Review of templates and carriages for mortising hinges and locks
Recently new devices that are gaining popularity are multi-purpose carriages and drilling jigs for mortise locks and hinges. Modern usage of the router with templates and runners is the basic method of professional door installers, which allows you to perform quality mortise of the lock in the interior door. Let’s study the main popular models of devices that allow installing door hardware accurately and professionally. Let’s carry out a detailed review and comparison of modern devices for fast and quality mortise of door hinges and locks with a universal cutter.
Let’s consider method of usage of the template by Pavel Soldatov, Farid Kamal, DOOR-TOOL company and usage of universal template with adjustment for insertion of hinges and locks, UFC carriage. The article is prepared for professionals who study modern door installation methods. There is a specially made video on each technology, where the specialists give their Комментарии и мнения владельцев on the usage of templates and UVK trolleys in assembling door blocks. In addition (not as an advertisement) I will give the addresses of official representative offices.
What kind of router is needed for the lock installation
For mortising hinges and locks, very different sizes of sampling are required. For hinges. shallow, according to the thickness of the hinge leaf. For locks. a large and deep cut. Therefore, professionals who install doors, most often use two different routers:
When choosing a router for mortise locks first of all it is determined by its ability to perform the task, i.e. to reach the depth to the bottom of the landing. The following routers are suitable for this:
As a rule, milling machines with such plunge depth characteristics have power more than 2 kW and weigh about 6 kg. They can easily cope with the task, but it is not very convenient to work with them because of their large size and weight. Therefore other, lighter variants with the same depth are chosen, which are convenient to choose under locks, and under hinges.
As an example, Bosch GOF 1600 CE PROFESSIONAL:
- motor power.1600 W (1.6 kW);
- Cutter speeds from 10,000 to 25,000 rpm;
- amplitude of cutter up-down stroke. 76 mm;
- interchangeable collets for burrs with shank. 8 mm, 10 mm and 12 mm;
- weight 5.8 kg.
There are models with suitable depth characteristics with the same and greater power, up to 2.5 kW and many other brands.
powerful and heavy router less convenient for such work because of the greater weight and size, but it is easier to cope with the task, because when selecting the deep recesses for locks and knob-latch router is under considerable stress.
Three screw-adjustable stand with three screws at different heights is used to limit the depth of penetration. This function is available on almost all models, so when choosing it does not stand out as a special or separate.
How to choose the right one?
Equipping the drill with the right drill bit for the chosen hinge is a major challenge when working with cabinet doors. In order for the hole to be precisely adjusted in radius and depth, it is necessary to take a cutter of the required diameter.
|Four-hinge hinges with 35 mm bowl||With such parameters the drill bit has to be adjusted accordingly.|
|Non-standard fasteners||Requiring a suitable bit diameter.|
|Forstner drills||Suitable for wood and plastic panels from 16 mm in thickness.|
The holes are perfectly clean, allowing the buttonhole cup to fit very snugly.
The product must be obtained from an official supplier and be covered by a warranty.
The milling elements should be chosen in specialized stores. There you can find both standard and custom drill bits with quality certificate and guarantee from renowned manufacturers. Too cheap elements are an indicator of a low-quality product, so it is worth considering variants with a price higher than the market average. Such a cutter is reliable and will last a long time.
Depending on the type of panel, the cutter can get very hot, burning the edges and the material selected from the recess.
How to disassemble the door handle of a round type interior door
The way of dismantling round door handles for interior canvases may differ depending on the design features of the fittings. The most convenient are products that have two tightening screws. In this case, it is easiest to perform self-disassembly. To do this, unscrew the locking elements and remove the mechanism.
However, there are situations that require a lot of effort. The more structurally complicated mechanisms are removed in several stages. On modern interior doors, it is quite common to find round parts equipped with a button and various decorative elements. The function of such plates is to hide fixing screws. How to remove the handle from an interior door in this case?
