Stoneware is made by pressing a mixture of clay, quartz sand, feldspar and other minerals, followed by high temperature firing.
The result is a dense material with very few pores and the highest hardness of 7 to 8 on the Mohs scale.
By comparison, the hardness of corundum (this type of mineral includes sapphire and ruby) is the same; only diamond and some other materials have a higher hardness.
This feature makes porcelain stoneware hardwearing even under the most intensive loads, but at the same time very difficult to work with.
The problem is aggravated by the brittle nature of the material: careless actions result in chips on the face side. So the question of choosing a tool for cutting porcelain tile is very important.
Cutting Ceramic Tile with a Glass Cutter_ITRK SUPPLY
Cutting tile with a handheld tile cutter
This is the most popular option, which is used by both professional and amateur tilers. You can find it in stores, priced from 300 or more, depending on the size, quality, and extra features like a rotating base and a built-in ruler for easy cutting of tiles at a 45-degree angle. At the same time, it is better not to buy the cheapest models, they will often break the tile incorrectly, due to poor pressure on a flimsy base.
- The tile is inserted into the tile cutter and the marking is aligned with a special marking.
- The handle is lowered and swung outwards. It should be driven at the same speed and even pressure so that the roller cuts the glaze to the same depth. It will be enough to run the roller once. If you drive several times, the break can be poor.
- Next to the roller, there are special feet that lower and break the tile into two parts, after a sharp pressure on the lever. All tile cutters have a metal knoll on their platform, and soft pads on the edges. When you press the edges of the tile with the claws, the maximum tension will be created in the place of the cut, if it is properly aligned with the pad, and it will break off evenly.
It’s hard to explain in words, so it’s easier to watch the video, which shows how to cut tiles with a tile cutter properly:
High-quality tile cutters allow you to cut even 10 mm thick tile without any problem. And it doesn’t matter what angle you cut it at: 45 degrees or 30.
How to cut tiles in an “L” shape
Since the tile cutter can only cut tiles straight, many have difficulty with L-shaped cutouts. The easiest option is to divide this tile into 2 rectangular elements, but then you get an extra ugly seam that will be conspicuous.
But this can be avoided by trimming the short side with an angle grinder, and then the long side with a tile cutter.
Step-by-step instructions on how to make L-shaped notches in tile
You can also cut the outer corners in the same way. When marking them, you need to take away about 4-5 mm, for the seam for grouting 1.5-2 mm and a small indentation from the wall.
The second way: any method available to you makes a cut on the glaze, and the excess is gradually broken off with pliers. Process the irregularities with sandpaper. This option will even allow you to get a rounded cut for the adjacency to the risers.
How to cut porcelain stoneware
Porcelain tile is believed to be the hardest material that floor tiles are made of. It can be trimmed in the same way as a regular tile.
Sometimes simple floor tiles are more difficult to cut than porcelain tiles. There is a hardened tile, on which, after spending with a tile cutter, almost no notch on the glaze is visible. And even a diamond disc on an angle grinder does not cut it. the cut is jagged, like after a tractor. In such cases, you need to use an angle grinder, and file a groove of 2-3 mm on the back side to mark the place of the break.
Rules of Use
The task of how to properly cut tiles with a tile cutter, will cease to cause difficulties if you do everything in stages:
- Soak the tile for an hour or an hour and a half in cold water, you can put it in a bucket or cover it with a wet cloth. On the assurance of experienced tilers, soaking will make the ceramic more pliable and reduce the likelihood of crumbling at the edges.
- Ceramic surface should be wiped down and draw a line for the trimmer of the future break with a marker.
- The tile is installed on the working surface of the tile cutter, the line for the break trimmer should be exactly under the roller. If the tile is too big and wide, you can put something under the edges to keep it from wobbling and lie flat.
- The cutter is placed on the edge of the tile at the very beginning of the drawn line.
- The roller moves sharply along the surface, sawing away the glaze. It is absolutely necessary to apply force. The deeper the cut, the easier it will be to break the material in half.
- After that you need to press the handle and the tile will break exactly along the line.
The question naturally arises as to how to cut the tile with a tile cutter and in what direction to move the carriage? Some argue that it is correct to move the roller on itself, because then you can easily apply the required effort to cut evenly and deeply. Others are more convenient to push from yourself, so you can try both options and choose the most convenient and effective. If the groove is not deep enough, it is undesirable to try to pass the handheld tile cutter again, then the edges will begin to crumble and be sloppy.
Despite the fact that many masters argue that cutting porcelain tiles is a difficult and thankless task, you should cut it with a manual tile cutter, just like you would cut a tile. The only difference is that for porcelain tiles a manual tile cutter with a large base and a special roller with a diamond coating is required.
Cut tileside tile korrezom ideal is not always obtained, in most cases, you must additionally treat the edges, using grinder or emery paper.
