How to make a hole in tempered glass
Drill bit chosen, then we begin to prepare the glass product for drilling. Before drilling the glass, you need to degrease its surface with an organic solvent. Use alcohol, turpentine or white spirit for this purpose. After degreasing, wipe everything gently with a dry cloth. After that the product is placed on a flat surface so that it does not slip. Marking of the hole can be made with an ordinary marker. Start drilling.
Instructions for drilling with a regular drill bit
Always drill slowly and carefully, without putting any great pressure on the glass and by pausing repeatedly to allow it to cool down. You can easily drill through both regular and tempered glass this way.
One last useful tip. The drill bit must be held strictly perpendicular to the glass surface, and there is no need to drill it all the way through. Before you drill the hole to the end, you need to turn the product (if, of course, it is possible) and continue drilling from the opposite side. This will avoid the cracks.
To make a hole in glass with sand
Drills and special drill bits haven’t always existed. Glass, as we know, was invented thousands of years ago, and at that time it was also sometimes necessary to make holes in glass products. It was done with sand.
Let’s see if it is possible to drill through the glass with sand today, and with our own hands. To do this we need the sand itself, the crucible (or a metal vessel), lead or tin (a small piece), solvent or gasoline, a sharpened metal rod (about the same diameter as the hole to be made) and a torch.
The entire process of drilling glass at home can be described by the following sequence of actions:
- Degrease the glass surface within 10 centimeters of the future hole. We do it with solvent or gasoline.
- Wet sand with water and pour a sand hill about 5 to 10 centimeters high over the future hole.
- Using a sharpened rod we make a strictly vertical hole in the sand slide. Its shape should be similar to a funnel. the lower part is the size of the hole to be made, the upper is wider.
- Melt tin or lead in a crucible and carefully pour it into the hole in the sand. Wait about 10 minutes.
- We remove the sand from the glass, and then carefully remove the solidified piece of metal from the hole that the lead has melted through.
How to make a hole in glass, including tempered glass: step by step instruction
The need to make a hole in the glass occurs when you need to hang a new mirror on the wall or fix a glass tabletop. Glass is machinable, but the brittleness of the material requires great care and light pressure on the tool, protecting it from chips and cracks during operation. This task can be solved in several simple ways.
Useful recommendations and safety rules
When you choose either method, it is best to test it first and practice on a small piece of glass.
Use a small piece of glass to learn how to drill this fragile material properly
You can not ignore the rules of safety, you must always wear protective gloves and glasses.
Do not neglect safety precautions, eyes, face and hands must be protected
To ensure that the glass does not break during work, you need to prepare the surface of the table.
It must be clean and level, small dents inside the hole area are acceptable, the entire workpiece must fit on the base. You can put a sheet of plywood and a piece of soft flannel under the workpiece.
Then you need to prepare the following tools and materials:
- a drill and a lance-shaped carbide drill bit to work on glass or metal, a drilling machine;
- turpentine, plasticine;
- Acetone, alcohol.
How to make a hole in regular glass
- Lay the workpiece, mark the center and draw a circle of the desired diameter, taking into account the thickness of the glass. For thin material, you need to indent from the edge at least 15 mm, and for thick. 25 mm. Make a marking on the glass before drilling
- Set the lance or core drill bit and set the speed of the drill to minimum rpm, allowed from 250-1000 rpm.To make the holes in the stele, you will need special drill bits
- Wipe the hole area with acetone or alcohol to degrease.
- Place the drill bit according to the marking to the center of the circle and begin the work, simultaneously dropping turpentine on the glass. In order not to be distracted by the pouring, you can make a small rim of plasticine and stick it around the hole, pouring turpentine there.-
- The easiest way is to pour water a little at a time. The drill must be positioned strictly vertically, otherwise cracks and chips cannot be avoided
- Drill halfway through the hole, pushing the drill gently so as not to crack the workpiece, then turn the glass over to the other side and do the same thing. Turpentine is needed for permanent cooling of the drill bit, which ensures quality drilling without overheating.