To dismantle a round handle you must first remove the outer part of the device
In order to dismantle a handle with a button and decorative overlays, first of all it is necessary to remove the outer part of the mechanism, which is fastened with a special button. Next, it is required to remove the plates that hide the locking elements.
Morter for mortise locks in interior doors: the necessary tools
If we talk about the methods of mortise locks, we can distinguish 2 main approaches. This is professional, using high-precision electric tools, and artisanal, using a hammer and chisel.
Before you start installing the door, it is better to prepare the necessary materials and tools for work in advance
In both cases, you will need approximately the following list of tools:
- A manual milling machine, an attachment for mortise locks;
- A hammer;
- Chisels of different sizes;
- Flat and Phillips screwdriver;
- Drill or electric screwdriver;
- A set of feather drill bits for wood;
- Measuring tape.
The high rotational speed of the drill makes a hole for the lock without damaging the door surface. The hammer is mainly needed for the artisanal method, but can also be useful in a professional approach.
Chisels are needed to cut out the place for the lock, but they can easily damage the door covering and worsen the appearance of the door.
Flat and Phillips screwdriver will be needed to screw the self-tapping screws that hold the lock and the handle itself. We recommend to use them, because screwing with a screwdriver is very likely to damage the door surface. With a drill or an electric screwdriver you can easily, and most importantly accurately, following the drawing, make a deep seating hole for the lock and the handle. A set of feather drill bits for wood is installed on a drill or an electric screwdriver. A tape measure is necessary for measuring, so as not to make a mistake when planting the lock.
Milling machine. a device for door frames and webs, which will ensure a high accuracy of planting recesses. At the present time, there are just a huge number of different cutters for hand routers. All of them can be divided into 3 groups. edge, groove and phygery.
There are several kinds of tool for mortise locks and it is possible to choose them at your discretion
- Edge pads are used for making the edges of the product, as well as for various carved elements on the material.
- Grooving. they are used to make grooves, recesses, notches, notches in the wood products.
- V-groove cutters are designed for creating decorative carved elements on furniture and door fronts.
Looking in more detail, there are 9 commonly used routers. Straight groove router is designed for machining straight grooves, and in combination with a copying bush, can be used for shaped and straight parts according to the template. Dumbbell V-groove milling machines are designed for decorative carving or as a guide for handling.
Structural groove mills are used to make dovetail joints or U-slots. The miro-bearing splicer is used to join long web lengths.
Chamfered slot cutters are used for chamfered side slots in surfaces.
Straight edge phrases are used in the work, using homemade templates. Cutters with edge and disk form are used when selecting the rebate, they are characterized by high precision. Shaped edge routers are used for finishing the edges of panels, front frames and skirting boards. The horizontal cutters are used for decorating milled edges.
As noted above, it is better to entrust the case to a professional, but if you are determined to make hinges in the door fuser yourself, then this instruction will be relevant. To begin with we need to determine which side of the door will be front and which side will be the hinge. It is desirable to mark the door, so that then do not realize that they are screwed on the wrong side.
In order to properly embed the hinges in the door with a cutter, you should read the detailed instructions
the latter is necessary to avoid cracks and damage to the door that could occur while the router is turning. The most important point. setting the plunge depth and parallel stop on the hand router. The long edge should be milled from the top to the bottom. The upper and lower trimmer line of the contour should not reach a couple of millimeters, and then cut with a chisel. This is to prevent damage to the door.
The distance from the upper and lower edges of the door to the hinges should be 17 to 22 cm.
Then we attach the hinge and screw. We put a timber with the letter “G”, make adjustments for the gap between the door and the frame and measure the location of the hinges. Let’s pass to milling the door frame. leave the peroral stop on the milling cutter, specify the depth of cutter plunge and do everything exactly as for the door. After all screw the hinges with the door to the door frame.
The process of inserting the hinges can take several hours. If you do not have full confidence in their abilities and ability to use a hand router, it is better to turn to professionals, or in the extreme case to call a comrade, which will help with mortise hinges.
Templates can greatly facilitate the task of their installation. Such templates you can make yourself or buy in a construction store. It does not take long to make a template.
