How to make a hand router out of a drill with your own hands instruction, video, drawings
How to make a handmade milling machine from a drill with your own hands instruction, video, drawings
How to Make a Drill Press Into a Milling Machine
During repair work and in the arrangement of the house or apartment, sometimes you need to cut a groove or nicely sharpen the face of the board. For this purpose it is not at all necessary to buy an expensive electric tool. You can make a hand router out of a drill with your own hands.
The principle of operation and transmission of torque to the spindle at the device will be identical. It will be enough to make a milling table for a drill, and you can use the device as a hand-held milling machine. The options for fixing the body of the tool can be very different, but the main thing is that there is no backlash and warping.
Please note, as a hand-held milling machine by no means can be used impact drill.
After sanding the round wooden blanks you need to drill holes in the center. For this it is best to use a crown of suitable diameter. Deburr the inner edges with sandpaper. The result should be two “bagels”.
On one of the wooden circles we make a marking and saw four pieces. In the resulting “protrusions” (not all, but only two) drill through holes and make the recess for countersunk holes. After that, we mark out a circle in half and saw it into two equal parts.
As the last step, we connect the two wooden “bagels” together by means of two wooden bars set vertically. Preliminary we make a marking and drill holes.
For more information on how to make a simple hand router from an electric drill, see the video on the website.
Machine from an old electric motor
Homemade milling machine, which quite successfully perform many technological operations, can be made without using an electric drill. In order to make such a device, you will need the following consumables and components:
- Drive electric motor, which can be used as an electric motor from an old washing machine and other household appliances;
- The chuck in which the cutting tool to be used will be fixed;
- adapter, by means of which the drive motor shaft will be connected to the chuck;
- sheets of chipboard or thick plywood for making the base and vertical guide of the homemade cutter.
Homemade machine on the basis of the Soviet three-phase motor
Selecting for the homemade milling machine motor, keep in mind that the power of the latter must be in the range of 500-1100 W. The higher will be the power of the drive motor, the greater the depth will be possible to perform processing router.
A very important requirement in the manufacture of a homemade milling machine is the absence of backlash in the contacting elements of the device. If you neglect this requirement, you may be faced with the fact that the processing performed with such a cutter will not differ by high accuracy and quality. In addition, the quality and accuracy of machining, even on a homemade milling machine, is seriously affected by the characteristics of the cutting tools used.
In the next step, from plywood 18-20 mm thick cut the top plate with a mount for the drill. You also need to drill holes in it along the edges.
Long bolts will have to be inserted into the holes drilled in the base (“sole”).
Press steel bushings into the holes drilled in the upper plate of the homemade milling machine.
This is necessary so that the pad with the drill could move freely on the rails up and down.
Then we proceed to the assembly: put the springs on the bolts, then install the top platform.
Two selfmade wing-nuts, made of plywood and ordinary nuts, are used for fixing.
For more details on how to make a hand router out of plywood and an electric drill, watch this video clip.
Main steps of the work
From plywood cut out the router support. Drill a hole in the center for the router. Then we saw off two wooden blocks of equal length. Attach it to the base with superglue.
From the back side of the base we drill holes, and for greater reliability, screw the studs with self-tapping screws.
In the next step, the moving base is cut out of plywood. On the sides it is necessary to saw grooves, so that it can move along the guide walls. Drill a hole in the center for a drill chuck.
The platform is attached to the uprights with wing bolts. Pre-drill holes in it and install the furniture nuts.
At the last step we install the drill, and fix it with two screws. Then the cutter is clamped in the chuck. The protrusion of the cutter can be adjusted by raising or lowering the table.
The step-by-step process of making a hand router is shown in the author’s video from the YouTube channel “WillWood. Carpentry for Beginners”.
Manufacturing technology and recommendations
Homemade router has limitations on the materials that can be machined with it. Making cutters for their own needs, as a rule, is associated with working with steel of soft varieties. That is why such a homemade tool is able to cut wood quite effectively, but when processing harder materials, it quickly blunts.
In order to make their own milling tool, craftsmen use scraps of steel bars or fittings. If a rebar is used as a workpiece, its ribbed surface is smoothed with a lathe.
The technology of making a homemade wood mill from such a workpiece is as follows:
- Half of the diameter is cut off from the cylindrical part of the workpiece, where the cutting part of the homemade tool will be formed.
- A smooth transition is formed between the parts with different diameters.
- Another quarter of the diameter is removed from the machined part of the workpiece, this part of the workpiece is also connected to the unprocessed part of the rod with a smooth transition.