- If the hole is planned with a large diameter, you must use a drill bit: a tubular drill bit with a diamond coating.Water or turpentine will prevent overheating of the drill bit
Drilling hardened glass
To harden the glass, the glass is heated to 680ºC and then the outer layers are cooled rapidly and the inner layers are cooled slowly. This treatment increases the mechanical strength by a factor of 6, but the areas of internal stress during drilling contribute to the destruction of the workpiece.
It is impossible to drill toughened glass with an ordinary drill bit and drill, it breaks into small pieces, therefore, if necessary, holes are drilled into the glass, the desired shape and edges are cut out first, and then the glass is toughened. In industrial situations waterjet cutting is possible, when a special powder and water shoots through a nozzle at a speed of 1000 m/s.
Thanks to a special treatment, the hardened glass’s durability is considerably increased
Can you do without a drill
Glass was successfully cut long before drills were invented, here is the centuries-tested method that guarantees an even hole with smooth edges, a drill for it is not needed. When working with a torch and hot solder, observe safety procedures, take personal protective equipment and fire extinguishing equipment.
- Mark the future hole, then degrease the glass surface from oil stains with alcohol, mix the sand with glue so that it adheres well, and pour the wet material as a pile on the marked place.
- Take a sharp object and make a funnel in the sand to the size of the hole, in a mug melt lead or tin on a gas burner and pour into the resulting sand mold.Be careful when working with glass and hot solder
- Wait a few minutes until the solder has hardened, then carefully remove the mass from the hole and remove the sand.Edges do not need to be trimmed
- The result is a hole with smooth edges that does not require additional machining.
People have been using mirrors and glass for a long time and they cut, drill and give them different shapes, draw pictures on the surface. So even for a novice craftsman this work is quite feasible, if he carefully studied the instructions and makes all the steps carefully and slowly. The result will be neat and perfectly flat holes, and the glass will remain intact.
Glass drilling technology
Consider how to properly perform the work of drilling glass. Because the material is very fragile, one wrong move can spoil everything.
Please note!You cannot drill reinforced or tempered glass yourself! It is necessary to ask for help from a special workshop.
You should begin your drilling work with preliminary preparation of the surface. Its essence is to degrease the surface by treating it with turpentine or alcohol. After the work is finished, it must be dried well. After that, it is placed on a wooden surface. The base must be perfectly flat and smooth. The glass on such surface must lie motionless, projecting beyond its dimensions.
After determining the place where you are going to drill, put tape (or tape for painting works) on it and already on it mark the center of the future hole. Make practice holes on unnecessary pieces of glass before drilling, so you can feel the work of the tool and the resistance of the material. After all, you will not be able to put pressure on the drill while working, even if you get the impression that the drill is idle, not picking up the surface of the glass. The bottom line is that you will be drilling, but at a very low rate.
The precondition for this is to cool the surface of the material. It is made simply. the point of drilling is not abundantly watered with cold water.
Hold the drill vertically
To drill correctly, the drill must be held upright when working, creating a right angle with the glass surface. In the final stage of drilling, it is best to turn the glass over and finish the work from the other side. It is guaranteed to save you from the appearance of tiny cracks in the glass and give the hole a less conical shape. The final stage of drilling should be the processing of the obtained circle with fine abrasive paper. This will help to avoid accidental cuts on the sharp edges of the hole left after drilling.
Is it possible to do without holes in the glass??
If you need to hang a mirror on the wall, assemble a glass shelf or showcase. you can do without a drill. Fasteners for glass without drilling. a common accessory, which can be purchased in hardware stores.
The simplest variant is familiar to all. these are petals for a mirror. Reliable and simple design, and does not always look utilitarian.
There are also more modern models. clamping eccentrics. The design is made in such a way that outwardly the fastening seems to be standard, as if there is a hole.
Stylish appearance and the ability to place the mirror away from the wall, allow you to create design solutions.
For the assembly of three-dimensional structures (slides, showcases, shelves) offer special connecting clips.
They are designed for any thickness, once assembled they create a strong self-locking structure, and are quite popular as retail equipment as well as in home interiors. The cost is penny, with excellent practicality.