In addition, you can use special templates for mortise hinges and locks
- Board thickness from 20 mm, length from 40 mm;
- 100×100 mm wood-fibre tiles;
- Wooden bar of a small size;
- A rail of length from 150 mm;
- Drill, jigsaw;
- Fasteners and bolts with wing bolts.
On the wood-fiber board is made the necessary size cut, drilled 6 square parallel holes (3 on each side). Make one more hole in the center, size 140×70. On one edge of the slat a bar is attached, which will be the limiter. Next, you should attach the rail with a bar to the tile with self-tapping screws. We cut 3 plates out of the board. one for vertical fastening and 2 of the same size for horizontal fastening. 2 parallel kerfs are made in each inlay to adjust the size of the holes. Overlays are attached to the wood fiberboard board.
The template is ready, it should be clarified that all of the above mentioned dimensions are conditional, they do not have to be observed.
Types of handheld milling machines
In today’s market, handheld milling machines are represented by electrical equipment of the following categories:
- devices of vertical or plunge type, which are mainly used for notching of different depths and widths (a typical representative of the power tool of this category is precisely the router for mortise hinges and locks);
- edge routers, which are also called edging routers (with the help of electric tools of this category, decorative processing of the edges of products made of wood is performed);
- routers of combined type, used mainly in the professional sphere (they are called combined because they combine the capabilities of edge and vertical routers);
- Special-purpose power tools, the most common types of which are lamellar and dowel mills (as the name of the category of such devices implies, they can be used only for a specific technological task).
Types of cutters for wooden doors
Panelled door parts. frame and panel. Their production requires the use of profile and groove milling cutters. Profile milling cutters are tools for grooving grooves of different shapes, quarters and chamfering. They are available in left-hand and right-hand versions. Groove cutters have a cutting edge on the side and on the face. tools for rounding edges have a cutting part only on the side.
Important! To create a complex wooden door profile, several different mills or one with interchangeable blades of different shapes are used in series.
A variety of profile milling cutters. edge shape and rebate. Shaped can be used in the performance of radius gutters. One tool often has not one, but two or three radii. Three-radius ones allow creating a rounding along one of them or all of them at the same time. Groove routers are used for rebate cutting in the production of door sills. The horizontal fillet cutters are used for edging.
Groove cutter most often has a cylindrical shape. it has cutting surfaces from below and to the side. It is designed for making grooves, recesses, picking out quarters, drilling holes, etc. There are variants of circular slotting cutters.
The groove groove cutter is needed for picking out a quarter (rebate). unlike the cylindrical one, it has a thrust bearing thanks to which the width of the selected rebate is kept uniform. A mill with a bearing identical to the diameter of the groove is called a fit or overrunning mill. It is machined flush with the wooden workpiece edge overlay.
The range of door milling cutters for wood includes a huge number of options. With the help of properly assembled set of interchangeable cutting tools and milling equipment it is possible to produce wood products, including paneled doors of any complexity.
Door hinge plunge cutter
Hand-operated hinge cutters with the appropriate tools are best suited for installing door hinges.hinge router. It should have a relatively small diameter. the best option is the product of 9.5 mm (however, other models will also be suitable, depending on the situation). Using routers you can easily create grooves for hidden or conventional (surface mounted) hinges. It speeds up the work considerably. In our store you can find suitable cutters for creating such grooves, designed by the following companies. Greentools, CMT, Arden, Dimar. Contact us and we will help you choose the most suitable options.
Contacting the online store FREZA.RU you can easily find the right cutting tool for you. Also:
- We issue all necessary documents and certificates for the cutters;
- We only work with world-renowned companies because of the high quality of their products;
- Provide fast processing of your order and quickly deliver your purchase to any city in Russia;
- We have two “live” stores located in St. Petersburg and Moscow, as well as an area on the Internet;
- We guarantee quality and offer a wide range of milling cutters.
Have questions or need professional advice to select the right milling cutter? Visit our store right now.