How to cut tiles without chips. Expanding an electrician

How to cut the tiles without cracks and chips how? Step.by.step scheme of work with advice from the master of the choice of disk and corner grinder

During facing, they almost never use whole tile elements. The tile needs to be constantly trimmed to work successfully with it.

Sometimes you even have to cut the material by curve. The master may have a question: how to cut tiles? The most effective tool for this case is an angular grinder.

Varieties of facing material and features of its various types

The method of cutting depends on the variety of facing material. The most important thing in this matter is not only the material, but also the role that is assigned to each tile in the composition. Tiles are usually produced in collections. these are thought out in terms of color and pattern. Most collections consists of several mandatory elements.

  • Background tiles usually do not have patterns. In collections, several tiles of different colors may be present. It is better to cut the tiles in those places where the background is homogeneous, so cut cladding will not be so striking.
  • Borders are small elements that share large color tiles, often they have a rectangular format. If possible, cutting borders can be avoided if these elements do not fit the walls.
  • Tiles with decor. this type of tile with a pattern or embossed image. It is better to immediately refuse a decor to cut tiles with a decor. To do this, at the stage of layout, the tiles with decor must be taken to the central places of the room. It is also not recommended to have a tile with a decor under the ceiling or by the floor.

Laying tiles without preliminary layout increases the number of cut elements. If you plan the location on paper, you can avoid a large number of scraps and marriage.

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  • Floor tiles are usually thicker than wall, so cutting it is more difficult. In addition, large.format tiles are often used on the floor, irregularities in cutting on it are also noticeable.
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It is necessary to cut floor tiles more often if the corners in the room deviate from 90 degrees. For this reason, for laying tile coatings on the floor, the walls in the room must be aligned.

Places of adjoining

The complexity of the cut depends on the location of the tile relative to other elements. It is desirable that in these places there are no important and expensive tiles (borders, decor). this moment is decided by the preliminary layout of the elements. For example, borders should not rest against communication or sockets. In places where tiles are joined with sockets, with batteries or plumbing equipment, complex cuts are made on the tiles (circular, semicircular incision).

The number of junctions in which it is better to cut the tiles to minimum at the planning stage.

Tile material

The thickness and strength of the material often depends on the material from which the tile is made. Some materials have high density, respectively, not every tool can cut them. Some materials require a delicate approach and are subject to cutting only by a specialized tool.

  • Ceramic tiles are the most common variety, on top it is covered with a decorative glazed coating. The tiles are divided into wall and floor, the latter is usually thicker, it is more difficult to cut it from this.
  • Porcelain tile is highly density, this determines its low water absorption. Because of this, such tiles are often used for floors, wet zones and streets. It will be difficult to cut porcelain tiles with improvised means. it is better to cut the cutting with an electric or manual tile cutter.
  • Clinker tiles. a type of high density cladding, it is used for external work (cladding, paving sites, etc.). For a thick clinker, an angular grinder or a water saw (electric tile cutter) will be required.
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Using an electric steamer

This is an expensive professional tool that equally quickly, smoothly and accurately cut any tiles. With it, pruning is available in a straight line and at an angle of 45 degrees, drilling holes and recesses, as well as figure cutting. Cut strips are less than 5 millimeters wide. The edges of the cut are even, slightly rounded.

Some models work with tiles, one side lowered into the water, others require only regular wetting by cutting. This method protects from dust formation.

The tool consists of the base, knife and electric motor, and the cutting process is as follows:

  • Water is typed in the pallet in terms of the cutting disk so that it is lowered into it by 2-3 centimeters (for submersible models).
  • The tile is clamped and slowly moves under the cutting cutter. The force should be uniform to avoid chips and jamming the motor.
  • To cut the angle, the procedure is repeated twice according to segments with the desired angle.

Like any similar tool, electric tiles requires the fulfillment of safety requirements and the use of protective equipment.

For high.quality work, you need to change the worn discs and water in time.

During cutting corner grinding, a lot of dust forms, so it is necessary to work only in well.ventilated rooms or in the open air.

  • There are different ways to reduce the amount of dust formed during tile cutting.
  • Specialists have noted some of the most effective ways.
  • The simplest but most expensive method is to buy a special tile cutter.
  • A more budget, but laborious method is partial cutting.
  • First, a less dusty layer is cut through, and the remaining height is broken off. The edges are sawed by special tools.

Another effective method is the moisturizing of the material. The liquid is regularly supplied to the processed material. A special device can be installed on the corner grinder, which supplies water to the tile along a special pipe from under the casing.

How to cut tiles with a corner grinder without chips and dust?

The processing is preceded by thorough measurements. the marking is applied with a marker on the outside. Since it is impossible to perform a perfectly even cut in most cases, they make small allowances to trim with a sharpener or a supra.

Direct cutting

The easiest processing option, which even newcomers cope with. cutting tiles with corner grinding in a straight line. First, the tool is fixed on a flat surface. It is necessary to place it so that the cutting edge hangs from the site. The direction of cutting should remain in the zone of visibility of the tile, while the tile is placed with the front side up.

Keep a grinding machine with the direction of cut from themselves, moving along the planned line. Ideally, the cut should be performed in one pass, only then it will turn out even.

Figure harsh

It is more difficult than the first option, requires a certain dexterity. They process the tile with short cuts along the tangent line to the outer contour of the drawn figure (oval, circle). This will cut off small extra fragments, and then achieve the desired configuration.

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They also plan small allowances for trimming, and at the end they finish the circuit with grinding, achieving smooth lines and removing chips.