Perhaps the only drawback is the lack of aesthetic appeal. There are also chrome-plated variants. but that’s another price list.
It’s a little more complicated with interior doors and furniture doors. In addition to load-bearing hinges, you also need locking mechanisms.
Used both in lightweight structures (shower stalls, furniture doors)
and for heavy-duty interior hinged doors. Such hinges are usually equipped with a door closer.
Popular: Machine for cold forging with their own hands will not only save you money, but also give the opportunity to earn
If the glass is not too thick, you can choose not to work on the surface at all, or limit yourself to small cut-outs on the edges (in any case, it is easier to make them than to drill them). Widely used not only in offices, but also on summer porches, in saunas, living rooms.
Handle for glass without drilling
Common fittings for furniture and common doors. It is put on the end of the glass plane and clamped with a screw. Simple and reliable design, the only disadvantage. you need a gap between the door and the frame.
Glass locking mechanism
The fixing principle is the same. the construction is put on the door face and fixed with fixing screws from the inside. Inexpensive variant with poor burglary protection. As a rule, it is used in furniture solutions. For interior doors there is a more reliable construction. Variants are also possible for double-leaf doors or glass walls. The mechanism is more solid, burglary resistance is at the level of ordinary doors.
This is a special theme, which has both supporters and opponents. On the one hand. unlimited possibilities in terms of design. On the other hand. the lack of confidence in the strength of the connection scares away potential customers.
Therefore, many craftsmen still prefer the traditional attachment of hardware. with holes. The question remains: how to save money on a visit to the glazier?
If cutting glass is accessible even to a novice craftsman, then drilling glass with their own hands is not a big problem for a person with “hands”. In fact, the secret is in the choice of tools and technology.
How to drill through glass
Before there were modern construction tools and consumables there were many ways to make a hole in the glass. The most popular is the use of an ordinary drill, which preheat to red hot on a burner or the flame of a gas stove, and then harden in sealing wax. Then everything is done exactly as described above. Also, to solve the problem, you can use a copper tube mounted directly in the chuck of the drill. In this case, on both sides of the glass, you need to fix pieces of cardboard with an existing hole, and it is better to put the sheet itself on a rubber base to reduce vibration. In this case the composition of the “coolant” also changes. corundum powder should be added to the water.
Excerpt from the book: Leenson I. А. Chemistry in the technology of industrial society Dolgoprudny: Publishing house “Intellect”, 2011.
Stress distribution in glass under bending load: a. stress in a sheet of tempered glass without load; b. stress in annealed glass; c. stress in tempered glass under load.
Glass is one of the most widespread materials surrounding a human being. And at the same time, we often do not notice it. and when we look out the window, and when we look into store windows, and when we look in the mirror. This is because pure glass is transparent.
Glass appeared many thousands of years ago, and no one knows who invented it or how. The Roman writer and scholar Pliny the Elder, who lived in the first century, tells us that Phoenician merchants once built a fire under a vessel in order to cook food on the way. For want of stones they built the fireplace from pieces of soda, which melted in the heat and formed the first man-made glass with sand and other soil constituents. This story is probably fiction. If only because soda requires a very high temperature to melt, which an ordinary fire doesn’t do. Most likely, glass was invented by one of the oldest professions, the potters. When fired, the clay vessels, bricks often cracked. That is why they tried to coat them with different compounds beforehand. One of the mixtures turned out to be successful: the finished product was covered by a thin, shining enamel. This was the first glass, opaque and cloudy. But this was not a disadvantage for pottery. Over time, a mixture of soda, sand, and limestone (or chalk) was used to make glass that was used to make jewelry, incense bottles. By introducing various additives into the glass, they learned how to dye it into different colors.
