How to make a tiller for tillage
If necessary, the device can be made by one’s own hands. The easiest execution is characterized by the following variant, and it is worth to determine the power unit used. it can be an electric or gasoline-powered saw.
Steel pipes with walls about 0.5 mm thick are needed to make the frame. The power plant is fixed on it with clamps. The mechanism is based on a two-stage chain gear, and the first will fit the chain and sprockets from an ordinary bicycle. Second gear has more power, so it can use parts from the motorcycle.
A chain auxiliary gear provides the operation of the wheels. Homemade tillers for soil treatment look like a tube with a large diameter, which has 6 teeth. On both sides are welded half axles, equipped with bearings. Also requires the installation of screws to accommodate the axle and chain. For each chain drive, you need to make guards to protect it from damage and make an earth connection for the saw.
How to make a self-made tiller for a tractor
I want to make a homemade tiller for t-25. How to choose the right spare parts for your tiller?
LEONID (Perlie) I have an axle from a Moskvich 412. Can be assembled from it?
Grandpa (Mandita) You can try to cut chulkas and weld on the axle half under the blades. You can use an angle reducer.
LEONID (Perlie) I’m afraid the half axle will be weak, and one axis rotates forward and the other backward. How to combine them in one direction of rotation?
Grandpa (Mandita) Satylites throw out the planer for a wedge.
Sergey (Balderik) look at youtube google somodelnye soil tillers
LEONID (Perlie) I can’t find parts for the side gearbox. And if you put a gearbox from the mole will hold a heavy land?
Tatyana Bukhalova (Kokuyeva) My husband made from the rear axle of a Moskvichyou can do Zhiguli, Volga.
LEONID (Perlie) Tatyana, but the side of the mill your husband made on the axle with a chain or gearbox? Photos are?
Tatiana Bukhalova (Kokuyeva) Leonid, I do not understand anything myself I will ask you everything and I will definitely write you.
Sergey (Balderik) I also want to make a mill from the bridge.In short, weld the diff.instead of wheels, weld sprockets on a chain drive in half a meter a shaft or tube with the same stars, and on this tube attach knives. Just saw one of these on the farmer.I think Petrovich made it there he also welded springs instead of blades.
Grandpa (Mandita) I had a chain with two rows 25 on the right side for the jail I had to change it 3 times and then I made a reducer. beautiful.
Sergey (Balderik) I agree, the gearbox is certainly better, and the chain must have been open? and if you put it in a cover, although the chain is the easiest and most accessible option.and you need to look for a suitable gearbox.
Ivan (Telfor) I build myself with a gearbox from kpi 2.4 and a 25 chain on one side. but you can also use the axle, but the diff. Do not weld. It will not last long, just do both sides of the drive sprockets. reliable.
Ivan (Telfor), I’m building myself a gearbox from Kpi 2.4 Shaft from Don corn reaper, trimmed to 1.You do not need to weld the diff, you can put sprockets and chains on both sides
Grandpa (Mandita) The chain was closed and in nigro. It can not withstand the impact force of the blades on the ground. It is desirable to work with a tillage cutter in the field but people are saving for the winter, they do not plow in the field in spring. Here’s why chains don’t hold up.
Sergey (Balderik) SHOULD do it with a wrap-around clutch
Tags: How to make a mill with your own hands on a tractor
Mounting a plow on a single axle tractor with a hitch
Before mounting the machine we put a beam under the left wheel of the power tiller to recreate the process of plowing. Ploughs are different by design, so it is necessary to find out the ploughing depth in advance. Usually the recommended depth is stated in the manual to the machine. On country and garden plots the ploughing depth is set at 10 to 20 cm.
The unit is hinged to a single-point attachment and secured with 2 bolts. If a single-axle tractor is not equipped with a single-point system, a hitch is attached to it, on which a plow is mounted. When installing the device through the coupling, the most important thing is to have a little free movement in the horizontal plane, less than 5 degrees, because if you tighten the screws too much, you will have to exert effort to work the ground.
After preparing the machine for ploughing and attaching the plough, you can start to adjust the machine.
