Self-made cultivator. high quality for little money
A successful and productive household requires a good harvest. What to achieve it, you need the right technique. technology to care for the land and equipment to care for the land.
Therefore, the presence of a large number of household tools and a variety of equipment, it is a sign that a person knows how to conduct household chores. But, any factory-made product costs money, which can be spent on more important needs.
But the product can be made by yourself, resorting to the purchase of parts for it only in extreme cases, when it is physically impossible to make them yourself from available materials.
Homesteading. Using Tractor Cultivators to Save Time and Energy
About this device
Cultivators. of different design, and different specifics of work, this is exactly the equipment that is rarely used, but is of great benefit.
Cultivation is high on the list of priorities for any tiller because it helps prevent weeds, at least in large quantities, helps to oxygenate the earth by loosening.
It is no wonder that the most popular product drawings are self-made cultivator for power tillers and self-made cultivator duckboard. They are relatively easy to make on their own, at home, so there are many variations of schemes on this topic.
Working principle and purpose of self-made cultivators is the same as with industrial-made Patriot, Champion, Strizh, Texas, VIKING, Caiman cultivators.
Below we will consider the most successful and simple variants of homemade cultivators. Also see the articles “harrow for power tiller with its own hands blueprints” and disc tip-up for power tiller with its own hands.
For more details on how a cultivator works, see
Among the materials that will be needed in order to make any of the equipment presented in the list, first of all there should be profiles of all kinds and steel sheets.
Metal pipes of at least three diameters allow to build strong and lightweight structures, make long handles without fear of serious shift of center of gravity.
With the help of angles and channels can be assembled excellent frameworks, which are initially present niches for fastening a variety of parts and components. Also needed for the work are an angle grinder, a welder and a drill. Without tees, the most sought-after tools you can not assemble any product.
For the t 16
One of the easiest products for tractors, this is a homemade cultivator for t 16 with their own hands it is made in just a few days, or even faster if you already have experience in such work.
For such a cultivator does not need a special frame. a simple rectangular design with wheels on both sides is enough.
Plowshares are mounted on a small outstretch, about half a meter behind the center of gravity, and immediately behind them a small harrow is installed on a floating platform, thanks to which the loosened soil, further pulverized, becoming softer.
From a bicycle
Homemade handmade cultivator from a bicycle. is an excellent and cheap way to cope with weeds, which flooded the garden and prevent the growth of useful plants and crops. To make a hand cultivator with their own hands is simple, even at home.
With just a bicycle frame with one medium-sized wheel and a strip of high-carbon steel. What would make a sturdy and reliable cultivator design, you need to install the back wheel on the frame and fix it well.
If you turn the frame upside down, the tube where the saddle is attached will be facing down. That’s where the ploughshare itself is mounted on a tripod, which is welded exactly in the middle of the metal strip.
The other part of the frame, the one where the carriage is located. it is now at the top, is provided with long handles with a crossbar and a stop, which are attached to the frame by welding in two places, so that during the work with the tool it is possible to apply force to it, without breaking its parts and connections.
For the tractor
What would make a good homemade cultivators for the tractor. First of all it is necessary to determine their size, because this, in fact, is the only thing in which they are particularly different. It is clear that the more power of the tractor, the larger the cultivator will be.
In any case, it must have several main parts.
On the frame are installed: a mount made in accordance with the mounting features of the tractor, the ploughshares that are supported by the wheels and the harrow, which can be installed as desired. But its presence is more than necessary to break up too big clods of earth.
For row spacing
In a household, a homemade cultivator for inter-row cultivation will be very useful. This product must be sufficiently compact, simple and easy to use, since it will be used for processing narrow row-spacing.
For this purpose, the hand cultivator Yozh is suitable, which is easy to make with your own hands. you need only a shaft, a n-shaped bracket with holes at the ends, a shaft and wheels with metal spikes.
The wheels can also be self-made, as one option, it can be small steel pancakes with welded steel spikes, which are made of reinforced steel, sharpened in the form of a cone.