- The machined part of the workpiece is given a rectangular shape by cutting off its lower part. The thickness of the part of the workpiece in which the working part of the woodworking tool will be formed, should be 2-5 mm.
For trimming the rod can be adapted angle grinder and drill, and the formation of the working part perform on the sharpening machine
Homemade cutter can be used for woodworking, and its inner corner must coincide with the center of rotation.
So that the wood mill, made by your own hands, can be used to perform efficient processing, in its manufacture it is necessary to adhere to the following recommendations.
- The cutting edge should be sharpened at an angle of 7-10°. If it is sharpened to a sharper angle, the cutting edge will not hold a sharp point and will have poor cutting performance.
- To give the cutting part of the tool the required configuration, diamond-coated emery boards or angle grinders with disks specially designed for metal work are used.
- If a homemade wood cutter should have a complex configuration, it is allowed to perform its bending or flattening.
Finishing of the cutting edge is made with a diamond disk, and then the surface is finished with sandpaper
With a small thickness of the cutting part, the milling tool, made by hand, has a fairly low operating resource. To somewhat extend the life of such a wood router, the corner on the bottom of the tool opposite its cutting edge can be slightly rounded.
Self-made cutter can not immediately cope with a large volume of wood removed from the surface of the workpiece, so the processing is carried out in several runs.
What will be needed for manufacturing
In order to get to work, you need to prepare the following:
- Sheet of thick plywood. Its thickness should be at least 12 mm. Instead of it, it is acceptable to take a board of chipboard.
- The scraps left over from the boards.
- A pencil to make a drawing.
- Wooden bars.
- Drill bit.
- Self-tapping screws for attaching parts. It is necessary to choose the ones that are 6-8 mm in size.
Here it is suggested to use wood for the base. However, the base can also be made in another way: from acrylic or metal.
To connect the parts, you can use furniture fittings: fasteners, guide mechanisms and similar parts.
Types of metal cutters for the drill
Thanks to the use of cutters, which are installed on an electric drill, you can process non-ferrous or ferrous metal, as well as products made of hardwood. There are several different kinds of special nozzles that can be used during milling:
- Cylindrical. Used for removing the metal layer directly from the workpieces themselves.
- Disc. Used in case of necessity to cut grooves or slots directly on metal surface.
- End. Used when machining the face part of the workpiece.
- End Chucks. Designed for cutting deep notches and grooves in the surface of parts.
- Corner. Suitable for machining corner grooves as well as inclined surfaces.
The cutter is selected according to the type of work to be performed. For processing materials and workpieces made of wood, it is recommended to use special tools designed for woodworking.
The use of a drill makes it problematic to carry out quality work on products made of solid types of metal. This is due to the fact that the processing of durable metals requires power tools equipped with a powerful electric motor. For processing dense material, the use of special cutters is recommended.
Milling machine from a drill with their own hands
Given the fact that the series milling machine refers to expensive equipment, the question of how to make a small router from a drill is very relevant. Such a machine, used in a set with wood cutters installed on a drill, is indispensable in the construction and repair of a country house, as well as in the performance of many other works.
Getting down to making a homemade router, it is necessary first of all to make a table for it, which must be stable and reliable. For this purpose, plywood is often used, the thickness of which should not be less than 12 mm. Supporting elements can be made of four wooden bars. An important part of such a homemade device is a platform-restrictor, whose task is to ensure the correct position of the mill in relation to the machined surface. You can make the work platform from a sheet of chipboard or thick plywood by cutting out a piece of wood to the required size and rounding the corners. In the center of the landing strip a hole is drilled out, which is necessary for the exit of the wood cutter.
Arrangement of mechanisms for vertical movement and fastening of the drill
The drill itself is clamped to the support made of chipboard with the help of clamps. This stand should be approximately the length of the drill, and wide enough to accommodate the power tool and fasteners. Rack and platform-restriction connect to each other strictly at an angle of 90 °. When fixing the drill to the stand by means of clamps, it should be placed so that the cutter inserted in its chuck extends beyond the surface of the base platform by the required amount. To increase the strength of the resulting structure, you can further strengthen it with a piece of chipboard, connected with screws to the post and the platform-restraint.
Homemade coordinate table for the machine tool
Using an ordinary drill, you can make an even more functional and easy-to-use milling machine, if you install the power tool on a homemade bed, equipped with a stand with a simple microlift. It is also possible to make such a machine out of wood, except for the propeller, on which the microlift with the tool attached to it will move.
And a short video on the work of a homemade router, made from a drill in a home workshop.
84 make an end mill or slot drill from a standard HSS drill