Grip of the tiller’s wheels on the ground can be improved by using trailing rings or a tread shrinker for the tiller. Hodominimizer refers to the number of mounted devices. It makes it possible to reduce the speed of the agricultural machine and increases traction and torque. The equivalent of a gearbox works by means of a chain and sprockets on shafts. If desired, this device can be made on your own. Parts are used from other machines.
Each of the considered transducers has its own disadvantages. To minimize their number, it is worth trying to make the device yourself. A homemade thing can be of higher quality and more convenient to use than a purchased copy.
Gearboxes for power tillers. device, types and self-made
Like any other mechanism of a power tiller, the gearbox of an agricultural unit consists of certain elements. Depending on the type of reducer, its design can be equipped with these or other parts. In general, the structure of the gearbox in parts is as follows:
- Cover and pulley;
- The bushings on the input shaft;
- Adjustment and shifting lever;
- The fork and shift axle;
- Gear in the intermediate shaft;
- Shaft assembly;
- Double-row chain;
- Sprocket assembly;
- Washers and seals;
- Input shaft;
- Right and left half axles;
- Double sprocket;
- Clutch clutch;
- Bracket and spring;
- Clutch fork.
The diagram of the mechanism below will tell you in more detail about how the gearbox of your power tiller is designed.
Despite the rather complex design of the mechanism, its disassembly and reassembly will not cause questions even for a novice. To do this, you need:
- Completely remove the gearbox from the motoblock;
- Unscrew the screws and remove the protective covers;
- Carefully remove the bushing on the input shaft, remove the lever and fork shifting mechanism;
- Remove the primary shaft and pinion from it;
- Remove the shaft sleeves and chain;
- Dismantle the shaft assembly and remove the sprockets from it;
- Remove the intermediate shaft together with the gears;
- Remove the clutch and the left and right axles.
After completing all the above steps, you get the gearbox of a power tiller disassembled. After repair the mechanism should be assembled in the reverse order.
LANDER power tiller review
The design of the unit includes a modern steering wheel that can be adjusted in two directions, stylish motor handles to control the machinery, a powerful gasoline engine, air cooling system, pneumatic wheels, attachments, repair tools.
The single axle tractor reacts instantly to the slightest turn of the handle. This allows the driver to easily operate the machine, increasing productivity. Uncomplicated design with the steering wheel removed fits freely in a car with a small trunk, and the low weight makes it possible to fully turn in one place without additional maneuvers. The developers of LANDER power tillers tried to use short-lived plastic and low-quality parts in the construction of the device as little as possible.
In this video, you’ll learn how a single-axle tractor works:
Assembling the tiller
The active sabre cutter is shipped from the manufacturing plant in a disassembled version. This is due not only to the fact that in this way the product is more compact (that is, it is cheaper and easier to transport), but also to the peculiarities of metal, which does not like welding. Before installing the tiller on a single-axle tractor, you need to assemble it.
Cutter Installation Rules
Correct, accurately and clearly written text instructions for the assembly of the cutter is a necessary document for the production of this work. However, it is also very convenient if you have at hand a qualitatively compiled assembly diagram of a tiller for a power tiller. Because often it is through pictures that one perceives information better than through words. So, in this case, one complements the other perfectly. Also in the Internet you can easily find a lot of videos assembling milling machines, including those where the master is not only assembling a mill, but also explains what he does. That is clearly visible to onlookers.
Materials and tools you need
An active sabre cutter uses only bolted connections between the constituent parts. This means that complex and expensive equipment (such as a welding machine) does not have to be used. It is also not necessary to have special skills. almost anyone can do it, even without special training. Bolts, nuts, and washers are usually already included with the cutters. But it happens that the factory generally forgot to put the right bag or made a mistake with the quantity (the package contains fewer fasteners than required). Then the necessary parts can be purchased at the market, in a construction supermarket or in a specialty store. it’s not a problem at all. Many people have a wrench of appropriate size in the garage or at home, and if you suddenly do not have one, then the purchase of the right tool will not hit the budget.