At present, special equipment of the mini class has become very popular among owners of land plots. Chinese mini tractor. an economically very profitable purchase for you for many years.
What is a cultivator on a mini-tractor
With the help of the cultivator it is possible to carry out the process of plowing and dibbling as gently as possible without turning out massive earth layers. The cultivator helps to retain the fertile soil layers and therefore guarantees a high yield.
In specialized agricultural stores offer a wide selection of the most diverse models of these products, among which:
How to Make a Cultivator for a Minitractor with Your Hands
Agricultural workers, in the barn, which “lurk” a variety of improvised means, should consider making a homemade cultivator for a mini-tractor with their own hands. Given the fact that the cost of store models is quite high, craftsmen can significantly save money.
To make a cultivator with your own hands, you must first understand whether you have all the necessary elements. If not, you need to buy them in a specialized store.
All tools and materials that will be used in the construction of the cultivator should be durable and resistant to corrosion processes.
This is due to the fact that the working elements of the cultivator will be in constant contact with moistened soil, which plays the role of a fairly aggressive oxidizer.
In the presence of the tractor driver, thinking about the manufacture of the tool, the following materials should be available:
- A tube of steel material more than 2 meters long;
- Square-shaped plates of steel material not less than 15×15 cm in size;
- plates of rectangular shape with a flat cross-section (20x25x5 cm);
- fasteners (bolts and nuts) at least 20 pieces.
- Drill. it is mandatory to have a set of different drills;
- welding machine and electrodes;
- Angle grinder and metal cutting discs;
- Wrenches of different sizes.
The choice of specific plate sizes, as well as other equipment depends on several factors. First, it is the size of the mini-tractor or power tiller, on which the cultivator will be installed. Secondly, you should decide how the tool will be attached to the tractor, what type of connection nodes on it. Third, it is necessary to be guided by the type of land cultivation tools used by the agricultural worker.
Order of making a cultivator
Once the process of preparing materials and parts is over, you can proceed to making a homemade cultivator for a mini-tractor.
- The first stage of the work should be to make holes in all the steel plates prepared for the cultivator.
- The square and rectangular plates are aligned so that the cutters can be placed on the sides of the squares, which, in turn, are interconnected by bolts or by welding. It is worth considering that the connection with welding seam will not be characterized by high strength, because of which the homemade cultivator for mini-tractor can only work on loose black earth soils. A self-made cultivator, in which the plates are connected by cutters, will be able to cultivate both clay and stony soil. it will be reliable and strong enough to withstand the maximum possible load.
- After completing the process of connecting all the necessary parts and assembling them into one construction, it is necessary to make a hole in its central part. through this hole will pass a steel straight pipe, which was mentioned at the stage of preparing materials. The pipe should be cut into a pair of equal parts and each of them equipped with special platforms with cutters. These platforms are fastened using bolts or welding seam.
- In the penultimate step the steel tubes fitted with cutters must be connected to the shaft of the machine motor unit. This uses a metal drill, which is used to make holes in the shaft and in the tube. Through these holes pass the bolts, which must be secured with nuts.
- The final stage of assembling the cultivator on a mini-tractor with your own hands should be a complete and careful inspection of all the connecting elements of the design. Only after the checkup you can start testing the cultivator. it is a banal safety requirement.
There are also other designs by manufacturers.
A spring-loaded cultivator can be used on soils with different characteristics. Suitable for areas that are slightly stony or prone to water erosion. Cultivator is effective for post-harvest tillage. The spring tines are complemented by a reinforced frame, which not only increases productivity, but also saves fuel and lubricants. Tilling the soil with a spring cultivator helps to reduce overheating of the soil in summer, which affects its quality.
Triple hoe rotary cultivator combines functions of cultivator and planter. Product is suitable for low-power tractors, successfully used for potatoes, strawberries, corn and other crops. The device forms seedbeds with a height of up to 60 cm and a width of 62 to 75 cm.