The hardest thing to make was colorless clear window glass. Not even the kings and emperors of medieval Europe had it. The windows of the buildings were narrow slits or small holes, which in bad weather were shuttered with shutters, or covered with leather, canvas, or bull’s-eye. The wealthiest people could afford to put transparent mica plates in the windows. In Europe mica was mined in Karelia. Large sheets of mica were rare and therefore very expensive. Window glass appeared in the homes of the richest people only in the XIV century (it had been used in churches earlier, around the X century). To produce good glass first of all very pure white sand was needed, and it does not occur very often. Ordinary sand with iron in it turns the glass green. That’s why all window panes used to be greenish. And the more iron in the sand, the darker the sand, the less transparent the glass will be. Now they make bottles of this kind of glass.
Industry produces a wide variety of types of glass: electric-vacuum, lighting, optical, chemical and laboratory, thermometric, medical, container, crystal Their composition may include, in addition to the mandatory silicon oxide, oxides of different elements. aluminum, calcium, magnesium, barium, sodium, sodium, potassium, iron, boron, zinc and even arsenic (for example, in the milk lighting glass).
Everyone knows that the main disadvantage of many glasses. their fragility. A huge mass of glassware is turned into a glass battle every day. In addition to the economic loss, broken glass is dangerous because freshly cut glass is very sharp. Not without reason just a broken piece of glass can be used as a cutting tool in a microtome. a device that makes the thinnest slices of biological preparations for biological research. But it turns out that glass can be made not only very strong, but also does not give sharp splinters.
This story began long ago. in the 17th century. English Prince Rupert (the full title was the Palatine of Rhein, Duke of Bavaria) had every chance of a brilliant military career. But after leaving military service, he devoted the last years of his life to the arts and sciences. One of his discoveries was tempered glass. What it is?
Everybody knows what happens when you pour steep boiling water into a carafe or a cut glass made of thick glass: the glass bursts. This is because glass is a very poor conductor of heat; it heats up hundreds of times slower than, for example, copper. So when the inside of the glass is hot, the outer layers are still cold. As a result of thermal expansion, the exterior of the product experiences enormous stresses, which it often cannot withstand. In order to prevent thick glass products from breaking, they should be heated (and cooled) slowly. This is all the more true for various glass objects: after tempering from a semi-liquid glass mass, they are cooled to room temperature very slowly. This is done in special furnaces, in which the temperature is lowered for many hours. This procedure is called annealing, and the product thus obtained is called annealed.
In a badly annealed glass there are internal stresses that do not change its appearance in any way (they are visible only in polarized light), but greatly impair the mechanical properties. These stresses are often concentrated on the edges, the thickened parts of products. In sheet glass, they can follow one after the other, forming a kind of chain. It is very difficult to cut such glass in a straight line: unevenly distributed stresses lead the crack away from the scratches made with the diamond.
But annealing glass is only half the battle. Even a well annealed glass surface, as a rule, is weakened by many tiny cracks, scratches, which may not be visible to the naked eye. Microcracks on the edges of glass products are especially dangerous. That’s where the breakage starts. Under load, very high stress is built up at the ends of the cracks; the crack increases and eventually cuts through the entire piece. it splits into pieces. If you are able to “heal” the glass surface, make it very flat and smooth, such glass becomes much stronger. We can do it, for example, by chemical etching of the surface. If an ordinary window pane is lowered for a few minutes into a mixture of hydrofluoric (hydrofluoric) and sulfuric acids, a layer of up to 0.1 mm thickness will be removed from its surface. Silicon oxide from the composition of glass in this case passes into soluble fluorosilicate:
Tips and tricks
Even insignificant mistakes can lead to serious defects of treated material. Here are tips on how to make a hole in glass without damaging it:
The pressure exerted on the tool from above should be minimal.
These same methods are also suitable for those who are going to drill a mirror at home. To obtain large holes, a special tool should be used, which is called a glass cutter. Design features allow you to get quality holes in the shortest time.
How to make a hole in a flask. How to make a hole in the glass: methods and instructions. A few effective ways to drill through glass
If you need to create a smooth and accurate hole in the glass surface is not necessary to apply to an experienced and qualified professionals, whose services are quite expensive. Such a procedure can also be performed with your own hands in the conditions of the home workshop, but, of course, for this you need to know how to drill glass, what tools, consumables and equipment to use.
