How to assemble a cultivator on a single axle tractor

How to assemble a cultivator on a single axle tractor video

correctly selected milling cutter, no plough is needed. The machine is easy to control during milling, so there is no great strain on the operator. Cultivator cutters are selected depending on the power of equipment and the type of plowed soil.

There are three basic kinds of tillers:

  • Factory-made. Most machines are equipped with them. They come in two versions: fully assembled and detachable. Axle with welded-on blades and attached sabre blades. Two or three identical sections are bolted together. Cultivation width depends on the number of sections. Factory cutters will handle pre-cultivated areas;
  • Goosefoot. The design is non-disassembled, so you can adjust the number of sections to fit your body. These machines are used to till hard soils, to grind plant residue. Reduced gear loading. Cultivator is easy to control. The goosefoot tiller is a good choice for air-cooled tillers;
  • Tillage. The tiller is excellent for cultivating virgin land, plowing soil at great depths, loosening the soil. Robust and robust in construction.

Often the factory cutter is not enough. To increase the yield, reduce the load on the equipment and save time it is worth buying “Goose legs”. For heavy development of the virgin soil more suitable tillers “Tselina”.

What are the types of perch types

The tool for bed mowing can be purchased at a store of agricultural equipment or make your own hands.

Single row

This share type is often used for lighter types of soil. The furrows can be made after previously loosening the soil with the cultivator.

Double-row

Before planting crops, it makes a couple of furrows. It is also used for loosening and hoeing. The device includes a frame, on which two ridgers are mounted at once. Due to this feature, the processing of such a tool significantly saves time. The singleaxle tractor can be hitched up with a hitch. But this kind of hoe needs a lot of resistance to work. Because it is often used in conjunction with a tine bar.

Propeller

Such stubbers work by means of special propellers. They are used to dig the soil and remove weeds before they can be used to loosen seedbeds. This version is used for front-wheel-drive tractors with a couple of speeds. This is because the power is increased to nearly 200 revolutions per minute on the last speed.

At maximum speed, the plough can also be deployed to transfer soil from between the seedbeds into the furrows.

Rotary

This tool has screw-tooth rotors instead of wheels. In practice, this kind of planter shows an impressive level of performance in making furrows, loosening the soil, and potato hoeing. Can be used on a three-speed tractor (two speeds and reverse). At slowest speed the tool covers the crop and at next speed it tilts the soil away from the row spacing.

Disk

For soil treatment, it is versatile. Workpiece. steel concave discs. Plunging into the soil for a given distance, they loosen it, forming a ridge in this way. To make use more efficient, the discs should be set at an angle vertically and relative to the direction of travel of the equipment.

How to make a disc hoe for a power tiller with your hands is described below. Drawings and dimensions with photos are attached to the description of how to make the tool.

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Lister

Equipped with a fixed working width. Often used on fairly weak power tillers, whose power does not exceed four horsepower. It can work on seedbeds of about 30 cm in width. Has a thin stand and a pair of side wings. The stand protects the tool itself from overload and mechanical damage. This type of mower can only be used on dry ground. soil buildup will greatly interfere with the operation of the moving parts of the structure.

You can also find lister attachments on which you can control the width of the ground. They are designed for more powerful power tillers. from four horsepower. Such a tool can also be used to work with moist soil.

How to properly assemble the cutters on a single axle tractor?

Assembly of the cutter can cause some difficulties, especially if you do it for the first time and alone.

To begin with, you should familiarize yourself with the structure of the cutter.

The drawing below shows its main components:

  • rotor axle (comes in different lengths, can be one-piece and split);
  • A pin with a retainer;
  • blades (right and left);
  • connecting elements (nuts, washers and bolts).

Also, do not forget to take into account the fact that the movement of the blades during work is counterclockwise. Be careful when assembling the module. any deviation in the design will lead to the fact that the axle balancing will be disturbed, the unit will be skidded to the side while working.

We also suggest reading the video, which explains in detail the process of assembling the tillers to the power tiller:

Homemade tillers for power tillers

Manufacturers offer different versions of tillers for power tillers. It is possible to use one set of cutters or purchase two different types of devices, changing them depending on soil conditions.

Some craftsmen prefer to use homemade products, which, if assembled correctly, will be no worse than the factory ones.

The main advantage of making a tiller yourself is that it can be adjusted to the specifics of your site.

Necessity and rules of sharpening during operation

The working surface of the knife will inevitably wear out during the work of the power tiller. To restore the cutting ability of the tool it must be periodically sharpened. The timing of the procedure is strictly individual. The wear rate of the blade depends on such moments:

  • the intensity of use of your power tiller;
  • The hardness of the cultivated soil;
  • The presence of plant roots or rocks in the ground;
  • the strength of the blade material.

Manufacturers of agricultural equipment supply cutters already with sharp blades. That is why it does not make sense to sharpen the blades when buying a power tiller. However, the procedure cannot be avoided if the machine is used intensively. To restore the sharpness of blades, you need an angle grinder (angle grinder or “angle grinder”) and a 12.5 cm diameter grinding wheel or diamond wheel. A sharpening machine can be used, but the size of the cutter and the curvature of the blades will not produce good results. If the blades are small, they can be sharpened with fine sandpaper.

Grind working edges at an angle of 45°. Remove the layer of metal on the side of the factory sharpening. Do not get too carried away with it: It is enough to grind 1-2 mm. You may need to restore the cutter’s cutting ability several times over the season, and excessive metal removal reduces the blade’s durability. In some cases the interval of sharpening is increased. it all depends on the intensity of use and type of cultivated soil.