How to make Cultivator for Tractor models
A tiller is an attachment for a cultivator that allows you to do a lot of agricultural work in one go. Cutters differ in the shape of the blades, as well as their design. Standard implements are saber-shaped.
The knife is a bar that is curved at the ends. The four cutting objects are made in the form of a block, which is connected by bolts. The number of blocks that can be installed on the machine is related to the capacity and weight of the equipment.
If you, after reading the step by step instructions, still decided to make such a cultivator by your own hand, you must not forget about the safety precautions. Protect your eyes and hands in particular when working with a welding machine. If arc welding is used in the work, then it is necessary to protect yourself not only from the intense and very bright light produced by the device, but also from dross, which, having appeared on the welding seam, can split from the metal and fly high.
When using gas welding, you must wear protective gloves and use special protection for your face when heating the metal. You work with high temperatures, so you need to protect your skin from burns. The advantage of hand-held cultivators is that they can be made even without special skills or experience.
Assembly of hand cultivators
As soon as you prepare everything you need for work, you can start making a hand cultivator. This is a unique product that has a number of advantages, such as compactness, the availability of materials for its manufacture and the effectiveness of the finished cultivator.
Homemade cultivator will give the opportunity not only to remove weeds throughout the plot, but also qualitatively loosen the soil. But, as noted earlier, hand cultivators are not designed for large plots, so if your garden or vegetable garden has a large area, then it makes sense to buy a gasoline cultivator. Manual designs are best suited for cottage work. At home, it is possible to make such types of hand cultivators as rotary, disc, ploughshare and others.
The main tasks of the rotary disc array are to harrow the soil and then tamp it down. Cultivator consists of special hemispherical discs 2 or 4. Each pair of these discs is attached to an axle, so that the base of the structure can move. This makes it possible to increase or decrease the angle of the discs during operation.
The base must necessarily be metal, because it is under a lot of stress during work. The base itself can be attached to the handle. If all the parts are made of metal, it will significantly increase the weight of the structure, so many dacha owners make handles out of wood. There is no grass clinging to the discs of such cultivator during the work, which is very useful, especially for the treatment of areas covered with weeds.
A great cultivator with the simplest design, consisting of only three parts. the submerged element, the handle and the cutter. Cultivator principle is similar to corkscrew in many respects. You need to press the design into the ground and turn it, and then the cultivator can be lifted. The weeds are removed together with the root system during site treatment. The product can easily be made at home if you follow the step-by-step instructions below.
Table. Making a Tornado cultivator.
|Steps, photo||Description of how to proceed|
|Cut four blanks from the steel rod, which should be about 30 cm long. Bend each piece using a vice.|
|Sharpen each piece on one side. This is required to ensure that the construction fits well into the ground. All rods must be equally even and sharp.|
|Weld the blanks to the metal pipe. Ordinary or profile pipe can be suitable. Make sure all parts are welded at the same angle. This will increase the efficiency of the design.|
|Grind or file away any irregularities in the weld. This will give the design a more attractive appearance.|
|Weld a handle to the profile tube. For this you can take the same diameter. If desired, wrap tape around the handle, especially in places where you will be holding on to it with your hands. It is also desirable to treat the welding seams.|
|Try the construction in action and if any of the elements is not well welded, it will fall off when the cultivator is tested. If the product has passed the test, then paint it and use it safely for its intended purpose.|
Just a reminder! If you need a larger design, you can use larger parts. This does not alter the manufacturing technology and does not impair the reliability of the cultivator.
Another variant of making a hand cultivator, the main part of which are steel discs. The standard design calls for 5 discs, to which special tines must be attached. These tines are used to loosen the soil. You can make these discs yourself or buy them in specialised stores. The surface of two discs must be smooth, and the teeth must be attached to the rest. Alternatively, you can use bent nails instead of tines.