To drill through glass, use one of the methods discussed in this article
The first way (the easiest)
To drill a hole in the glass we need: a flat surface (board, table or other), an electric screwdriver or a low-speed drill, plasticine and turpentine.
So, to begin with, put the glass on a prepared flat surface so that it lies stable (does not “play” on the surface), and its (glass) edges do not hang down. Now put the drill bit in the drill (electric screwdriver) and set it to the lowest possible speed. Spin in the air, determining the “run-out”, if it is large, you should choose another drill. Find a drill, degrease the glass surface with alcohol and make a circle of plasticine, pour a small amount of turpentine on it. Now you can drill, the main thing is not to apply too much force so that your glass does not crack under pressure.
Use a drill bit with a steel, hardened tip
- Put a sheet of glass on a stable and absolutely flat surface.
- Mark the centers of the future holes (keeping in mind that the minimum distance from the edge of the hole should not be less than 12-15 mm. for thin glass, and 20-25 mm for thicker glass).
- Choose a drill (it can be either electric or manual) and a hardened drill bit.
- Around the place of drilling from putty or plasticine make and firmly attach a ring with a diameter of 4-5 cm. and a height of 1 cm.
- Pour some vinegar or turpentine into the resulting “pool”.
The second way
Allows you to make a hole in the glass without using power tools. For this method we need: a metal mug, alcohol, lead or tin, sand, a gas burner or a stove.
So, we take the glass and degrease it with alcohol, then sprinkle it with wet sand, in which we make a funnel of necessary diameter with a sharp instrument. Then we pour pre-melted tin or lead into this funnel. We wait two minutes, remove the sand from the surface and take out the solidified solder, getting the necessary straight through hole.
The third way
Let’s take the glass cutter and take out the diamond roller, and we will need it for making a home-made drill bit. Rivet the roller on the metal bar (a slit must be sawed in it beforehand) so that it cannot turn and is firmly seated in its seat.
Insert the homemade drill bit we have made into the chuck of the drill and drill the glass surface in the usual way.
That’s it. Now you can easily drill into any glass surface without worrying about its safety. And I bid you farewell, I hope I was able to answer the question how to drill a hole in the glass. See you later!
Making holes in glass may seem like a simple operation, but in practice it is quite a complicated and responsible procedure. The structure of glass is malleable to but very fragile. Therefore, the peculiarity of the operation is not so much in the choice of force, but in the approach to its organization. the task of the wizard is not to lead to the formation of cracks, chips and breaks in the main surface. How to make a hole in the glass without violating this condition? This task can be accomplished with the help of special techniques and tricks that are available to almost any craftsman. The following is a discussion of the most popular and effective methods.
Using the glass cutter
Glass sheets can be drilled with more than just a tube drill or a ceramic tile tool. Even standard glass cutters are used to make holes in this material. How to drill (cut) through glass using this tool? Simple rules should be followed: do not make any abrupt movements with the glass cutter, but apply gentle pressure, and during processing the cut to be formed by tapping the handle of the tool.
Use a compass to cut large-diameter round holes with the glass cutter
Preparing glass for cutting
Make preparations before any drilling or cutting operation. The working surface of the glass must be clean and, if possible, have no defective areas. during drilling, they can give a lateral splinter, which will spoil the workpiece. It is recommended to mark the lines of the future hole so that the physical surface imperfections are inside the circle, but do not go beyond.
As an additional measure, you can also treat the glass with chemicals which, in particular, will get rid of oil residue. If it is a question of how to make a hole in the glass of a small size, it is necessary to prepare a fixing tool.
The way of fixing the workpiece will depend on the technology of creating a hole, but in most cases, such elements are fixed on a vise of a suitable configuration. directly in the areas of contact is laid a soft damping material.
Features of drilling a glass bottle
The drill fixed in the electric drill is directed strictly perpendicular to the point of drilling the bottle and with a little pressure wait for the first crumbs of glass to appear.
Do not drill at maximum rpm, the drill bit is afraid of overheating.
