How to drill a concrete wall with an electric screwdriver?
Greetings! In this article we will talk about whether an electric screwdriver can drill in concrete. It so happens that you need to make a hole or a recess in the concrete, and except for an electric screwdriver at hand do not have anything. We’ll have to figure out what to do about that. There are of course impact screwdrivers, but even they can not cope with concrete. At the most they can do a brick.
Of course, I still recommend getting a torch for such cases. Even the cheapest. You can make a hole in seconds. But if you need to do the job right here and now, you can try the following method. True, for it besides an electric screwdriver and a drill bit you need two more things. a puncher and a hammer.
You can use an ordinary drill bit for metal. but after this work, it will instantly blunt and then have to sharpen it to drill metal. If the electric screwdriver is an impact drill, you can use a brick drill bit with a carbide tipped tip.
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Diamond technology today is by far the safest, fastest and most cost-effective way to drill holes in the hardest building materials. Using ring drills you can create holes that precisely match the specified diameter. The holes are also perfectly shaped and do not require any additional processing, which significantly saves time and, most importantly, money for the customer.
The advantages of diamond drilling, such as the absence of noise and vibration, make it possible to work not only on large construction projects, but also in residential areas, which are both under repair and in the finished (finishing) state. Thanks to diamond tools and professional equipment, wall and floor coverings when working in a clean room completely maintain their pristine appearance.
Practical nuances of dry drilling concrete with a diamond drill bit are presented in
Can concrete be drilled with an electric screwdriver?
To give an answer to this question, you need to know in what material you need to drill holes, what depth and diameter. Holes with a diameter of 10 mm or more to perform, using an electric screwdriver, it is problematic. But if the drill bit is thin (3-5 mm), it is possible to drill with an electric screwdriver with such elements. Drill bit rotation speed affects the ability to drill in hard materials. For screwing, a value of 500 rpm is suitable./minute, and you can drill concrete with a tool with a twisting speed of the head of 1300-1500 revolutions per minute./min. Equally important is the torque, namely how much force is applied to tighten the screws or the drilling process. For concrete the electric screwdriver with a power of 140 N/m is chosen, using it in the working end position of the socket at maximum power.
The design of an electric screwdriver consists of the following elements:
The device consists of various parts, the coordinated work of which provides the necessary functions.
- Pistol-shaped handle (for working with the leading hand);
- electric motor;
- chuck for locking the bits;
- limiter. a button that starts and regulates the rotation;
- pinion (gearbox), which transmits the rotation from the motor to the shaft;
- Battery to provide power and constant voltage to the motor.
- Cordless. Stand-alone by internal battery.
- Mains. Mains power supply required for use. This kind of power tool is much more powerful and cheaper than the cordless type.
Rechargeable type device must be charged in time so that it does not fail at the most critical moment. The cordless type loses performance when discharged, so you should charge the tool each time before work according to the instructions. Impact wrenches don’t have this problem because they are connected to the mains with a cable. For drilling in concrete, the device is equipped with an impact drilling function with a switch to the side of the head rotation. reverse and reverse. The second mode is used for dismantling. To drill holes in the concrete, the models are equipped with a torque adjustment function. It is necessary so that the slot and replaceable bits are not worn out.
Can an electric screwdriver drill through a concrete wall?
Screw on concrete or dowel is a cylindrical, elongated shape detail, on one side of which is the head, in the center. the thread and the sharp end on the other side. The head of the element may have a hexagonal shape or a cross groove in its center.
For the manufacture of dowels used carbon steel of high hardness, which makes the screws on concrete sufficiently strong, and the application of special protective coating, protects the elements from corrosion and improves mechanical properties. The article introduces the types of screws, ways to use them on concrete.
Types of hardware
Screws for concrete are available in several varieties.
