Figured cutting on wood. Cutting of cardboard and paper

Laser cut plywood order

Leave a written request at any convenient time for you.

  • Plywood FK 2\2 (3, 4, 6, 8, 10 mm). Sheets 1525x1525mm
  • Fiberboard (4,6, 10 mm). Sheets 1400х2070mm (half board)
  • Plexiglass Xt transparent (4mm), white (3, 4mm), red (3mm)
  • ABS black 3mm
  • PET transparent 0.8mm, 0.3mm
  • Polystyrene (white 2mm, black 3mm, mirror 1).2mm)
  • Corrugated cardboard T23, T24 (brown/white). Sheets 1800h1000mm.
  • Microcorrugated cardboard T11 (brown/white)
  • Folding cardboard (1,25 mm, 2 mm)
  • 1000x1400mm foam board (5mm black/white, 10mm white). Sheets 1000x1400mm
  • PVC (white 4mm)
  • Engraving plastic 1200х600х1,3 ABS mirror (gold, silver)

The total cost of laser cutting and engraving on your model depends on the following factors:

  • one meter cut (sum of all curve lengths in the layout);
  • material;
  • Layout readiness (model preparation, error correction, vector drawing based on your sketch. starting from 300rub.);
  • Complexity of the cut (small or oversized details, fine lines, complex patterns, etc.). д. Can significantly increase the final cost);
  • deadlines
  • finished product packaging

Cutting with the jigsaw

It is undoubtedly the most popular tool today. Professionals and craftsmen at home value it above all for its versatility. With its low weight and small dimensions, it perfectly copes with curved, cross and longitudinal cutting of sheet wood. Able to make curved and straight cuts, rectangular holes and round holes of different diameters.

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Electric jigsaws are available for household and professional use. Home models are low-powered, but for domestic use their resources and functionality is enough. They can perform cutting of wooden workpieces up to 70 mm thick. Total time of use. not more than 20 hours per month. They are mainly made in Poland and China, but there is a compromise Hungarian version. an inexpensive functional Bosch PST 700 E Compact.

The requirements for professional models are more serious. Therefore, these tools are usually made by brand companies in Japan, Sweden and Germany. They are high-performance and heavily loaded, cutting wood up to 135 mm thick.

Saw blades or saw blades for jigsaws differ in size, teeth, color, shape of the tail and, of course, the material from which they are made. For working with wood, HCS (carbon steel) blades are used.

How laser cutting of materials is done?

Laser cutting materials are cut with different equipment. Our product range includes machines that are capable of generating a clot of energy with oxygen or a mixture of argon and nitrogen. The choice of equipment depends on the type of material that needs to be cut. Lasers can cut through metal and other materials between 0.2 and 40 mm thick. In the process, the beam impacts the workpiece:

The result is a workpiece that has smooth and unmolten edges. No additional machining required. Note: Also, equipment that focuses the laser beam with a garnet, ruby, or neodymium glass can be used as laser units. Mirror prisms focus the beam, capable of cutting copper, aluminum, and brass.

Let’s take apart the techniques of woodcarving with a router with their own hands

A popular art nowadays, wood carving, can also be done using this tool. There are many cutters, that is, working heads, for different purposes. Advanced craftsmen even make cutters or parts themselves. The main task when working with a handheld cutter is to learn how to operate it properly. If you master this tool, you can do any kind of artistic carving.

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How to learn to carve wood with a hand router: tips and ideas for beginners

In order to learn how to carve on pre-prepared wood with a router with your own hands, you can enroll in thematic courses. However, not everyone has the time and desire to attend them. For such people, there are many video tutorials, when watching which you will get an idea of this skill.

Even before watching a video, it is important for beginners to carefully read the instructions on the use of their electric helper. There you can find a lot of practical tips on how to assemble the tool, set the depth of cut, what each cutter is for, read about the completeness of your router model, and learn what attachments you can buy additionally to achieve exactly your goals. Do not forget to look at the section on safety and technical specifications of the device.

After that you can begin the first small steps in the development of woodcarving skills with a router. These training steps are described below.

Carving or carving in wood.

To have a general idea of the training process, suffice it to say that most craftsmen begin by carving simple patterns from a template. You need to take a piece of wood and draw a sketch on it. A large selection is available on the Internet and in art books, in addition, looking at the photos of finished works with abstract ornaments, it is not difficult to copy these drawings with a pencil.

After the sketch is drawn on the log, you should set up the router so that it makes through cuts. Begin the work with the outer parts, and when the form is ready, it is necessary to cut holes, give the pattern openwork. If you cut out platbands or other elements of the house facade, it is necessary to take a cloth of hard wood. Coniferous species are good, as well as oak. For smaller, interior items, it is better to take a softer lime or birch.

Figured woodcarving by a hand router.

After mastering the through-carving technique, you can proceed to more complex elements. For example, after adjusting the depth of the cut, add a pattern to the finished casing, using V-shaped or other cutters. Not just flat figures look beautiful, but supplemented by notched carving or made in other techniques. Chamfers on flat or rounded surfaces of large diameters will look very nice.

