How much oil do you need in a single axle tractor??
You should fill between 1.5 and 2.5 liters. it’s best to check with your masters. Always check with your tractor’s dipstick. or better yet, check with your dipstick. Go from about two liters. For a single-axle, 8-horsepower tractor: 1.5 l, 10 l.
For 4-stroke engines of power tillers, cultivators and other garden equipment oil marked Sae-30, having high viscosity and intended for summer use, are perfectly suitable.
How much oil to fill in the engine of a single axle tractor
To make a single–axle tractor work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil is the key factor that keeps the engine running. What oil to fill in the engine motobloka try to understand on this page of the site.
The engine manufacturer’s recommendations for your power tiller is the best recommendations for your oil. Therefore, let’s get acquainted with the instructions of the main manufacturers of engines for power tillers and give excerpts from the instructions.
The choice of engine oil, as well as any other kind of oil, depends on two basic parameters. the operating category and viscosity grade.
API Operational Category Classification (American Petroleum Institute). Read more here
SAE classification (Society of Automotive Engineers). Read more here
Winter. with letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these classifications are low viscosity and used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W
Summer. no letter symbol. Oils meeting these categories are high-viscosity and used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
multigrade. currently the most widespread oils are multigrade, used for both winter and summer applications.
These oils are indicated by a combination of winter and summer types: 5W-30, 10W-40
Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscosity) in the winter and a higher SAE number (more viscous) in the summer.
Multi viscosity oil has excellent seasonal and temperature stability. For example, SAE 10W-30 is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures it is equivalent to SAE 10W in viscosity, and in operation has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.
Engine oil for power tillers, recommended by engine makers.
|Engine brand of your power tiller||Manufacturer’s recommended engine oil|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||SAE 10W-30. in moderate climates||SAE 5W-30. in cold regions||Automotive engine oil; grade SE or higher (SG,SH or SJ recommended)|
|Honda||SAE 10W-30 oil is recommended at all temperatures. If you want to use seasonal oil, choose an oil with a suitable viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area||SG, SF.|
|Briggs Stratton||Briggs Stratton recommends synthetic oil when operating at temperatures below 0°C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use non-synthetic oil Briggs Stratton 10W-30 part number 998208 Note: Synthetic oil that meets ILSAC GF-2, API certification mark and API service symbol with “SJ/CF ENERGY CONSERVING” or higher can be used at all temperatures. Change the synthetic oil according to the normal schedule. Air-cooled engines heat up faster than car engines. Use non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) for all-season use.д.) at temperatures above 4°C will lead to high oil consumption. If this oil is used, the oil level should be checked more frequently.||SF, SG, SH, SJ or higher|
|DM-1-01 (JSC Kaluga engine)||M63/12G1 or M53/10G1 GOST 10541-78, oil that meets the requirements of API: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30|
|DM-1K Instruction of JSC “Krasny Oktyabr”||M10G, M12G TU 38.10148-85 M63/12G1 or M53/10G1 GOST 10541-78,|
|Cascade MB-6||Motor oil M-5z/10G1, M-6z/12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with recommendations for usage at different ambient temperatures. Mineral and synthetic oils must not be mixed. )|
How to change oil in the gearbox by yourself
This procedure is as important for the gearbox as the regularity of the above procedure. The process is almost the same as replacing the lubricant in the motor and is a sequence of actions:
- place the appliance on a flat surface;
- place a suitable container underneath the oil drain plug and open it carefully;
- wait until all the old product has drained out;
- close the drain and open the filler plug;
- put a watering can in it, pour the product in a volume of about 2 liters;
- Using a feeler gauge (a 70 cm long wire bent in an arc), check the level. it must be over 30 cm.
Intensive use will require replacement after 50 hours of operation.
6×4 or 6×2 – What’s the right axle configuration for your truck?
Important! Car oil should not be used for agricultural machinery, regardless of whether it runs on a diesel or gasoline engine. The equipment motor differs from the vehicle motor in design, temperature rating, and some other characteristics.
Most modern power tillers (you can study the rating of power tillers in this article) are equipped with four-stroke gasoline engines that do not have an oil pump in their design.
The lower connecting rod head, which is a plain bearing, is lubricated by scooping oil from a special projection on the lower connecting rod cap, the crankshaft main bearings, timing gear and piston group are lubricated by the splashing action.
Also these engines have unstable temperature ratings due to air cooling.
For more on the 4-stroke engine, see
Thus, engine oil for 4-stroke engines of motor blocks must meet the following requirements:
- Low kinematic viscosity over a large temperature range is needed to avoid oil starvation when the engine is warmed up to operating temperature.
- The use of viscous oils in engines that do not have pressure lubrication can lead to scoring on the surface of the crank pin with the subsequent buildup of metal in this area and jamming of the engine.