What are self-tapping screws for concrete, their classification and features, you can see in the table:
|A type of screw||Features|
|In shape and thread pitch|
|Diameter of parts 3-6 mm, length from 12 to 220 mm. The peculiarity of this type of metalware is that they can be screwed into a pre-drilled hole. They are multi-purpose products.|
|Universal with a herringbone thread||Metalware diameters are 3-8 mm, length. from 12 to 220 mm. These are universal screws for concrete, their use is possible only in conjunction with a dowel rod, which is often included with the dowel. If there are voids in the concrete wall, it is recommended to use an impact dowel during installation. In this case, the lengths of the screw and dowel are the same. The hole for the hardware is drilled 3 to 5 mm deeper than the length of the screw.|
|Dowels with variable thread||For this dowel on the concrete requires pre-drilling a hole, but they do not need dowels. Notched threads allow the screw to enter the wall easily. The diameter of such a tool is 7.5 mm, and the length can range from 70-200 mm. Optimal dimensions of the product. 7,5 x 72 mm.|
|By head construction|
|These are screws with a cross slot in the head plane.|
|These screws are screwed in with an open-ended wrench.|
|Parts with a threaded rod for the nut.|
|This is a hook anchor.|
|These are screws for concrete that are rarely used. The countersunk head of the torx has a star. hexagonal slot on the head. In addition, there is a countersink on the inside of the head, which ensures the tightest fit of the fastener to the product that is attached to the concrete base.|
|By type of coating|
|Finished parts are oxidized. For indoor applications with normal humidity.|
|This is a dowel with a zinc coating. For use in any environment inside and outside the building.|
|Coated in yellow zinc. The screw is most often used in aerated concrete or indoors.|
Tip: All these models can only be mounted into a previously drilled hole that has been properly prepared.
Parameters of parts
Characteristics of black self-tapping screws on concrete
When selecting screws for concrete, their size should be selected according to the applied load.
- when fixing the cabinet, which weighs five kilograms, you can use a screw with dimensions of 3 x 25 mm, where 3. diameter of the rod, 25. its length;
- To attach an object weighing 100 kg, the size of the screw is better to take 10 x 160 mm;
- With the dimensions of screws, depending on their type, you can get acquainted with the table:
Dowels for concrete are made according to the developed state standards. GOST 1146-80. When ordering fasteners specify the dimensions of a single part and the total weight of all elements.
The choice of fasteners
Before you screw a screw into a concrete wall, you must correctly choose the fastener itself and the diameter of the drill.
In terms of appearance, concrete self-tapping screws do not differ much from simple screws. But there are some special characteristics that must have products suitable for installation by hand in concrete surfaces.
- Screw on the concrete dowel should be made of high quality steel;
- Head type and shape. It depends on the tool you plan to use, when screwing in the hardware. For example, the slits “cross” and “star” are suitable for an electric screwdriver and screwdriver. Such heads are convenient to use when it is necessary to apply great force when screwing a self-tapping screw into a concrete wall;
- Be sure to be sharp end of the dowel;
- Screws should have an anti-corrosion coating, otherwise they will quickly corrode, which will cause the spread of corrosion on the reinforcing frame, if it is present in the wall.
Can I drill into a concrete wall with an electric screwdriver or power drill?? You really don’t want to ruin your tool.
Find a peorator and do not suffer, or at the very least, choose the right drill, taking into account such criteria:
- Tool diameter should be 2 to 3 mm smaller than the cross section of the trimmer;
- It is allowed to use a universal drill bit for an electric drill;
- The cost of the product. The greatest price of anchors of frame and wedge types. It makes sense to buy them if the part will be under quite a heavy load. In other cases, it is enough to buy inexpensive self-tapping screws used for concrete surfaces;
- When using an impact tool, it is worth buying a special drill with grooves on the cylindrical part of the tail.
- Before you screw a screw into a concrete wall, you must first calculate the load for which the fastener will be designed. To do this, you can use the table below:
Features of the use of self-tapping screws
It is quite convenient and easy to use such fasteners. The instructions recommend that a hole should be drilled in advance before driving the screw into the concrete wall.
Before you can screw a screw into concrete, you will need:
Is it possible to drill a hole in a concrete load-bearing or brick wall of a panel house with an ordinary drill, peorator or electric screwdriver without dust, how to do it
Making repairs in an apartment or house, there is always the question of drilling a wall. You can use different tools depending on what the hole is for and what material the surface is made of.