Working with an electric ice pick
Electric tile cutters of different types work the same way, so the technology of cutting tile materials with them is similar. Working with an electric tile cutter is not particularly difficult, but you must be careful and attentive. Manual models are more difficult to handle: the smoothness of the cut depends mainly on the skills of the worker.
To properly use the electric tile cutter, it is necessary to adhere to the following rules
- Before working, it is necessary to turn on the cooling system;
- Pre-mark the surface of the workpiece;
- Fix the tile on the workbench;
- After that, it is necessary to gently push the tile to the disk or vice versa (depending on the model of the operated machine), constantly controlling the force of the pressure at the same time;
In addition to straight cutting, different shapes can be cut out with the electric stove cutters. The process takes place in this sequence:
Using a power tool allows you to cut the tile into thin strips a few millimeters wide, and the cut is even.
Threading technique with a hand tile cutter
Properly cutting tiles with a tile cutter is much easier if you follow these rules:
Step The tile must be secured and in a straight line along the future break cut.
Step Lower the lever and break the tile into two parts.
The process is not at all complicated and won’t take more than a minute to cut one tile. But, it is necessary to take into account some nuances to make quality cuts and with a clear conscience to use the tiles in construction:
- For a guaranteed straight cut, draw the cutting lines on the tile with a marker pen. These cutting lines should then be aligned with the cutting wheel.
- When cutting, you must hold the tile in place with one hand and hold the handle with the wheel with the other hand.
- The trimmer handle should be lifted up so that the wheel touches the tile surface on its upper part. Then move the handle towards yourself.
- A light pressure is enough. Do not overdo it so that you do not break the wheel. The wheel should only make one pass.
- The line for the trimmer is outlined. Now it is necessary to cut the tile qualitatively and evenly. For this purpose, the wings are set at the base of the handle at the level of the lower third of the tile. It is recommended to cover the wings with adhesive tape, so that there are no marks on the finished tile.
How to cut tile without a cutter or without a tile machine
Professionals hold the tile in position for quality breaking, press the handle a little with the thumb, and then hit the handle a little with the palm of the right hand.
If you can’t split the tile, you just need to get another one and start the cutting process all over again.
Sometimes the cut edge of the tile may be visible once it is in place. Use an emery stone or sandpaper to even out the angle. It is better to have several types of stone on hand, at least for hard and soft tiles.
Useful tips for avoiding common mistakes
- To ensure that the work went smoothly, before you start using the tile cutter, it is recommended to drop some oil on the wheel and on the guide frame.
- To ensure that the cut is not crooked, it is necessary to check that the wheel is necessarily secured. Sometimes it is necessary to fasten it with a special bolt before the direct start of work.
- To ensure that the result is of high quality, before starting work, you should check that the wheel is not worn out.
- The denser the tile, the easier it will be to cut it. It is possible to cut with the described tool even strips of tile of only 5-6 mm.
Article on how to put tile on the wall. the entire technology of tiling walls with tiles from A to Z.
In detail with all the nuances of grouting tile joints you can learn in the following article.
Facing the wall with Venetian plaster, the most complete guide.
Working with the handheld tile cutter even for a beginner is not particularly difficult. The main thing is to carefully study the device, to understand how to use it correctly. Tips from masters, presented in this article, will help to achieve a perfect result and successfully finish the repair.
How to cut tiles with a manual tile cutter
The principle of action of the handheld tile cutter is the same as that of the glass cutter: while rolling the diamond roller destroys the surface layer and leaves a furrow, after which a part of the tile is broken off. The difference is that the strong attachment of the roller and the presence of a lever, allows you to push it with great force.
It sounds simple, but it takes some nuances to do it right. Consider in detail all steps of cutting.
How to cut tiles with a handheld tile cutter
The principle of operation of handheld tile cutter is the same as that of glass cutter: when the diamond roller is rolled over, it breaks the surface layer and leaves a furrow, after which part of the tile breaks off. The difference is that the strong attachment of the roller and the presence of a lever, allows you to press on it with great force.
It sounds easy, but knowing how to do it right requires a little bit of nuance. Let’s look at all the steps of cutting in detail.
Finisher’s tips. how to cut different kinds of tiles professionally
Tile work. the work is not easy for beginners, requiring thoughtful preparation. In addition, it is important to find an individual approach to the varieties of material to reduce waste, and therefore the financial cost to the customer.
The formula for cutting tiles without damaging the material
Considering the topic, how to properly cut a tile, professional tilers rely on general principles.
The material must be carefully cleaned. There must not be any traces of tile adhesive or dust on it.
The work involves dust formation, so it is advised to wear safety glasses for the eyes.
Do not overdo it with hand tools. Otherwise, the breakage of tiles is guaranteed. Choosing a power tool, you need to act confidently, clearly, but carefully.
To effectively solve the problem of cutting tiles at home, the construction environment offers different modifications of tools.
What is the main thing in the operation of different units associated with tile cutting?
It is better to work with a glass cutter. expert opinion
Answer, to cut tile, first select the appropriate glass cutter. It is available on the market in three variations.