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After training in these techniques, it is possible to take on more complex ones. With the help of a tuned cutter it is not difficult to make your first product in flat-relief technique. Such designs look amazingly beautiful on wall panels, caskets, and in addition, photos of furniture with carved elements make you look closely and consider the entire pattern.

figured, cutting, wood, cardboard

Hone the skill of owning a router and woodcarving

To achieve mastery in absolutely any business, constant practice is important. Even if the first time you get a little clumsy products, or do not work out at all, do not give up. Because with each time the cut will be obtained more even, the finish thinner, and the products more beautiful.

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Woodcarving with a router. a photo for inspiration.

Adjusting the milling depth

The average milling depth should be 4-6 mm. To check the appropriate depth use a trial workpiece, which can then be thrown out and correct inaccuracies installation. To adjust the depth, the tool is placed on a flat surface with the base lowered, and the cutter is lowered to the stop and secured. The depth gauge must stand on the zero marking. Adjust the depth gauge by setting the screw at the desired depth. Then the mill is lowered all the way down into the adjusting screw and held in position.

The most commonly used wood milling techniques are surface leveling, grooving, edge milling, and template work. Working on a template is most often used. This method consists in precise sliding of the copying bushing along the edge of the stencil. This way of working makes it much easier to make keyways, facing, shaped cutouts, cutting parts, making decorative elements. The template is made of plywood 8-12 mm thick. It is marked with a pattern and sawed out with an electric jigsaw. With the help of a template you can make any intricate pattern, carve small parts, copy the required number of identical fragments of the product. Milling on a fixed template is moved with high precision, which allows to reflect on the wooden surface of the desired result of high quality.

Edge routing can be performed both with and without the template. Straight edge milling cutters are used for this. Any even board longer than the workpiece can serve as a template. This is to exclude roughness around the edges.

To perform a shaped edge, it is necessary to prepare the surface. First of all, it is necessary to level the workpiece edge with a straight edge mill. Otherwise, it will repeat the curvature of the edge, on the edge of which the roller will move. After that it is necessary to make a template with the necessary pattern. It is fixed on the work surface and the contour is cut out. If you need to remove a large layer to get the desired pattern, use a jigsaw, and perform finishing work with a mill, otherwise it will quickly blunt.

With the help of a shaped (deburring) cutter it is possible to perform a longitudinal pattern on the wooden workpiece. This can be done with the help of a template or a special stop.

By learning the milling device and learning how to use it properly, you can greatly simplify and speed up carpentry work, while improving its quality. A wood carving, made by your own hands with a router, will decorate the interior and become an object of pride for the work done.

The carver’s workplace

Work with sharp tools should be done at a workbench that meets all stability and strength requirements. If there is no possibility to make such a workbench, a tabletop is sufficient. It can be any size, but the height should not be higher than the level of the carver’s waist.

The table top must always be smooth and clean. It is not uncommon for a knife to slip and hit the table while working. Jagged edges form and must be removed. Professionals always keep an eye on the condition of the workbench surface. They do not recommend hammering nails, chopping with an axe or throwing sharp tools on the workbench, since all this can damage the table top. Board on which the ornament is cut out, carefully secured with clamps. Working on your knees, on an unstable table or stool should be excluded.

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The working table for woodcarving must be well lit. You can set it near a window. But daylight is not enough.

If there is only one light source, you get dull, dark shadows that make it hard to carve cleanly. That’s why 2-3 more lights are installed above the table.

They should illuminate the work from different sides, especially if it is dark outside the window. The lamps should be placed above the carver’s eyes. Eye strain during work. Even experienced carvers notice this. The novice carver gets tired faster, and quality lighting can make working conditions comfortable and safe.

Types of wood for working with a laser machine

Almost any type of wood can be used with a laser system if the machine is properly calibrated. Some craftsmen prefer to work with soft woods like pine. Low laser power is appropriate for this type of material. Others like to use thicker woods like walnut, maple or birch. Powerful industrial laser engraving machines can etch harder materials: metals, stone.

When working with wood, other tools can be used to save time. The easiest of these are drill presses with replaceable tips. Stages of engraving with these tools provide:

  • The choice of material. It is better to work with hardwoods with a monolithic texture: alder, birch, beech, linden, etc. д. Hard and resinous woods like pine or oak are less suitable.
  • Sketch transfer. The drawing is transferred to the board with a simple pencil, shading the background of the picture.
  • contouring. Choose a round star auger for engraving. In this case, the diameter of the tool is better to take a small size. The depth of the outline can be varied independently: the greater it is, the stronger the ornament will protrude over the background. Thanks to this the artist can create realistic and three-dimensional patterns.
  • Engraving the Background. For its “hammering” use a boron of medium size. When engraving the background, it is important to ensure that the tool does not touch the pattern itself.
  • Sanding. Finishing step. Conducted with sandpaper of low abrasivity.

Wood carving for beginners from experienced wood carvers

Now consider in detail a master class for beginners on geometric carving. We will make an interesting edge on a pine, pre-primed board. It is not necessary to do this, but it is advisable, if you do not want sloppy breaks to form in the process of work.

Be careful when making wood carving, especially when using sharp tools! It is best to perform them while standing at the work table. But since this process is long, even physically strong craftsmen will “fall off” their loins, legs and necks at the end. This is why work is performed sitting down and only on the work surface! Do not put the workpiece on your feet or hands. One awkward movement, one tool slipping and injury is inevitable.

Stages of woodcarving

figured, cutting, wood, cardboard

The master will tell you more about cutting such a pattern in the video below.

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