When working with each tool there are nuances, especially when drilling a wall. How to make the right hole, and what to follow the recommendations?
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Type of device. a drill-electric screwdriver with an impact mode, made in the form of a gun, equipped with a quick-action chuck, backlight and motor brake. Features of the presented model:
- Silent 3-speed iron gearbox.
- Battery is Li-Ion 18 V.
- Torque. 80 Nm.
- beats per minute. 34,000 beats./min.
- Weight 2.4 kg.
- Speed of rotation. 2000 rpm./min.
- Maximum Ø of drilling for concrete. 16 mm.
Tools for carrying out the work
For the work different tools are used, the main ones: drill, torch, screwdriver. There are nuances in using each.
The tool is suitable when it is necessary to make several holes. It is possible to use a regular drill. Plunging the pobedite drill into the body of the wall, sometimes you need to break the concrete with a punch that matches the diameter of the hole. This is necessary when the drill starts to get stuck in the surface, bumping into areas that are too dense. The process is quite time consuming.
For greater efficiency, you can use universal drills, which have a diamond coating. They can only be mounted on a regular drill or on a tool where the vibration function is switched off.
For high volume of work, an impact drill and drills with pobedite tips are used. They are designed for holes up to 12 mm. The drill is suitable for working with metal, concrete.
Peorator is a universal tool. It can be used to make a hole in a wall made of wood, tile, and concrete.
The tool has several functions. drilling, drilling with impact and impact mode. To make a hole, you need to select the right drill, depending on the surface and do the work by selecting the mode.
Screwdriver is one of the most popular tools for repair and construction work. It can be used to tighten and unscrew screws, drill wood, metal, chipboard, plywood, tile, plywood, lightweight concrete.
What tips to choose
For each material a specific nozzle is used:
- concrete, brick, stone. drill bit with carbide plate or pobedite;
- Tile, glass. cone drill bits with diamond coating;
- metal. spiral drill with a cylindrical cone;
- wood, drywall. for different hole diameters drill bits are used: rod, ballerina, screw, wood saw bits;
- Foam concrete. white point drills.
Is it possible to do without a drill and a rotary drill?
Make a hole without a drill and peorator, but not in a concrete wall. For this you need a flat borer or a puncher.
With the working end of the tool, apply it to the place where the hole will be made. On the opposite side of it, you need to make heavy blows, rotating the tool after each turn.
To drill a concrete surface, you must use specialized tools. in our variant, you can not do without self-made tool.
Depending on your preference is not the diameter of the hole, you can use a rotary drill as it is also called a small-sized electric torch. What is the best way to drill a concrete wall in an apartment or panel house: an ordinary electric screwdriver with a drill bit, can you make a hole in a concrete wall with a dust-free pen, and how. Can I drill with an electric screwdriver? The first option has less power, but has a lower weight and not a convenient design. The torch, respectively, has a greater potential, weight not size.
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Be careful! Since the use of construction equipment is often disposable. it is more rational to rent them. Given the fact that their price is high enough, so you will save a considerable amount of money.
In addition to the existing tool, it is necessary to purchase special drill bits, which allow you to work on the concrete surface. Drills with a pobeditovye tip are selected for a peorator drill.
Peorator has its own weight characteristics of a set of percussion nozzles, which, for the most part, it is enough. In the role of additional components for the peorator, also used drill bits with a tip.
For the formation of holes with a diameter of thirty-five to one hundred and twenty mm the nozzles-crowns are used, which have pobeditovye teeth. using them drilled grooves for sockets, switches, etc.д. If you decide on such a question, how can you drill concrete with an electric screwdriver, then there are also drill bits with tungsten-carbide sputtering. However, it should be borne in mind that they are only suitable for units with a capacity of two or more than 1kW.
How to use an electric screwdriver correctly?