Glass cutter of roller nature. most often used. The advantage is the thin, clear line for the trimmer.
The oil-type model works in a similar way, so you can cut without damaging yourself. The task can be completed quickly and easily with oil.
Diamond glass cutter is more suitable for experienced glass cutters, because there is a big risk to get jagged edges. You need a “heavy hand” to do the job.
Competitive technical advantage of the tool is the possibility of cutting not only in a straight line, but the shaped cutting of tiles is quite aesthetic. Glass cutter is used when working with tiles, ceramics.
Recommendation! It is better not to use hand-held glass cutters, electric jigsaws for porcelain tiles. They can be used as an additional tool.
Tiles should be placed on a geometrically flat surface, removing small particles of dirt, glue. You need to make an effort when drawing a line. The cut edges can be removed with wire cutters.
Tip! Approaching the line marked with the glass cutter, the cutters should catch small fragments. If you use the pliers “big step” in the separation of the almost cut part, there is a risk of going over the edge of the line and ruining the appearance of the product.
There remains an important point: to cut ceramic tiles, you must fully embrace the glass cutter and keep it strictly perpendicular. Sometimes it is difficult for the craftsman, so often such tools are more used by professionals and for thin types of tiles.
At the construction site, where deadlines are pressing, rushing foreman, faster cutting of ceramic tiles by the angle grinder. But even with it you need to know certain tricks.
The basic ways of cutting with an angle grinder porcelain tile
This type of tile is one of the hardest. It is hard-wearing, suitable for public spaces. When deciding to cut a porcelain tile, you should rely on two methods.
The evenness of the line when using an angle grinder depends on the properly selected disc. There are two possible ways of choosing disks.
the solid discs are applied in case of “wet” cutting with water to cool the tool and to reduce dust. It is appropriate to use them in tile work.
Deciding to cut porcelain tiles at home, it will be appropriate to refer to the segmental disc, which implies a “dry” way of processing. But cutting for more than 2 minutes is not recommended. It is necessary to take a break.
When using a standard angle grinder, the representatives of construction industry advise not to buy discs less than 2 mm thick. It is necessary to check the condition of the disc before each cut to reduce the risk of chipping to zero.
The specialist marks out the future cut with a marker, placing the tile on the prepared flat surface. It is better to fix it on a workbench. Cutting is carried out from the front side. In some cases it makes sense to make a double cut. From the “face” of the product is pressed lightly, conducting a line for the trimmer, from the end part carry out the main cutting. This secret answers the question of how to cut tiles with an angle grinder without chipping, without damage to the owner of the room.
Proven methods of cutting ceramic tiles with a tile cutter
Common bathroom ceramics, for example, is also cut with an angle grinder. Although at home is often more appropriate handheld tile cutter.
Minimizing the formation of dust, imperfections on the tiles.
The tool is lightweight, it contains a cutting roller, which performs the task relatively quickly. The probability of rejects is reduced many times, even in comparison with the angle grinder. By placing the tile under the foot on the metal platform of the design, you can quickly perform a cut in one movement. There are several types of handheld tile cutters.
Roller options are simple enough, suitable for standard tiles.
For harder types of ceramic tiles, a mechanical tile cutter with a rigid carriage is advised.
For grinding particularly tough materials up to 16 mm thick, the optimum solution would be a model on bearings.
For large amounts of work, this tool with air and water cooling system comes in handy. What are its advantages?
Cutting tiles at a 45-degree angle to create corners between walls is possible.
Capability to cut stone, porcelain tile.
The depth of cut plays a role in the process. The recommended value is 3 cm. It is important the length of the incision, equal to 50 cm. Motor power. Before you perform it, you need to make sure that the wheel is fixed precisely, checking its degree of wear.
What useful tips should still be considered?
The end of the tiled material is sometimes cut at an angle. When using an angle grinder, you should choose a solid disc, designed for tile. A quality cut of tiles at 45 degrees will be obtained by placing the product on the edge, starting to grind the back part of the clay. If you find irregularities, it is allowed to repeat the operation.
To get a smooth edge is convenient to turn to the diamond “turtles” or sandpaper. Also professionals advise to use an angle grinder with adjustable speed to avoid burnt edge.
A trick from the pros! For maximum aesthetics of the corner, it is recommended not to reach the glaze part by about 1 mm. The filigree of craftsmanship is determined by the experience of the operator. When you go over the glaze with a tool, a not-so-good-looking edge comes out.
Manual tile cutter is represented by a platform, guide and carriage, which has a handle, a foot for breaking tiles and a cutting element in the form of a roller.
The tool differs in mobility, low weight, ease of use and low cost.
The disadvantages of tile cutters can include a low productivity and relatively low quality of cutting on the background of the results of electric counterparts.
During work, it is important to precisely position the tile and form a groove on the surface along the entire length with equal depth.
For best results, you need to properly care for the tool and check it for serviceability, to correct deficiencies in a timely manner.