Cut tiles at a 45 degree angle. In what places angles will be needed

Cutting tiles at a 45 degree angle

Often in repair situations you find yourself cutting off a piece at a precise 45 degree angle. Usually, it is needed to connect two parts at right angles, 90 degrees, such as: door trim, baseboard, furniture and more. An experienced craftsman, professionally engaged in repair work, can often do without special devices, and practically by eye is able to evenly and clearly cut the necessary part. But if you are a novice repairman, and you have a desire to do the job as qualitatively as possible, without damaging expensive parts, then you just need to buy a jig. a special device that allows without any special tricks to saw off the material at a given angle.

If after gluing part of the baguette there is some distance left to the corner, you need to think about how not to make a mistake. a small margin does not hurt. First it is better to cut a piece with a good margin of about 10-15 cm. Then, having cut the corner by any convenient method, make its fitting on a dry surface. To do this, place a plank on the ceiling and mark the point where the cut edge will be. Trimming at a right angle.

Equally important is the proper docking of corners. Ready-made skirting boards are usually fixed at an angle somewhat less than 45 degrees, so there may be inconsistencies trimmed edges and the appearance of gaps. Here, the initial trimming of corners is followed by a dry, as accurate as possible, joining of the skirting boards already on the ceiling itself. Problems usually arise with wood and plastic materials.

After the rough joints of the fillets, they should be glued or screwed, and then, if necessary, use putty and then seal all the existing seams.

Tile cutter

Here we are talking about professionals who are engaged in similar work on a permanent basis. The two most popular are the two models of the Feida company:

Although they are made by Chinese companies, they are of high quality and precision cutting.

With their help, absolutely any angle of tile that will be needed for laying is performed. Most often it is 45 degrees and is popular.

Also among the companies, Einhell and Proton are reliable.

Many problems here arise when working with corrugated tile, when the tile cutter touches the glazed part. It becomes brittle and “torn”, which visibly spoils the appearance of the. The work with tiles will usually be performed by professionals. After all, no one will buy expensive equipment for personal use. Such work is carried out very rarely:

When ordering a service from a construction firm, it is best to clarify its status and experience in this area beforehand. Not rare cases where a large number of tiles are “destroyed”. Each nuance is worth to write in the contract to be concluded in advance, so that later there would be no problems in the proceedings.

Quality of execution of sawing at 45 degrees by means of professional tile cutters will be visible at once and to everyone. In addition, the work is carried out in a short time, which allows you to begin laying tiles almost immediately. Such a design of tile corners will be to the liking of every owner of the room in which the tile will be glued.

What tools are used for grinding tile ends at 45 degrees?

Cutting of porcelain tiles under 45 degrees can often be called as scoring, sharpening, undercutting, overcutting. In this case the meaning is the same in each case. The edge of a tile is grinded so that it has changed the straight corner on an angle of 45 degrees.

Such an operation can be carried out with a variety of tools. But the best result and the highest quality of grinding the ends is achieved with an electric tile cutter, which is a special device for cutting and grinding the ends of tiles. In the extreme case it is allowed to use an angle grinder with a special wheel for cutting tiles. True, in this case, the master must have sufficient experience and skills to do the job qualitatively.

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In any case, it is worth getting to know each of the ways of cutting porcelain tiles and tiles at 45 degrees.

Tile cutting with an angle grinder

Cutting tiles at 45 degrees with an angle grinder is quite time-consuming and technically difficult process. Not every experienced craftsman will be able to accurately trim the end of the finishing material. True, with the proper skill and with experience you can still cope with it. In fact, the use of an angle grinder. this is the most affordable way to cut tiles at home, since many people have such a tool at home, which cannot be said about electric devices for sharpening or cutting ceramic finishing materials.

Before you start using an angle grinder, you should make sure that you have a good diamond disc, suitable for cutting ceramic tiles and porcelain tiles.

Diamond spraying on the edge is a must

The ceramic tile is put on an edge, and then the other edge, which is in a perpendicular position, is accurately roughened with a diamond disc to an angle of 45 degrees. It is worth remembering that the back side of the tile should be trimmed, not the glossy side.

If the first time the surface is not perfectly flat, it can be smoothed, going over again with a diamond wheel. Also for this purpose can be suitable belt sander. True, such a tool is not everyone in the house. Therefore, as an alternative, you can offer to use a wooden bar, wrapped with sandpaper.

You can also use the sanding disc with velcro. Such nozzles are simply screwed on the angle grinder, after which the sandpaper is glued to them. You can use diamond bits, which are characterized by longer service life and higher productivity. But they are much more expensive than ordinary sandpaper on velcro.

