Changing the oil in the VIKING 585 cultivator

VIKING hb 585 Change gearbox oil

viking, cultivator

Cultivator with a powerful engine and adjustable working width for quick working over large areas.

With a working width of 85 cm, even large areas can be covered very quickly. The very powerful Kohler Courage top-valve engine is exceptional. If the work gets complicated, the working width can be reduced to 60 cm. A wide range of accessories such as earthing or additional scales make the HB 585 versatile and versatile.

Typical breakdowns of VIKING cultivators

According to Servy statistics, the main failures are

when working with VIKING cultivators are:

  • VIKING petrol cultivator does not rotate the cutters. causes: worn gearbox parts (gear wheel, sprocket), worn cutter drive belt/chain, unadjusted/damaged cutter drive control cable;
  • The VIKING petrol tiller is not running, possible causes are worn parts of the drive unit (gears), the drive belt is worn, the drive control cable is out of adjustment/damaged;
  • Cultivator VIKING with a petrol engine won’t start, no sparking. causes: faulty spark plug, faulty ignition coil (magneto), damaged hand starter parts, clogged fuel system, wear of the cylinder and piston group;
  • VIKING petrol tiller stalls: Fuel system blockage (no fuel supply), cylinder and piston group wear and tear, carburettor unregulated, air filter clogging.

These faults are typical on VIKING tillers: some are more common, others less frequent. And not infrequently they occur due to the simplest reasons: improper operation (no maintenance), the use of a poor quality petrol mixture (oil and gasoline), many hours of continuous operation of the cultivator, turning the cultivator body on its side or with the wheels upwards. However all breakages can be repaired in a professional manner by VIKING service specialists.

Design of the VIKING 585 power tiller

The VIKING HB 585 cultivator is powered by the 2-stroke Kohler Courage four-stroke petrol engine.3 kW and 3,000 rpm. Engine model XT-6.75 OHV SC has top mounted valves. Working volume is 149 cm3. It is based on a forged crankshaft and liner cylinder. The machine internals are hidden under the tough metal cover. Extra protection is provided by polymer linings on the sides.

The VIKING HB 585 has two forward and reverse gears for each direction of travel. Adjustable steering handle with height and width of grip. The device is easy to work, because it has a relatively low weight (46-49 kg, depending on the equipment), adjustable grip width and the ability to turn via the steering wheel. The working depth is 32 cm. The VIKING HB 585 can be started manually with a cord.

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The castor wheels are folded out at the rear and are easy to fold into the machine. There is also a brake spur, which allows you to adjust the speed and depth of the plowing. Collapsible ploughing set consisting of 2 groups of 3 working units.

VIKING HB 585 single-axle cultivator with the Kentavr MB 1080D tractor has a built-in vibration damping system that reduces the sound power level to 93 dB and the sound pressure level to 80 dB. If a tractor-mounted model is required, there is a stubble cultivator.

VIKING 585 cultivator Features, operating instructions, benefits in 2021

VIKING hb 585 cultivator 2011 year model, which replaced the 540, since that time there was some feedback on the use of VIKING 585 on the homestead.

I have used the VIKING hb 585 cultivator to cultivate a total of 30 different hectares of land. I’d like to point out the bad guys:

  • great working depth,
  • Very soft soil, no clods, no need for a rake,
  • Very little gasoline for 4 acres 1.5-2 liters,
  • lightweight transport fits in the trunk of the car without closing the trunk lid,
  • Very quiet running noise,
  • Control knobs shift to the right and left, no need to walk to trample just ploughed land (well, I do not like it when after treatment traces remain on the ploughed field),
  • Beautiful machine after all.

I noticed that it takes virgin lands not from the first time (after all, it is light), but it takes. Of the minuses in the last area appeared creaking belt when you turn on the front and as if it slips.

Technical data of the VIKING 585


Power : 6 л.с.
Engine type: 4-stroke
Engine: Kohler Courage OHV
Depth of treatment: up to 32 cm
Tank Capacity: 1.6 liters
Clutch: Belt
Number of speeds: 1 forward, 1 backward
Fuel Type: gasoline AI 92-95
Gearbox: worm
Working width, cm: 30-60-85
Easy start system: is
Weight, kg: 49

What do you have to look out for when deciding to choose a VIKING cultivator for the countryside? The machine is definitely a good choice, but it has a major flaw that was discovered during operation.