- Stable composition of antifriction and extreme pressure additives allows the oil to retain its properties during regular heating-cooling cycles during operation of the power tiller.
- High oil film strength is necessary to protect the cylinder piston group from scuffing when the engine is overheated during heavy-duty, hot-weather operation.
- The detergency provided by the appropriate additive package should inhibit sludge and lacquer buildup in the engine sump and on the oil-wetted surfaces.
- Low coking is relevant for air-cooled engines, because the oil that enters the piston ring area is heated to a temperature of 270-300 degrees in that area.
- Carbon deposits will lead to a loss of piston ring mobility and a reduction in compression and simultaneously to excessive oil consumption.
On the basis of these requirements it is possible to describe the technical requirements that the oil for 4-stroke motoblock engines must meet, as follows:
- SAE high-temperature viscosity grade not exceeding 30 in moderate climates, 40 in hot climates. Low-temperature viscosity index. not more than 10W. These requirements are met by common oils of types 10W30, 5W30, 0W30, 5W40, 10W40 (the last two at temperatures of 30 degrees or more).
- Purely summer variants. SAE 30, SAE 40. Carefully read the specifications of oils: a number of specialized oils for garden equipment with a viscosity 5W30 designed exclusively for winter use.
- Base oil: synthetic or semi-synthetic, since there are practically no mineral oils in these viscosity ranges. They are also much less stable than synthetic and semi-synthetic oils.
- A number of lubricant manufacturers have special lines of oils for garden equipment, mineral-based, in this case the cheapness has a downside in the form of the need for frequent replacement.
- Quality grade according to API (a complex parameter defining anti-friction, extreme pressure and detergency properties of engine oil, as well as many other parameters) no lower than SG.
One should understand that all requirements to motor oils for Caiman, Texas, Proab, VIKING, Sadko, Don, Profi, Carver and Husqvarna motor blocks are met by common car oils, the only difference may be its consumption and amount of the soot deposited during long-term operation in the air-cooled engine.
For this reason, although this material deals with specialized lubricants, you can always use automotive engine oils that meet the described requirements if you cannot purchase them.
Technical characteristics of MKM-3 LANDER with Robin-Subaru and Honda engines
|LANDER single axle tractor||MKM-3-C6||MKM-3-C7||MKM-3-GX-200|
|Engine||Robin-Subaru EX17D PREMIUM||Robin-Subaru EX21D PREMIUM||Honda GX200|
|Power||6,0 л.с.||7,0 л.с.||6,5 л.с.|
|Working volume||169 cm3||198 cm3||198 cm3|
|Clutch Mechanism||mechanical, through tension of V-belt transmission|
|Gear lubrication||oil spraying in gearbox housing|
|gear oil||TAD-1711 GOST 23652-79. Oil can be changed to SAE 90, SAE 75W/90 according to API GL-4, GL-5 classification.|
|Gearbox oil volume||Filling volume.1 liter|
|Number of gears||2/1||2/1||2/1|
|Tank capacity||3,6 л||3,6 л||3,0 л|
|Dimensions, cm||155 x 73 x 130|
|Cultivation width, cm||up to 103|
|Working depth, mm||up to 300|
|Soil cultivation mechanism:||Cultivator set|
|largest diameter, mm||340|
|working width, mm||Mechanical Weight, mechanical, due to V-belt tensioning 730 (2 additional cultivator sections may be added, which would result in cultivation width of 1030 mm)|
|processing depth, mm||170|
|Tire pressure, kgf/cm.sq||2,1|
|Wheels||pneumatic tires 4.00-8 (4,00-10 is acceptable)|
|Turning radius, m||1,3|
|Ground clearance, mm||115|
|Tolerable angle of transverse stability, deg.||15|
|Tilt angle, deg.||15|
|Maximal speed, km/hour|
|Belt type||А 1040|
|Engine||BriggsStratton M106200 (USA)||BriggsStratton Vanguard (USA)||Dinking DK168F-1(China)|
|Power||6,0 л.с.||6,5 л.с.||6,5 л.с.|
|Working volume||186 cm3||205 cm3||198 cm3|
|Number of gears||2/1||2/1||2/1|
|Tank Capacity||3,8 л||3,8 л||3,0 л|
|Dimensions, cm||155 x 73 x 130|
|Cultivation width, cm||up to 103|
|Working depth, mm||up to 300|
Gearbox. multistage gear. Gearbox filled with oil. TAD-171 GOST 23652-79. Oil change to SAE 90, SAE 75W/90 according to API GL-4, GL-5 classification. Fill quantity.1 liter.
Official site of the manufacturer of motor blocks MKM-3 Lander (LANDER) Of all the manufacturers of Russian motor blocks Mobil. K has the best official site. Where detailed product descriptions, instructions, photos, spare parts catalogs are available.