When finishing large areas it makes sense to buy diamond nozzles. If it is a question of finishing a small area of the wall, such as the apron in the kitchen, it can be limited to the use of sandpaper wheels.

Electric tile cutter

Can also be installed without feet

The tile cutter is a machine for cutting tiles at 45 degrees, as well as for cutting tiles lengthwise and crosswise. Such a device has a water cooling system. In addition, water helps to remove almost all the dust that occurs during the cutting of porcelain tile or ceramic tile. The main advantage of the tile cutter is its precision. It cuts along a single, pre-set trajectory. This eliminates the influence of such factors as shaking hands of the master. As a result the cut is as even and accurate as possible.

Tile cutters can cut at practically any angle. True, often masters cut the tile at an angle of 90 degrees or 45 degrees.

How the corners of plasterboard constructions are decorated

Exterior corners

Gluing an aluminum exterior corner to a fugenfüller compound.

Finishing drywall corners is carried out with the use of the following auxiliary corners:

  • Aluminum, it is hard enough, not subject to the process of appearance of rust, it can be used if you need to seal the corners of drywall at right angles;
  • galvanized, it is harder to break, but it can rust over time, also used for straight corners;
  • Of plastic, this element is less rigid, does not rust and is not brittle, can be used for all corners, for acute, straight and unfolded.

Treating drywall corners by gluing a plastic corner to an unfolded corner.

The question arises, but how to seal drywall corners with corners? You can watch a video about this process on our site.

The principle of working with all types of corners is the same:

  • Remove the chamfer from the end edges with a special planer to work with gypsum board, so that there are no protrusions;
  • Apply a layer of gypsum filler to both planes, the best way to do this is Knauf Fugenfuller;
  • glue the corners, pressing them with a rule or a straight edge so that the excess mixture protrudes through the peoria;
  • Give the corners a chance to cure putty a thin layer of Fugenfüller.

Inside corners

Internal corners at the joints of Knauf sheets are sealed with a paper reinforcing tape and levelling putty.

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How to cut a tile at a 45 degree angle

Electric tile cutter

An electric tile cutter is an expensive, but necessary tool for a lot of tile cutting. Makes a straight cut and mitre cuts at the chosen angle. You can set the value from 0 to 45. In practice, 45-degree tile is the most common way to cut a tile. High-quality models are equipped with a cooling system. Thanks to this, tiles and tools are not at risk of overheating and the dustiness of the workplace is reduced. The quality of grouting is not affected by the water supply.

Consider buying an electric tool if you need to trim hard and expensive material. porcelain tile. The most popular models are:

  • Zubr EP-200-1000S (Russia). stationary floor tile cutter. The machine is expensive (21-22 thousand), is designed for professionals and allows you to saw off tiles of any thickness.
  • Zubr EP-180-600H (Russia). compact table model. It can cut tiles straight and at an angle from 0 to 45 degrees. Characterized by a low noise level and absence of dust: water flows to the place of cutting. Reasonable price (4000 ) can be attractive for beginners.
  • Models Feida TC 200 and Feida TC 250 (China). help to accurately cut high quality bevel at an angle from 0 to 45 degrees.
  • Machine tool for cutting tiles Einhell TH-TC 618 (China). allows you to saw and cut a variety of ceramics, provided that the depth of cut will not exceed 22 mm.

If you cut the tile a little less than 45 degrees, it will be easier to form a right angle.

angle grinder

To work in one apartment to buy an electric tile cutter is not rational. It is possible to cut ceramic tiles qualitatively under 45 degrees with the help of angle grinder (angle grinder). It is easier and faster to perform the work with a diamond disc. Most likely, the edge will be uneven. Such defects are ground with turtles. If the amount of work. one apartment, you can use a cheaper option instead: replaceable sanding discs with Velcro.

  • BIZON 0512003, thickness 1.8 mm;
  • Soyuz 9020-04-150x22K, h= 2 mm;
  • Expert (180×25.4/22.2 mm) PRACTICE 034-793 (for ceramic granite);
  • Professional KEOS DBP01.200 on porcelain stoneware (180×25.4/22.2).

The quality of work depends on the type of nozzle on the angle grinder for the final stage of cutting at 45 degrees. The diamond wheel (flexible, grinding) AGSHK 100 0 “Turtle” provides a good result.

How to avoid chipping

Chips are the most undesirable result when boring tiles. You can not turn a blind eye to them, as negative consequences are possible:

  • the lifetime of the coating is shortened;
  • everything clings to the corners of the nicks,
  • The tile is quickly destroyed;
  • the surface becomes difficult to care for because of the sharp edges.

