HARTOG COMMITTEE REPORT, The Government of India Act of did not satisfy the Indian people. In order to satisfy the Indian people it was felt. on constitutional reforms was to be appointed in But owing to the tary education. The auxiliary Committee popularly known as the Hartog Committee. formation of the Simon Commission in and the appointment of the Hartog Committee in alongwith its recommendations on Primary, Secondary.

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It pointed out various defects of primary education and laid emphasis on developing primary schools into a community centre. The curriculum of primary schools should be liberalised. It made recommendations in regard to primary secondary, higher and also some other aspects of education. Regarding women education the committee recommended that equal importance should be given to the education of boys and girls; more primary schools for girls should be established, curriculum should include hygiene, home science and music in secondary schools and greater attention should be paid towards the training of women for teaching jobs.

The women, the Muslims and the backward classes had also awakened and there had been rapid progress in the numbers.

On settling in London Hartog devoted much time and thought to the place of examinations in the education system. We will committeee with an assessment and evaluation of the recommendations of the committee and its result. Primary education should be made compulsory, but there should be no hurry about it.


It should be based on the needs and conditions of village life.

Notes for UPSC: Hartog Committee

Now we will discuss the recommendations of the Hartog Committee regarding primary education. But the universities have failed to produce leaders of society both from the qualitative and quantitative points of view.

Discuss the problem of wastage in Primary Education as raised by Hartog Committee. Recommendations on Primary Education.

haartog These were called reserved and transferred respectively. Give an account of the educational development during and With these ideas in view, the Committee presented a committse report. People wanted an education policy which could lead to the increase in the rate of literacy. The recommendations of the committee regarding primary education were important and well thought out.

As a result of the report of the Hartog Committee the quality of primary education improved but the quantitative expansion suffered badly.

This involved the waste of time, effort and money of the pupils. It greatly influenced the educational policy of the Government conmittee was consolidation rather than expansion prior to independence. It stresses only on a few major defects and suggests some remedies. In ,Edwin Montaque, the Secretary of State for India had announced in the British Parliament that the goal of the British policy hargog the progressive realisation of responsible Governance in India.

Hartog committee recommended that the Harijans should receive education along with other caste Hindus and not in separate schools. He had also been a vice-Chancellor of the Dacca University in Therefore, the salaries and service conditions of the teachers should be improved so as to attract really capable persons into the job. Hartog was a member of the commission under the late Sir Michael Sadler on Calcutta University which was appointed in and issued a voluminous report in Therefore, before making the recommendations, the committee pointed out the major defects of the existing system of primary education quite convincingly.


It had no other purpose before it.

Hartog Committee Report, 1929

Due to the growth of secondary education higher education also developed. Education under Diarchy 3.

The report of the Committee holds a unique position in the history of Indian education. The Hartog committee had concentrated committtee attention more on primary and secondary education and less on university education. Some special institutions like Shantiniketan founded by Rabindra Nath Tagore were also established.

Philip Hartog

The committee felt that there was unhealthy competition among the universities. The idea of compulsory primary education was sidetracked. Calcutta University Commission, This led to an unbalanced growth in the field of education.

Hartog received the honours of the Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire and Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in the hartob of his retirement in reward for his services.

Students were attracted towards higher education.