Head flashlight with powerful batteries
If there is a power outage, then to work to get it back sometimes you have to and at night. Malfunctions also occur in hard-to-reach and poorly lit places. This is where a headlamp comes in handy. There are three variants: The lightest T6 costs from 447 USD in the basic version, while the L2 is stronger but costs more. from 596 USD. Price of the brightest V6 starts from 805 p.
You should select the flashlight depending on its intended purpose: for night work without any other light source it is better to choose V6, but in low light conditions L2 or T6 will be enough. I like the fact that the batteries are two powerful 18650 batteries.
the flashlight is comfortably fixed on the head with soft straps, I particularly like the fact that its position and angle of illumination can be adjusted as well as the range of light. This flashlight can be used in the rain.
Basic and professional tool kit for the electrician
To carry out any operations related to installation or repair of wiring, with its testing and determination of parameters, you need an electrician’s tool. Nowadays, the market offers a huge range of professional electrician‘s tools, the list of which includes various types, differing from each other in purpose. Not to mention shape, construction and so on.
As many operations exist in electrical installation, so many, in principle, are the tools. But among all this diversity is the so-called basic set of tools for electricians. It includes:
- a set of screwdrivers (including indicator screwdriver);
- A set of wrenches;
- a set of drills;
- pliers and side cutters;
- files (flat, round and triangular);
- two or three kinds of chisels;
- a knife.
For the home handyman, this electrician’s kit will be more than enough. Of course, you will also have to add a drill for drilling holes. Ideally, if you add to this list of tools the simplest multimeter and a device for finding hidden wiring.
But for a professional this list is not enough. To perform electrical installation at a high level, you need a wider range of tools.
Types and features of electrician’s tools
Electrical work, as well as the laying of electrical networks without the proper tools do not perform, so each electrician has his own set of tools and devices.
And sometimes a good electrician’s tool kit is not inferior in number to that of a car mechanic.
Types of tools
An electrician‘s tools can be divided into basic and auxiliary.
Also, tools can also be divided by type of use: electrical. an electrician uses them to check the networks, connect wires, install electrical appliances, and installation. with which the laying and installation of the electrical network is performed.
An electrician doesn’t have a lot of electrical tools and probes, but they should always be on hand.
Often, for this purpose, electricians use special belts with s for tools.
When laying networks, as well as the installation of electrical equipment, an electrician in addition to the above-mentioned tool may also need:
And these are just the tools and equipment that an electrician might need, but there are also consumables.
But so far we are only interested in tools and devices, and what they do.
Episode 42. APPRENTICE TOOLS. 13 Tools Apprentice Electricians Need To Have
So, a good electrician has several kinds of knives in his belt s. The first is an ordinary folding knife. It is used for different purposes. trimming, stripping, etc.д.
But the main one is the electrician’s knife, with a special shape of the blade.
In addition to its shape, its blade is sharpened on both sides, which allows you to clean the wiring in two directions. towards yourself and away from yourself.
Some types of electric knives have a special heel on the end of the blade.
Such a knife allows you to cut the insulation of the wire without possible damage to the inner insulation of the cores.
A third kind of knife that an electrician might have is a regular construction knife with interchangeable blades. It can be used, as well as an ordinary folding knife.
One of the electrician‘s basic tools are screwdrivers. Each specialist will have several kinds of screwdrivers, but they are all specialized electrical.
Their peculiarity is the improved protection. Usually such screwdrivers have a screwdriver tip covered with conductive material on top, and only the tip is bare.
Cross-head and flat-head screwdriver is a must. It is best to have several screwdrivers of different sizes.
Also, electricians use indicating screwdrivers, which, in addition to the ability to tighten and loosen screws, also allow you to check the presence of voltage in the wiring before starting work.
A simple indicator screwdriver has a diode light. If you touch the wire with the sting of a screwdriver, if there is voltage, the light will turn on.
Indicating screwdrivers with a display are more complicated. In addition to indicating whether voltage is present in the wires, this screwdriver displays the voltage volts.
Pliers, pliers and side cutters
Pliers, pliers, and wire cutters are also one of the most important tools for an electrician.
Pliers and combination pliers are useful for twisting wires, bending wires, holding wires when making connections, etc. д.
There are often blades on the jaws of the pliers that are sharpened to cut through the wire, but they are not often used, because the quality of the cut with the pliers is not good, and the edge of the wire is squeezed a little.
Pliers are better for cutting through wires. Their blades are shaped so you can make quality cuts without squeezing the cable edges.
Stripper. a special tool that allows you to quickly and efficiently remove the insulation from wires, while it does not damage the wiring strands.
Its use allows to perform assembling works much faster.
