The fact is that there are different types of plows:
- Rotary. in the design of which there are several working blades, and the processing is carried out only in one side, which involves the need to return to the place from which work began;
- Reversible. the design is made in the form of a feather, which allows you to easily and quickly plow frozen and hard soil, and continue work at the end of the furrow, just turning the device in the opposite direction;
- Single-hoe. a simplified version, the design of which provides only one ploughshare, which allows you to till the soil on light soil.
In addition to those listed, there is another type of device. a plow Zykov. It is notable for its design, which has a support wheel, the presence of the ploughshare and the moldboard, so that the soil can not only be loosened, but also overturned. The machine has also a swivel mechanism.
In this video you will learn how to use a plow on a Neva motorblock:
Types of plows
There are three varieties of plows used to complete motor-blocks, all of which have their own application area:
Single body ploughs. the simplest in construction. They have only one ploughshare and are used when plowing light soils on ordinary garden plots, which make up most of the land. It is not suitable for ploughing heavy soils and fallow land, but requires a more powerful design.
A double tine plough consists of two braced frames with ploughshares. It is used for the treatment of various types of soil and for the primary plowing of virgin lands. Can plough and harrow at the same time, for best tillage quality.
Reverse plows differ in shape of ploughshare, resembling a feather. Blades with a bent upper part overturns the ground. Recommended for plowing hard, stiff soil. Plows of this type are compatible with medium- and heavy-class power tillers, such as MTZ. They get their name from the device that turns the share when changing direction of ploughing. very useful on long ploughed plots. The direction of the mouldboard is retained.
Rotary models differ from other designs: the unit consists of a set of curved plowshares, which loosen the soil, placed on an axis driven by the PTO of the unit. Depth of plowing soil with a rotary plough is 25-30 cm, and does not require significant efforts of workers.
A reversible plow allows plowing in different directions. important for difficult terrain. This design is popular among homeowners for tillage of lands with a layer of turf or saturated with roots. Rotary plows are compatible with medium and heavy duty tractors.
Off-the-shaft and no-shaft
According to the presence of the mouldboard, plows can be divided into two other types:
- Shaft-type: These ploughs are designed so that the soil can be tilled, turned over and loosened;
- Non-shafted: they are designed to loosen the soil in dry and windy regions.
Disc plow: algorithm of actions
Circular plow. planter is used to prepare even grooves for planting vegetables. Using the drawings, you can check the progress of the assembly and avoid shortcomings.
The fabrication of the disc plow is done as described:
- The support bracket as a base. Manufactured from equal sided angle angle, its flanges must converge at an angle of 700 after cooling;
- The toe is welded to the corner. The heel is welded to the stop bar;
- The tabs are fixed on the supporting angle with hinges. The end faces of the cheeks must not touch each other when they are open;
- Swivel mechanism is welded with a stop angle.
Finally the cheeks on the plow should be adjusted. They are fixed in a vise and adjusted until they are pointing in different directions.