Prepared discs should be put on the axle in turn, and then the bearings are put. The finished construction is attached to a handle made of wood. When cultivating the soil, the discs start to rotate, and the teeth dig into the ground one by one. The disc cultivator is able to cut weeds and loosen the soil. Periodically it needs to be cleaned of stuck plants.
Another type of cultivator, which you can make yourself. Plowsaw is quite an effective piece of equipment, for its manufacture requires an old bicycle and one wheel. Next, you need to follow the instructions below.
Prepare two small semi-circles made of hardened metal. They must be strong, because they carry the brunt of the load.
Bend two one-meter sections of 15 mm tubing for the handles. Then cut off the excess material from the bicycle frame.
Weld the handles to the bike frame, as well as a stop bar that will take the load from the handles during tillage.
Join the two plates together by welding, sharpen the blade and weld it to the bike frame. It needs to be mounted on the seat so you can adjust the height of the blade.
Paint the assembled construction, thus protecting it from corrosion. If you want, you can wrap electrical tape around the handles of the plough. At this point the process of making a hand cultivator can be considered complete.
- First make a metal frame for the future cultivator, using metal corners. The frame should be cubic in shape.
- Attach the chainsaw motor to the frame, or rather to the upper part of it.
- Build handles for your design. It is desirable to use metal pipes for this. This design will be more convenient to use.
- Prepare two sprockets, one of which should be the leading, and the other. the driven one, and be installed on the intermediate shaft.
Option #4: the production mincer to help us
All of the above equipment is quite simple. But in your own workshop, you can make and homemade electric cultivator. This once again proves that the capabilities of home craftsmen are almost limitless. To implement this idea, you will need an old industrial meat grinder. On its basis, and will be constructed effective electric assistant gardener.
Electric cultivator can be made on the basis of a meat grinder production: you get a fairly powerful unit, which will last for several years
Everything is not as difficult as it seems, if you have a welder and a craftsman who knows how to use it for its intended purpose. Two corners must be attached to the gearcase. Bent pipes are welded to the body angles to be used as handles. Another piece of pipe is welded between the two handles, a spacer that gives the structure the necessary strength.
The main part of the construction is a shaft. It is made of an ordinary crowbar. The connection is made as with the original: in the slot. The head of the meat grinder is hammered in with a sledgehammer, leaving a sleeve with thick cast iron walls. It is equipped with a billet made of scrap metal, to which the bolt-shaped serrated hooks are welded. These are cut from automobile leaf springs. Other material options have been used, but they have not proved to be viable.
the grousers are placed at an angle of 120 degrees. They need to be screwed out in the direction of rotation, then it will be easier for them to enter the ground, and the cultivator itself will be easier to control. The engine of the machine is connected by a delta circuit, the start is a capacitor start. The engine switch is on the handle of the cultivator for easy operation. The machine will last long if, before you start, you lubricate the interface of the homemade shaft in the cast-iron sleeve with any waste oil.
Take a good look at what should be the grousers and how they should be located: the efficiency of the device and its durability depends on this
Making a tool for tilling the ground
Find drawings and diagrams that detail all the dimensions and give all the instructions. Choose the right settings for your machine.
To assemble a simple disc trowel for the tiller by your own efforts, with which one person can work, you will need only a few parts:
Drawing of the disc coulter.
Use the turnbuckles as a wheel turn adjuster by means of a vertical axis. Unfortunately, you won’t be able to increase (decrease) the slope level in this case. For practical work choose such discs so that the width of each track is equal to the distance between their lower points.
For convenience, the wheels of the tool bar for the tiller are best placed according to the axis of symmetry. Attach the tool to the power tiller with a hitch bracket without a ridge, to which the leash is attached. This is done with two bolts and a stopper. The second part is inserted inside the tube and pressed.
Bolt the butt to the mini-tractor. Then you install and bolt the bracket, and then use nuts to fix the whole structure.
It is necessary to take care and that the hand-harvest is supplemented with a device that allows you to change the width between the coulters.