Oil to a reducer of a Salyut tractor unit
|Oil to be poured into gearbox of Salyut-5, 100||TM-5-18 (TAD-17I)|
|Amount of oil to fill in a gearbox of a power tiller, l||1,1|
|Frequency of oil change||First time every 25 hours, then every 100 hours,|
Fill the gearbox through the oil filler hole in the gearbox. A gearbox must be filled with 1.1 liter of TM-5-18 (TAD-17I) oil, check the level with a dipstick.
To prevent leakage of oil from the gearbox, engine crankcase and fuel from the engine fuel tank, the single-axle tractor should be installed on the vehicle in the normal operating position when transporting.
WARNING! Before each operation, check the engine oil level as specified in the “Engine Operator’s Manual”. Pay special attention to the safety precautions for starting the engine as indicated in the “Engine Owner’s Manual”. Do not work with closed or half-open air shutter on your power tool.
Maintenance performed after the first 25 hours of operation:
Work after every 100 hours of operation:
Checking and filling up the oil in the gearbox of your Salyut
WARNING! Change the oil and check the oil level in the gearbox of your power tiller only when the engine is stopped!
Fill oil in the gearbox of your power tiller through the oil filler hole in the gearbox. Check the oil level in the gearbox of your Moto-Block as follows:
How to prepare your power tiller for winter storage
Important question for cultivator owners: How to prepare the machine for winter “rest. The room in which your cultivator will winter should not be dusty or moist. To prepare the machine for an extended idle time, it is necessary to perform a preservation procedure. All work should be done with the engine cold.
Not only should you conserve your power tiller before the winter, but also when the machine will not be used for a long time.
Dumping the fuel
Try to exhaust the fuel as much as possible beforehand, the remaining fuel must be drained from the tank and carburetor. For this purpose, most models have a special drainage bolt or plug. Unscrew it, put some container of fuel under the carburetor and open the fuel lever. When the petrol has been drained you need to close the hole and the fuel lever. In fresh air, you need to make a test run of the engine to make sure that there is no fuel left in the carburetor. Allow the lawn trimmer to idle until it stops, in this way you prevent the accumulation of tar, which can cause poor starting or damage to the machine.
Old fuel that has been stored for more than 30 days is unfit for use. Gasoline oxidizes, increases tar in it. Cultivator carburetor may be clogged if not drained of gasoline for more than a month.
IH 444 Fliuds change
Also, if necessary, an oil change can be performed.
Replace the plug
On most models of power tillers you need to unscrew the spark plug. It is necessary to assess its condition and in case of failure. Replace. To do this, disconnect the cap, and clean the dirt around the spark plug. Use a spark plug wrench to unscrew the part and carefully inspect. Note the gap between the electrodes. The appearance indicates not only the serviceability of the plug itself, but also the operation of the engine of the unit. If the electrode is covered with velvety black fouling, replace it. Usually manufacturers specify the recommended models of plugs in the manual. Failure of this element can lead to increased fuel consumption, loss of power, difficulty starting, etc.
A normally working spark plug has an electrode gap of 0.7. 0.8 mm. Electrode is light brown with minimal deposits and carbon build-up. No trace of oil.
Black carbon deposits and traces of unburned oil or fuel can indicate an engine malfunction.
Lubricate the shaft
After unscrewing the spark plug, pour about a tablespoon of engine oil into the cylinder. Slowly pull starter handle until resistance, so you rotate the crankshaft and lubricate the piston rings. At the same time you will close the engine intake and exhaust valves, protecting the interior of the engine from corrosion.
Tip: You can use a 10-20 ml syringe to fill the oil in the cylinder more easily.
Your cultivator needs to be in good condition. Inspect it thoroughly. Clean the cutters of dirt and grass residue, lubricate them. If the paint has peeled off in some places, it must be removed and these places must be greased. Lubricate all visible controls: levers and cables. Clean the air filter. To save space in the garage, you can remove the cutters and fold down the handles.
Now your cultivator is fully ready for a well-deserved rest and will look forward to the new season!
Changing the working fluid is similar to the same process with the motor.
All steps are simple and effortless:
- provide a level surface for the machine;
- unscrew top filler cap;
- place a suitable container under the drain hole and slowly unscrew the cap;
- The working liquid will drain itself, wait about 10 minutes;
- screw on the drain cap and open the filler plug by inserting a watering can into it;
- pour in about 2 liters of working fluid;
- use a feeler gauge to check the level, it must be more than 30 cm.
Reference. Heavy use will require replacing after 50 hours of operation.
Proper maintenance and use of your power tiller or cultivator helps to extend the service life and improve the machine’s performance.