Many craftsmen prefer to use an electric screwdriver instead of a screwdriver. It saves time and allows you to do the work quickly and efficiently. Let’s get acquainted with the principles of operation and the device of this tool, learn its applications and rules of operation, as well as give some useful tips.
Design and principle of operation
an electric screwdriver can be used for various activities and applications, for example, at home, in construction, assembly and disassembly of furniture, in various workshops and where many fasteners are used. They can drill, thread, screw, and unscrew fasteners. Let’s get acquainted with the device and the principle of operation of such a mechanism.
All screwdrivers are divided into three types:
- those powered by a normal mains supply, which are called mains screwdrivers;
- operating on a charged battery and bearing the name cordless;
- Both mains-powered and battery-powered. a combined version.
All wrenches are very similar both externally and internally. They consist of elements such as:
- power button;
- rotation switch;
- speed regulator;
- the power-on lock button;
- tightening torque regulator.
Some models have an additional light, and some lack one or another element. For example, the mains models have a power cord, while cordless models have a battery storage unit.
The power tool body is made up of two parts and can be made of plastic or metal alloy, but this is less common.
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The principle of operation of all screwdrivers is similar. the electric motor is driven in a rotary motion by the electricity consumed, which transmits the force through the gear and shaft from the motor to the available nozzle installed in the chuck, and the nozzle already performs the process of drilling, screwing or unscrewing fasteners. The motor of mains screwdrivers uses an AC voltage of 200 V, and in cordless screwdrivers. a constant voltage of 3.5 V to 36 V.
Changing the bit is also quite simple and straightforward. a electric screwdriver can be fitted with a quick-action chuck or a key-type chuck.
Changing the bit with a quick-change chuck:
- to begin with it is necessary to pick up a drill bit under those works that you plan to perform, or a bit, taking into account the size of the head, the type of slot;
- turn the chuck counterclockwise;
- fit the selected bit;
- turning the cartridge case clockwise, the nozzle is jammed.
Changing the screwdriver bit with a wrench chuck:
- take the wrench and insert it into a special recess;
- unscrew the chuck;
- insert a new nozzle;
- turn the wrench clockwise while fastening the screwdriver head.
How to prepare for operation?
The first thing you will need to do in order to get started is to take the electric screwdriver out of its case or suitcase and check it for visible damage, chips or cracks. If you notice that there is something wrong with the tool, then under no circumstances should you use it, because it can be unsafe. Be sure that the electric screwdriver battery is charged, or the electric screwdriver itself is plugged in. When these conditions are met, turn on the electric screwdriver to work at idle speed and check the correspondence of rotation of the nozzle and the threads on the fastener. If all the conditions are met, you can safely start working.
Don’t forget to select and properly lock the bit or drill bit depending on where and how you are going to work. We mentioned above how to attach them when we were talking about changing nozzles.
When using the device directly, you should also follow a number of simple rules and requirements.
Pay close attention to the electric screwdriver itself. There is a special scale on it, by turning which it is possible to adjust the power of the tool. When you turn the dial, set the mode you want based on what kind of work you are doing now.
Switching between these tool options is quite easy and straightforward. You only need to hold the electric screwdriver by the handle above the battery. The handle is most often covered with a material that is rubberized. That is why this machined handle is safe to use and ensures that the electric screwdriver will not fall out of your hand when you are working. For added safety, the tool can also be strapped to the hand using a hand strap.
The correct use of an electric screwdriver is its use according to the manual or specified documentation. According to these documents, the main area of application is the direct ability to screw in and out various fasteners, as well as for drilling various holes.
Depending on its capabilities, this or that model can be used both in everyday life and in professional work. Household wrenches are less expensive and have less power, while professional models have more power, higher performance and more functionality to use.
But some users use an electric screwdriver, for example, for non-standard things like polishing a car, to stir mixes or paint, to sand various surfaces, to twist wires, to knit fittings and even to drill holes in ice.
An electric screwdriver, which has a specific nozzle, is excellent for twisting the split ends of wires. Twisting is usually done with a pair of pliers, but those who wish can use an electric screwdriver, using it for this purpose. The main thing is to perform this tricky procedure correctly.