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When using the cutter in wet soil, the surface of the blades must be thoroughly cleaned. Friction with the ground clears the surface of the metal from the oxide film and becomes chemically active. This process is accompanied by intense corrosion, which entails the formation of pits, chips, and micro cracks. To prevent such phenomena, the blades should be treated with special inhibitors or automotive oil.

Mounting the cutters on a single-axle tractor

To avoid injuries, dropping or damaging a unit, it is best to have a helper on hand when installing the cutters on a singleaxle tractor. Raise single axle tractor before beginning installation. It is possible to use improvised means as a support. If there are no such objects nearby. knock two planks crosswise in the middle. Support the handlebar with this design. Make sure the single axle tractor stands firmly. Then the wheels can be removed and the cutters fitted in their place.

In order to create a cutter to a motor-block with your own hands, it is necessary to stock up with the following tools and blanks:

  • metal tube (with a diameter of no more than 42 mm);
  • blanks for the cutter’s cutting elements (any unnecessary spare parts or pieces of metal will do. For example, you can use old car springs);
  • welding;
  • angle grinder.

Rototillers | Buying tips, maintenance and operation.

Adjust cutting elements to desired dimensions and sharpen if necessary. Then they must be welded to the tube in the appropriate order.

Specialists recommend not making milling machines with a diameter greater than 50 cm, as this will reduce the risk of her breakage during operation. Below is a detailed drawing for making a gooseneck cutter:

Don’t forget about safety precautions and recommended cutting techniques when using the power tillers. Power tillers should be above the ground before starting, and they should plunge slowly and smoothly into the soil.

Cutter classification

According to their location the tillers can be either side-mounted or mounted. Side mounted on both sides of a single-axle tractor, working from the drive shafts of the wheels. In fact, with this arrangement, these cutters replace the wheels and drive the machinery.

The second type is a power take-off shaft powered cutter, located at the rear of the machine and does not participate in the movement. Motor power tillers of Celina, Neva MB-1 and MB-2 brands, MTZ have exactly such a cutter arrangement.

By the design of blades there are two types of cutters. saber-shaped (active, standard) and the so-called goosefoot.

Active cutters

An active milling machine consists of a set of four powerful blades set at a 90° angle in relation to each other. There can be two or more such kits on one axle. The number of additional cutters, as well as the size of their blades, depends directly on the performance of the power tiller. Blades at this cutter in the form of curved strips, bent alternately in different directions. Their design and strength allow you to safely work virgin land, as well as areas where there are stones and roots.

How many different tillers for a power tiller?

Structurally, a soil tiller is a set of soil tillage blades placed on the rotary axis. Such a module consists of two parts, which are installed on the drive shafts of the wheels on either side of the power unit. Thanks to this arrangement, the single axle tractor is able to move independently during cultivation.

It is also possible to distinguish the type of power tillers with attached power tillers, the rotary motion of which is ensured by the PTO. The tiller is behind the power pack and does not participate in the pulling motion. MtZ, Neva, Proab, Sich, Agro power tillers are just made in different versions, with and without PTO.

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Active (saber-shaped)

Blade assemblies on such tillers consist of four cutting elements spaced 90˚ apart. There may be 2, 3 or more such blocks on one side of the drive. Number of blades and module width depend on the weight of the power tiller and its power.

IH 140 Rolling Cultivator set up

The blades are curved sections of high-strength alloyed steel. For self-made cutters with thermal treatment and subsequent hardening it is recommended to use spring steel 50ХГФА. The bends in the knives have alternating directions.

Active tiller design allows one to cultivate areas with stones and roots without risk to break blades. But it is reasonable to use this type of equipment on light soils.

“Goose legs”

cutting elements of such milling machines are made as a triangle from strong steel, located at the end of the stand. This arrangement is the reason for the extravagant name.

As with active power tillers, the width and number of shear blocks depends on the weight and power of the power tiller. Number of cutting elements arranged on a circle in the blade unit, 4 or more. blades means better quality of soil shredding, but the power of the power plant needs more power.

These types of tillers are designed for tillage of heavy soils and virgin lands. The presence of ramified root systems in soil leads to frequent blocking of the module.

Both tillage machines have their advantages and disadvantages. When selecting the option for self-made machines you must take into account the soil structure, the degree of milling required, the layout and the power of the power unit, the complexity and the manufacturing method.

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assemble, cultivator, single, axle

Useful tips

To optimize the machine’s workload and service life, the tilling width is adjusted by changing the number of share points.

The depth of the working depth can be adjusted with the depth guidance of the opener blade. It does all the work, no force is needed on the single-axle tractor. The handlebar is pressed slightly to the ground, the coulter enters the soil more strongly and brakes the machine, thereby increasing the depth of cultivation.

To avoid the gearbox getting caught in the uncultivated ground, the machine is rocked back and forth a little.

assemble, cultivator, single, axle

When working with the cultivator, the user should keep his or her back straight and the hands at waist level. Such a body position contributes to a longer operation of the machine and will not harm your health.

If the blades become dull after prolonged use, they must be resharpened with an angle grinder. Self-sharpening blades for easy operation. The soil type has a large influence on the cutting edges. When the soil is wet or heavy the blades wear out more quickly.

For more comfortable work and high-quality cultivation of the ground, the rotational speed of the cutter for the cantilever motoblock should reach 275 rpm, the cultivator. 140 rpm.

If the mechanized equipment works poorly with the tiller, it is necessary to find out the cause of the malfunction and eliminate it in a timely manner. If it is impossible to carry out repairs seek help from specialists.

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