Be sure to read: T 40 tractor throttle: disassembly, reassembly, repair with their own hands
Order of operations
In brief, the assembly of the tiller for the power tiller is made in the following order:
- Choose the right direction of rotation. After all, during work, the sharpened part of the tiller will cut into the ground.
- With the help of bolts to install the cutter blades in the sockets, which are specially designed for this purpose.
- Then put washers on the bolts and tighten the nuts carefully.
Single axle tractor with cutters
It is not so easy to make a mistake in the process, because everything is clear even intuitively. Note, however, that the blades are factory marked L and R, using embossing. L means that the part will be installed on the left side, and R. on the right side, respectively.
Additional section is attached to the main section with a pin. The limiting disc is connected to the rest of the machine with a bolt and nut.
Motor blocks are sold with a minimum number of components. However, a tiller and a standard plow aren’t enough to do all the farming work. How to improve a power tiller with improvised materials? With the help of tools that are in every home you can expand the capabilities of your power tiller. Equipment that can be made by yourself:
- Mounting a rake on a single-axle tractor for clearing trash, leaves, and hay. Such a simple device will accelerate the autumn field work, will allow for a few minutes to clear large areas of debris. For making the rake you’ll need: several meters of rebar with a section of 8-12 mm and a strip of sheet metal. Fittings are cut into 10 cm long pieces and welded to the plate in several rows with a gap of 3-5 cm. To increase maneuverability, the rake can be equipped with roller wheels.
- Trailer and cart, will help transport bulky loads. The cart can be made from improvised materials. channel bars and old car wheels, metal profiles and boards. The clutch is standard as for tractors and cars.
Plows for power tillers
Another attachment for tillage with a power tiller is a plow. The following types of ploughs are distinguished:
- The easiest to use. single-hoe plow, also known as Zykov plow.
- Reversible plow for power tiller: rotary or reversible. The upper part with a curved feather, which turns the ground during plowing. All-purpose device that easily copes with heavy plowing. Quickly copes with the cultivation of areas with clay and boggy soil.
- Rotary plow for power tiller has a complicated design. Depending on the number of shares, there are two and three body models. Active plows only flatten soil to one side, while passive plows compare and raise ridges. This type of plough has a number of advantages: the soil is oxygenated to the maximum; tire and fuel consumption is reduced; no large lumps of soil are left after ploughing.
- The rotary plow for the power tiller gives unlimited possibilities. During operation, the axle rotates, and with it the soil layers. Easy to plow even very hard soils, down to a depth of about 30 cm. A distinction is made between shovel, drum, shovel and auger plows. The first type has a rigid pusher, may consist of a spring plate or be combined. Type two implements have a disc with paddles that rotate during work. The plow with a disk blade for a power tiller is suitable for work in early spring, it copes well with wet soil.
What cultivators are available?
The capabilities of cultivators are most dependent on their weight. And here we can carry out the conditional division by “weight categories”.
Cultivators of superlight class. models designed only for processing relatively light soil and loosening. These weigh 10-15 kg and are equipped with electric motors.
Cultivators of light class weigh 20-30 kg, equipped with gasoline or electric motor. There is no sense to equip machines in this weight category with a diesel engine. And many power tillers look the same as cultivators. in fact they only have one more chain on the pulley, on which they put the drive belt. However, there are different combinations of power tillers. Let’s refer models, which have PTO and only one removable “active linkage”. cutters, which rotate towards the wheels, to category of power tillers. To work with other equipment, a unit with milling cutters is removed. Some of these models with diesel engines weigh more than 300kg.
Models with trailed equipment are able to work on heavier soils.
How to adjust power tiller chain
The most common are middle class cultivators. They weigh 40-60 kg, electric motors can be found on some models, but they usually have petrol engines. Light models are able to work with trailed equipment, such as a ridging bar and a thresher. To work with a plough, one needs a machine weighing at least 50 kg and desirable additional weights. Of course, for such work, the cutters should be changed for the wheels. metal wheels with grousers or pneumatic wheels.
Theoretically, a number of cultivators can also be used with a trailed cart. “Heavy” cultivators are practically not produced, their niche is occupied by power tillers.