Gearbox of power tiller. one of the most important elements of design. What oil to fill in the gearbox of motoblock or cultivator, and the frequency of its replacement, the volume of. this information, which is necessary to know for every owner of such equipment.
The most reliable recommendations are those offered by manufacturers of motor vehicles. Let’s turn to the user manuals for the well-known brands and try to summarize the data.
|Power tiller brand||Gearbox oil for power tillers|
|Neva MB-2||Transmission oil TEP-15 (-5°C to 35°C) GOST 23652-79, TM-5 (-5°C to.25°C) GOST 17479.According to the international classification system of motor oils by viscosity SAE90 API GI-2 and SAE90 API GI-5 accordingly. Fill quantity l., 2,2|
|Neva MB-1||GOST 23652-79 transmission oil (TAD-17I, TAP-15V and others).).|
|MKM-3 Mobil-K (lander)||TAD-1711 GOST 23652-79. It is allowed to change the oil to SAE 90, SAE 75W/90 according to API GL-4, GL-5 classification. Fill quantity 1 liter|
|Salute 5 Salute 100||TM 5-18 (TAD17I)|
|Belarus 08H-09N||In summer (above 5°C) Engine oils: M-10B2 or M-10G2 GOST 8581 (back-up. M-BZ/10V GOST 10541) In winter (below plus 5 degrees Celsius) M-8G2, GOST 8581 engine oil (back-up. Motor oil M-4z/6V1 GOST 10541)|
|MTZ.05||M-8B1, M-8B1, M-8G1, by GOST 10541-78|
|Cascade MB6 Cascade MB6-62||GOST 23652-79 GOST 23652-79 gear oil or MS-20 GOST 23652-79 aviation oil|
|Ugra NMB-1||TSp-10 GOST 23652-79 or any other gear oil, corresponding to SAE: 8085W API: GL3GL4|
|Oka MB-1D1(2)M||Transmission oil TAD-17I, TAP-15V and others according to GOST 23652-79|
|Celina MB||At the manufacturer your single axle tractor is filled with gear oil “RAVENOL” EXP SAE 80W-90 API GL-5 It is possible to use gear oils SAE 90 GL-5|
|Tarpan||gear oil TAD-17I or analogues of class SAE 90 SAE 75W/90 API categories GL-4, GL-5.|
|Favorit MB. 3, MB. 4, MB. 5||TAD-17i or MS-20|
|Motor Sich||TAD17I, TAP-15B, TEP-15, TSp-15K, TSl-14 oil according to GOST 23652|
|Vario||Oil in Vario transmission should be changed every 2 years or every 100 hours using 80W90|
|Patriot Garden||85W90 oil|
|Zubr||TAP 15 recommended oil|
All data is taken from the manuals for power tillers and in the table are cited or exact extracts from these user manuals. All instructions are available for download on the Pahalka website page “Manuals for power tillers” or on the power tiller data pages
Not only the oil grade is important for the gearbox, but also the service intervals. A few recommendations on how often and how to change the oil in your motoblock gearbox from leading manufacturers:
|Power block brand||Manufacturer’s recommendations for frequency of oil changes in the gearbox of your motor-block|
|Favorit (ZiD)||Change the oil in the engine and gearbox of your walking tractor after the first 25 hours of operation.Change oil in engine and tractor gearboxes after every 250 hours of operation.It is recommended to change oil immediately after work, t.е. when the oil is still warm. Drain the oil via the oil drain plug. Fill in fresh oil through the oil fill hole.|
|Celina||Perform the first oil change after 50 hours, subsequent changes. Every 200 operating hours|
|Ugra, Oka (Kadvi)||Change oil every 100 hours of operation if serviced dailyReplace oil every 100 hours of operation if serviced once a year|
|Agat||Change oil every 100 operating hours|
|Belarus 08H-09H (MTZ)||every 250 operating hours|
|Vario||Change oil every 2 years or every 100 hours|
|Neva||SERVICE REFRIGERANT AFTER EACH 100 HOURS USE (excl. engine). Change the oil immediately after the engine has been in operation:1. Stand the single axle tractor upright.2. Place a container with a minimum of 3 liters under the gear unit.3. Remove the breather plug, clean any dirt.4. Remove the oil drain screw, drain the oil out of the gear unit.5. After having drained the oil, replace the oil drain screw and gasket, tighten the screw. Dispose of the oil at a used oil collection point.6. Fill in 2.2 l fresh gear oil of the appropriate operating temperature via the breather plug.7. Screw in the breather plug.8. Clean any dirt from the drive belt tensioning lever axle and bushing.9. Lubricate the axle of belt drive lever and bushings with engine oil.10. Check the clutch for proper function, tension the drive belt.11. Lubricate the clutch cable.12. Lubricate the cable of the wheel axle release mechanism by putting a few drops of any engine oil in the gap between the cable and the sheath on the lever side.|