The following insulating materials are compulsory. Two types of such material are used by electricians. electrical tape and heat shrink.
Both of these types allow you to insulate the joints to prevent people from touching live exposed wires.
The tape can be woven (cotton, lavsanovye), impregnated with a special insulating glue based on raw rubber or polyvinylchloride (PVC), with an adhesive surface based on caoutchouc glue.
Shrink-wraps. tubes of insulating material of different diameters, which shrink and adhere to the connection surface due to high temperature.
Additional tools and materials
The toolkit for electricians includes items without which it is possible to change a burned-out bulb, but it is impossible to perform other tasks. Without duct tape and heat shrink tubing it is difficult, sometimes impossible, to install switches and sockets. These items are used to insulate wires where they are connected. Almost everyone knows what electrical tape is, but a heat shrink is a tube of plastic of different colors. Inside it has a material that sticks when heated.
The hammer is a universal tool, it is used by representatives of many professions. The electrician needs it for every step of the electrical installation process. You also need a tape measure to measure the length of wires. Special clothes and shoes are important for professionals: rubber gloves and boots, goggles, a uniform that protects against accidental contact with wires under current.
Often the conduct of installation and construction work causes the need to adjust the power or electrical equipment. Examples of such jobs are:
In order to perform this work is not associated with the highest level of risk of electric shock, they should be performed with a special tool, including a diectric screwdriver.
This kind of screwdriver should be used when working in electric line and with live electric power installations.
For your information. Basic versions of screwdrivers are suitable for work with voltages not exceeding 1 kV. Higher values require the use of special protective equipment.
The screwdriver handle is coated with non-conductive materials. This is what allows it to be used for tightening nuts and unscrewing fasteners that are under voltage.
- Rod and bits made of high-tensile tool steel
- the handle, which is made of polyethylene or polycarbonate covered with polyformaldehyde.
This modification of the screwdriver is usually available in 2 types: slotted and Phillips.
For your information. When selecting a dielectric tool, special attention must be paid to the size of the. If you do not know the size of the screw you are going to screw, it is better to have several different sizes of the dielectric screwdriver.
There are many varieties of protective equipment when working with electricity. Protective equipment is used on the hands as well as the feet of the electrician. Particularly where high voltages are used. In this case, dielectric gloves designed according to state union standard (GOST) or technologies of foreign colleagues are used.
The electrician’s kit helps well at work
Dielectric gloves are made of rubber with high electrical strength. The electrician‘s models are made of high-quality rubber, in accordance with technical requirements for hand protection materials. Less often latex or silicone components are used.
Hands are under the greatest strain when working with hand-held power tools
All products must be reliable and resistant to tears and abrasions.
Heavy-duty gloves are used as primary and secondary means of protection depending on the voltage in the wiring.
The gloves are labeled: “Ev” or “En”. Products with the indication “Ev” are used as the primary means of protection when working with voltages higher than 1000 volts in the installation. Models marked “En” with an electrical rating below 1 kV. Also dielectric gloves in industrial work are divided into classes depending on the voltage level. There are six classes in total:
For your information. Class “00” in accordance with GOST allows operation in domestic conditions at low voltage. The higher the classification, the higher the power.
The choice of gloves must be correct and correspond to the hand size, so that the gloves are comfortable and easy to wear. Each pair comes with a technical passport indicating the main parameters, which must be paid attention to. When working with high voltages, only gloves made of two layers of high-strength rubber should be used. Before use, it is necessary to inspect for punctures, cuts, solder joints if any. After work, the gloves should be washed and cleaned of debris, and be sure to dry before the next shift.
Each batch of gloves has an expiration date that is specified on the packaging or on the quality certificate. It’s worth paying attention to this when buying.
Electricians should handle screws with the proper tools
Protecting the ends of wires
To protect the ends of wires from mechanical influences, experienced craftsmen can apply an alloy of tin and lead (mainly for wires with two or more strands).
In that case, the wire strands will be in one piece. Different sizes of soldering iron are used for the tinning process.
But too big wires will be quite difficult to handle with a soldering iron, you need to use a soldering bath. It belongs to the items of special purpose, but it can not be bought in any store, mostly brought to order. It is not recommended for home use.
What is included in the electrician‘s kit?
When carrying out electrical work, you can’t do without specialized tools. There are ready-made electrician‘s kits. But they are all different, not only in price and quality, but also in content.
A novice electrician may have questions. Buy a ready-made kit or pick up tools individually? What must be in the kit? What to pay attention to? The answers to these questions can be found below.
Electrical installation tools for beginners and professionals
To perform qualitative work a professional electrician must have a certain list of electrical installation tools. There are certain wiring kits that both experienced professionals and novices need to have. The necessary equipment includes hand and power tools, as well as overalls.