Making a gasoline generator yourself
If there is time, and, most importantly, the desire, you can make a gasoline generator with your own hands. How to proceed, what is needed? Let us tell you more about.
Thus, to make a gasoline generator you need: a gasoline engine, an alternator and an inverter, to convert the voltage.
For a homemade generator, an engine from a lawnmower, motorcycle or car can be used.
Nowadays there is a wide range of generators. The best solution is to choose a car generator that produces 24 V and 12 V. In favor of this choice is the presence of an already integrated voltage regulator.
It is worth paying attention to the inconsistency of a low-powered motor with a car alternator. It is designed to work with a powerful automobile motor.
An alternator with electromagnetic excitation will produce current at low speeds when operating a small motor. The engine at such revolutions does not gain enough power and therefore it glows. To avoid this it is necessary by balancing the excitation coil to make the recoil current smaller.
Some experts as a voltage converter unit make do with an uninterruptible power supply, which can be taken from office equipment. It is possible to use the system unit from a computer.
In addition to the parts listed above, you will also need:
Elements of the gasoline generator are attached to the car tire. Fasten them very firmly, because when the unit is running, there can be strong vibrations. By installing a muffler, it is possible to reduce the noise level of the gasoline generator. It will also keep the exhaust from spreading.
Recommendations for use
If you follow the simple rules of operation of the equipment, it will function steadily and for a long time:
- Before switching on, make sure that the equipment is in good working order and is airtight;
- All components must be securely fastened, otherwise the unit will quickly fail due to vibration;
- You need to check the oil level and the quality of the gasoline;
- The air filter must be cleaned regularly;
- Proper load adjustment is necessary.
A diagram of an alternator
Assemble the necessary components, tools
Of the tools we will need:
- Drill or electric screwdriver drill bit and Phillips screwdriver;
- Circular saw or jigsaw (for fans of manual labor a hacksaw will do);
- Screwdrivers, pliers, a painter’s knife or scissors;
- Angle, tape measure.
Types of power generators
Usually a homemade generator at home is made on the basis of an asynchronous motor, magnetic, steam, wood-fired.
Variant #1. asynchronous alternator
The device will be able to produce a voltage of 220-380 V, based on the indicators of the selected motor.
To assemble such a generator you only need to run an asynchronous motor, connecting the capacitors to the windings.
Asynchronous motor-based generator is self-synchronizing, starts the rotor windings with a constant magnetic field.
If the rotor is squirrel cage type, the windings are excited by the residual magnetization force.
Option #2. device on magnets
Collector, stepper (synchronous brushless) motor and others are suitable for a magnetic oscillator.
To assemble the magnets are mounted on a rotating axis and fitted into a rectangular coil. The last one generates an electrostatic field by rotating magnets.
Option #3. steam generator
For a steam generator a furnace with a water circuit is used. The device works due to the thermal energy of steam and turbine blades.
It is a closed system with a massive non-mobile unit that requires control and a cooling circuit to turn steam into water.
Powering my ENTIRE HOME with a Gas Generator
Option #4. wood-fired device
For a generator using wood, stoves are used, including camping stoves. Peltier elements are attached to the walls of the furnaces and the structure is placed in the radiator shell.
The principle of the generator is as follows: by heating the surface of the conductor plates on one side, the other is cooled.
An electric current appears at the poles of the plates. The largest difference between the temperatures of the plates provides the generator with maximum power.
The unit is more operable in sub-zero temperatures.
When making the device at home all parts of the design should be firmly attached to the base, which can be used as an old tire or welded frame. Strong attachment is necessary to prevent strong vibrations during the operation of the installation. Noise isolation is ensured by the installation of a silencer. Further assembly is:
- The connection of the pulleys of both engines with a belt drive;
- the bolt that controls the number of revolutions;
- Attaching the capacitors to the external winding.
The gasoline generator with their own hands
Pluses and minuses of home-made electric generators
If you have a talent for creating various techniques with your own hands, you can easily turn an ordinary chainsaw into a truly multifunctional piece of equipment.
Practice shows that the generator from an old chainsaw, self-made, is an excellent option for the private household. The advantages of an electric generator, assembled with their own hands, appreciated by many owners of country plots, where there is no centralized power supply. Namely:
- Hermetic, so such a unit can be used in almost all positions, without the risk of damage or rapid deterioration of the equipment;
- An opportunity to realize your own talent as a designer and technician, to demonstrate your ingenuity and resourcefulness to others;
- Affordable cost and a minimum of material costs compared to the factory device, the acquisition of which will cost a decent amount of money. Such reasonable savings will cause your friends and relatives;
- Easy management and problem-free operation of the device in the conditions of a cottage plot or a private farm;
- High productivity and reliability of the work, subject to compliance with the instructions for work and the scheme of assembling the unit. It will provide electricity to a house that is located in an area remote from the power grid, as well as household appliances in it.
Now, let’s talk about the disadvantages of such a device for 220 watts. It is one: the complex nature of the assembly of equipment with their own hands. If you do not have the appropriate skills, knowledge, you will be quite problematic to cope without the tips of an experienced master.
reverse voltage : 50 to 100 V or higher forward current of 5 to 10A, with a voltage drop of 1 to 1.5 V diode.
Many motorists are faced with such a concept as low voltage in the network. The culprit of the situation was the generator, which produced an insufficient amount of current. Is there any way to increase the voltage output of the unit? How to increase the power of the generator without damaging the circuit and the overall system.
Myself-made gasoline generator with his own hands features of performance
Quite often there are problems with power supply in remote settlements from the city, including dachas. Therefore, many owners begin to think of alternative ways for home use. One of these is a device for converting and storing electricity. a gasoline generator. It is not difficult to make it with your own hands. Different resources are used for recycling. It can be solar, wind, water, etc. The option is considered advantageous, in addition, it is based on a simple principle of operation.
Comparing the properties of models made by hand with the factory, there are some miscalculations. But even the most primitive home-made generator can help in a situation of complete power shortage. And in terms of cost can significantly save the family budget.
Lubricate regularly. Two types of lubricant are used. liquid and thick. Fluid grease is for bearings and rapidly rotating parts. Thick grease is usually used on auxiliary units. It is also necessary to add high-quality engine oil to gasoline. this will ensure long-term engine operation. In addition, it is necessary to regularly keep the gasoline generator clean, remove the cover and clean out all the dust.
These and some other types of repairs can be classified as routine. Any owner can cope with them. Other types, such as adjusting the carburetor, replacing piston rings, rewinding the stator, flushing the fuel system, may require not only special knowledge, but also special tools.
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