Performing rectangular holes in the tile

After outlining the boundaries of the rectangle to its outer surface, the plates of steel are applied. The longitudinal plate will play the role of the line, and the transverse. the limiter of the movement of the cutting tool.

To fix the plates use adhesive tape or clamps. Next, cut through small grooves, bypassing the created contour, and then gradually deepen inside.

It is possible to facilitate the work using a drill. Several holes with a diameter of about 5 mm with a diameter of about 5 mm are drilled inside the contour, and then through the angules, through.

Cutting holes

only holes of a large diameter are cut with corner grinder. small ones are performed by a drill or a pedorator.

  • Through the center of the circle, two straight lines are planned, located perpendicular to each other.
  • By directing a grinding machine at an angle, a small recess along the length of the circle is made, trying to adhere to its inner diameter.
  • Gradually move in a circle, evenly tiles of tile thickness.
  • As soon as the recess is sufficient, straight perpendicular lines that go through the center of the circle are tied.
  • Gently remove the first segment to avoid chips, then remove or knock out the remaining three.

A file wrapped around the bar is used to trim the spille line.

Cutting at a 45-degree angle

Cut the tiles of the corner grinding when installing plastic or metal corners. This will help to form a beautiful edge in the form of a bevel during a diagonal layout of a tile.

A flat and fast tied up to really perform only a nozzle with diamond spraying. The tile is placed under the edge glazed side down. Passing the corner grinder at an angle of 45 °, grind the back. As soon as the angle is formed, the actions are repeated, moving around the edge of the cut.

Some masters begin work with rectangular cutting tiles. Then the nozzle is directed so as to remove excess ceramics at a given angle. Completes the work of the edge.

The corner cutting of ceramic tiles with a corner grinder at home is recommended to be performed by those models of the Bulgarians, where there is a adjustment of the disk rotation speeds.

Cutting porcelain tile

When performing the repair, not only the walls are faced. Porcelain tiles are laid on the floors in the bathroom and toilet. an artificial material that replaces granite and marble. Its cost is many times less natural, but by the parameters of hardness and abrasion, porcelain tiles surpasses them. Recently, he has gained widespread distribution. It can also be cut using an angular grinder.

To do this, you need to know the main methods of processing material at home.

  • You need to choose the right cutting tool. It should be written for what it is used: porcelain tiles, solid ceramics, etc.P.
  • To make chips less, choose a disk with continuous application of the cutting edge. The thickness should be minimal.
  • Choose a cut.out circle, which has a large almas height.
  • Corner grinder should have a speed controller.

After choosing the tool, they prepare a workplace and begin to cut a porcelain tile with a corner grinder. To do this, you need to perform such consistent actions.

  • Place the material on a flat surface by placing a thin foam or similar material under it.
  • Securely fix the tile on the surface with a clamp.
  • To reduce chips, glue the masking tape and mark the marking, according to which it is necessary to cut off the excess part.
  • Prepare a vacuum cleaner to remove dust.
  • You need to cut it from the front side by moving a grinding machine in the direction of yourself.
  • It is recommended to cut not on the marked line, but a little away. This is done for the subsequent grinding of the end of the porcelain tile to remove irregularities and chips.
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Following these simple recommendations, you can cut the floor tiles with your own hands with your own hands.

Safety precautions

To minimize the danger of injuring, you need to adhere to the following rules:

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  • Be sure to use protective equipment: glasses or a protective mask, gloves, closed shoes and clothes, respirator.
  • It is forbidden to work with a grinder with a machine without a protective metal casing.
  • Always monitor the location of the electric cable, exclude the possibility of falling under the cutting part.
  • Hold the tool with both hands and stand parallel to a rotating circle. Thus, in the case of a clamp disk, the tool will throw you past you.
  • The progressive movements of the corner grinder should coincide with the direction of rotation of the disk.
  • To control the safe cut, immerse the cutting part by one third of the radius of the detachment circle.
  • For each material, use the corresponding disk: for metal, stone, dry cutters, disk for grinding. Each tool has its own direct purpose.
  • Be especially attentive when working at the most low and extremely high speeds.
  • Do not immerse the cutting part into water in order to avoid dust formation: there is a high risk of closing and lesing the employee with electric shock.
  • Work only in a well.ventilated room or in the fresh air, but avoid work in the rain.

Elektrolobzik. quick cut along the curve line

Lobziki. tools specially designed for figure cutting materials. It is convenient to use an electric jigsaw when a curved cut should be made in the tile, which cannot be performed with other tools.

Using a jigs for sawing tiles.

tiles, chips, electrician

To work with an electric tile, files are purchased for cutting glass and ceramics. An electric jigsaw with saws on ceramics can make a curved cut of wall and floor tiles, they can cut out the inner holes of various shapes.

Peel for ceramic tiles.

When cutting the tiles, it is necessary to turn off the pendulum course of the electrician, as this can greatly affect the quality of the cut.

Consider step by step how to cut the tiles with an electrician:

Marking.

The cut lines are planned by a marker on the surface. If an internal neckline is made in the tile, then a small hole is pre.drilled, into which the file is inserted. Then, a curved cut on the intended line is performed inside.

Fixation.

When working with a jigsaw, the processed material is located on a flat horizontal surface. It can be fixed with clamps or held with a hand.

Incision.

The incision is made in the direction from itself with the standard movements accepted during the work of the jigsaw.

How to cut tile without cutter or tile machine || DIY || Creativity


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