I bought a VIKING HB 585 two years ago. I liked the cultivator, there are a few complaints about the work, I do not like the annoying rattle in the knob tilt. Had stored the cultivator for two winters in a dry, heated room. Over two years, the machine has worked no more than five hours, since my garden is not a big place, about 5 acres. But this spring, when I started it up to work the property, I found that the gearbox was jammed. When I went to the service center of the store where I bought it, they told me that there was water in the gearbox when I took it apart. It looked like it had been in water for a while, all the shafts were rusty, dirty water with oil. The inside of the aluminum gear housing had white stain on it.

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When I bought it I was told by the dealer that the gearbox of this cultivator is maintenance free, it contains high quality oil and does not need to be changed throughout its lifetime. Accordingly, there are no plugs in the gearbox to check the level and drain the oil. If I had had these plugs, I would have checked the level, noticed the water inside and would have been able to take action and change the oil. Since it was impossible to check this and as it turned out that the cultivator is not protected against water getting into the gearbox, I got this problem with an almost new, not even run-in cultivator. Since the warranty period (1 year) is over, I was offered a paid repair and asked for 10 thousand rubles.

The manual says that after using the cultivator it is possible to wash it with a high-pressure washer, but it is forbidden to direct the water jet on the drive shaft and on the seals. I washed the cultivator not with a high-pressure washer, but with a regular garden sprayer and did not direct the jet at the seal of the drive shaft when washing the soil and dust from the body of the cultivator. So, come to conclusions, colleagues, about the quality of this cultivator. The equipment is beautiful, handy, but the protection against water has not been thought through and you can soon get into my situation. I advise you not to let the gearboxes go out of order, contact a service center, have them opened and checked.

The gearbox doesn’t even have a water seal on top. In the upper part of the gearbox is a cavity, then a horizontal partition, in it the bearing of the vertical shaft. The oil seal is missing and water can penetrate the gearbox easily via the bearing.

There is another thing: during operation the gearbox is heating, and after operation, even if you do not wash the cultivator immediately, and give it to cool down, in the cooling process (since there is no gland on top, the gearbox is connected to the atmosphere), the air in the gearbox is compressed during cooling and humid ambient air is sucked in, because as a rule you cultivate in spring and autumn. Moisture condenses in the gearbox and does not come out again. So there is a gradual accumulation of water inside. This design calls for adding two oil drain plugs, one for draining and the other for checking oil level and filling the tank, and writing in the manual that the oil in the gearbox should be drained and changed for a new one once a season. And then there are no such problems.

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It is easy to deduce from this that it is the VIKING cultivators that require improvement, because the rest of the VIKING power tillers are fine. What a VIKING VIKING 585 cultivator does in operation.

Main malfunctions and how to prevent them

To prevent the equipment from failing at the right time, you need to prevent. Systematically check the machine’s condition and take action when problems occur:

  • overheating of the engine;
  • dirty air filter;
  • low-quality gasoline;
  • Faulty pistons or ignition system;
  • dirt in the carburetor.

If the machine does not work after you eliminate visible faults, you should call Customer Services.Interesting: Technical data of the VIKING VH 540.


According to owners’ reviews, the weak point of VIKING 585 power tillers is the gearbox. The cause of failure is atmospheric moisture, which penetrates the converter and precipitates as condensation. water accumulates inside, it can lead to breakage.

Important! The gearbox is non-repairable and can only be replaced with an original branded part. To prevent this, the oil should be changed regularly, once a season.


Manufacturers have provided options for adjusting some nodes or modes for the convenience of owners:

  • To prevent the operator from bending over and exerting unnecessary force during work, the height of the drive handle is adjusted with the release lever. There are 3 possible vertical and 2 possible horizontal positions.
  • Using the fuel control knob make starting, stopping, adjusting the speed of the engine.
  • To change the direction of the cultivator‘s travel, press the red drive handle.
  • The ploughing depth is set via a special stop. To do this, it is adjusted in height.

Installation, start-up, operating procedures and safety precautions for the VIKING power tiller are described in the owner’s manual.

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