Every 20-25 seconds stop drilling and remove the glass crumbs. This also helps to cool the tip of the drill bit.
When the tip of the drill bit passes through the glass thickness, the drilling sound changes slightly and the drill bit feed (pressure) should be reduced to a minimum.
After penetrating the glass thickness with the drill bit, wash the bottle in running water.
Can I drill through tempered glass?
Before proceeding to work on drilling glass, it is required to make all necessary preparations, collect the following tools: a drill with an electric drive, or a hand drill, gasoline or acetone, turpentine, plasticine to putty the window, a drill bit with a diamond dusting, safety glasses for the eyes.
How to drill through glass properly
To avoid glass cracking, drill further than 15 mm from the edge in case of thin glass and not closer than 25 mm in case of thick glass.
You can get the necessary practice by first practicing drilling through pieces of glass of similar thickness, so that you get the hang of it and do not damage the glass when you work with it.
Significantly simplifies the process of works performed by using a drill with a construction stand.
Steps of drilling glass at home
The procedure for drilling is as follows:
1) The glass surface is thoroughly wiped to remove dust from it, the area to be prepared for drilling is treated with acetone;
2) The glass is placed horizontally in order to avoid cracking;
3) Mark the intended hole with a cross using a marker or a glass cutter;
4) Using plasticine or putty, a ring about 20 mm in diameter and finger-thick is molded and placed around the marking to make a firm hold on the surface. Turpentine is poured into the inner surface of the ring;
5) Next, you need to turn on the drill, cut into the glass, and then drill it at the lowest rpm. If the turpentine is clouding, it must be replaced;
6) If a hand drill is used, it can be very difficult to drill. It is required to attach a drilled sheet of plywood to the top of the glass surface, which must later be removed;
7) The hole is made four-fifths deep;
The ring is removed, the glass is turned over and the work is continued by attaching the ring to the back side and pouring turpentine into it, taking care to hit the designated hole. This procedure is carried out in order to prevent chipping.
In order to ensure an acceptable appearance of the hole made, it is necessary to grind its borders with an abrasive sandpaper with fine grit.
For quality use, the skin must be tied around a pipe that has a diameter smaller than the diameter of the hole made.
When it is necessary to drill a hole in a small glass object, it is completely acceptable to drill it in a state of almost complete immersion in water.
In order to ensure the safety of the work carried out, eye protection goggles are mandatory.
They can help reliably protect the vision from the impact of glass crumbs, whose ingress into the eyes causes serious damage and is absolutely unacceptable.
How to drill a hole in glass. the required tools and drilling technology
Glass, mirrors, stained glass. these materials are now firmly established in modern interiors. Those who prefer to do everything with their own hands, sometimes lack the skills to properly handle glass.
For example, drilling a hole in glass is not something everyone can do. The material is expensive and fragile. The slightest breach of technology can cause cracks.
Before you drill a hole in the glass, we recommend familiarizing yourself with the safest ways to drill.
To drill through glass, you can use special drill bits. They have a sharpened carbide plate at the end and are called lance drills. To obtain a large-diameter hole, drill bits are used.
They are available with an abrasive coating, most often. with diamond. It should be noted that today the market has diamond drill bits with a small diameter, for example. 8. 10 mm.
And it is safer to drill with these bits than with lance bits.
Glass and ceramic tile lap bits.
Glass and ceramic tile crowns.
If no special drill bit is available, a carbide tipped concrete drill bit can be used.
Now a little on how to drill glass with an ordinary metal drill bit. Two conditions must be met. First of all the drill bit has to be new and sharp. Do not use a blunt drill bit if it has blunted. Secondly, before drilling glass, an ordinary drill bit has to be hardened, which may not always be possible in a home workshop condition.
For the drilling device, an ordinary cordless electric drill or electric screwdriver is sufficient.
How to drill through glass
To avoid cracking the glass, you must first lay it on a flat surface. It is necessary for the glass to adjoin all the plane to the surface. This is just as obligatory as for glass cutting. It is not possible to drill through tempered glass, because when you try to drill through it, it crumbles into small pieces.