To perform the work without chips will help recommendations of masters:

  • The glazed tile is cut only from the underside, leaving a distance of 0.5-1 mm to the glaze;
  • for the angle grinder takes a new disc with a diamond coating;
  • the work should be performed slowly.

How and what to make a cut under 45 degrees on the end of the tile?

The best option to get a cut on the tile with the help of a cutting machine, where there is an opportunity to turn the cutting wheel at an angle to the cut tile. The machine can be with water supply in the cutting zone or without. This does not affect the quality of the cut. Wet cut provides more comfortable working conditions. less dust. With either method the quality of the bevel is acceptable and you can quickly cut a large volume of tiles.

Sawing tiles at 45 degrees on a machine.

The only difficulty arises when cutting concave tiles. This is not a defect. the tile has such a shape. The machine cannot repeat the deflection when notching:

Therefore, the cut part should not reach the front edge of the tile. where the enamel begins. Chips appear. Especially on porcelain stoneware. It’s better to finish this area by hand. You can do it with a grinding wheel on a turbine. It’s faster and easier. But not always better. The grinding wheel can choose in some places stronger or weaker.

A more even plane is obtained manually, from longitudinal movements along the tile with a bar coated with sandpaper. Longitudinal movements scrape off the protrusions, making the bevel in one plane. Another trick. The bevel on the tile needs to be done at a sharper angle (less than 45 degrees). Visually, nothing changes, and the convenience when tiling significant. This method is not suitable for ceramic baseboard, where you can see from above the junction of the ends of the two tiles.

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Joining a ceramic baseboard under 45 degrees.

It is better to make a cut on the painted end of the tile (many tiles have one end half or all of the 4 covered with enamel). In this case, you can not bring the bevel at 45 degrees to the edge, and leave at the end of the strip of one millimeter. The end of a tile on an angle is chipped and less vulnerable to impact. This is especially important for dark-colored tiles with dark grout. When you sharpen their face, you get light strips and you can’t hide them with grout. This occurs, often from. That the tile has a slightly convex surface in the middle, and when cut at an angle, the circle clings to the ends of the tile’s face enamel.

White stripes appeared when trimming the end of the tile at 45 degrees.

In the case of light-colored grout, the unpainted tip of the tile is less noticeable.

Trimming (filing) the tiles at a 45 degree angle

In order to beautifully tile the outer right angle, the end of the tile is filed at an angle of 45 degrees and two such tiles form a right angle.

This method allows the use of plastic or aluminum corners to be avoided.

Such corners look much more effective and tidier.

tiles, degree, angle, places, angles

With what it is possible to make a trimming of tiles under 45 degrees?

Everywhere, this action has different names. trimming, boring, undercutting, 45° angle sawing or Kremlin angle. The sense is the same everywhere. the end of a tile is milled and a right angle is formed of two tiles.

To make it beautiful and high quality you need an electric tile cutter with a cutting part with a 45° angle. Or, in an extreme case, an angle grinder with a diamond disc.

Electric tile cutter

For such purposes we use well-proven Chinese water-cooled Feida TC 200 or Feida TC 250 tile cutters.

Its platform can be rotated up to 45° (even a little more) and allows you to cut the tile edges nicely and evenly.

angle grinder (angle grinder)

If there is no electric tile cutter, you can use an angle grinder (angle grinder) or simply an angle grinder with a diamond disc on ceramic/ceramic/stone.

Such a tool is much more difficult to achieve a quality result, although many masters work in this way.

You have to somehow fix the tile or keep it in your hands and gradually cut the corner with an angle grinder, which you do not always get to do exactly. the human factor here has a much greater impact than when using a machine.

To align the cut, you can use grinding attachments. sanding wheels on velcro or “turtle”.

Always use an angle grinder with adjustable speed when working with such attachments. The angle grinder must be powerful enough, because you have to work at the lowest speed. At high speed ceramics will not be grinded, but just burned (melted). it won’t improve the appearance in any way.

How to properly fillet a corner of a tile at 45 degrees?

The most important condition for obtaining a nice corner of the tile is not to reach the glaze, 0.5-1mm.

Otherwise, when cutting the glaze, the edge of the tile will never be smooth, and will be “jagged” and chiseled.

If you want to undercut the tile at 45 degrees, not with the factory edge, but somewhere in the middle, it can also be done quite beautifully.

The main secret is that you can’t cut the tiles at an angle straight away. First the tile is cut directly to the right size, and only after that it is cut at a 45 degree angle.

It is very desirable to go over the cut edge with sandpaper or the same “turtle”, then the result will be much better.

This is what we did when we formed the corner of the corrugated tile.

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