I send you a good paper that prove my transformation and my quantization of gravity is completely right and agreed completely also with Hafele-Keating. The Hafele–Keating experiment was a test of the theory of relativity. In October , Joseph C. Hafele, a physicist, and Richard E. Keating, an. I teach physics, and I love the Hafele-Keating experiment as a way to introduce relativity. Because the experiment has a lot of charisma, it’s cool to be able to.

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The predicted value of ns for the westward flight of In the Hafele—Keating experiment, there was a slight increase in gravitational potential due to altitude that tended to speed the clocks back up. However, this is tantamount to establishing the ECI frame as a preferred reference frame for motion above all others.

I would be grateful to anyone who could e-mail me with any of the following: In a frame of reference in which keaging clock is not at rest, the clock runs more slowly, as expressed by the Lorentz factor. We have two optical setups on a table, both perfectly stationary with respect to the laboratory observer.

Since the Hafele—Keating experiment has been reproduced by increasingly accurate methods, there has been a consensus among physicists since at least the s that the relativistic predictions of gravitational and kinematic effects on time have been conclusively verified.

Article in Google Books. This is similar to the situation of Fig.

Historical photos and information about the Hafele-Keating experiment

Hafele, an assistant professor of physics at Washington University in St. Hartle says, “A correct picture of Hafele and Keating [the one shown above] on their initial flight is below. Tests of special relativity. I don’t know the copyright status of this photo.


Hafele–Keating experiment

Only a preliminary analysis of the scientific hafrle is presented, and the focus is mainly on the performance of the clocks. In the course of digging up the photos, I ended up compiling some other links and information. Performance and results of portable clocks in aircraft PDF. The following description would seem to be implied from the explanation of Hafele, Keating and Builder.

Hafele–Keating experiment – Wikipedia

In Hafele and Keating’s experiment, they flew cesium clocks around the world in opposite directions near the equator, and then measured how much time they have gained or lost when they return to the start point as compared to a stationary cesium clock to which they were originally synchronized. For the path on the right, something more interesting happens.

There is a web site and mailing list Time Nuts for people who do high-precision timing experiments for fun, and they have a museum with old photos and documentation. Let’s place such an observer on the earth shown with the green loop.

Relative inertial frames of reference existed only to the extent that we hafeel not detect their rotation — now that we bafele routinely detect diurnal rotation in our optical instruments and clocks, can we really say keaitng a purely inertial frame of reference still exists independent of the non-rotating universe? Il Nuovo Cimento B. If an argument is going to be made that a speed of light test is invalid because the frame is rotating, or the observer is rotating, then we have to discard all speed of light tests to date since every place that humans have performed a test on the earth or in near space have always been experiencing some form of rotation, either diurnal or orbital, which in modern times has become readily visible.


Thence we hafeele that a balance-clock at the equator must go more slowly, by a very small amount, than a precisely similar clock situated at one of the poles under otherwise identical conditions. In this experiment, both gravitational time dilation and kinematic time dilation are significant – and are in fact of comparable magnitude. If the beam goes clockwise, the light beam will be measured to have exceeded the speed of light!

Naval Observatory, then hafeld is a public-domain product of the U. A beam of light is emitted in a pulse from each source and the light follows the paths shown in red, returning to the detectors where the propagation speed in calculated based on the elapsed time and the path distance.

Proceedings of 33rd Annual Symposium on Frequency Control: Modern searches for Lorentz violation Hughes—Drever experiment Trouton—Noble keahing Experiments of Rayleigh and Brace Trouton—Rankine experiment Antimatter tests of Lorentz violation Lorentz-violating neutrino oscillations Lorentz-violating electrodynamics. Space, Time, Matter and Cosmology 3rd, illustrated ed.

Did Hafele and Keating Prove Einstein Wrong?

The Hafele—Keating experiment was a test of the theory of relativity. This effect has been confirmed in many tests of general relativitysuch as the Pound—Rebka experiment and Gravity Probe A. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

If their keeating were truly “relative”, then by the rules of SR both should arrive back at the starting point having experienced the same amount of time dilation in the same direction.